Polynomials are expressions like $15x^3 - 14x^2 + 8$. Questions tagged with this concern common operations on polynomials, like adding, multiplying, polynomial long division, factoring and solving for roots.

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Converse of the implication $V(S)\subseteq V(T)\iff T\subseteq\sqrt{\langle S\rangle}$.

I'm having trouble recalling one direction of the following bi-implication. Suppose $S,T$ are subsets of the polynomial ring $k[X_1,\dots,X_n]$ over an algebraically closed field. We have ...
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1answer
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Inequality relating coefficients and roots of a complex polynomial

While going through some olympiad handouts I stumbled upon a problem related to an upper bound for the Mahler measure, which stated that Given a polynomial $f(x) = x^n + a_{n-1}x^{n-1} + \dots + a_0 ...
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Polynomial representation of intersection of polynomials

How to minimally represent intersection of two degree $d$ polynomials intersecting at $d^2$ points as a single polynomial?
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Please solve these polynomials [on hold]

Write in lowest terms: First: $r^3-3r^2+2r-6$ divided by $21-7r$ i.e. $$\frac {r^3-3r^2+2r-6}{21-7r}$$ Second: Multiply $36-w^2$ divided by $wt+6t-w-6$ by $8t-8$ divided by $2w^2-11w-6$ i.e. ...
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1answer
32 views

Sequences of polynomial functions converging uniformly on $[a,b]$ to a continuous function not a polynomial

What is (are) the necessary and sufficient condition(s), if any, for a sequence of polynomial functions to converge uniformly on a given (finite) closed interval $[a,b]$ to a continuous function not a ...
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4answers
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Can any of these polynomials be a square?

It's in $\mathbb C[x]$ and they have the form $$1+x+x^2+\dots +x^n$$ Obviously $n$ can't be odd. I can prove it for any specific polynomial via GCD with the derivative, but how to prove it for all $n$ ...
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3answers
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Extension field, degree of $[\mathbb Q(i,\sqrt{-3}):\mathbb Q]$

I want to calculate the degree of $[\mathbb Q(i,\sqrt{-3}):\mathbb Q]$, can I do like that: $$X=i+\sqrt{-3}\implies X=i(1+\sqrt{3})\implies X^2=-(1+\sqrt{3})^2\implies X^2=-1-2\sqrt{3}-3\implies ...
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1answer
29 views

Can we prove the Riemann-Lebesgue lemma by using the Weierstrass approximation theorem?

I'd like to prove the following version of the Riemann-Lebesgue lemma: Let $f: [0,1] \to \mathbb R$ be continuous. Then $$\int_0^1 f(x)\sin(nx) \, dx \xrightarrow{n \to \infty} 0$$ It's quite ...
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1answer
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Commutative Diagrams and Polynomials

Recently, considering how algebraic numbers may be defined by the algebraic properties that they satisfy (and in particular, the polynomials of which they are roots), I started to wonder about, for ...
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Writing solution to an arbitrary ODE with arbitrary initial values as the sum of a power series?

Let $f(t), g(t)$ be polynomials, and let $y$ be a function of $t$. Given the ODE $y'' + f(t) y' + g(t) y = 0$ with initial conditions $y(0) = \alpha$ and $y'(0) = \beta$, write $y$ as the sum of a ...
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3answers
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Show $x^3-3x^2-3x+7$ has a positive real root.

How to show that the polynomial $$x^3-3x^2-3x+7$$ has a positive real root? I can graph it and see that it is indeed true, but can we prove it rigorously?
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multivariate polynomials with common roots

Let $f$ and $g$ be two multivariate polynomials that vanish on certain common points over $\Bbb R^n$. Can we tell anything about the structure of $f$ and $g$? In the univariate case, we have gcd is ...
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2answers
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Prove that the number of automorphisms in $\mathbb Q[\alpha]$ equals $1$ $(|Aut\mathbb Q[\alpha]|)=1$

Please, help me to understand this problem: Let $\alpha=\sqrt[3]{2}$ be a root of the polynomial $x^3-2$. a) Prove that the number of automorphisms in $\mathbb Q[\alpha]$ equals $1$ $(|Aut\mathbb ...
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Solve this tough fifth degree equation.

$$x^5+x^4-12x^3-21x^2+x+5=0$$ I think it can be solved by trigonometric ways but how?
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2answers
28 views

Dividing a polynomial with $(x^2+1)^2$

I have been given that a polynomial $f(x)$ with real coefficients is divisible by $(x^2+1)$, and that when $f'(x)$ is divided by $(x^2+1)$, we get a remainder of $(x+1)$. I need to prove that ...
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Solving equations, Math olympiad, using vieta relation?

So the question asks to solve for real valued $a$ such that $b,c,d\in\mathbb{R}$ $$abcd=-1$$ $$(a+c)(b+d)=-1$$ $$ac+bd+a+b+c+d=-1$$ $$ab+cd=ac+a+c$$ So assuming the four numbers are roots of a quartic ...
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How do I find a constant for a polynomial so its roots are reflective around a linear function?

