This tag is used for both basic and advanced questions on polynomials in any number of variables. Including, but not limited to: solving for roots, factoring, checking for irreducibility. This tag is rarely used as the only tag for a question.

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3
votes
1answer
22 views

$p(x) \in \mathbb R[x]$ be a polynomial of odd degree , $n>1$ be an integer , then is the function $A \to p(A)$ surjective on $M(n,\mathbb R)$?

Let $p(x) \in \mathbb R[x]$ be a polynomial of odd degree , $n>1$ be an integer , then is the function $f: M(n,\mathbb R) \to M(n, \mathbb R)$ defined as $f(A)=p(A) , \forall A \in M(n,\mathbb R)$...
3
votes
1answer
33 views

$p(x) \in \mathbb R[x]$ be non-constant polynomial , $n>1$ , the function $A \to p(A)$ is surjective on $M(n, \mathbb C)$?

Let $p(x) \in \mathbb R[x]$ be a non-constant polynomial and $n>1$ , then is it true that the function $f:M(n,\mathbb C) \to M(n, \mathbb C)$ defined as $f(A)=p(A) , \forall A \in M(n, \mathbb C)...
2
votes
0answers
20 views

Series expansion of inverse polynomial

Suppose an nth order polynomial $P_n(x)$ with real and distict roots $d_1,d_2,\dots,d_n$, which has the factorization \begin{equation} P_n(x)=(x^2-d_1^2)(x^2-d_2^2)\cdots(x^2-d_n^2).\end{equation} ...
0
votes
0answers
22 views

Bernoulli Polynomials from Apostol's calculus book

Question 35 from book of calculus, volume 1 Apostol, in chapter "The relation between integration and differentiation". Define Bernoulli polynomials as: $P_0(x)=1$, $P'_n(x)=nP_{n-1}(x)$, $\int_0^...
0
votes
1answer
30 views

A solvable quintic with the root $x=(\sqrt[5]{p}+\sqrt[5]{q})^5$ - what are the other roots?

I derived a two parameter quintic equation with the root: $$x=(\sqrt[5]{p}+\sqrt[5]{q})^5,~~~~~p,q \in \mathbb{Q}$$ $$\color{blue}{x^5}-5(p+q)\color{blue}{x^4}+5(2p^2-121pq+2q^2)\color{blue}{x^3}...
0
votes
3answers
23 views

Find the algebric form of the zeros(roots) of the following polynomial: $\left(\:z^2+iz+2\right)\left(z^3-8i\right)$

Good morning to everyone. I don't know how to find the zeros(roots) of the following polynomial function: $$\left(\:z^2+iz+2\right)\left(z^3-8i\right)$$. What I've tried: The zero(root) of the second ...
8
votes
0answers
66 views

Only five solvable quintic equations of the form $x^5+ax^2+b=0$? What are their solutions?

According to Wikipedia there is only five solvable quintic equations of the form $x^5+ax^2+b=0,~~a,b \in \mathbb{Q}$ (up to a scaling constant $s$). $$x^5-2s^3x^2-\frac{s^5}{5}=0 $$ $$ x^5-100s^3x^2-...
0
votes
1answer
13 views

Conditions for Non-negativity

Let's consider $A$ to be a square symmetric matrix whose entries are non-negative real numbers that sums to one. Even more, we shall consider its diagonal elements to be equal to zero. The question is:...
2
votes
1answer
33 views

When is a 5th degree polynomial with at least 1 non-real root solvable by radicals?

Let $f(X)$ be an irreducible polynomial of degree 5 with coefficents in the field of rational numbers $\mathbb{Q}$. Assume that $f$ has at least one non-real root in the complex field $\mathbb{C}$. ...
1
vote
2answers
53 views

$f(x+a)$ irreducibility means $f(x)$ irreducibility

Let $a~\in~\mathbb{Z}$ and let $f(x)~\in~\mathbb{Z}\left[x\right]$. Suppose that $f(x+a)$ is irreducible over $\mathbb{Z}$. Prove that $f(x)$ is irreducible over $\mathbb{Z}$. My idea is: $f(x)=u(x)*...
0
votes
0answers
21 views

