Questions on polar coordinates, a coordinate system where points are represented by their distance from the origin ($r$) and the angle the line joining the point and the origin makes with the positive horizontal axis ($\theta$).

learn more… | top users | synonyms

0
votes
1answer
50 views

Geometry finding area problem

A regular 2N -sided polygon of perimeter L has its vertices lying on a circle. Find the radius of the circle and the area of the polygon.
3
votes
0answers
71 views

Changing coordinate system with non standard definitions

The standard coordinate transformation to polar coordinates is $$ \begin{cases} x=r\cos(\varphi)\\ y=r\sin(\varphi) \end{cases} $$ with $r\in[0,\infty), \ \varphi\in[0,2\pi)$ The question is whether I ...
0
votes
2answers
126 views

Double integrals transforming into Polars

This is my first post here. I'm reading about double integrals and can't catch how to get the new limits of integration when converting to polar form. $$\left(\int_{-\infty}^{\infty} ...
0
votes
3answers
116 views

Polar to rectangular $r = 7$

I don't follow this at all. I have $r = 7$ and the formula states $x = r \cos\theta$ $y = r\sin\theta$ but my book gives $x^2 + y^2 = 49$ this is impossible. It doens't follow the formula at all. ...
1
vote
3answers
3k views

Polar curve $r = 2\cos \theta -1$

$$r = 2\cos \theta -1$$ I am suppose to find the polar curve of the inner loop. Here is its graph, courtesy of Wolfram|Alpha, I am having trouble working out this polar function on a cartesian ...
0
votes
1answer
168 views

Defining a spiral in polar coordinates

I'm trying to find a general form for a spiral that fits the following criteria: the inner radius is $N$, and for any point $q$ on the spiral, the arc length from the start of the spiral to $q$ is ...
1
vote
2answers
42 views

Find the image of a ring

I'm working on the following problem: Find the image of the ring defined by $4 \lt x^2 + y^2 \lt 16 $ under the mapping $$F(x,y) = \left(\frac{x}{x^2+y^2} , \frac{y}{x^2+y^2}\right)$$ It looks to ...
0
votes
1answer
106 views

Plotting an angle on a graph

So I know, my origin "(0,0)", my angle "theta" degrees, and the distance from the origin, "d" Now I think I can work this out with polar coordinates, but really have no idea how to go about it. My ...
2
votes
1answer
236 views

How do I define the limits of a double integral in polar coordinates over an annulus?

Evaluate the double integral by re-writing them in polar coordinates: $\displaystyle\iint\limits_{R}\frac{y^2}{x^2}\ dA$, where $R$ is part of the annulus (ring) $9\leq x^2+y^2\leq 25$ lying ...
2
votes
1answer
47 views

What's the name of each pseudo-rectangle in a spherical surface?

Consider the common surface of a spherical segment crossed with a spherical wedge. This produces a pseudo-rectangle in the sphere surface, and a perfect rectangle in a mercator projection. What's the ...
2
votes
1answer
204 views

How to integrate over polar coordinates

Evaluate the following double integral by rewriting it in polar coordinates: $\displaystyle\iint\limits_Dxy\,dA$, where $D$ is the disc with center at the origin and radius 5 I have very little ...
2
votes
1answer
158 views

Test for symmetry for polar graphs

From a calculus book I'm reading: "Unlike the graphs of an equation in $x$ and $y$, the graph of an equation $r=f(\theta)$ can be symmetric with respect to the polar axis, the line $\theta = \pi/2$, ...
0
votes
3answers
2k views

Square root of complex number in polar or rectangular form

I am trying to find how to simplify: $$\sqrt{\frac{A+jb}{C+jd}}$$ My calculator errors out, giving a math error, and I don't know how else to solve this.
2
votes
1answer
90 views

Need a hint on what's wrong - polar coordinates

I'm asked to solve the following $$ \int^2_0 \int^\sqrt{4-y²}_0 \sqrt{4-x^2-y^2} dxdy $$ I thought about using polar coordinates: (1) $0 \le x \le \sqrt{4-y^2}$ is the upper half of a circumference ...
1
vote
2answers
338 views

How to verify a conversion to spherical coordinates?

