Questions related to polyhedra and their properties.

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458 views

Find points of a regular tetrahedron

I'm given one of the vertices of a regular tetrahedron and the radius of the circumsphere. I also know the center point of the circumsphere. How can I find the remaining three vertices? (It was ...
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1answer
81 views

Icosahedral group. Need the angles of all diagonals.

I want to implement the icosahedral pointgroup. For that I need all angles of the lines between two opposite vertices, between the midpoints of two opposite faces and between the midpoints of two ...
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1answer
108 views

volume of polyhedra which correspond to icosahedral fullerenes

There is, I believe, a sequence of polyhedra whose shape approaches that of the icosahedron (they all have twelve pentagonal faces and the rest hexagons), and starts: regular dodecahedron (C$_{12}$, ...
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3answers
109 views

Finding the number of edges that connect to a single vertex in a dodecahedron

Please note my geometry background is very weak (high school geometry is all I have), so I would appreciate it if someone could explain it in very layman terms how to do this. I am trying to solve ...
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1answer
113 views

Determining if two tetrahedra in $\mathbb R^3$ are identical or have reflection symmetry

I have two tetrahedra in $\mathbb R^3$, $T_1$ and $T_2$, and access to the coordinates of their vertices. $T_1$ and $T_2$ are tetrahedra in the sense that they each have four vertices, each vertex is ...
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1answer
140 views

Convex polyhedron with five, six, or seven vertices at distinct corners of a cube

What are the names of the convex polyhedron with five, six, or seven vertices, where all vertices lie at distinct corners of a cube? I'm particularly interested in the five vertex case.
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1answer
918 views

Group of rigid motion of tetrahedron

Let us take the group $S_4$. It has $24$ elements. Its group $A_4$ has $12$ elements. It is well known that the group of rigid motions of the tetrahedron has $12$ elements ($A_4$). Why? Because if we ...
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2answers
390 views

How to compute the volume of the polyhedron with vertices at centre of a cube?

The centers of the faces of a cube are also the vertices of polyhedron. How to Compute the ratio of the volume of the polyhedron to that of the cube containing it?
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3answers
186 views

Is it possible to inscribe a regular tetrahedron in every convex body?

Is it possible to inscribe at least one regular tetrahedron in every convex body?
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1answer
572 views

Angles for a great dodecahedron

Could someone describe to me how to find the angle between two intersecting pentagonal faces on a great dodecahedron? Thanks
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1answer
221 views

Is the Euler characteristic $\chi =2$ for the prism with a hole?

I keep getting $\chi=2$ for the solid in the picture. It's a prism with a hole joining two opposite sides. I remember reading that $\chi=0$ for such solids. Help me find my error. I'd appreciate if ...
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2answers
1k views

How can I determine the radius of a dodecahedron?

I am making a dodecahedron that needs to fit inside of a sphere. The sphere has a diameter of 56mm. What is largest possible measurement of one segment of a pentagon side of a dodecahedron that would ...
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1answer
224 views

How to determine the intersection of 6 planes?

ABCD is a tetrahedron (not necessarly a regular one). A Monge's plane is a plane which is perpendicular to an edge and goes through the middle of the opposite edge. I want to prove that the 6 ...
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2answers
222 views

Are there formulae to determine close-packing polyhedra?

Is there a formula to determine which polyhedra will tessellate in 3D without any spaces?
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4answers
12k views

Calculating the probability of a coin falling on its side

A classical example that's given for probability exercises is coin flipping. Generally it is accepted that there are two possible outcomes which are heads or tails. However, it is possible in the real ...
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1answer
163 views

An unbounded convex polyhedron realizing the primes?

Does there exist an unbounded convex polyhedron with faces that have 3, 5, 7, 11, 13, ... edges, i.e., such that the number of edges of each face realize exactly the odd primes, with each prime ...
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3answers
139 views

Intuition about the faces in the connected planar graphs

In the Euler formula, for counting the number of faces, we count the regions bounded by edges, including the outer, infinitely-large region, so in the graph $K_1$ there is only one face which is outer ...
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2answers
622 views

Radius of a Sphere inscribed in a Convex Polyhedron

My teacher gave me this problem in class as a challenge. It has stumped me for days, yet he refuses to give me the answer! Let $PQRSTU$ and $PQR'S'T 'U'$ be two regular planar ...
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3answers
3k views

Angle between lines joining tetrahedron center to vertices

What are the angles formed at the center of a tetrahedron if you draw lines to the vertices? I'm trying to make these: I need to know what angles to bend the metal.
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2answers
492 views

