# Tagged Questions

Questions related to polyhedra and their properties.

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### Coloring dodecahedron

I found some months ago that there are the Polya's enumeration theorem to compute number of colorings of dodecahedron. I got interested to find how to show by using only Burnside's lemma that there ...
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### What is the Coxeter diagram for?

I understand that Coxeter diagrams are supposed to communicate something about the structure of symmetry groups of polyhedra, but I am baffled about what that something is, or why the Coxeter ...
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### Cleverest construction of a dodecahedron / icosahedron?

One can show, as an elementary application of Euler's formula, that there are at most five regular convex polytopes in 3-space. The tetrahedra, cube, and octohedra all admit very intuitive ...
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### Decomposable Families of Shapes

There are two types of golden triangles in the world, as shown in the following picture: Here $\varphi = \dfrac{1+\sqrt{5}}{2}$ denotes the golden ratio. Each of these golden triangles can be ...
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### Angle between lines joining tetrahedron center to vertices

What are the angles formed at the center of a tetrahedron if you draw lines to the vertices? I'm trying to make these: I need to know what angles to bend the metal.
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### Why are there 12 pentagons and 20 hexagons on a soccer ball?

Edge-attaching many hexagons results in a plane. Edge-attaching pentagons yields a dodecahedron. Is there some insight into why the alternation of pentagons and hexagons yields an approximated sphere?...
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### Height of a tetrahedron

How do I calculate the height of a regular tetrahedron having side length $1$ ? Just to be completely clear, by height I mean if you placed the shape on a table, how high up would the highest point ...
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### What property of certain regular polygons allows them to be faces of the Platonic Solids?

It appears to me that only Triangles, Squares, and Pentagons are able to "tessellate" (is that the proper word in this context?) to become regular 3D convex polytopes. What property of those regular ...
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### Floret Tessellation of a Sphere

I'm a programmer looking to create a 3D model of a Floret Tessellation of a sphere, like the one in this picture Class III 8,11 floret planar net (source) If anyone could point me in the right ...
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### The smallest 8 cubes to cover a regular tetrahedron

A regular tetrahedron $T$ of edge-length $\sqrt{2}$ fits inside a unit cube:                     (Image from MathWorld.) This means that $8$ ...
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### Five Cubes in Dodecahedron

I will demonstrate why the group of rotational symmetries of a Dodecahedron is $A_5$. For that, we have to find five nice objects, on which the group of symmetries acts. One object is "Cubes" ...
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### What hexahedra have faces with areas of exactly 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, and 6 units?

I tried for a while, not very hard, to construct a polyhedron with exactly six faces, whose areas were respectively 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, and 6 units. I did not meet with any success. Still, it seems that ...
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### How to prove there are exactly eight convex deltahedra?

A deltahedron is a polyhedron whose faces are equilateral triangles. It is well-known that there are exactly eight convex deltahedra, and it is easy to find out that this was first proved by ...
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### can a convex polygon have only one boundary point at locally maximum distance from its centroid?

It's easy to see that given any convex polygon P and any point c in its interior, there is at least one point m on the boundary of P at locally maximum distance from c: simply choose m to be a vertex ...
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### Mappings preserving convex polyhedra

It is known that linear mappings between euclidean spaces map convex polyhedra to convex polyhedra. Can you give a characterization of the class of mappings that preserve convex polyhedra?
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### Any other Caltrops?

This question has been edited. The regular tetrahedron is a caltrop. When it lands on a face, one vertex points straight up, ready to jab the foot of anyone stepping on it. Define a caltrop as a ...
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### Largest $n$-vertex polyhedron that fits into a unit sphere

In two dimensions, it is not hard to see that the $n$-vertex polygon of maximum area that fits into a unit circle is the regular $n$-gon whose vertices lie on the circle: For any other vertex ...
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### Maximum area of triangle inside a convex polygon

Prove that within any convex polygon of area $A$, there exists a triangle with area at least $cA$, where $c=\tfrac{3}{8}$. Are there any better constants $c$? I'm not sure how to approach this ...
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### Lower bound on the number of faces of a polyhedron of genus g

Is there a lower bound on the number of faces of a polyhedron of topological genus g? For example: it seems very reasonable that $g$ < $F$ i.e. the genus of a polehydron is less than the number ...
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### Polyhedra from number fields

A question on the disnub mentions golden ($x^2-x-1=0$) gives the dodecahedron + much more. tribonacci ($x^3-x^2-x-1=0$) gives the snub cube. plastic ($x^3-x-1=0$) gives the snub ...
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### Maximal volume for given surface area of an $n$-hedron

Is there a term for a polyhedron with $n$ faces (or, similarly, $n$ vertices) that maximises the enclosed volume for a given surface area (equivalently, minimises the surface area for a given volume)? ...
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### Name of this convex polyhedron?

Does anyone recognize / know the name of the convex polyhedron depicted below as the intersection of a Cuboctahedron and a Rhombicdodecahedron? Please note you have to interpret this picture and ...
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### Can a tetrahedron lying completely inside another tetrahedron have a larger sum of edge lengths?

Find 2 tetrahedrons $ABCD$ and $EFGH$ such that $EFGH$ lies completely inside $ABCD$. The sum of edge lengths of $EFGH$ is strictly greater than the sum of edge lengths of $ABCD$. I am completely ...
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### What is circumradius $R$ of the great disnub dirhombidodecahedron, or Skilling's figure?

The vertices of a uniform polyhedron all lie on a sphere. Out of curiosity, I looked at the circumradius $R$ of the $75$ polyhedra (non-prism) in the list (which assumed side $a=1$). For irrational ...
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### Is Paley-13 graph a unit distance graph in 3D space?

The 13-node Paley graph has vertices 1 to 13 that are connected by an edge when their difference is one of the values $(1,3,4,9,10,12)$ Can this graph be put into 3D space so that all edges have ...
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### Geodesics on a polyhedron

Which sequences of adjacent edges of a polyhedron could be considered to be a geodesic? The edges of a face most surely will not, but the "equator" of the octahedron eventually will. But for what ...
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### Asymptotic bounds on the number of faces needed to construct a polyhedron of a certain genus

Let a polyhedron be a solid in three dimensions with flat polygonal faces, straight edges and sharp corners or vertices, where moreover we require that every edge touches exactly two faces, every ...
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### Looking for polyhedra under two simple but stringent conditionts

I noticed usual polyhedra have some vertices joining exactly 3 edges or some triangular faces (or both). Out of curiosity I started wondering if there is a polyhedron with the following constrains: ...
I've encountered the following question which I am unable to solve: $$P = \{\vec x | A\vec x \geq \vec a\} \\ Q = \{\vec x | B\vec x \geq \vec b\}\\ P, Q \subseteq R^n$$ Find an algorithm to ...