Questions on polar coordinates, a coordinate system where points are represented by their distance from the origin ($r$) and the angle the line joining the point and the origin makes with the positive horizontal axis ($\theta$).

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2
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3answers
130 views

Polar Equation to Rectangular?

The equation is: $$r = \frac{4}{1+2sin(\theta)}$$ I'm confused about how to convert it into rectangular form. This is what I have so far, although I'm not sure it's correct: $$r = \frac{ ...
0
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0answers
35 views

How to solve for r: rsin( θ) = sin(rcos( θ))

Please help me out. I am trying to figure out how to put y=sinx in polar form and this is as far as I can get. If this is as far as possible, then how are you supposed to graph this when you need r ...
0
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1answer
39 views

Polar graph question

Can you only graph periodic functions using polar graphing? I'm not really understanding this I guess. It you are to get all of the x and y values on a finite graph, then the original must be ...
0
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0answers
26 views

Simplifying Inequalities Before Converting Cartesian Coords. to Polar

I have a 3 dimensional region defined by Cartesian coordinates and I have to convert them to cylindrical coordinates. That is the easy part, but what I don't understand is how to treat the ...
0
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0answers
18 views

Using spirals to draw log scale?

Taking inspiration from the fact every math textbook in existence puts a picture of a nautilus shell on its logarithms chapter, I did some research, and found that many different spirals (most easily ...
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2answers
77 views

Evaluate an integral using polar $\displaystyle\int_0^2 \int_{-4\sqrt{4-x^2}}^{4\sqrt{4-x^2}}(x^2-y^2)\,dy\,dx$

How do you evaluate the following integral using polar cordinates. $$\int_0^2 \int_{-4\sqrt{4-x^2}}^{4\sqrt{4-x^2}}(x^2-y^2)\:\mathrm{d}y\:\mathrm{d}x$$ I converted it to polar coordinate making it ...
2
votes
3answers
89 views

Arc length in polar coordinates: Why isn't $dS=r×d\theta$

As a sort of exercise, I tried to derive the formula for arc length in polar coordinates, using the following logic: $$dS = r(\theta)d\theta\\ \implies S=\int r(\theta)d\theta$$ However, it turns ...
4
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2answers
40 views

Finding Multivariable Limits

Is there any good way to find a multivariable limit other than switching to polar coordinates? For example, students each year are inundated with problems like $$\lim_{(x,y)\to ...
0
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1answer
22 views

Find a vector in cartesian coordinates given its relative location to another vector in spherical coordinates

Here is my problem: -I have an arbitrary normalized vector N in cartesian coordinates -I am trying to find normalized vector M, also in cartesian coordinates -I am given the azimuth and polar ...
3
votes
1answer
29 views

Help solving an ODE

This is an example in my book. It is for the following system: \begin{align*} x'&=y+x(1-x^2-y^2)\\ y'&=-x+y(1-x^2-y^2) \end{align*} So using polar coordinates we get the following system ...
0
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1answer
31 views

How to calculate Polar coordinates for Complex Polynomials of Higher Degree?

When such I have a complex number such as $3 - 4i$, I can calculate the $r$ with $r=\sqrt{X^2+Y^2} = \sqrt{3^2+4^2}$. But how do I solve this when I have a complex number such as $(2+6i)^6$
2
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1answer
32 views

Using Polar Integrals to find Volume of surface

Here's the Question and the work that I've done so far to solve it: Use polar coordinates to find the volume of the given solid. Enclosed by the hyperboloid $ −x^2 − y^2 + z^2 = 61$ and the plane $z ...
0
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1answer
41 views

Using polar form to show that a simple critical point is a spiral point

This is the question in my "homework." I say "homework" because it is not picked up or graded but we are supposed to do it for practice, anyhow here's the question: Given the system ...
0
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1answer
35 views

Changing the domain of integral

I am studying how we use polar substitution to solve double integrals. However, I am struggling with finding the correct limits of the transformed integrals to obtain a suitable solution. eg: Why ...
1
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0answers
27 views

Question concerning the domain of polar coordinate.

So in the problems I encountered, I find it confusing about the domain of $\theta$. Problems take the form: For arbitrary function $f(x,y)$, and $$\displaystyle \iint_S f(x,y)dxdy=\iint_T ...
2
votes
1answer
33 views

Sinusoids closed under addition, Euler's Formula

Real sinusoids with the same frequency are closed under addition. If $$f(\omega) = A_1 \cos(\omega + \phi_1) + A_2 \cos(\omega + \phi_2)$$ Then there is some $A_3$ and $\phi_3$ so that: $$f(\omega) ...
0
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1answer
16 views

For a 2 variable function, are there conditions that guarantee you can verify a limit by using only straight line trajectories?