How can I find all complex numbers $w$ so that the roots of the following polynomial are reflected around a linear function $f(x)$ $$p(q) = q^2-4q+w = 0$$ If I want to find all the complex numbers ...
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1answer
19 views

Third degree polynomial with unknown coefficients $q^3-3aq^2+b^2q+c = 0$

For an equation $q^3-3aq^2+b^2q+c = 0$ we know the roots $c, (a+b), (a-b)$. What is a good place to start with such equations? I've tried setting up a system of equations, but this is supposed to be ...
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1answer
22 views

Finding maximum of the basic Bernstein Polynomials

The basic Bernstein Polynomials $B_{n, k}$ are defined for all integers $n, k$ with $0 \leq k \leq n$ by $B_{n, k} = {n \choose k} x^k (1 - x)^{n-k}$ for $x \in [0,1]$. I want to prove that the ...
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1answer
48 views

$f(x)$ is still irreducible

Let $f(x) \in K[x]$ an irreducible polynomial of $K[x]$ of degree $n$. Let $K\leq F$ a field extension with $[F:K]=m$. If $(n,m)=1$ show that $f(x)$ stays irreducible also as a polynomial of ...
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Binary Polynomial Factoring

I just need confirmation that I've done my math right. If $a(x) = x^4 + x^3 + x + 1$ and $b(x) = x^2 + x + 1$ are binary polynomials, find binary polynomials s(x) and r(x) such that $x^4 + x^3 + x + ...
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Silly technical question about polynomials in Lagrange's “résolution algébrique”

I decided that I'd go through Lagrange's "Sur la Résolution Algébrique des Équations" (see, if you have the time, a previous, unanswered question of mine: Value in retracing mathematicians' steps ...
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How can we show that $T(x)= q(x)Q(x) +r(x)*R(x)$?

Concerning that Polynomial $T(x)$ is the GCD of polynomials $Q(x)$ and $R(x)$, show that there are polynomials $q(x)$ and $r(x)$ such that $$T(x)=q(x)Q(x)+r(x)R(x)$$ What I did is that according to ...
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1answer
19 views

Primitive elements of GF(8)

I'm trying to find the primitive elements of GF(8), the minimal polynomials of all elements of GF(8) and their roots, and calculate the powers of α^i for x^3 + x + 1. If i did my math correct, I ...
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4answers
65 views

Solving $y^2 - yx - y + x = 0$ for $y$?

I solved this equation for $y$ by inspection and confirmed it with Wolfram Alpha - $y^2 - yx - y + x = 0$ I got the values $y = 1$ and $y = x$ However I was wondering is there a formal method for ...
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1answer
38 views

Compute the degree of the splitting field

I need to compute the degree of the splitting field of the polynomial $X^{4}+X^{3}+X^{2}+X+1$ over the field $\mathbb{F}_{3}$. Quite honestly I don't really know where to begin, I know the polynomial ...
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1answer
31 views

Exact value of polynomial at trigonometric argument

Given that $$\cos 8\theta= 128\cos^8 \theta −256\cos^6 \theta +160 \cos^4 \theta −32\cos^2 \theta +1$$ Find the exact value of: $$4x^4 −8x^3 +5x^2 −x$$ where $x=\cos^2 ...
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1answer
50 views

Is there a quicker way to write $\cos (n\theta)$ in terms of $\cos \theta$?

Im writing $\cos 8\theta$ in terms of $\cos \theta$ using De Moivre's Theorem $$\cos 8\theta= \Re {(\cos\theta+ i \sin \theta)^8}$$ Let $s=\sin \theta$ and $c=\cos \theta$ $$=c^8 ...
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Proving an equation is a fuction

Prove that the equation $y^3 + 3xy -5x^3 + 1 = 0$ defines $y$ as a function of $x$ for all $x$ in the real numbers.
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1answer
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How to find $α^2(β^4 +γ^4 +δ^4)+β^2(γ^4 +δ^4 +α^4)+γ^2(δ^4 +α^4 +β^4)+δ^2(α^4 +β^4 +γ^4)$

How to do the part (iv) . Please help. Here are my answers to the first parts: (i) α a root of given equation $\implies \alpha^4-5 \alpha^2 + 2 \alpha -1 = 0$ $\implies \alpha^{n+4} - 5 ...
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Notes on theory of partial fraction decomposition

I tried searching a lot but mostly I am seeing techniques on how to decompose polynomial denominators. What I am looking for is the theory that helps me get a total picture. For example, on this link ...
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Find out the primitive polynomial GF(3)

1.) $x^2 + 2x$ 2.) $x^2 + 1$ 3.) $x^2 + 2$ 4.) $x^2 + 2x$ 5.) $x^2 + 2x + 1$ 6.) $x^2 + 2x + 2$ 7.) $x^2 $ 8.) $x^2 + x + 2$ 9.) $x^2 + x + 1$ Can any one help me in listing out primitive polynomials ...
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Set of a summation

