Polynomials are expressions like $15x^3 - 14x^2 + 8$. Questions tagged with this concern common operations on polynomials, like adding, multiplying, polynomial long division, factoring and solving for roots.

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15
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1answer
95 views

Only 12 polynomials exist with given properties

Prove that there are only 12 polynomials that have all real roots and whose coefficients are $-1$ or $1$. Zero coefficients are not allowed, and constant polynomials do not count. Two of them ...
0
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0answers
20 views

Proving a version of maximum modulus principle elementarly.

There is this version of maximum modulus principle: If $P$ is a non-constant polynomial, then $|P|$ doesn't have a local maximum. I know that if $P$ is non-constant, then $|P(z)| ...
5
votes
3answers
95 views

Find the coefficient of $x^{30}$.

Find the coefficient of $x^{30}$ in the given polynomial $$ \left(1+x+x^2+x^3+x^4+x^5+x^6+x^7+x^8+x^9+x^{10}+x^{11}+x^{12}\right)^5 $$ I don't know how to solve problems with such high degree.
1
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2answers
20 views

What is that function? Polynomial?

Is it a polynomial or rational polynomial or else? $y = \dfrac{a}{x^4} + \dfrac {b}{x^2} + c$ I need to fit a curve to a discrete data of that form, so I need to know what fitting to use.
1
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0answers
18 views

coefficients of polynomial and binomial expressions

Let us say we are given a polynomial p(x)=$\sum_k a_k x^k$. In order to find $\sum_k a_k$ we simply need to evaluate p(1), and similarly there are many other tricks. Is there any trick to evaluate ...
1
vote
1answer
38 views

An approach to proving that $\Bbb{Q}[x,y]/(x^3-y^2)$ is isomorphic to $\Bbb{Q}[t^2,t^3]$

I have to prove that $\Bbb{Q}[x,y]/(x^3-y^2)$ is isomorphic to $\Bbb{Q}[t^2,t^3]$. My approach: Let us consider $t^2$ and $t^3$ as separate variables $x$ and $y$. The relations that hold for them ...
1
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3answers
44 views

Prove $\lim_\limits{x\to\infty}\dfrac{P_k(x)}{P_{k+1}(x)}=0$ [on hold]

Prove $\lim_\limits{x\to\infty}\dfrac{P_k(x)}{P_{k+1}(x)}=0$ by limits. $P_k(x)$ is defined as a polynomial of degree $k$.
3
votes
1answer
48 views

Is there a formula for the closed form for $ \displaystyle \sum_{r=1}^\infty \frac{\sum_{k=1}^r k^n}{r!}$ for any positive integer $n$?

Is there a formula for the closed form for $ \displaystyle \sum_{r=1}^\infty \frac{\sum_{k=1}^r k^n}{r!}$ for any positive integer $n$? I tried Faulhaber's formula and Bell number but couldn't ...
0
votes
3answers
19 views

Consider the equation [x^5+x=10] show that i)the equation has only 1 real root ii)this root lies between 1 & 2 iii)the root must be irrational [on hold]

This equation obviously has 5 roots..If they are considered as a,b,c,d,e then a+b+c+d+e=0,abcde=-10..but what next?If i procced through contradiction will it help?
0
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0answers
27 views

Given $f=x^4+x+1 \in \mathbb Z_{2}[x]$ is primitive, write down an $m$-sequence ${a_n}$ associated to $f$

I'm not sure how to solve this question exactly. I know that the period will be 15 but I don't know how to construct the $m$-sequence.
1
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0answers
31 views

Solving quartic equation? (Cardano/Ferrari)

today I've written a little Code-Snippet that is based upon the steps that are mentionned in this wikipedia-Article to solve a general quartic polynom. Here's my matlab-implementation: ...
3
votes
0answers
91 views

Cardinomials: Like cardinalities, but polynomial valued

I want to see if this notion is known (or if it makes sense). Let $F$ be a field. Let $A$ be a finite dimensional commutative unital algebra over $F$. Let $X_1$, $X_2 \in A$ etc. be such that their ...
0
votes
1answer
34 views

general theorem on roots of a polynomial needed to show it's identically zero.

