Questions about the properties of functions of the form $\sum_{n=0}^{\infty}a_n x^n$, where the $a_n$ are real or complex numbers, and $x$ is real or complex (or more generally an element of a Banach algebra).

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16 views

An interesting calculation of derivative

I was trying to get the probability distribution $p(n)$ from a generating function $G(s)$ like this: $G(s) = e^{a(s-1)^2}=\sum s^np(n)$ I need first to do Maclaurin expansion of the exponential and ...
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0answers
27 views

Power series and Taylor series

Let $f:\Bbb R\to\Bbb R$ be a $\cal C^\infty$ function. Consider the power series $$\sum_{n=0}^\infty \frac{f^{(n)}(0)}{n!}x^n$$ and call $R$ its radius of convergence. Then, is it true that in ...
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1answer
19 views

Calculating $\sum_{n=0}^\infty (r e^{2 \pi i \alpha})^{n!}$ for $\alpha \in \mathbb Q$.

I need to calculate $\sum_{n=0}^\infty (r e^{2 \pi i \alpha})^{n!}$ for $\alpha \in \mathbb Q$ and $r \in \mathbb R$. My Attempt: $\sum_{n=0}^\infty (r e^{2 \pi i \alpha})^{n!}=\sum_{n=0}^\infty r ...
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2answers
25 views

Find the Taylor series and prove it converges using the defintion

I'm studying for the FE Exam. A simple walk-through would be appreciated to help my understanding of how to solve similar problems. Find the Taylor series about $x=2$ for the function $f(x) = x^5 - ...
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2answers
33 views

Radius of convergence of powerseries $\sum_{n=1}^\infty \frac{(-1^n)}{n!}z^n$

$$ \begin{align} \sum_{n=1}^\infty \frac{(-1)^n}{n!}z^n \end{align} $$ Find the radius of convergence of this powerseries. To determine the radius of convergence should I split it into two separate ...
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1answer
15 views

Power series function expansion as solution for integral equation

I'm facing an integral equation whose unknown is a function $f(x)$: The equation is of the kind: $$ K = \int_{-l}^{l} G(x,s)f(s)ds $$ So it's a Fredholm integral equation that is rewritten in this ...
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0answers
19 views

How to choose the parameter?

Can I choose Parameters $\beta \in (1,2)$ and $1 \ll x \ll n$, such that $$\sum_{i=1}^{x} i i^{-\beta} \gg \sum_{i=x+1}^{n} i i^{-\beta}$$ Would be great if you could give an example.. $\gg$ means ...
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2answers
31 views

Interval of convergence using ratio test on the series ln(1 - x)

I have to find the series expansion and interval of convergence for the function ln(1 - x). For the expansion, I have gone through the process and obtained the series: -x - (x^2/2) - (x^3/3) - . . . ...
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1answer
20 views

Maclaurin series - Approximation and interval of convergence

This is a problem which I should apparently be solving with Maclaurin series, but I failed to do so. So I attempted it with binomial series, with 5 terms and an error less than the requirement in ...
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1answer
18 views

Power series function - convergence interval

Could someone help me finding the function and convergence interval for following power series? I don't need a step by step answer, but I'm not entirely sure where to start. $\sum_{n=0}^{+\infty} ...
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1answer
7 views

Sequence Interval of convergence

I could someone help me with the following sequence of functions of which I attempted to find the interval of convergence, but I couldn't get it to match with the solution I get from WolframAlpha ...
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0answers
79 views

A function equal to its Taylor series on an interval is also equal to its Taylor series on a subinterval with different center

Suppse the power series $ \sum_{n=0}^\infty a_n (x-a )^n$ has positive radius of convergence $R$ and thus defines a real analytic fuction $f$ on $(a-R,a+R).$If $x_0$ is a point with $|x_0-a|<R,$ ...
0
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1answer
46 views

A nonregular local ring [duplicate]