Factoring polynomials when roots are external to the ring

I shall avoid maths script since I'm typing on a mobile, anyway I think I can do without. I have a question about factoring polynomials over a ring. Let's call R the ring in question. It is clear to ...
-1
votes
2answers
34 views

Polynomial ring, ideals and Spec

Morning everyone, I want some hint about this. i) Determine all ideals of $\frac{\Bbb{R[X]}}{<X^3-1>}$ where $R$ is real set ii)Is $\frac{R[X]}{<X^3-1>}$ integral Domain iii)...
0
votes
1answer
43 views

Principal ideal of $\mathbb{C}[Z,\bar{Z}]$

Let $I$ be an ideal of $\mathbb{C}[Z,\bar{Z}]$. How to prove that $I$ is principal in $\mathbb{C}[Z,\bar{Z}]$ ? It exists some simple criterion to say that an ideal will be principal or not?
0
votes
1answer
29 views

How can this be minimized?

I have the following function of $x_1$ and $x_2$: $$e(x_1,x_2)= (x_1^2+x_2^2)(a+n)+2a(-x_1+x_1x_2-x_2)+a^2$$ where $a$ and $n$ are real numbers. I want to find the values of $x_1$ and $x_2$ that ...
1
vote
3answers
109 views

Show the roots of the quadratic equation $z^2 +bz+ c = 0$ lie in or on the unit circle

So I need a little help with the following: Considering separately the cases of real and complex roots show that the roots of the quadratic equation $z^2 +bz+ c = 0$ lie in or on the unit circle (i.e....
0
votes
2answers
65 views

Let $R$ be a ring with unity. Consider $X^2 - 1$ $\in$ $R[X]$. Then $X^2 - 1$ has at most two roots in R.

Indicate True/False Let $R$ be a ring with unity. Consider $X^2 - 1$ $\in$ $R[X]$. Then $X^2 - 1$ has at most two roots in R. I need a hint to solve this problem. I have tried some common rings ...
0
votes
1answer
17 views

Criterion of separability of polynomials

When I study page 270 in Lang's algebra, I have a problem. Let $f(X)=X^3+aX+b$ be an irreducible polynomial over a field $k$. Lang says that if char $k$ is not equal to $2,3$, then $f$ is separable. ...
-2
votes
0answers
30 views

Finding the unique Nash equilibrium

$$ m^2(1-m)[(1+m)^2 - R] x^3 + [6m^2R + 12mR - 2m(1-m^2)(6+2m) - 4tm^2(1+m)^2] x^2 + [(1-m)(6+2m)^2 + 8tm(1+m)(6+2m)] x - 4t(6+2m)^2=0 $$ where: m ∈ (0, 0.5), R ∈ [0, 0.25], t ∈ [0, 1], x ∈ [0, 2]...
0
votes
1answer
18 views

square of polynomial still harmonic? [on hold]

Let $P(z)=\sum_{i=0}^n a_i z^i$ be a polynomials on $\mathbb{C}[z]$ such that $a_i$ are real numbers. $|P(z)|^2$ is a harmonic function ?
2
votes
5answers
56 views

Solving $2x^4+x^3-11x^2+x+2 = 0$ [duplicate]

I am having no idea how I can solve this problem. I need help! Here's the problem $2x^4+x^3-11x^2+x+2 = 0$ I am learning Quadratic Expressions and this is what I need to solve, and I can't ...
3
votes
2answers
63 views

Polynomial ring with arbitrarily many variables in ZF

For a given field $k$ and a set $X$ we want to define the ring $k[X]$ of polynomials with $X$ as the set of variables. We do not assume $X$ to be finite. And we want to do this without employing axiom ...
0
votes
0answers
20 views

Techniques to turn expressions involving integer roots into polynomials by substitution?