Polynomial degree k, one variable, if it's zero at k+1 values, then it's identically zero. Can someone point me to a proof of this? I know derivatives at points can count as these roots (if k-degree ...
3
votes
2answers
62 views

Prove: if $a$ and $b$ are algebraic, then $a + b$, $a - b$ and ab are also algebraic

I have to prove the following: If $a, b \in \mathbb{C}$ and are both algebraic over $\mathbb{Z}$, then: $a + b$ is algebraic over $\mathbb{Z}$ $a - b$ is algebraic over $\mathbb{Z}$ $ab$ is ...
0
votes
5answers
44 views

Cubic Equation. (Factorisation)

I'm given this question, factorise $4x^3-7x-3$. Is this answer acceptable? $(x+\frac{1}{2})(x-\frac{3}{2})(x+1)$.
3
votes
1answer
58 views

Find $n$ such that $x^2 + x + 1$ is a factor of $(x+1)^n - x^n - 1$.

I have to find the form of n i.e. whether n is even or odd and whether it is multiple of 2 or 3 such that: $x^2 + x + 1$ is a factor of $(x+1)^n - x^n - 1$. What I tried: $x^2 + x + 1 = (x + 1)^2 - ...
0
votes
1answer
11 views

Solving the Cubic Equation (using Lagrange Resolvents)

This is from my textbook. I am having trouble working out the calculations that the author skips over. So we start with the polynomial $\ X^3 - aX^2 + bX -c$ with zeros $x_1,x_2,x_3$. Then we define ...
0
votes
1answer
11 views

How to find representation of polynomial w.r.t different basis

Let $B$ be the basis of the vector space of polynomials of degree less than or equal to 2. $B = \{1, t-1,(t-1)^2\}$. Let $u = 2t^2-5t+6$. How do you find $u_b$, the coordinate vector of $u$ relative ...
0
votes
0answers
21 views

$S_k(x+y)-S_k(x)-S_k(y)$ where $S_k$ is symmetric polynomial

Let $S_k$ be the $k$-th symmetric polynomial of $n$-variable. How can I rewrite $$S_k(x+y)-S_k(x)-S_k(y)$$ by just using $x,y,S_1,S_2,\cdots S_{k-1}$ where $x=(x_1,x_2,\cdots,x_n)$ and ...
0
votes
1answer
19 views

if $f(n+1)-f(n)=P(n)$, exist a polynomial $Q(x)$ such that for all $n \in \mathbb{Z}$ : $Q(n)=f(n)$

Let $f:\mathbb{Z} \to \mathbb{Z}$ such that, exist a polynomial $P(x)$: $$f(n+1)-f(n)=P(n)$$ for all $n \in \mathbb{Z}$ Prove that exist a polynomial $Q(x)$ such that for all $n \in ...
0
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0answers
11 views

Recursive relationship for Peano Baker Series

The Peano Baker Series is a integral has the following form $$\varPhi(h,0)=I+\intop_0^h G(t_{1}) \, dt_1 + \intop_0^h G(t_1) \intop_0^{t_{1}} G(t_2) \, dt_2 \, dt_1 + \intop_0^h G(t_1) ...
0
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0answers
28 views

Is the given binomial sum almost everywhere negative as $K\to\infty$?

The binomial sum is as follows: $$\mathcal {L}^K(\theta)= \sum_{i=\lceil{K/2}\rceil}^K \binom{K}{i}\theta^i\left((1-\theta)^{K-i}-\frac{1}{2}(1-\theta)^{-K}(1-2\theta)^{K-i}\right)$$ It can be found ...
-3
votes
0answers
28 views

How to find polynomial without x intercept [on hold]

A graph that shows a non linear line similar to a polynomial but with no visible x intercepts, is it still possible to find the equation. Particularly in business terms management wants to know when ...
-1
votes
0answers
31 views

seeking for Newton's like inequalities as sufficient condition for polynomial to have only real zeros

For polynomial $P_n(x)=\sum_{k=0}^n a_k x^k, a_k>0$, it is known that a necessary condition for $P_n(x)$ to have only real zeros is that Newton's inequality holds: ...
1
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1answer
27 views