Consider the ring of the formal power series $k[[T_1,\ldots,T_n]]$ ($k$ algebraically closed) where $\mathfrak m$ is the maximal ideal. If $f\in\mathfrak m^2$, why $$\frac{k[[T_1,\ldots,T_n]]}{(f)}$$ ...
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2answers
35 views

Power Series constant values

I know that we could represent the function $\frac{8x}{7+x}$ as a power series $8\sum\limits_{n=0}^{\infty}(-1)^n(\frac{x}{7})^{n+1}$ Therefore the first few terms would be: ...
2
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0answers
49 views

$f\in C^\omega ((a-R,a+R),\mathbb{R})$ [closed]

We discuss the following question in the field of real numbers . A a power series $f(x)= \sum_{n=0}^\infty a_n (x-a )^n$ converges in $(a-R,a+R).$ Prove: $$\forall x_0\in\left(a-R,a+R \right), ...
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1answer
47 views

$\lim_{x\rightarrow {0}^{+}}\sum_{n=1}^{\infty}{(-1)}^{n-1}\frac{1}{n!{x}^{n}}=?$

$$\lim_{x\rightarrow {0}^{+}}\sum_{n=1}^{\infty}{(-1)}^{n-1}\frac{1}{n!{x}^{n}}=?$$ I found this question during my study. In my opinion ,it is not difficult to solve ,but it is interesting. So I ...
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0answers
23 views

'Deriving' the Laplace Transform from the z Transform: Missing a $\Delta t$

Textbooks normally give the following 'derivation' (or justification, if you prefer) of the z-Transform from the Laplace Transform. Let $x(t)$ be a signal defined on $t\geq 0$, and write a discretized ...
3
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2answers
65 views

Radius of convergence of power series which has factorial term

I am trying to find radius of convergence of the following power series: $\sum_{n\geq 1} n^n z^{n!}$ I tried ratio test but it became complicated, I have never seen such radius of convergence problem ...
0
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1answer
32 views

Upper bound for modulus of a function

Let $f(t,x)$ be a bounded and continuous function on $\mathbb{R}_t \times \mathcal{U}$ where $\mathcal{U}$ is an open neighborhood of $0 \in \mathbb{C}_x$. Moreover, assume that for each fixed $t$, ...
2
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2answers
59 views

Find the first 5 coefficients of the series $\frac{6x}{x+9} = \sum_{n=0}^\infty C_n x^n$

I rewrote the equation series as $$ \frac69 \sum_{n=0}^\infty \left(\frac{-1}{9}\right)^n x^{n+1} $$ And therefore have coefficients of $C_0 = 6/9, C_1 = \left( 6/9 \right) ...
2
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1answer
57 views

Recurrence - using power series

Could you help me in solving this recursion( a closed form ) using power series $\mu(n)=\mu(n−1)k_0+(n−1)\mu(n−2) k_1 \tag 1$, where $k_0,k_1$ are constants $\mu(0)=3,\mu(1)=5$ HINT: We can think ...
2
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1answer
37 views

Showing the following function is entire…

The full problem asks about the following function using it's Maclaurin series: $$f(x)=\left\{ \begin{array}{lr} \frac{\sin(z)}{z} & : z \neq 0\\ \;\;\;\;1 & : z=0 \end{array} \right.$$ I've ...
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2answers
64 views

Summation of infinite series

If we know the series sum given below converges to a value $C$(constant) $$\sum_{n=0}^{\infty}a_n =C \tag 2$$ Can we generate following in terms of C. values of $a_n$ will tend to zero as n goes to ...
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2answers
33 views

Find first five terms of the power series representation for the function

f(x) = ${e^x cos(x^2)}$ So I have the answer which is ${1+x+\frac{x^2}{2!}+\frac{x^3}{3!}+(\frac{1}{4!}-\frac{1}{2!})x^4+...}$ So I know that ${e^x = \sum\frac{x^n}{n!}}$ and that ...
0
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3answers
27 views

Finding the sum of a sequence of terms

$$1/1(2) - 1/3(2^3) + 1/5(2^5) - 1/7(2^7)$$ This is equal to $$\sum_{n=0}^\infty(1/2)^{2n+1}(-1)^n/(2n+1)$$ Differentiating this leads to: $$\sum_{n=0}^\infty(-1/4)^n$$ Which is equal to $4/5$ Thus, ...
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3answers
89 views

Does $x^2+ x^4/(3\cdot4) + x^6/(3\cdot4\cdot5\cdot6) + \cdots$ have any compact form?