Is it possible to verify if a conversion of an integral in Cartesian coordinates to spherical coordinates was done correctly other than revising it looking for mistakes? I mean, is there some kind of ...
2
votes
2answers
90 views

How to find the number of intersection for $ \rho =\frac{\theta} {2\pi+1} $ and $\rho =\frac {1} {2-\cos\theta} $

How to Find the number of intersection for curve $ \rho =\frac{\theta} {2\pi+1} $ and curve $\rho =\frac {1} {2-\cos\theta} $ .
3
votes
2answers
258 views

Kepler's First Law in 3D

Kepler's First Law in 2D polar is $$ r = \frac{p}{1 + \varepsilon\cos(\nu)}. $$ How can this be written to consider ellipses in ...
1
vote
0answers
222 views

Polar Integration over intersection of two circles

Let $C_0$ denote a circle centered at $(0,0)$ with a radius of $r_0$ and let $C_1$ denote a circle of radius $r_1$ centered at a point $(x_1,0)$. Assume that we are given some function, $\phi(r)$ ...
1
vote
0answers
37 views

From cartesian to polar, on a 'wavy' sphere surface

For a hobby project I'm trying to transform a wavy halfsphere surface into smaller segments. For this I need to be able to go from cartesian coordinates to polar coordinates. One of the formulas for ...
4
votes
2answers
278 views

question about continuity: using polar coordinates

Given a function $f\colon\mathbb R^2\rightarrow \mathbb R$ I want to study continuity. So I know the $\varepsilon-\delta$ and sequence criterion. Now we had polar coordinates in lectures: set ...
1
vote
1answer
146 views

Converting from polar to Cartesian coordinates.

I'm looking at some notes that I was given for my Calculus II class on converting from Cartesian to polar coordinates. Now I understand how to solve for r and $\theta $ but I'm looking at how she ...
1
vote
1answer
76 views

Polar parametrization surface intersection

here is my problem: I need some help, i need the parametrization of the intersection of this two surfaces: $\ z^2= x^2+y^2 $ $\ (x-1)^2+y^2=1 $ Well, i can do it with cartesian equations $\ ...
4
votes
2answers
271 views

limits of Surface area of revolution in polar co-ordinates.

My Question is Find the area of the surface generated by revolving the right-hand loop of the lemniscate $\;r^2=\cos2\theta\;$ about the vertical line through the origin (y-axis). I know the formula ...
0
votes
1answer
70 views

Another polar integral bounds question.

A plane region $R$ is determined by the inequalities $y\ge0$, $y\ge-x$, $x^2+y^2\le3\sqrt{x^2+y^2}-3x$. Sketch the region and find it's area. I have foregone sketching the area and tried to use ...
1
vote
1answer
145 views

area between two polar curves

I am trying to find the area between the following two curves given by the following polar equations: $r=\sqrt{3}\cos\theta$ and $r=1+\sin\theta$. I did the following: First, I found the points of ...
0
votes
0answers
68 views

Obtaining the cardioid by mirroring the square root function in a line

In what line of the plane $C_{W}$ is the cardioid $$p= 2 (1 + \cos\theta)$$ mirrored, from the branch of the function $$w=\sqrt{Z}$$ which takes positive values in $X>0$ and $Y=0$. Seriously this ...
2
votes
1answer
60 views

Area of $\left( \frac{x^2}{9}+\frac{y^2}{25} \right)^2 \le x^2 + y^2$

I've used the modified polar coordinates: $x = 3r \cos \theta$, $y =5r \sin \theta$, which got me to $$r^2 \le 9 \cos^2 \theta + 25 \sin^2 \theta$$ What now?
1
vote
1answer
91 views

Find polar equation from 4 polar points

Given $4$ polar coordinates $(3, -\pi/6)$, $(1, \pi/3)$, $(3, 5\pi/6)$, $(-3, 4\pi/3)$, graph and find the polar equation. I know that the general polar equation is $r = ep / 1+- e \cos (\theta)$. ...
2
votes
3answers
106 views

Finding a length of arc, what's wrong?

Find: $$ \int \sqrt{x^{2}+y^{2}}dl$$ $$L: x^{2}+y^{2}= Rx$$ (at image $p' = -R\cdot \sin(\phi)$ )
5
votes
4answers
149 views

Find the maximum value of $r$ when $r=\cos\alpha \sin2\alpha$

Find the maximum value of $r$ when $$r=\cos\alpha \sin2\alpha$$ $$\frac{\rm dr}{\rm d\alpha}=(2\cos2\alpha )(\cos\alpha)-(\sin2\alpha)(\sin\alpha)=0 \tag {at maximum}$$ How do I now find alpha? ...
8
votes
3answers
423 views

Smooth Pac-Man Curve?

Idle curiosity and a basic understanding of the last example here led me to this polar curve: $$r(\theta) = \exp\left(10\frac{|2\theta|-1-||2\theta|-1|}{|2\theta|}\right)\qquad\theta\in(-\pi,\pi]$$ ...
3
votes
1answer
654 views

Heat equation in polar co-ordinates

I was studying the heat equation, when i saw a new variant of it. Here's the statement: "the edge $r=a$ of a circular plate is kept at temperature $f(\theta)$. The plate is insulted so that there is ...
1
vote
1answer
102 views

Sketch the polar graph $r=e^{-2\phi}$

How are you supposed to sketch this type of polar graph? Are you supposed to somehow relate this to $\cos\phi+i\sin\phi$ but can polar graphs even have an imaginary axis?! I am thinking that you ...
3
votes
3answers
1k views

Why is the formula for the area of a cardioid $ \int_a^b \frac{1}{2} r^2 d \theta$

I've seen this expression in many places :$\int_a^b \frac{1}{2} r^2 d \theta$ and was wondering if someone can explain where this came from? I've noticed that it's sometimes explained in conjunction ...
0
votes
2answers
79 views

How do you find the maximum value of $r$ in a polar function?

