Questions related to polyhedra and their properties.

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Net for both cube and regular tetrahedron

At how to fold it by Joseph O'Rourke, there is a net given that can be folded into a cube or irregular tetrahedron. Is there a net that can be folded into either a cube or regular tetrahedron?
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2answers
246 views

Problem in understanding a proof there are five Platonic solids.

Thanks to several comments by Gerry Myerson, it is now clear that I wasn't clear, up to a state where I seriously confused myself. In a renewed attempt: Recently, I've been thinking about Platonic ...
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1answer
367 views

Finding the vertices of a rhombic dodecahedron

I'm trying to figure out a straightforward way to find the vertex (x,y,z) coords for a rhombic dodecahedron. Besides starting with a rhombus and rotating it around at the proper angles, I have no ...
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1answer
190 views

Dimension of polyhedron defined by inequalities and rank of implied equalities

I'm looking at "Optimization Over Integers" by Bertsimas and Weismantel and I have a question about one of the examples in the book. I'm getting a conflicting answer and I'm not sure what I'm ...
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2answers
339 views

Decomposable Families of Shapes

There are two types of golden triangles in the world, as shown in the following picture: Here $\varphi = \dfrac{1+\sqrt{5}}{2}$ denotes the golden ratio. Each of these golden triangles can be ...
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112 views

Indexing Goldberg (0,n) polyhedron faces

I would to know how to uniquely identify a face of a Goldberg (0,n) polyhedron: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Goldberg_polyhedron#Icosahedral_G.280.2Cn.29_polyhedra It's possible to uniquely assign ...
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1answer
32 views

Give examples of polytopes $\Delta$ in $\mathbb{AR}^3$ such that

With Sym $\Delta$ of the set $\Delta$ consisting of all isometries of $\mathbb{AR}^n$ that map $\Delta$ onto $\Delta$, Sym $\Delta$ acts transitively on the set of vertices of $\Delta$ but is ...
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2answers
129 views

Instrinsic definition of concave and convex polyhedron

Is it possible to distinguish a concave polyhedron from a convex one by mesurements made only on its surface, without a reference to the 3d space around it?
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33 views

Standard for intrinsic polyhedron definition using angular deficit?

Is there a standard definition of a given polyhedron using only intrinsic properties (those which can be measured by a 2d being living on its surface) and particularly angular deficit at a vertex ...
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50 views

How to fit a cuboid into a polyhedra?

I have multiple points which create a solid (polyhedra). And now I want to place a cuboid inside this solid in a way that it uses the maximum amout of space inside. Are there any solutions for this ...
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62 views

Convex polyhedron is union of simplices

Given a convex polyhedron $P$, how can we prove that every point $x \in P$ is in some simplex whose vertices are vertices of $P$? One proof is to inductively build a triangulation of $P$. If $P$ is ...
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67 views

About the relation between a tetrahedra and spheres moving in a tetrahedra

I found the following question in a book: There exists a regular triangle $OAB$ which has edge-length $2$. Let $H, I, J$ be a foot of the perpendicular line drawn from a point $P$ in $OAB$ to the ...
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4answers
203 views

Inequality for each $a, b, c, d$ being each area of four faces of a tetrahedron

We know 'triangle inequality'. I'm interested in the generalization of this inequality. Here is my question. Question: How can we represent a necessary and sufficient condition for each positive ...
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2answers
112 views

Forming a polyhedron from concave polygonal faces.

A polyhedron is a convex, three dimensional region bounded by a finite number of polygonal faces. So is it possible that some of those polygonal faces be concave ? Can concave polygons be used in the ...
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1answer
373 views

How do I determine the Tait-Bryan angles (yaw, pitch, and roll) of polyhedron faces to its center?

I'm modeling a pentagonal hexecontrahedron by placing faces and then rotating them. I've determined the center of each face by using the Cartesian coordinates of the vertices of its dual polyhedron ...
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1answer
98 views

Integral Polyhedra: Integer on each face

The general topic is unimodular matrices and integral polyhedra. I am really new to this field and I am studying for an exam in an advanced operations research course. In this case we are always ...
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1answer
97 views

Bounded polyhedra closed under rotation, intersection and complement

Are there any known types of bounded polyhedra, which exist in all Euclidean dimensions, and are are closed under intersection, rotation and relative complement? In other words, I am looking for a set ...
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0answers
49 views

Regular apeirohedra?