Is there any compact form for the following series $$F_1(x) = x^2+ \frac{x^4}{3\cdot4} + \frac{x^6}{3\cdot4\cdot5\cdot6} + \cdots$$ $$F_2(x) = x+ \frac{x^3}{2\cdot3} + \frac{x^5}{2\cdot3\cdot4\cdot5} ...
2
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2answers
54 views

Evaluate Definite Integral to desired accuracy

Evaluate $$\int_0^{1/2}x^3\arctan(x)\,dx$$ My work so far: $x^3\arctan(x) = \sum_{n=0}^\infty(-1)^n \dfrac{x^{2n+4}}{2n+1}$ $$\int_0^{1/2}x^3\arctan(x)\,dx = \sum_{n=0}^\infty ...
2
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1answer
99 views

What's $\sum{\frac{x^n}{n^3}}$?

What's $\displaystyle f(x)=\sum_{n=1}^\infty{\frac{x^n}{n^3}}$? Note its derivative: $$\displaystyle f'(x)=\sum_{n=1}^\infty{\frac{x^{n-1}}{n^2}}$$ and the next derivative: $$\displaystyle ...
9
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4answers
263 views

Asymptotic behavior of $\sum\limits_{k=1}^n \frac{2^k}{k}$

I'm looking for an asymptotic equivalent of $$\sum_{0 < k \le n} \frac{2^k}{k}$$ as $n \to \infty$. A plausible candidate seems to be $\frac{2^{n+1}}{n+1}$ (WolframAlpha plot, and the intuitive ...
0
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1answer
23 views

Summation of infinte series

Sir, I have three infinite summation $A =J_1 \sum_{n=2}^\infty (n-1) f(n-2) \tag 1$ , $B =\sum_{n=0}^\infty f(n) \tag 2$ and $C =J_2\sum_{n=1}^\infty f(n-1) \tag 3$, with ...
14
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3answers
285 views

What is the Riemann surface of $y=\sqrt{z+z^2+z^4+\cdots +z^{2^n}+\cdots}$?

The following appears as the second-to-last problem of Stewart's Complex Analysis: Describe the Riemann surface of the function $y=\sqrt{z+z^2+z^4+\cdots +z^{2^n}+\cdots}$. This problem ...
3
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3answers
53 views

How do I plug in endpoints into a power series?

I don't understand how to plug in the endpoints into the original power series. The original power series is $$ \sum_{n=0}^\infty {(-1)^n x^n\over{n+1}} $$ What I have so far is this: I applied the ...
1
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0answers
48 views

Differentiation and integration of a series

If I have a power series $$\sum _{k}^{\infty }f(x)$$ and I differentiate it I get according to my current knowledge $\sum _{k}^{\infty }f(x)'$,however when I look at a power series defined by $$\sum ...
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1answer
28 views

Analytic Extension: Imaginary Stripe

I was always wondering the following: Given a real analytic function there exists a positive radius of convergence for every point. This won't be affected by allowing complex numbers so it extends ...
1
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4answers
61 views

power series for square root matrix

Suppose I have a matrix of the form $$U\ =\ (I+z\thinspace X)^{\frac{1}{2}}$$ where $I$ is the $n\times n$ identity matrix, $z\in\mathbb{C}$ and $X$ is a $n\times n$ arbitrary complex matrix with ...
0
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0answers
13 views

abstract conceptual usage of power series, advice on how to approach similar problems

