Polynomials are expressions like $15x^3 - 14x^2 + 8$. Questions tagged with this concern common operations on polynomials, like adding, multiplying, polynomial long division, factoring and solving for roots.

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Polynomial-closed properties of rings

If $R$ is a ring with certain property, sometimes when we pass to the polynomial ring in one variable, the ring $R[x]$ still has the same property. For instance, it's a theorem that if $R$ is a UFD ...
3
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1answer
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finding polynomials to approximate a multivariable function

Let $U := B_1(0) \subseteq \mathbb{R}^2$, with $B_1(0) := \{(x, y) \in \mathbb{R}^2,\space \|(x, y)\| _1 < 1\}$. Now consider the function: $$g: U \to \mathbb{R}^2, (x, y) \mapsto ...
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1answer
28 views

Any shortcut method to compare the roots of two quadratic equations? [on hold]

The given equations are(for example) $81x^2-9x-2=0$ and $56y^2-13y-3=0$. How do i compare the roots of these equation without using the Quadratic formula? Any suggestions please? Thanks.
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Function equation, find the function evaluated at the certain point.

Let $f(x)$ be a polynomial with real coefficients such that $f(0) = 1,$ $f(2)+f(3)=125,$ and for all $x$, $f(x)f(2x^{2})=f(2x^{3}+x).$ Find $f(5).$ The constant term, $a_0 = f(0) = 1$. Let: ...
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3answers
577 views

Why are the coefficients always equal?

Take the equation $ax^{2} + bx + c = 3x^{2} + 4x + 53$. Why is it always true that $a = 3, b = 4$ and $c = 53$? I've seen many examples like this where the coefficients are equated, and was just ...
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0answers
10 views

Measure of variation(?) of multidimensional polynomial function

I have a multidimensional function $$\mathbf{f}(x) = [f_0(x), ... , f_N(x)]$$ where $f_n$ are real-valued trigonometric polynomials. I want to measure how much $\mathbf{f}(x)$ varies over some ...
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3answers
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Constructing Polynomial Function from Set of Points and Slopes

I only have a basic knowledge of calculus but I would like to know if it's possible to, given a set of points each with their own slopes, construct the simplest (or any) polynomial function that ...
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3answers
66 views

Polynomial whose one of its roots is $\cos(\pi/7)$

Let $P(x)$ be a 3rd-degree polynomial with integer coefficients, one of whose roots is $\cos(\pi/7)$. Compute $\frac{P(1)}{P(-1)}$ I saw this question in a contest math problem, and I know that it ...
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4answers
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Let $f(x)$ be polynomial of degree four [on hold]

Let $f(x)$ polynomial of degree four where: $$f(1)=1,f(2)=4,f(3)=9,f(4)=16, f(7)=409$$ Find $$f(5)=??$$
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4answers
74 views

Suppose that $\alpha$ root of the equation [on hold]

Suppose that $\alpha$ root of this equation: $$x^4+x^2-1=0$$ Find the value of $$\alpha ^{6}+2\alpha ^{4}$$ "I want the way, not the roots of the equation." I tried, but I couldn't find any thing.
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Trace of an element in a separable field extension

Let $L=K(\alpha)$ be a finite separable field extension of $K$ of degree $n$ and let $\alpha$ have minimal polynomial $f(X)\in K[X]$ with roots $\alpha=\alpha_1,...,\alpha_n$. Write ...
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3answers
960 views

Are polynomials infinitely many times differentiable?

Are polynomials infinitely many times differentiable? If so, does it only mean that at some point we reach 0 and then we keep on getting 0? Thank you!
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1answer
28 views

Example of $Q((x))$ that doesnt match field of fractions of ring $F[[x]]$

Let $F$ be a commutative ring without zero divisors and $Q$ -its field of fractions. Let $Q(x)$ be also field of fractions of ring $F[x]$. How can field $Q((x))$ not match field of fractions of ring ...
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2answers
32 views

Three polynomials as unknowns of an equation

If three polynomials $f,g,h\in\mathbb R[x]$ are such that $[f(x)]^2 –x[g(x)]^2+[h(x)]^2=0$, what can we conclude about $f, g, h$?
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2answers
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Find the sum of the roots of the exponential equation

The equation $$2^{333x - 2} + 2^{111x + 2} = 2^{222x + 1} + 1$$ has three real roots. Find their sum. I'll simplify it first as: $$\frac{1}{4}2^{333x} + (4)2^{111x} = (2)2^{222x } + 1$$ Let ...
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3answers
52 views

Find the sum of the roots given no multiple roots.

Find the sum of the roots, real and non-real, of the equation $$ x^{2001} + \left( \frac{1}{2} - x \right)^{2001} = 0 $$ given that there are no multiple roots. I am in a weird situation here. ...
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3answers
130 views

How can I prove irreducibility of polynomial over a finite field?