Have been toying with structures that I think are best describe as unbounded regular polyhedra. More specifically I arrived at non-convex polyhedra that are unbounded in one direction: Alternate ...
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2answers
1k views

Angles between two vertices on a dodecahedron

Say $20$ points are placed across a spherical planet, and they are all spaced evenly, forming the vertices of a dodecahedron. I would like to calculate the distances between the points, but that ...
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43 views

$X$ is a point in a bounded polyhedron $\ \in R^n $ with $n-1$ active constraints

Lets take a vector $d$ which is orthogonal to the active constraint. Since the polyhedron is bounded: We'll move to a point $x+\alpha*d$ where we will activate another constraint let's name it j. ...
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1answer
767 views

coordinates of icosahedron vertices with variable radius

I was looking on the wikipedia page about icosahedrons and it says that for edge length $a$ the radius of the circumscribed sphere around the icosahedron is given by $r = a \times ...
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1answer
148 views

Computing bounding box of polytope (system of linear inequalities)

Given a N real valued variables and a set of linear inequality constraints, I would like to find a minimal bounding box which encapsulates the convex polytope defined by these constraints. I think ...
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1answer
52 views

Mathematical word for geometrical object?

Is there a mathematical word to designate the concept of a geometrical object like: square cube tesseract N-dimensional cube circle sphere hypersphere regular and non-regular polygons regular and ...
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1answer
205 views

Biggest Little Polyhedron

The Biggest Little Polygon problem asks for the polygon with greatest area where the largest diameter is 1. Let's add a dimension and find the largest volumes. What is the biggest little polyhedron ...
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36 views

The dimension of birkoff polytope

Let $P_m$ be a subset for R^mxm be the polytope given by: $x_i,_j \ge 0$ $x_i,_1 + ... + x_i,_m \le 1$ $x_1,_j + ... + x_m,_j \le 1$ $\sum_{1 \le i,j \le m } \ x_i,_j \ge m-1$ Contruct a ...
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1answer
48 views

Duals of Deltahedra

What are the names of the duals of the Snub Disphenoid and the Triaugmented Triangular Prism? I built models of the eight convex deltahedra and their duals using spherical magnets as vertices, and ...
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Is Paley-13 graph a unit distance graph in 3D space?

The 13-node Paley graph has vertices 1 to 13 that are connected by an edge when their difference is one of the values $(1,3,4,9,10,12)$ Can this graph be put into 3D space so that all edges have ...
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0answers
67 views

How to define polyhedra?

Wikipedia does not provide a concise definition of "polyhedron" in $\mathbb R^n$. What is the "best" - in whatever sense - definition of this class of objects? I am interested in a definition where ...
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1answer
1k views

Euler's formula for triangle mesh

Can anyone explain to me these two facts which I don't get from Euler's formula for triangle meshes? First, Euler's formula reads $V - E + F = 2(1-g)$ where $V$ is vertices number, $E$ edges number, ...
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2answers
307 views

Has anyone discovered a convex space-filling 15-faced polyhedron?

I've been looking for extensive surveys regarding space-filling polyhedra, but have only come across Michael Goldbergs "Convex polyhedral space-fillers of more than twelve faces" from 1979, stating ...
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1answer
124 views

Calculate polyhedra vertices based on faces

I have some origami polyhedra which I know the type of faces it has and how they are connected (such as this torus) and I want to calculate the co-ordinates of the vertices to use as an input to ...
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1answer
339 views

Number of edge colorings in a tetrahedron with three colors. Is my solution correct?

I've tried to count rotationally distinct edge colorings (both proper and improper) in a regular tetrahedron with three colors. Could you take a look if it's correct? First the improper colorings. ...
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1answer
103 views

Is this graph coloring problem solved correctly?

On this Wikipedia page about Burnside's lemma, it is calculated that there are 57 rotationally distinct colorings of the faces of a cube with three colors. I'm confused by the way it is done. They ...
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1answer
359 views

Goldberg polyhedra coordinates

I would 3D-print some Goldberg Polyhedra importing in Sketchup, the coordinates provided on these links: 72 faces (2,1) - (coordinates) 132 faces (3,1) - (coordinates) 192 faces (3,2) - ...
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1answer
377 views

How many $n$-colorings up to rotation using exactly 2 of each color are there on a $2n$-polyhedron?