This problem is a bit strange, I have the solution for this particular one, I just think that it a very ambiguous question. How would you go about solving it? My answer is that b is larger because ...
1
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2answers
26 views

Convergence, interval, radius of power series, conceptual explanation please [closed]

Could someone explain how to solve the problem. A very basic and broad understanding is what I am looking for so that if I were to have to approach this problem with different numbers I would know ...
1
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1answer
35 views

Question on radius of convergence

Can anyone help me with the following problem: I have a solid geometric picture of what is going on in my head, but I can't seem to turn that into a proof.
0
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1answer
55 views

Taylor Series Theorem

So I see the argument presented in taylor series, that $$\sum c_n (x-a)^n = \sum \frac{f^{(n)}(a)}{n!} (x-a)^n$$ or $c_n = f^{(n)}(a)/n!$ if $x=a$ the question is, since the above only holds when ...
1
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4answers
61 views

Why does $\sum_{k=1}^{\infty} \frac {(-1)^{k-1}}{k}$ converge conditionally?

Why does it converge conditionally? $$\sum_{k=1}^{\infty} \frac {(-1)^{k-1}}{k}$$
1
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1answer
35 views

An example of a complex power series. [closed]

I am looking for a complex power series which is convergent for some $z\in\Bbb{C}$ but not absolutely convergent. In other words, $a_0+a_1z+a_2z+\dots$ is convergent but ...
0
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1answer
47 views

Function whose power series coefficients contain logarithms

Is there a function that can be expressed as a power series $$f(x)=\sum_{n=0}^\infty a_n x^n$$ whose coefficients $a_n$ are expressions containing $\log n$ or something similar?
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0answers
48 views

Find the Laurent Expansion of $f(z)=\frac{1}{z+i}$

Find the Laurent Expansion of $f(z)=\frac{1}{z+i}; f(z)=\frac{1}{(z-i)^2}$ and $f(z)=e^{(z-1)^-1}$ Good evening, I have been trying to solve the above exercises. However, I'm not sure if my procedure ...
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2answers
48 views

Product of Infinite Series

I am trying to compute the product of 3 infinite series. As such, I need the compact form for the product ...
2
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2answers
51 views

The Result of Dividing 2 Power Series

Is there a way to write a single series for the following division? $$\frac{\displaystyle\sum_{i=0}^{\infty}a_{i}x^{i}}{\displaystyle\sum_{j=0}^{\infty}(j-2)a_{j}x^{j}}$$ Thanks, Radz.
2
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1answer
42 views

Trying to find 2nd power series solution

For the equation $ xy'' + 2xy' + 6e^xy = 0 $, I need to find the first 3 nonzero terms in each of two linearly independent solutions about x=0. I changed this to the form of ...
2
votes
1answer
55 views

given analytic $f(z)$ in $f(z)/(1-z)$ , derivative $f '(z)$ seems to have singularity at $z=1$

Quick version: I want $f'(1)$, where $$F(z)=\frac{f(z)}{1-z}$$ with $f$ analytic at $z=1$. But when I follow a seemingly valid line of reasoning, I reach the conclusion that $f'(z)$ is not analytic ...
1
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0answers
43 views

Which (approximative) methods are there to compute the inverse of a complicated function?

I have a complicated function $f(x)$ for which I want to compute the inverse $f^{-1}$ over a certain range $R(f): a \leq f(x) \leq b$. The only way to find the inverse I can think of is power series ...
1
vote
1answer
62 views

Power series and their inverses (radius of convergence of each)

Suppose I have a power series approximation $y$ to an invertible function $f(x)$, and I know that $y$ convergences around $x$ on an interval $(-R,R)$, $R$ being the radius of convergence. How are the ...
0
votes
2answers
64 views

Complex Power Series

So, I'm trying to find the power series of ${1\over 1-z+z^2} around the point z=0.$ After some rather easy algebra I've determined the expression to be $${1\over z-(1+i\sqrt{3})/2} {1\over ...