So a recent post gave a nasty 2-variable function: $$f(x,y) = x^2y/(x^4+y^2)$$ and after changing to polar coordinates, you get that the limit is always equal to zero if you hold $\theta$ fixed and ...
0
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2answers
156 views

$r=5 \sec(\theta)$ into rectangular

I need to convert $r=5\sec(\theta)$ into rectangular form. I think I need to multiply both sides by $r$, because $r^2 = x^2 + y^2$, but i'm not sure how to convert $r=5\sec(\theta)$ in terms of $x$ ...
1
vote
1answer
62 views

What is the length of the cardioid $r=1-\cos(\theta)$?

I know generally how to solve this problem and was able to solve it a week or so ago. However, I keep getting stuck when trying to find $dr/d\theta$. I know that it should simplify to $-\sin(\theta)$ ...
2
votes
0answers
89 views

Shifting a plot in polar coordinates

Say we have the plot of a function $r=f(\theta)$ and want to "relocate" it to $(h,k)$. Is there a general procedure for this? I have tried the following tactic to no avail on the following example: ...
0
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1answer
58 views

Trigonometry for steradian angle

Polar coordinate system is very closely associated with trigonometry. For instance, given an angle in radian, we can find its corresponding 2-D cartesian coordinates using ...
0
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1answer
56 views

How to get arc-length of polar function $r= 4(1-\sin{\phi})$?

How can I get arc-length of this polar function? $$ r= 4(1-\sin{\phi})$$ $$-\frac{\pi}{2}\leq\phi\leq\frac{\pi}{2}$$ I know that arc-length of polar function can get calculate by ...
3
votes
1answer
201 views

Area between two polar curves $r = 2 \sin\theta$ and $r =2\cos\theta$

I am trying to find the area between the polar curves $r = 2 \sin θ$ and $r = 2 \cos θ$. I set up the area equation as follows: $$\frac12\int_0^{\pi/4}((2\sinθ)^2-(2\cosθ)^2)\,d\theta$$ I could not ...
0
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2answers
58 views

Complex number polar form equation

I've been struggling with a complex numbers algebra question for a few days now, and the tutor says I still haven't got it right. Express $z_4 =−\sqrt{3} + i$ in polar form. Hence solve the ...
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1answer
34 views

Double integral And polar coordinate system

I have to evaluate this integral over the domain D The Plot would be like this: I decided to use polar coordinate system using it It gives me this but I don't know the upper limit of ...
0
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1answer
73 views

Problem plotting hypotrochoids using a computer

I have been trying to use a computer to plot some hypotrochoids, but I've run into some issues. For those that are unfamiliar, the parametric equations of a hypotrochoid are: $$x(\theta) = (R - ...
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0answers
218 views

Function psi, vector potential, satisfying conditions

Using spherical polar coordinates ($r, \theta, \phi$) verify that the vector $F = r^{-2}e_r$ is solenoidal. Find the function $\psi(r, \theta)$ such that $A = \frac{\psi(r, \theta)}{rsin ...
0
votes
2answers
91 views

Plotting polar equations of circles not centered at (0, 0)

Good afternoon guys! I'm fairly new to polar coordinates and polar equations, so bear with me please. I understand the equation of a circle with radius $a$ centered at the polar coordinate $(r_0, ...
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1answer
34 views

Express in polar form, $Z=0-j5$. [closed]

Express in polar form, $Z=0-j5$ $j=i$
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0answers
53 views

Algorithm for finding nearest distance from a point to a curved surface in space

I need to write an algorithm which can find the nearest distance from a point in space to a 3D curved surface which is straight in vertical direction but its projection is an arc of a circle (Similar ...
1
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1answer
91 views

Express this polar equation in cartesian form

Having trouble converting this polar equation into Cartesian form: $r = 2 + \sin(\theta)$ This is how far I get: $(r = 2 + \sin(\theta))\cdot r$ $r^2 = 2r + r\sin(\theta)$ $x^2 + y^2 = 2r + y$, ...
0
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0answers
58 views

Finding an arc-length between 2 points in 3 dimensions

I know how to find an arc-length between two points with coordinates, say $X=(a,b)$ and $Y=(c,d)$. But how do I find the same thing but for, say $X=(a,b,c)$ and $Y=(d,e,f)$? Thanks!
2
votes
0answers
100 views

Wrong answer within 'Calculus Solution Manual, Michael Spivak, 3rd ed'

I have a problem with the answer provided in the solution manual of Calculus, Michael Spivak, 3rd ed, The Problem: Consider a hyperbola, where the difference of the distance between the two foci is ...
2
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4answers
231 views

Linear combinations of sine and cosine

If you take a linear combination of the cosine and sine function, then the result is again a sinusoid, but with a new amplitude and phase shift. $$a \cos(\theta) + b \sin(\theta) = A \cos(\theta + ...
1
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1answer
75 views

Polar equation — find area under graph using double integral

What is the area of the region in the plane bounded by the curve given in polar coordinates $r = 4 + 2\cos(2\theta)$? Could someone walk me through the conversion of polar coordinates to rectangular ...
0
votes
1answer
70 views

What is this called: $ \frac{\partial^2f}{\partial x^2} + \frac{\partial^2f}{\partial y^2} = $ … Laplacian?