I'm a high-school student and I stumbled across a YouTube video explaining how Rubik's cubes work. A Rubik's cube has 6 colors, one for each side, but I started thinking about ways to $n$-color the ...
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3answers
191 views

Can a tetrahedron lying completely inside another tetrahedron have a larger sum of edge lengths?

Find 2 tetrahedrons $ABCD$ and $EFGH$ such that $EFGH$ lies completely inside $ABCD$. The sum of edge lengths of $EFGH$ is strictly greater than the sum of edge lengths of $ABCD$. I am completely ...
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53 views

Convex cone as sum of simplices?

In 3D a pyramid with a square base can be decomposed into the sum of two tetrahedra, i.e. two 3-simplices. I am dealing with a homogeneous N-dimensional system of inequalities and my solution is a ...
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187 views

$\{x:Ax\leq 0\}$ contains a subset of type $\{x:A'x=0, ax\leq 0\}$

If $C:=\{x:Ax\leq 0\}\neq\{x:Ax=0\}$, an independent set of rows of $A$ can be chosen, one denoted by $a$ and the others put as rows into a matrix $A'$, such that $\{x:A'x=0,ax\leq 0\}\subseteq C$. ...
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1answer
26 views

Estimate the number of integral solutions inside a convex polyhedron

How can I compute an estimate of the number of integral solutions (points) inside a bounded convex polyhedron with dimension $d$? I'm interested more in an efficient way to estimate the number of ...
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1answer
220 views

How tell if a polyhedron contains a lattice point

So given a polyhedron $Ax \le b$ Is there an Algorithm or formula to determine whether said polyhedron contains a lattice point (integer point) I was thinking a couple things: brute force ...
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2answers
479 views

How to find the maximum diagonal length inside a dodecahedron?

I am trying to find the maximum length of a diagonal inside a dodecahedron with a side length of $2.319914107\times10^{89}$ meters. I am not sure if any other information than that is needed, if it ...
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1answer
80 views

Demi dodecahedron - what is it?

What is a demi dodecahedron? I have not been able to find the geometry of a demi dodecahedron. From latin, what makes a polygon a demi dodecahedron? Can a demi dodecahedron possibly contain 9 faces? ...
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1answer
155 views

What is the minimal isoperimetric ratio of a polyhedron with $5$ vertices?

I'm asking and answering this question to provide a partial answer to this question and a comment on this answer at MO. The isoperimetric ratio $\mu$ of a solid is the ratio $A^3/V^2$, where $A$ is ...
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1answer
285 views

Maximal volume for given surface area of an $n$-hedron

Is there a term for a polyhedron with $n$ faces (or, similarly, $n$ vertices) that maximises the enclosed volume for a given surface area (equivalently, minimises the surface area for a given volume)? ...
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1answer
123 views

Which polyhedra have an even number of faces touching each vertex?

A two-coloring of the faces of a polyhedron is always possible when an even number of faces meet at each vertex. http://www.georgehart.com/virtual-polyhedra/colorings.html Is there a name for ...
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Are there 3D tilings of a 3D projective hyperplane or 3-sphere?

I noticed that pentagons tile the projective plane (a spherical dodecahedron). Something they do not do on a flat euclidean plane. Is there analogous 3D tilings (honeycombs) of a 3D projective ...
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1answer
129 views

Is There a Formalization of Cauchy's $F - E+V = 2$ proof?

Can anyone provide, or direct me to a formalized version of Cauchy's proof that for any convex polyhedron with $F$ faces, $E$ edges and $V$ vertices that $F - E + V = 2$. I am willing to accept the ...
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68 views

Mappings preserving convex polyhedra

It is known that linear mappings between euclidean spaces map convex polyhedra to convex polyhedra. Can you give a characterization of the class of mappings that preserve convex polyhedra?
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2answers
545 views

Calculate Spherical Distance between points

I have googled this and not come up with an answer yet, but basically, I'm trying to find out the distance between each point or vertice on a sphere (all points are evenly spaced). I already know this ...