Let $S = \{n ∈ N | n \text{ divides the sum of any n consecutive numbers} \}$. How can I describe the set S? I was given the hint: $\displaystyle\sum\limits_{n=1}^N n=\frac{N(N+1)}{2}$ I don't want ...
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2answers
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Solving a polynomial equation by factoring

The polynomial f(x) is defined by $$f(x) = 12x^3+25x^2 -4x -12$$ (i) Show that f(-2) = 0 and factorise f(x) completely. Which i did and got $(x+2)(3x-2)(4x+3)$ (ii) Given that $$12 * 27^y + 25 * ...
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Greatest Common Divisor of two binary polynomials

How can I find the GCD of $x^4 + x^3 + x^2 + 1$ and $x^6 + x^5 + x^4 + x^3 + x^2 + 1$? I know that $x^4 + x^3 + x^2 + 1$ is an irreducible polynomial of degree $4$, and that it is not primitive, but ...
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2answers
30 views

Inductive proof of the degree of a polynomial

Here is the problem: Assume that there is a polynomial $P(x)$ of degree 4 such that for all $N \in \mathbb{N}$, $$P(N) = \sum\limits_{n=0}^N n^3$$ Find the polynomial. Use induction to prove that ...
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Proving that polynomials with rational coefficients have integer roots

Obviously, polynomials with integer coefficients will satisfy P(x)$\in$ Z or every x $\in$ Z. But how do we prove that those with rational coefficients can produce integer roots? For instance, I have ...
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Factoring binary polynomials

I need to factor two binary polynomials and present each as a product of powers of irreducible polynomials. a) x⁴ + 1 I have figured it out this far: x⁴ = (x²)² and 1 = 1² So I have something in ...
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Polynomial rings of two variables

Prove that $(x,y)$ is not a principal ideal in $\mathbb{Q}[x,y]$. Here what is the definition of $(x,y)$? I don't know how to start the solution since I don't know the meaning of $(x,y)$.
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Looking for proof of formula in WolframMathWorld article [duplicate]

I came across the formula (24) in the WolframMathWorld article on Web page http://mathworld.wolfram.com/TrigonometryAngles.html where no source of the proof could be identified by me. The formula is ...
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Tool for expressing $x=f^{-1}(y)$ if $y=f(x)$ is given

I have many equations of nature - $y=ax^{12}+bx^5+5x^4+1$ For all these equations, I need to express x in terms of y. What tool or software would you recommend for this? I would much prefer to ...
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1answer
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Remainder theorem thinking question given properties of the original equation

Consider a cubic polynomial function $y=f(x)$ with the following properties: $f(x) \ge 0$ only for $x=-1$ and $x\ge3$ when $f(x)$ is divided by $(x-4)$ the remainder is $50$. Find the equation ...
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1answer
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quartic polynomial with no x-intercepts

What is an example of a 4th degree polynomial with no x-intercepts. I have looked everywhere but can not find one.
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How to solve higher grade polynomials of complex numbers $q^{10}-2q^5+2=0$

If I wanted to find the roots for $q^{10}-2q^5+2=0$, how would I go about doing that? I tried treating it like a quadratic equation, but couldn't get there. I also tried putting $q=(a+ib)$ but that ...
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Solving a Complex Number polynomial problem

This is an example Complex equations problem, everything is well understood except --(ii) in the below solution. Please can anyone explain, how anyone could have guessed the expansion in (ii) of the ...
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2answers
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Quick way to determine existence of integral root of a polynomial in one variable

Suppose $p(x) \in \mathbb{Z}[x]$ and if there exist $b \in \mathbb{Z}$ s.t. $p(b)=0$, then $x-b|p(x)$. The other technique can be to put all $b \in \mathbb{Z}$. But this require to check every $b \in ...
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Factoring Polynomial with Complex Coefficients - Cauchy's Theorem

I'm faced with another polynomial (with complex coefficients) that I seem to only know how to solve using wolfram alpha. Here is the original integral that I need to compute using algebra and Cauchy's ...
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Multiplication of polynomials in Chebyshev basis

For polynomials in the monomial basis like $p_n(x) = \sum_{k=0}^N a_k x^k $, the product of 2 polynomials is can be either found though the convolution of the 2 corresponding polynomial vectors or ...
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2answers
31 views

If a polynomial is zero on a field F, is it zero on every extension of F?

Let $p$ be a univariate polynomial over a field $F$, and let $K$ be an extension of $F$. If $p(x) = 0$ for all $x \in F$, does this imply that $p(x) = 0$ for all $x \in K$? How about if $p$ is ...
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Solving the characteristic equation $a^4+2a^3+5a+8=0$

I need to find the eigenvalues of a $4\times4$ matrix. I already determined the characteristic equation, which is $a^4+2a^3+5a+8$. Now I have to solve $a^4+2a^3+5a+8=0$, but I don't know how to ...