I have $\, r=\cos\alpha +\sin2\alpha,\quad 0\le\alpha\le\frac{\pi}{2}.$ Do you then find $\dfrac{dr}{d\alpha}$ and let that $=0$ ? I am after just a few set of instructions.
1
vote
1answer
526 views

Find the area of the shaded region between $r=e^{\theta/2}$ and $r=θ$ .

That's the picture of the shaded region I have to find the area of. I'm totally stuck on this problem mainly because these two curves don't intersect so I'm not sure how to find the bounds of ...
1
vote
0answers
109 views

Curl in cylindrical coordinates

I'm trying to figure out how to calculate curl ($\nabla \times \vec{V}^{\,}$) when the velocity vector is represented in cylindrical coordinates. The way I thought I would do it is by calculating: ...
0
votes
2answers
111 views

Dirac delta from polar coordinates to cartesian coordinates

I have: $$k_x = k \cos\theta\\k_y=k\sin\theta$$ I would like to rewrite in terms of $k_x$ and $k_y$: $$\exp(in\theta)\,\frac{\delta(k-\alpha)}{k}$$ I start from: ...
1
vote
2answers
113 views

$f(x,y)=\langle y- \cos y, x \sin y\rangle$

$f(x,y)=\langle y-\cos y,x\sin y\rangle$ $C$ is the circle $(x-3)^2 + (y+4)^2 = 4$ orientated clockwise. Relevant theorems: Green's theorem (this is under the Green's theorem section of our book). ...
4
votes
2answers
2k views

Dirac delta in polar coordinates

Given $$x=r\,\cos\theta\\y=r\,\sin\theta$$ and $$x'=r'\,\cos\theta'\\y'=r'\,\sin\theta'$$ how can I express $$\delta(x'-x)\delta(y'-y)$$ in terms of the polar coordinates? And the more general ...
8
votes
2answers
3k views

Plotting in the Complex Plane

I just wonder how do you plot a function on the complex plane? For example,$$f(z)=\left|\dfrac{1}{z}\right|$$ What is the difference plotting this function in the complex plane or real plane?
4
votes
1answer
70 views

Polar coordinations - problem with r and $\theta$

let's take a look on Archimedean spiral. the polar equation is $r = \theta$. click here to look. but $\tan (\theta) = y/x$ and $r = \sqrt{x^2+y^2}$, so $r = \theta \rightarrow \tan(\sqrt{x^2+y^2}) ...
0
votes
1answer
34 views

Determining the correct upper bound for an integral in polar coordinates

This seems super easy. But i am just a little bit stuck here. Haven't done much calculus recently. Can someone help me out real quick? Thank you in advance!
4
votes
2answers
482 views

Integration of radial functions?

Let $f(|x|)$ be a integrable radial function in $\mathbb{R}^n$ ($|\cdot|$ denotes the euclidean norm as in convention). The following identity is used to simplify computations ...
1
vote
1answer
191 views

How did theta become equal to 3pi/4 here?

How did theta become equal to 3π/4 in this particular example? Find a set of polar coordinates (r,θ) of the cartesian point (-4,4) such that -2π ≤ θ ≤ 2π and a. r > 0 and θ > 0 b. ...
1
vote
1answer
184 views

Inaccuracy in numerical calculation of arclength of part of an ellipse

I am trying to numerically calculate the arclength of part of an ellipse according to: $$ L = \int_0^{\phi_s}\sqrt{r^2+\left(\frac{dr}{d\phi}\right)^2} d\phi $$ where $r$ is defined as: $$ ...
1
vote
1answer
776 views

Finding area between two polar curves using double integrals

I have a homework question that is asking me to find the area that lies: Inside the curve $r=2+cos(2\theta)$ But outside the curve $r=2+sin(\theta)$ I think I'm supposed to be using a double ...
4
votes
3answers
412 views

Trying to understand the meaning of symmetry

The picture below is the solution to the following problem as presented in my book: Find the area of the region that lies inside both curves $$r = 8 + \cos \theta \\r = 8 − \cos θ$$ According to ...
1
vote
1answer
184 views

Moment of inertia of a circle

A wire has the shape of the circle $x^2+y^2=a^2$. Determine the moment of inertia about a diameter if the density at $(x,y)$ is $|x|+|y|$ Thank you
4
votes
1answer
221 views

Mexican Hat wavelet in polar coordinates

I'm interested in wavelet framework for polar coordinates. In the paper of Hou&Qin (2012) was proposed a general method for definition of MH wavelets on a certain manifold. In short, first we ...