Questions on polar coordinates, a coordinate system where points are represented by their distance from the origin ($r$) and the angle the line joining the point and the origin makes with the positive horizontal axis ($\theta$).

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Polar coordinates in the cartesian plane.

${dy}/{dx} = {dy}/{d\theta}$ divided by $dx/d\theta$ where $x$ and $y$ are in the Cartesian plane and $\theta$ is in the polar plane and $x = r\cos( \theta), \ y = r \sin (\theta)$. If $dy/dx = 0$ ...
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2answers
654 views

converting kph and heading to xyz velocity vector

I am writing software (in C++) that is required to send out messages from our simulation system to another simulation system. Problem is we track the simulation object's current speed (kph) and ...
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1answer
46 views

Area in a polar curve question

C1: $\;r= 3 \sin x$ where $0\leq x\leq \pi$ C2: $\;r= 1 + \sin x$ where $-\pi \leq x \leq \pi$ Please help me in this question I have drawn the sketch of the two polar equations. Then the ...
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1answer
36 views

Computing the enclosed area formed by a curve

Given the following curve: ${(\frac{x^2}{a^2}+\frac{y^2}{b^2})}^2=\frac{x^2}{a^2}-\frac{y^2}{b^2}$, $a,b>0$ Find the space enclosed by it. Now, obviously (I think) the idea is to ...
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2answers
746 views

Calculate area of $r^2 = \cos(2 \theta)$ without breaking into individual petals?

In the area integral, I am integrating first $r$ from: $-sqrt\cos(2\theta)$ to $sqrt\cos(2\theta)$ and theta from $-\pi/4$ to $\pi/4$. Integrand is $r*dr*d\theta$. In r integral it comes 0 after ...
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1answer
163 views

how to find slope of this polar curve: $r^2=\sin(2\theta)$.

Given $r^2=\sin(2\theta),\;$ how to find the slope of the tangent line at $x=0$ ? If the question were $r=\sin(2\theta)$, it would be o.k. but since it is $r^2=\sin(2\theta)$, I don't know how to ...
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1answer
86 views

Find k in $\int_2^{\infty} \frac{k}{\sqrt{2\pi}} \exp^{-\frac{1}{2} x^2} \, dx$

I'm trying to solve for k in the pdf: \begin{equation} \int_2^{\infty} \frac{k}{\sqrt{2\pi}} \exp^{-\frac{1}{2} x^2} \, dx \end{equation} My solution (which is wrong): Take the square of the ...
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1answer
78 views

Integral formula for polar coordinates

The polar coordinates of point $x \in \mathbb{R} \setminus \{0\}$ are pairs $(r,\gamma)$, where $0 < r < \infty$ and $\gamma \in S^{d-1} = \{x \in \mathbb{R}^{d}\mid |x| = 1\}$. These are ...
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1answer
34 views

If $f(2\alpha-\theta) = f(\theta)$, then $\theta=\alpha$ is a line of symmetry of $r=f(\theta)$. How do you derive $f(2\alpha-\theta) = f(\theta)$?

For Polar Coordinates I know that for x-axis symmetry $f(-\theta)=f(\theta)$, for y-axis symmetry $f(\theta)=f(\pi-\theta)$, and for symmetry about the origin $f(\theta)=f(\theta+\pi)$. The big ...
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0answers
35 views

polar co ordinates integration

integrate the polar co ordinates $$ \int^{r=\infty}_{r=0} \int^{z=\infty}_{z=-\infty} \delta(r) \delta(z-z_s) dz dr$$ => I want to integrate the above equation. integral of $ \int^ {z=\infty} _ {z= ...
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1answer
60 views

Volume of solid bounded by $z^2 = x^2 + y^2$ and $x^2 + y^2 = 2x$

Calculate the volume of the solid bounded by $z^2 = x^2 + y^2 $ and $x^2 + y^2 = 2x$ My attempt: Using cylindrical coordinates, $$ \mathrm{Vol} = \int_{-\pi/2}^{\pi/2} \int_0^1 \int_{-r}^{r} r ...
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1answer
94 views

Cylindrical coordinates: $\iiint (x^2 + y^2 + z^2) dxdydz$

Show that $$ I= \iiint_S (x^2 + y^2 + z^2) dxdydz = \frac{2^{10} a^5 k}{75} \left(1 + \frac{k^2}{3} \right), a>0, k>0$$ where $S$ is the region bounded by the cilinder $x^2 + y^2 = 2ax$ and ...
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1answer
85 views

