For questions on polygons, a flat shape consisting of straight lines that are joined to form a closed chain or circuit

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13
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366 views

About the ratio of the areas of a convex pentagon and the inner pentagon made by the five diagonals

I've thought about the following question for a month, but I'm facing difficulty. Question : Letting $S{^\prime}$ be the area of the inner pentagon made by the five diagonals of a convex pentagon ...
8
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0answers
210 views

What is the shape of the convex $n$-gon which gives the maximum of a function?

Supposing that the length of every edge of the convex $n$-gon $P_1P_2$$\cdots$$P_n$ is 1, what is the shape of the $n$-gon which gives the maximum of the following function $A_n$? ...
5
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84 views

Polygons with coincident area and perimeter centroids

Let $P$ be a simple, planar polygon. Define $c_a$ as the area centroid of $P$, i.e., the center of gravity of the closed shape $P$. Define $c_p$ as the perimeter centroid of $P$, the center of gravity ...
4
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0answers
62 views

Parameterizing equilateral polygons

I'm not exactly sure how to describe what I want, so if I butcher terms, please forgive me :) I want to "parameterize" the space of simple irregular equilateral polygons with n sides, or at least a ...
4
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0answers
42 views

Centroids of a polygon

Obviously, for any polygon we can define at least 3 different centroids: C1: mass center of the lamina; C2: mass center of vertices with equal masses; C3: mass center of the perimeter. For the ...
4
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0answers
135 views

Find circles that completely cover a polygon minimizing the amount of space covered outside the polygon

I have an arbitrary polygon that I need to roughly represent using circles. Any point inside the polygon must lie inside a circle. There will be points outside the polygon that will fall under a ...
3
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0answers
63 views

Existence of a polygon with specified interior angle measures

We all know that the sum of the interior angles of a polygon is $180^{\circ} (n-2)$. But is the converse true? Given a sequence of $n$ angle measures whose sum is $180^{\circ} (n-2)$, can it be ...
3
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0answers
40 views

Elementary proof of Jordan curve theorem for polygons

Courant described the outline of an elementary proof of the Jordan curve theorem for polygons using the order of points: The order of a point $p_0$ is defined by the net number of complete ...
3
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0answers
134 views

Shortest system of roads between 4 cities

You have $4$ cities placed on the vertices of a square of side length $1$ km. You have to come up with a system of roads such that you can reach any city from another (directly or through another ...
3
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0answers
50 views

Do side-rational triangles of the same area admit side-rational dissections?

Call a polygon side-rational if the lengths of all its sides are rational. Call a dissection of a polygon side-rational if all of the polygons within the dissection are side-rational. Then my ...
3
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0answers
92 views

Biggest ellipse included in a convex polygon

Considering a N edges convex 2D polygon called P. Let's name its vertices $\{p_1, p_2, ..., p_N\}$ described in a counter-clockwise order, with $p_i = (x_i, y_i)$ What would be, and how would one ...
3
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0answers
121 views

Polyonimo Tiling

I came up with the following conjecture the other day, and was wondering if the result was well-known or even true: Define $f(P)$ for a polyomino $P$ (without holes) to be the least number of total ...
3
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0answers
243 views

Formal name for polygon with hole

Is there a formal name for an irregular polygon that has 1 or more holes or cutouts in it? I've heard it refered to as a "swiss cheese polygon" or a "Donut polygon". Is this even strictly a polygon?
2
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0answers
44 views

Polygons inscribed in circles, with integer sides and integer radius

Is there a simple characterization for an integer partition $(s_1,\dots,s_k)$, such that a polygon with these sides is inscribed in a circle with integer radius? This is what I got so far: All ...
2
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0answers
194 views

Given 3 Vertices of a Tetrahedron, Find the 4th

A regular tetrahedron is circumscribed by the Earth (assume spherical). You are given 3 of the 4 vertices (as latitude and longitude in decimal format), and asked to find the 4th. Any help is most ...
2
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0answers
62 views

How: Determine area painted by a path with width within a polygon

I have a path that represents the movement of some equipment. The equipment has a width so I'd like to determine the approximate area created by this path within a polygon. If I use the distance ...
2
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0answers
47 views