$ \frac{\partial^2f}{\partial x^2} + \frac{\partial^2f}{\partial y^2} = \left( \frac{\partial^2 f}{\partial r^2} + \frac{1}{r^2}\frac{\partial^2 f}{\partial \theta^2} + ...
2
votes
3answers
61 views

Is the graph of $r^2 = 4$ a circle with radius $2$?

If $r^2 = 4$, taking the square root of both sides will give me $r = 2$, so its graph is a circle with radius $2$. Is this correct? I just wanted to make sure because $r^2$ might imply another graph.
1
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3answers
61 views

What is the equivalent polar equation of $x^2 + (y-1)^2 = 1$?

It's a question in the textbook that I have and I am having a hard time understanding it. How am I supposed to get the polar equation with this format?
1
vote
1answer
202 views

What is the cartesian equation of $r = 1 + r \sin(\theta)?$

There are no values given for $r$, or $\theta$. How do I derive the cartesian equation for this? It's a question from a textbook I have.
0
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1answer
30 views

A polar integration question

I'm trying to prove this integral $$ \int_0^a \int_0^\sqrt{a^2-x^2} f(x,y) \, \mathrm{d}y \, \mathrm{d}x$$ is the same as $$\int_0^{2\pi} \int_0^a r f(r,\theta) \, \mathrm{d}r \, \mathrm{d}\theta$$ I ...
0
votes
2answers
75 views

System of equations in polar coordinates $\dot{x}=x-y-x(x^2+y^2)+\frac{xy}{\sqrt{x^2+y^2}} \\ \dot{y}=x+y-y(x^2+y^2)-\frac{x^2}{\sqrt{x^2+y^2}}$

I have this system of equations: $\dot{x}=x-y-x(x^2+y^2)+\frac{xy}{\sqrt{x^2+y^2}} \\ \dot{y}=x+y-y(x^2+y^2)-\frac{x^2}{\sqrt{x^2+y^2}}$ How can I get this in polar coordinates ? I know that ...
1
vote
1answer
59 views

Using integration and polar coordinates to find the volume of a torus

How would I find the volume of the body formed by revolving the circle $r = f(\theta) = \cos\theta$ about the line $\theta = \frac{\pi}{2}$ ? (This is the circle of radius $1$ centered at $(0,1)$ ...
0
votes
1answer
152 views

What is the graph of $r \cos \theta = 3$?

What is the graph of $r \cos \theta = 3$? I don't get why there is a $\cos \theta$ in the side of $r$, even if I divide both sides by $\cos \theta$, the right side will be $3/\cos \theta$, which ...
0
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1answer
48 views

What is the graph of the polar equation $r = e$?

Is it the same as the graph of $y = e$? A straight line?
0
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1answer
541 views

How to calculate the polar arc length of the entire cardioid $r=a(1-\cos\theta)$

I'm having a bit of an issue calculating the arc length of $r = a(1-\cos\theta)$. I'll begin by listing the steps I made in my attempt to solve this exercise. We know that the arc length formula ...
1
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1answer
36 views

What is the area of the closed curve?

The graph of the polar graph $r=\dfrac{4}{2-\cos\theta}$ forms a closed curve. Find the area of the region inside the curve.
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1answer
402 views

What is the graph of the polar equation theta = pi?

The question exactly goes like the title. I'm thinking that it's a point on the 3.14, but as I'm typing this I realize that I'm wrong and now I'm out of clues (Google didn't help). Please enlighten ...
0
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2answers
35 views

Use Polar Coordinates to Find the Limit…

Use polar coordinates to find the limit. [If $(r, \theta)$ are polar coordinates of the point $(x, y)$ with $r \geq 0$, $r \to 0^+$ as $(x,y) \to (0,0)$)] $$\lim \limits_{(x,y) \to (0,0)} ...
1
vote
2answers
41 views

Evaluating an integral over inifinty with polars leads to an integral of cosine over inifinity, how can this be resolved?

So I have the integral $$\int_0^\infty\int_0^\infty\frac{yx^2}{x^2 +y^2}e^{-(x^2 +y^2)} \,dx\,dy$$ And converting this into polars gives: $$\int_0^\infty r^2 e^{-r^2}\,dr ...
0
votes
1answer
31 views

What am I missing converting cartesian to polar coordinate system?

I've got the equation $ x^2+y^2=2x $. By looking at the graph of that function, I know that it is equivalent to $ r=2\cos{\theta} $ (graph). However, if I convert it by substituting in using the ...