Convert the polar equation to Cartesian coordinates : $r^3 = − 7cos\theta$

I have a question to convert $r^3 = − 7cos\theta$ into cartesian coordinates. I'm having a hard time understanding what to do. I'm familiar with converting a polar coordinate to a Cartesian ...
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1answer
252 views

Arc Length polar curve

$$r=a\sin^3\left(\frac{\theta}{3}\right) $$ I tried solving it using the equation for arc length with $dr/d\theta$ and $r^2$. Comes out messy and complicated.
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2answers
71 views

Plotting complicated polar curve without calculator

I'm wondering if anyone can give me tips or guidance on how to plot complicated polar curves without the use of a calculator. Most notably, I am trying to plot: Based on a graphing calculator, I ...
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1answer
42 views

Representation of cardiod in the complex plane

I noticed that the complex function $$f(z) = \frac{2}{(z+i)^2}$$ seems to map the real line onto the cardioid given by the polar equation: $$r = 1- \cos(\theta).$$ I was wondering if there is a simple ...
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0answers
27 views

Polar coordinates: Slope of tangent

Would anyone mind telling me how to solve this problem? It seems strange as my answer is $-1$. Do I have to apply this formula, $(r'sinθ +rcosθ)/(r'cosθ -rsinθ)$ ?
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1answer
2k views

Converting Cartesian circle to polar form

I am trying to convert circle equation from Cartesian to polar coordinates. I know the solution is all over the Internet but what I am looking for is the exact procedure and explanation, not just the ...
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1answer
63 views

Polar Coordinates

I dont really know how to go about this question. I know that the area is $$\int_\alpha^\beta \frac12 r^2\, d\theta $$ The question is to find the area of the shaded region.
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5answers
192 views

Points on $(x^2 + y^2)^2 = 2x^2 - 2y^2$ with slope of $1$

Let the curve in the plane defined by the equation: $(x^2 + y^2)^2 = 2x^2 - 2y^2$ How can i graph the curve in the plane and determine the points of the curve where $\frac{dy}{dx} = 1$. My work: ...
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3answers
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Area and Polar Coordinates

Would anyone be able to help me with this problem? I think I know the area formula in polar coordinates that should be used: the antiderivative of ((1/2)r^2 dtheta) from alpha to beta but I'm not ...
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1answer
71 views

Polar Coordinates — Equation of a line

Hey, does anyone know how to tackle this question? I've tried using the formula r=d*sec(theta-alpha)but I'm not sure what each of the variables are equal to. If anyone can offer any help, it would ...
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1answer
3k views

Polar to cartesian form of $ r = \sin(2\theta)$

As title describes, I was wondering how I would put this into cartesian form, from polar. All I have is $ r = \sin(2\theta)$. I'm not really sure what to do, i've been trying to find similar ...
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1answer
65 views

Polar equation for a Heptagon [duplicate]

What is polar equation of a Heptagon ? I need to move some Android views in the form of a heptagon, for I need to have polar equations for Heptagon like for $x= r\sin(\theta)$ and $y=r\cos(\theta)$. ...
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1answer
372 views

I need help converting $x^2 + y^2 = -4y$ into a polar equation

I know the whole $r^2 = x^2 + y^2$ and $x = r \cos \theta$ and $y = r \sin \theta$, but I just can't seem to apply those rules to the equation $x^2 + y^2 = -4y$ to make it a polar one.
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1answer
134 views

Relationship between two perpendicular lines expressed in polar coordinate?

I've been studying Hough transform. Basically, let's say we have a line $$y = mx+b$$ We can change our view to a parametric view (e.g. parameter space of $m,b$ while $(x,y)$ is constant). This would ...
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1answer
50 views

Double Integral Help $(x^2+y^2+a^2)^{-2} dx \, dy$

Hi I'm currently revising for a maths module that I am taking as part of my physics degree. All was going well until I hit a dead-end with this integral, any ideas how to evaluate it? $$ ...
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1answer
20 views

trying to figure out how to set up polar area given two equations

R=3 and R=4-2sin(Theta) Find the area I got the second part of the equation right (1/2 the integration of pi/6 to 5pi/6 of (4-2sinx)^2) but he first part confuses me. The answer key stated that ...
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1answer
2k views

Find the area of the region that lies inside both curves $r = 5 \sin (2\theta)$, $r = 5 \sin (\theta)$