I want to prove what $x^{10} +x^3+1$ is irreducible over a field $\mathbb F_{2}$ and $x^5$ + $x^4 +x^3 + x^2 +x -1$ is reducible over $\mathbb F_{3}$. As far as I know Eisenstein criteria won't ...
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3answers
40 views

Multiplicity of a root of a polynomial

:) It's true that, if a polynomial has a root (let's say, k, for example) with multiplicity n (n>1, for n integer), then it's true that the derivate polynomial have k as a root with multiplicity ...
1
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1answer
67 views

A polynomial that satisfies $x^pf(1-x) + (1-x)^pf(x) = 1$

The context of this question is the construction of the Daubechies wavelet. $f$ is a polynomial of degree $p-1$ which satisfies the equation: $$ x^pf(1-x) + (1-x)^pf(x) = 1 \tag{1} $$ Since $$ ...
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2answers
38 views

Proof of associativity of polynomials product (infinite variables)

The product of polynomials in $R[X_i]_{i\in I}$ where $I$ is not necessarily finite is associative ($R$ commutative ring), but I can't find any detailed proof of this fact. Either it is left in ...
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1answer
13 views

module isomorphism inbetween two equivalence classes of polynomials

Let $g \in \mathbb{R}[t]$ be a normed irreducible polynomial of degree 2, meaning that $g(t) = (t - \lambda)(t - \overline{\lambda}$) for a $\lambda = a + b i$, with $a, b \in \mathbb{R}$, $b ≠ 0$. I ...
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Polynomial division in the case of $\frac{x^2 -x}{1-x}$ [on hold]

What is the answer in $$\frac{x^2 - x}{1-x}$$
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2answers
72 views

Proving that $x^m+x^{-m}$ is a polynomial in $x+x^{-1}$ of degree $m$.

I need to prove, that $x^m+x^{-m}$ is a polynomial in $x+x^{-1}$ of degree $m$. Prove that $$x^m+x^{-m}=P_m (x+x^{-1} )=a_m (x+x^{-1} )^m+a_{m-1} (x+x^{-1} )^{m-1}+...+a_1 (x+x^{-1} )+a_0$$ on ...
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0answers
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Special class of Brenke Polynomials

I was wondering if there are any particular papers dealing with a particular class of Brenke Polynomials, defined as $$A(t)B(xt)=\sum_{n\ge 0}P_n(x)t^n$$ where $A=B$ or, where $A(t)=C(B(t),t)$ for a ...
3
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1answer
155 views

What is the minimum degree of a polynomial for it to satisfy the following conditions?

This is the first part of a problem in the high-school exit exam of this year, in Italy. The differentiable function $y=f(x)$ has, for $x\in[-3,3]$, the graph $\Gamma$ below: $\Gamma$ exhibits ...
6
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1answer
63 views

When proving that f(z) is a polynomial, is it enough to consider just one point instead of keeping z arbitrary?

I think so - but I'd rather ask the MSE community too. Say I am given the bound |f(z)| < $|z|^3$, and that f is entire. Show f must be a polynomial. I used Cauchy's Integral Formula for ...
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1answer
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Evaluation of polynomials at tensor products

Let $S,T$ be $R$-Algebras, $f \in S[X]$ a polynomial. in my notes it says you can easily lift $f$ to a ploynomial $f'$ in $(S \otimes T)[X]$. But I have no idea what $f'(s \otimes t)$ is. My guess is ...
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2answers
49 views

What is the remainder when a polynomial $g(x^{12})$ is divided by $g(x)$? [closed]

Let $g(x) = x^5 +x^4 +x^3+x^2+x+1$. What is the remainder when the polynomial $g(x^{12})$ is divided by the polynomial $g(x)$?
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2answers
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Degree of minimal polynomial

The minimal polynomial of $a$ over $\mathbb{Q}$ is quadratic. The minimal polynomial of $b$ over $\mathbb{Q}$ is cubic. Is the minimal polynomial of $a+b$ necessarily of degree $6$? If so, what is ...
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1answer
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Find parameter m if equation admits three distinct real solutions

$2x^3+3x^2-x+5-m=0$ I know for the above equation there is the following condition for the case when all the three roots must be distinct and real: $D = -4b^3d + b^2c^2 - 4 ac^3 + 18abcd - 27a^2d^2 ...
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Find Next Position and Velocity from Instantaneous Values

To find the position of an object at a given point in time: $y_0 + v_0t - \frac{32t^2}{2} = y_t$. And to find the object's speed at a given point in time: $v_0 - 32t = v_t$ So say I give the ...
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What does it actually mean by a “Characteristic Polynomial”?

Please can you describe in layman's term, what does it actually mean by a "Characteristic Polynomial"? Is it a property only of Matrices? What does it describe about a Matrix, that is, what can we ...
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2answers
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Remainder of division.