An obstacle encountered in a proof of the existence of a best approximating polynomial of degree $\leq n$

Let $n \in \{0, 1, 2, \dots\}$, let $a, b \in \mathbb{R}$ be such that $a < b$ and let $f \in \mathcal{C}[a, b]$ be a real function that is continuous on the non-degenerate, compact interval $[a, ...
0
votes
1answer
35 views

Equation that defines multi-dimensional polynomial

In two-dimensions a complete n-th degree polynomial is given by $P_n(x,y) = \sum_{k=0}^{n}\alpha_kx^iy^j \qquad i+j \leq k \qquad (1)$ . However, now I am dealing with the following two-dimensional ...
2
votes
1answer
64 views

Ordered Pairs of Polynomials

Professor proposed this problem to the class today. Suppose we had $P_1(x), P_2(x) \in \mathbb{Z[x]}$, $n, a \in \mathbb{Z}$. How many ordered pairs exist such that ...
0
votes
1answer
40 views

I have to show $p=p(x-\lambda)$ if and only if they have the same zeros in $F$

Suppose $F$ is a field, $|F|\geq n \geq 2$. Given $\lambda \in F$ I know $p,p(x-\lambda)\in F[x]$ are irreducible monic polynomials. I have to show $p=p(x-\lambda)$ if and only if they have the same ...
1
vote
1answer
49 views

Taylor polynomial for an integral

This is the first time encountering a Taylor expansion along with an integral, so I am wondering how I should proceed. Question: $Consider \space the \space function$ $$F(x) = ...
1
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0answers
20 views

Zero Homogeneous Polynomials

Let $f:\mathbb{R}^n\rightarrow \mathbb{R}$ be a homogeneous polynomial of degree n. Is it true that if $\forall x,f(x)=0$, then the coefficients of $f$ are all zero?
1
vote
1answer
19 views

Write down basis for the set of all polynomials $f(x)$ of degree at most 5 such that $f(2) = 0$.

Write down basis for the set of all polynomials $f(x)$ of degree at most 5 such that $f(2) = 0$. I know there are lots of answers you could write, but would this be correct: $\{(x-2)^5, (x-2)^4, ...
0
votes
0answers
13 views

Polynomial Division for crc

I did this question by just using the xor long division of the binary, but my teacher said he doesn't want it done that way, but want me to use polynomial Division. I have no clue how to do this, and ...
0
votes
0answers
25 views

Series Expansion from Polynomial w/ Coefficients [on hold]

I have four coefficients to a 4-the order polynomial. Besides having some stroke of luck finding a pattern (that would be difficult considering the coefficient values) what is the best way to approach ...
1
vote
1answer
31 views

Find all polynomials such that $P(A)\subset U$ for a countable subset of the unit circle $U$

I recently answered a question, in which I proved that If a polynomial fixes the unit circle then $P$ is a monomial (a classical result),i,e: $$\forall P\in \Bbb C[X]\ \ \ \ (\forall z\in \Bbb C \ \ ...
1
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1answer
101 views
+100

Help me understand Gröbner basis result please

I'm practicing a bit with Gröbner bases but I'm not understanding the following result I obtain from Mathematica: ...
2
votes
1answer
30 views

If $|\det(A+zB)|=1$ for any $z\in \mathbb{C}$ such that $|z|=1$, then $A^n=O_n$.

Let $A,B\in \mathcal{M}_n(\mathbb{C})$ such that $AB=BA$ and $\det > B\neq 0$. a) If $|\det(A+zB)|=1$ for any $z\in \mathbb{C}$ such that $|z|=1$, then $A^n=O_n$. b) Is the ...
0
votes
0answers
9 views

Writing a series of polynomial equations of certain degree from a sequence of binary bits using Magma

How do I write a series of polynomial equations of a specified degree from a sequence of binary bits using Magma. So far, I have the following code for converting a decimal sequence to binary. ...
1
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2answers
55 views

Polynomials mod prime $p$

The problem is $5m^2+m+4 \equiv 0\pmod 7$. I am supposed to first convert it to a quadratic whose first coefficient is $1$. But the polynomial cannot be factored, so I am unsure as to how to do ...
-1
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0answers
13 views