Determine direction of minimum overlap of convex polygons

Given two convex polygons $P$ and $Q$ what is the minimum intersection polygon $A=P\cap Q'$ where $Q'$ is the polygon $Q$ offset by a vector $\overline r$ of fixed length? Put another way, what is ...
2
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0answers
176 views

Points in the cartesian plane

Moderator Note: At the time that this question was posted, it was from an ongoing contest. The relevant deadline has now passed. In the $xy$ plane, suppose $M_{i,j}=\{(x,y)\mid i\le x\le j\}$. ...
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0answers
11 views

Non-convex subdivisions of newton polygon of a tropical plane curve

This is probably an elementary question, but how come the Newton polygon of a tropical plane curve can't have non-convex subdivisions? Or can it?
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0answers
24 views

How to generate random boundary programmatically?

What should I read to understand how to draw programmatically random oil 'boundary' like on the picture below? Yes, it should go from the top to the bottom and so I don't need these 'long' drops ...
1
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0answers
30 views

Pentagonal tiling

I am currently working on a research project in my last year of high school. For this paper we are discussing Eschers tesselations, both in the euclidian and the non-euclidian plane. At the moment I ...
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0answers
43 views

Minimal diagonal intersections in a convex polygon

OEIS A006561 gives the number of intersection points in the diagonals of a regular polygon. There's a paper by Poonen. For 4 vertices to 12, the number of intersection points is: $$1, 5, 13, 35, 49, ...
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43 views

All polygons satisfy the “normal” property.

A fancy explanation is below, but here's an edited simpler explanation because I think the jargon makes the problem seem inaccessible. In reality this problem is super accessible and I'm sure the ...
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0answers
54 views

What is the probability to pass through $1\le m\le n$ vertices of an $n$-sided polygon after $t$ seconds?

Suppose a flea is on a vertex of an $n$-sided polygon. It stays still for exactly one second, and then jumps instantly to an adiacent vertex. Let us assume it has no memory of its previous jumps and ...
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0answers
17 views

Formula to determine the number of exterior edges in multiple tiled hexagons

I'm looking for a formula which determines the number of external (that is, non-touching) edges in multiple tiled hexagons. By observation, there are 10 external edges when 2 hexagons are adjacent. ...
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0answers
79 views

Solve for Sides of a 5-Sided Irregular Polygon

I have a 5-sided irregular polygon and I know the lengths of 4 of its 5 sides and 2 of its 5 angles. Is there a way to know the length of the 5th side using this information?
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0answers
36 views

Testing if a number N is prime by its regular polygon's angles

Is it possible to tell if a number N is prime by looking at the angles of a regular N-sided polygon? For example, a regular triangle has 60 degree angles, is there a way to tell that the number 3 is ...
1
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0answers
67 views

How to determine the outward normal vector of a face of a hexahedron if the orientation (CW or CCW) of vertices of the face is unknown

Consider a single quadrilaterally-faced hexahedron. If given the co-ordinates of the vertices, $\mathbf{v}_i$, of a face in counter-clockwise orientation, I can compute the corresponding unit outward ...
1
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0answers
38 views

min and max number of hexagons in hexagonal tiling

Is there a way to calculate the maximum and minimum number of hexagons in a hexagonal tiling of a surface with regular identical size hexagons, knowing the area of the surface and the area of the ...
1
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0answers
56 views

Prove special case of Brianchon's theorem using inversion

Brianchon's theorem says: When a hexagon is circumscribed around a conic section, its principal diagonals (those connecting opposite vertices) meet in a single point. From interactive demo: ...
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0answers
63 views

Finding vertices of a hexagon or pentagon

I have a grid of 150000 x 150000 points, and I have a list of points corresponding the x,y coordinates of a shape that make up a slightly imperfect hexagon or pentagon. I'm trying to figure out a more ...
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0answers
49 views

Decomposition of ball in Banach Tarski paradox and covering a soccer ball

Banach Tarski paradox says that it's possible to decompose a ball in $R^3$ into a finite number of disjoint subsets, which can be then reassembled into 2 identical copies of the original ball. ...
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0answers
88 views

Number of grid points in a polygon

Following problem: I want to approximate the number of grid points in a polygon, based on the condition that the distance of the grid points are variable. What i need is an approximation, i am aware ...
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0answers
18 views

What is the term to define a single point in a polychoron?