Inspired by this question involving an Equation for a Torus How to find a parametrization for a torus? I started wondering if there is some systematic approach to do substitutions to make equations ...
1
vote
1answer
62 views

How can we decompose $4a^4-5a^2+6a-8$? [on hold]

How can we decompose $4a^4-5a^2+6a-8$?
0
votes
1answer
36 views

(Terminology_Taylor Series) “expand at $x_0$, evaluate at x, affine approximation”

I am reading one-variable calculus book where it explains Taylor series and little confused with the following terms: (1) Expand $f(x)$ at $x_0$ (2) Evaluate $f(x)$ at x (3) Best Affine, ...
4
votes
2answers
55 views

Let $P(x)=ax^{2014}-bx^{2015}+1$ and $Q(x)=x^2-2x+1$ such that $Q(x)|P(x)$, find $a+b$

Let $P(x)=ax^{2014}-bx^{2015}+1$ and $Q(x)=x^2-2x+1$ be the polynomials where $a$ and $b$ are real numbers. If polynomial $P$ is divisible by $Q$, what is the value of $a+b$. This is what I have ...
3
votes
2answers
67 views

Image of polynomial is $\mathbb{Q}$

I know that the polynomial $f(x)=\frac{1}{2} x^2 + \frac{1}{2}x \in \mathbb{Q}[x] $ has that $f(\mathbb{Z})\subset\mathbb{Z}$. My question is a bit different: Does there exist a polynomial $f \in \...
0
votes
0answers
40 views

A problem with infinitely many eigenvalues on a finite dimensional vector space

I want to develop some theory before posing the problem. Kindly stay with me. Consider $ Aut (k[x_1,...,x_n])$ where $k$ is an algebraically closed field, you can take $k=\Bbb C$. $\alpha \in Aut(k[...
4
votes
1answer
94 views

The other $47$ roots of the minimal polynomial for $\cos 1 ^\circ$

The minimal polynomial for $x=\cos 1 ^\circ=\cos \frac{\pi}{180}$ is: $$281474976710656 x^{48}-3377699720527872 x^{46}+18999560927969280 x^{44}- \\ -66568831992070144 x^{42}+162828875980603392 x^{40}-...
6
votes
4answers
78 views

Showing that for $f \in K[x]$, we have $f(x) \mid f(x + f(x))$

Let $K$ be a field an $f \in K[x]$. I now want to show that $f(x) \mid f(x + f(x))$ (in $K[x]$). I know that I need to find a polynomial $g \in K[x]$ so that $f(x) g(x) = f(x + f(x))$. So I thought ...
0
votes
0answers
31 views

How to get a feel for rigor/form used in mathematics?

I'm an engineer, and while you get introduced to many concepts of mathematics, but only with a subset of the vocabulary, and none of the rigor and proofs. So while trying to read a mathematical book, ...
0
votes
1answer
34 views

Proof Check: Prove Relation Between Invariants Is the Only Relation

Consider the finite matrix group $C_{4} \subset$ GL$(2,\mathbb{C})$ generated by $$A = \begin{bmatrix} i & 0 \\ 0 & -i \end{bmatrix} \in \text{GL}(2,\mathbb{C}).$$ (a)Prove that $C_{4}$ is ...
0
votes
0answers
17 views

What is the difference between common components of $f(x,y)$ and common factor of $f(x,y)$?

Let $f(x,y)$ be a polynomial.What is the difference between common components of $f(x,y)$ and common factor of $f(x,y)$?
5
votes
2answers
104 views

Roots of $y=x^3+x^2-6x-7$

I'm wondering if there is a mathematical way of finding the roots of $y=x^3+x^2-6x-7$? Supposedly, the roots are $2\cos\left(\frac {4\pi}{19}\right)+2\cos\left(\frac {6\pi}{19}\right)+2\cos\left(\...
4
votes
0answers
25 views

Sum of divisors in $\mathbb{Z}_2[x]$

Let $A$ denote a polynomial on $\mathbb{Z}_2[x]$ and $\sigma(A)$ denote the sum of divisors on $A$. Let$$A = x^h(x + 1)^k P^l Q^{2n - 1},$$where $P$, $Q$ are irreducible polynomials with degree at ...
3
votes
2answers
94 views

What kind of $n^{th}$ order polynomials are solvable by a square matrix with integer entries?

Consider a polynomial (monic for simplicity): $$x^n+a_1x^{n-1}+\dots+a_{n-1}x+a_n=0$$ Here we assume the roots are complex numbers. $a_k$ are integers. Now consider the corresponding matrix ...
1
vote
5answers
60 views

Is $F[x,y]$ a Euclidean Domain?