Let $P(x),Q(x) \in \mathbb{Z}[x]$ such that, exist $a,b \in \mathbb{Z}^+$ and $a<b$: $P(a)=Q(a)$ and $P(b)=Q(b)$

Let $P(x),Q(x) \in \mathbb{Z}[x]$ such that, exist $a,b \in \mathbb{Z}^+$ and $a<b$: $P(a)=Q(a)$ and $P(b)=Q(b)$ Prove that $P \equiv Q$
0
votes
1answer
23 views

For any $n \in \mathbb{Z^+}$ Not extis $P(x) \in \mathbb{R}[x]$ with coefficients in $B$ and all roots of $P(x)$ in $A$

Problem: Let $A=\{a_1,a_2,..,a_m\}$ and $B=\{b_1,b_2,...,b_p\}$ where $a_1,a_2,...,a_m,b_1,b_2,...,b_p \in \mathbb{R}$ Prove that , the following statements is bad : for any $n \in ...
0
votes
1answer
54 views

Help required! Polynomials

Let $D(p) = p^{20} - p^{18} - p^{16} - \dots - p^2 - 2$ Prove that the sum of fourth powers of all the real roots of $D(p) = 8.$ Please help.
1
vote
1answer
17 views

Limit at $\infty$ of a polynomial multiplied by a negative exponential

I am trying to show $\int_0^{\infty} x^2 e^{-2 x} dx = 1/4 $ Integration by parts gets the indefinite integral $$\int x^2 e^{-2 x} dx = \frac{-1}{4} e^{-2 x} (2 x^2+2 x+1)+constant$$ In order to ...
-1
votes
0answers
25 views

How can I find the closure of $P[a,b]$ [on hold]

Let $P[a,b]$ the space of all polynomials on the interval $[a,b]$ clearly $P[a,b]$ is a subspace of $C[a,b]$ but how can find the closure of $P[a,b]$ , In special case $[0,1]$ .
1
vote
0answers
33 views

Vector subspace. [on hold]

$H = \lbrace p(x) \in P_2 \vert p(1) = 0 \rbrace $ is a vector subspace of $P_2$. What is a basis for for $H$ and the $\dim (H)$? I think the dimension is $0$ since th restriction of p(1)=0, is that ...
2
votes
1answer
35 views

Determine the units of the ring $A= \mathbb Z[X]/(X^3)$ and the structure of the group $A^*$ [duplicate]

Determine the units of the ring $A= \mathbb Z[X]/(X^3)$ and the structure of the group $A^*$ I've only managed to show that the free coefficient of any unit in $A$ is a unit in $\mathbb Z$.
-3
votes
1answer
44 views

Mathematical Expressions [on hold]

What do you think about the template in this wikipedia article? http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Expression_(mathematics) There are variables but no exponents and roots in arithmetic expressions? I ...
2
votes
4answers
55 views

Solve the following integral: $ \int \frac{x^2}{x^2+x-2} dx $

Solve the integral: $ \int \frac{x^2}{x^2+x-2} dx $ I was hoping that writing it in the form $ \int 1 - \frac{x-2}{x^2+x-2} dx $ would help but I'm still not getting anywhere. In the example it was ...
0
votes
0answers
15 views

Are there Karnaugh maps over other algebras?

Karnaugh maps are a useful way to minimize or factorize polynomial expressions in Boolean algebra by considering the smallest combinations of logical "subcomponents" of an expression, whose sum is ...
1
vote
2answers
40 views

$x^3+ (5m+1)x+ 5n+1$ is irreducible over $\Bbb Z$

How to prove that the polynomial: $x^3+ (5m+1)x+ 5n+1$ is irreducible over the set of integers for any integers $m$ and $n$? I was trying to put $x= y+p$ for some integer $p$ so that I could apply ...
-1
votes
1answer
28 views

Lagrange Interpolation Polynomial Degree N [on hold]

I want a Lagrange Interpolation formulae/code/online calculator which determines a apolynomail of degree n passing through given points.