What's the remainder of dividing a polynomial $P(x)=x^{2008}+x^{2007}+1$ with binomial $x^2+1$. It has to be: $$x^{2008}+x^{2007}+1=(x^2+1)Q(x)+(Ax+B)$$ But when substituting variable $x$ with a ...
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0answers
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Zeros of derivative of composition of polynomials

Let $f(x),g(x)$ be polynomials such that their derivatives $f'(x),g'(x)$ have $n$ and $m$ real roots. What is the possible minimal/maximal numbers of real roots for the polynomial $(f(g(x))'$? My ...
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State and proof Division Algorithm for polynomials. [closed]

State and prrof Division ALgorithm for Polynomials.
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3answers
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Determine roots of a polynomial with variable exponent

I need to know the nature of the roots of the equation $$ x(x+a)^b -1 = 0 $$ when changing a and b, where $ a,b $ are natural numbers, I've looked around on the web but I was unable to find how to do ...
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1answer
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When are monic polynomials of fourth degree divisible?

Note that this might be an X/Y problem, therefore I'm posting the original question too. I am asked to prove that given a monic polynomial of fourth degree which has a non-zero root, must have at ...
2
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1answer
54 views

Product of integer polynomials has coefficients $0,\pm 1$

Let $n$ be a positive integer. Do there always exist for any $n$ two polynomials $P(x),Q(x)$ with integer coefficients such that both $P(x),Q(x)$ have some term with coefficient greater than $n$ in ...
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1answer
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Remainder of polynomial division.

Remainder of dividing a polynomial $P(x),$ $ \left (\deg{P(x)\geqslant2} \right ) $ with $(x-1)$ is $1$ while remainder of dividing the same polyinomial with $(x+1)$ is $-1$. Find the remainder of ...
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2answers
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Property of polynomials proof

Let$$P(z)=\sum_{k=0}^n a_kz^k=a_0+a_1z+...+a_nz^n$$ be an N-th degree polynomial of a complex variable z, where the $a_k$ are complex constants. Now,$$\vert a_0\vert-\vert a_1\vert x-...-\vert ...
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Resultant of two polynomials in two variables

I have two polynomials in two variables. $$f= nx^n+(n-1)x^{n-1}y+(n-2)x^{n-2}y^2+...+xy^{n-1}-c$$ $$g= x^{n-1}y+2x^{n-2}y^2+3x^{n-3}y^3+..+(n-1)xy^{n-1}+ny^n-d$$ Where $c$ and $d$ are some ...
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2answers
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Prove that field $Q(x)$ is a field of fractions of ring $F[x]$

Let $F$ be a commutative ring without zero divisors and $Q$ its field of fractions. How can I prove that field $Q(x)$ is a field of fractions of ring $F[x]$? And also why is it that field $Q((x))$ ...
3
votes
3answers
49 views

Monic polynomial $= 0 \mod p$ for all $x$

For a monic polynomial with integer coefficients (leading coefficient of $1$) $f(x)$ where $f(x) \equiv 0$ mod $p$ for all $x$, where $p$ is a prime number how do I show that the degree of the ...
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2answers
86 views

How to factorise $x^4$ equations?

This is my previous question I'm facing a problem to factorise this $64x^4+64x^3-88x^2-51x+39=0$. How to factorise $x^4$ equations?
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How can I prove that $f$ doesn't have all real roots $\forall a\in\mathbb{C}$

We have $f=x^4+ax^3+4x^2+1\in\mathbb{C}[x]$ with $x_1,x_2,x_3,x_4\in\mathbb{C}$. We need to prove that $\color\red{\forall a\in\mathbb{C}},f$ doesn't have all real roots. How can I begin to solve ...
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0answers
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Fine the value of $P(n+1)$ given values of $P$ from 1 to $n$ [duplicate]

$P(x)$ is a polynomial of degree $n$ that satisfies $P(k)=\frac{k}{k+1}$ for $k=0,1,2,3,...,n$. Find $P(n+1)$. What have I tried: I have literally no idea how to do questions of this kind. Also, in ...
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1answer
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About the solvability of certain equations

How one can see if this equation has real solutions: $$x^{2^{k}}-x-a=0$$ where $x$ is the unknown, $k$ is a positive integer and $a$ is a real constant.
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3answers
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A lot of confusion in the “Polynomial Remainder Theorem”?

Lately I've been reading about Polynomial Remainder Theorem from various sources, mainly from the wikipedea article, this post and some high school books. Wikipedea says that if we divide a polynomial ...
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1answer
52 views

Showing a polynomial is irreducible over $\mathbb{C}[x,y]$

Given $m,n \in \mathbb{N},$ how can I show that the polynomial $x^m+y^n-1$ is irreducible in $\mathbb C[x,y]$? I'm given the following hint, but I don't follow. Note: I know Eisenstein's ...
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1answer
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Finding polynomial when certain condition is given [closed]

When a polynomial 𝑃(𝑥) is divided by 𝑥^3 + 2𝑥^2 − 13𝑥 + 10, the remainder is 2𝑥 + 1; in addition, when 𝑃(𝑥) is divided by 𝑥^3 + 4𝑥^2 − 15𝑥 − 18, the remainder is 2𝑥^2 − 𝑥 − 4. Find the ...