I was wondering if this is just common knowledge. So far for a field $F$ and transcendental $x$ and $y$, I know one can define the degree by $1) \deg c =0$, for any $c \in F-\{0\}$ $2) \deg x^{n_1}...
1
vote
1answer
44 views

$k[x,y,z]/(y-x^2,z-x^3)\cong k[x]$, where $k$ is a field

This is generalizing from a previous question, which asks to prove that $k[x,y]/(y-x^2)\cong k[x]$. The way I proved that was by using the homomorphism $\phi:k[x,y]/(y-x^2)\to k[x]$, $\phi(\overline{f(...
3
votes
2answers
39 views

Is it possible to convert the polar equation $\ r = k \cos (\theta n) + 2$ into cartesian form?

Is it possible to convert the polaer equation $$\ r = k \cos (\theta n) + 2$$ into cartesian form? Here, $k$ is some constant and $n$ is any positive whole number greater than $2$. The ...
0
votes
1answer
27 views

Fast way of suming up polynoms

You probably will think that this question is more about algorithms, but actually i'am searching for right formula. What i want to do is to compute $(A^n + A^{n-1} + .. + A + 1))$ mod $(10^9 + 7)$ ...
0
votes
1answer
24 views

In an $\Bbb{N}$-graded domain $A$, units are homogeneous

Let $A$ be a graded domain, with additive subgroups $A_n,\,\forall\,n\geq 0$, s.t. ${A_n\cdot A_m}\subseteq A_{n+m}\,\forall\,n,m\geq 0$, and $A=\bigoplus_{n=0}^\infty\, A_n$ as abelian groups. I wish ...
4
votes
2answers
110 views
+100

Polynomials generating the same $p$-adic fields

I wonder if the following fact is true: Pick $l\in \mathbb N$ a number and let $f,g\in \mathbb Z_p[x]$ be monic polynomials with coefficients in the ring of $p$-adic integers such that $f\equiv g \...
4
votes
0answers
82 views

Injectivity of $R \to R[t]/(f)$ for non-constant $f\in R[t]$

Question: Let $R$ be a (unital commutative) ring and $f = a_0 t^n + \cdots + a_n \in R[t]$ a non-constant polynomial. What are (necessary and sufficient) conditions on the coefficients $a_0,\ldots,a_n ...
3
votes
0answers
42 views

How are varieties related polynomials?

My teacher says that varieties and ideals are related to each other while I tend to mix polynomials and varieties in my terminology. Could some explain how varieties are related to polynomials? And ...
0
votes
1answer
37 views

Find the numbers at which the polynomial is irreducible over $\mathbb{Q}$

How can I find the integers $a$ at which the polynomial $f(x)$ is irreducible over the field $\mathbb{Q}$? Thank you! $$f(x) = 5x^4 - 6x^3 - ax^2 - 4x + 2$$
0
votes
1answer
35 views

5th degree polynomial with positive leading coefficient

I'm guessing C or D because odd degree polynomials which aren't linear extend one way to infinity and the other way to negative infinity? So what's the relevance of the a>0? As x approaches infinity ...
0
votes
0answers
17 views

Cubic's Irreducible case.

I know how to solve a cubic equation using Cardano's method, but some equation when solved through Cardano's method give complex numbers under a cube root sign. For Example: $x^3-15x=4$. I want to ...
2
votes
3answers
57 views

Show that polynomial is irreducible over $\mathbb{Q}$

How I can prove that polynomial $f(x)$, where$$f(x) = x^4 + 3x^3 + 3x^2 - 5$$ is irreducible over $\mathbb{Q}$? Thank you
3
votes
1answer
67 views

Find real parts of the complex roots of this $9^{th}$ order polynomial in explicit form

I have a following polynomial. (See WolframAlpha ): $$x^9-6x^8+14x^7-16x^6+36x^5-56x^4+ 24x^3-320x+\frac{640}{9}=0 \tag{1}$$ Wolfram says that $(1)$ has three real roots and three pairs of complex ...