I'm looking for any correct term used to define a point in 4 dimensional space. IE: What does a polychoron compose?
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0answers
132 views

Trigonometry of tetrahedron

I'm trying to develop the algebraic proofs for these two formulas that appear on the webpage below! The image below is of an unfolded non-regular tetrahedron. Triangle B represents the dihedral angle ...
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0answers
15 views

create polygon section with equal sides

I have to create essentially these sections of a polygon. I have width(W) and height (H), and number of sides (3 on left abc and 4 on right image ABCD) I need each side to be equal. How can I ...
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0answers
61 views

Triangulations of the concave polygon

It is known that the amount of possible triangulations of the convex polygon by disjoint diagonals is the Catalan number. But can we somehow know possible amount of the triangulations of the concave ...
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0answers
126 views

Looking for algorithm for spherical point in polygon that works across meridian and anti-meridian

I need to process millions of latitude/longitude points every day to see if they are located within a defined lat/lon bounded polygon. The polygon may be rectangular, or it may be some irregular 3.. ...
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0answers
24 views

Best convex bounding polygon from a set of given lines

Given a polygon $P$ and a set of predefined lines, I am looking for the subset of lines that creates the best fitting convex polygon with respect to $P$. In other words the area of an ...
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0answers
53 views

Sufficient condition for a simple polygon

Some background: I'm trying to simulate biological cells as polygons in 2D. Real biological cells have an internal cytoskeleton which enables them to conform to a variety of shapes, many non-convex. ...
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0answers
25 views

Completeness of moves for polygonal knots

I am going through the paper, MINIMAL KNOTTING NUMBERS, by MANN et. al. On page six of the paper, they defined following moves for polygonal knots. Parallel moves Triangular moves I understand ...
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0answers
72 views

Find all polygons in points in plane

I have a set of points in the plane and I want to find all convex polygons without including a point inside them. For example I want to find all triangles, all four sized polygons, all four five ...
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0answers
51 views

Rectilinear polygons winding around a torus

A simple rectilinear polygon on the plane the difference between the number of interior convex angles ($ 90^{\circ}$) and that of interior concave angles ($ 270^{\circ}$) is always $4$. Consider a ...
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0answers
88 views

A convex $n$-gon and the $n$-gon made by its $n$ medians

For a convex $n$-gon $P_1P_2\cdots P_n$, let $M_i$ be the mid-point of the line segment $P_iP_{i+1}\ (i=1,2,\cdots,n)$ where $P_{n+1}=P_1$. Also, let $Q_1Q_2\cdots Q_n$ be an inner $n$-gon made by $n$ ...
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0answers
133 views

Dodecahedron: How do we get the distance between 2 opposite faces?

I am deciphering a CSS code that Ana Tudor Maria has done. http://codepen.io/thebabydino/pen/qIfbL In her example, she has a formula that calculates the distance between 2 opposite faces. I have no ...
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0answers
102 views

Area of a 2D convex polytope made of halfspaces

For a computer program I am attempting to solve the area of a convex polytope defined by a finite number of halfspaces. I understand that this forms a polygon and given the vertices of a polygon I am ...
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0answers
38 views

Position on a path

So the situation is: I have a path (which is represented as a two-dimensional array of GPS coordinates) and I have a percentage position on this path. I.e. I know that a person has walked 80% of the ...
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0answers
75 views

Corresponding Triangulations of an (n+2)-gon to n Segments Connecting n+1 Collinear Points

So I'm asked to count the number of ways of connecting n+1 collinear points with n line segments subjected to the following constraints: If the line is L 1) No segment passes below L. 2) Starting at ...
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0answers
155 views

Name and properties of spherical polygon with small-circle sides

Just as the title says: is there a formal name for a convex polygon on a sphere, of which the vertices are connected not by great circle but by small circle segments? My end goal is to intersect two ...
0
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0answers
3 views

Name for a complex but consistently wound polyline loop?

So I have an algorithn which operates on a plane region defined by a directed polyline loop. This algorithm has the unusual property of working properly for self-intersecting polylines, but only if no ...