Coloring dodecahedron

I found some months ago that there are the Polya's enumeration theorem to compute number of colorings of dodecahedron. I got interested to find how to show by using only Burnside's lemma that there ...
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2answers
449 views

Deforming a truncated icosahedron into its circumscribing sphere

Imagine that I have a truncated icosahedron consisting of 60 identical vertices, each of degree $deg(v) = 3$, and fixed edge length $L$. I'd like to assign some constant curvature or bending angle ...
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3answers
368 views

Minimum and maximum diagonal of a dodecahedron

Let $s$ be the edge length of a regular dodecahedron. As a function of $s$, what is the dodecahedron's minimum and maximum diagonal (i.e. cross-section)?
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1answer
508 views

Space-filling polyhedra (or honeycomb) survey?

Is there a survey anywhere of space-filling polyhedra? MathWorld's article, space-filling polyhedron, mentions about 400 being seen in pre-1981 books and papers. Wikipedia mentions 28 convex uniform ...
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2answers
552 views

3D picture of the 38-sided Engel space-filling polyhedron

On page 220 of Peter Engel's Geometric Crystallography, he describes a 38-sided convex polyhedron that can fill space. I've seen this this accepted as the record in various places, but I've never ...
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2answers
277 views

Is there such a thing as the “edge-face dual” of a polyhedron, and is the “edge-face dual” of a cube a rhombic dodecahedron?

The dual of a polyhedron is a polyhedron where the vertices of one correspond to the faces of the other, and vice versa. Is there always a similar correspondence between a pair of polyhedra where the ...
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1answer
97 views

Does max { $w^Tx$ subject to $x$ is a point on a given polyhedron } optimize at an extreme point?

Is it necessary that the linear program max { $w^Tx$ subject to : $x$ is a point on a given polyhedron } attain its maximum at an extreme point of the polyhedron for any arbitrary w ? Let $c$ = ...
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2answers
624 views

Name of this convex polyhedron?

Does anyone recognize / know the name of the convex polyhedron depicted below as the intersection of a Cuboctahedron and a Rhombicdodecahedron? Please note you have to interpret this picture and ...
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2answers
301 views

Number of distinct nets of dual polyhedra

There are 11 non-congruent nets of a cube as well as 11 distinct nets of an octahedron. Both a dodecahedron and an icosahedron have 43380 distinct nets. Is it true that any pair of dual convex ...
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1answer
336 views

Chebyshev center = center of mass?

I would like to know for which convex polyhedra $P$ in $\mathbb{R}^3$, is the center of the largest sphere enclosed in $P$ (a.k.a. the Chebyshev center, or the incenter) the same as the center of ...
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4answers
233 views

What shape is this?

im doing a question that involves a shape with 8 faces, 10 vertices and 16 edges. Can anyone enlighten me as to what this shape is called? Many Thanks
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2answers
481 views

Which unfolding of an icosahedron has the least number of edges to be glued?

Does every unfolding of an icosahedron has the same number of edges to be glued to construct it back to the solid? If yes, what are those numbers for Platonic solids? If no, which unfoldings have the ...
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4answers
14k views

Why are there 12 pentagons and 20 hexagons on a soccer ball?

Edge-attaching many hexagons results in a plane. Edge-attaching pentagons yields a dodecahedron. Is there some insight into why the alternation of pentagons and hexagons yields an approximated ...
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1answer
427 views

Find the Polyhedron Enclosed by Multiple Faces

I have two faces ($S_1$ and $S_2$), each bounded by a series of Vertex $V$. These two faces may or may not intersect. In addition to that there are two vertical faces $S_3$ and $S_4$, that connect ...
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3answers
4k views

Tetrahedron inside a sphere

What's the largest regular tetrahedron (having side length $x$) you can fit inside a sphere with a unit radius?
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5answers
24k views

Height of a tetrahedron

How do I calculate the height of a regular tetrahedron having side length $1$ ? Just to be completely clear, by height I mean if you placed the shape on a table, how high up would the highest point ...
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1answer
346 views

Tetrahedron volume

How to calculate volume of tetrahedron given lengths of all it's edges?
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1answer
397 views

What property of certain regular polygons allows them to be faces of the Platonic Solids?

It appears to me that only Triangles, Squares, and Pentagons are able to "tessellate" (is that the proper word in this context?) to become regular 3D convex polytopes. What property of those regular ...