A friend of mine and I have this problem for homework, and he's my math tutor for all intents/purposes. He's spent a solid hour trying to figure this out, watching videos and testing different ...
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2answers
54 views

Converting an equation from polar to recangular

I'm having trouble converting the following equation from polar to rectangular: $$ r = \frac{4}{3+2\cos(\theta)} $$ Every method I try still leaves either a $\theta$ or an $r$ in there. Can I get ...
4
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1answer
67 views

Area in Polar Coordinates

I have tried to solve this problem by subtracting the area of the whole by the smaller area. I got up to $$\int_{1/2}^{11\pi/6} 12 (\cos (\theta)-6)^2 \mathrm{d}\theta- \frac12 ...
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0answers
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$r^2\cos\theta+2ar\sin^2{\theta\over2}-a^2$ where $a>0$

What does the following equation represent? $r^2\cos\theta+2ar\sin^2{\theta\over2}-a^2$ where $a>0$ My approach: I factorized the equation and it became $(a+r\cos\theta)(a-r)=0$ I feel that ...
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1answer
50 views

area in polar coordinates

Hi! I am currently working on some calc2 online homework problems and I am having difficulty with this particular question. To be completely honest I am not sure how to even approach this problem, ...
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1answer
70 views

polar coordinates

Hi! I am currently working on some calc2 online homework problems and I am having difficulty with this problem. I was trying to use the polar coordinates (d,a)with the equation of the line thus ...
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1answer
119 views

Which conic is represented by $r = a \cos \theta$

The polar equation $r = a \cos \theta$ represents which conic?
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1answer
226 views

Drawing polar graphs when given theta in terms of the radius

I know how to plot when it is like $r=10 \cdot \sin(2\theta)$. But how to do that when the condition is like: $\theta =2 \pi \cdot \sin(r)$?
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1answer
55 views

Polar coordinates: $ \iint_D (\sqrt{a^2 - x^2 -y^2} - \sqrt{x^2 + y^2})\:\mathrm{d}x\:\mathrm{d}y$

I need to calculate the following integral $$\iint_D \left(\sqrt{a^2 - x^2 -y^2} - \sqrt{x^2 + y^2}\right)\:\mathrm{d}x\:\mathrm{d}y$$ where $D$ is the disk $x^2 + y^2 \leq a^2$ Using the ...
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1answer
1k views

Find the area of the region inside r=a and outside r=a(1-cos θ).

I found the intersecting point to be at pi/2 and 3pi/2 a=a(1-cos θ) cos θ=0 θ= π/2, 3π/2 I'm confused as to what angles to use for integration. As for r=a, I'm assuming I'm supposed to draw a ...
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1answer
565 views

Help understanding polar coordinates and conversion between polar and rectangular

I'm not understand this. I understand that you can take normal functions with x's and y's and convert them into polar coordinates. I also understand that the polar form of that function will have the ...
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3answers
2k views

Polar Equation to Rectangular?

The equation is: $$r = \frac{4}{1+2sin(\theta)}$$ I'm confused about how to convert it into rectangular form. This is what I have so far, although I'm not sure it's correct: $$r = \frac{ ...
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1answer
46 views

Polar graph question

Can you only graph periodic functions using polar graphing? I'm not really understanding this I guess. It you are to get all of the x and y values on a finite graph, then the original must be ...
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0answers
59 views

Using spirals to draw log scale?

Taking inspiration from the fact every math textbook in existence puts a picture of a nautilus shell on its logarithms chapter, I did some research, and found that many different spirals (most easily ...
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2answers
112 views

Evaluate an integral using polar $\displaystyle\int_0^2 \int_{-4\sqrt{4-x^2}}^{4\sqrt{4-x^2}}(x^2-y^2)\,dy\,dx$

How do you evaluate the following integral using polar cordinates. $$\int_0^2 \int_{-4\sqrt{4-x^2}}^{4\sqrt{4-x^2}}(x^2-y^2)\:\mathrm{d}y\:\mathrm{d}x$$ I converted it to polar coordinate making it ...
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4answers
1k views

Arc length in polar coordinates: Why isn't $dS=r×d\theta$

As a sort of exercise, I tried to derive the formula for arc length in polar coordinates, using the following logic: $$dS = r(\theta)d\theta\\ \implies S=\int r(\theta)d\theta$$ However, it turns ...
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2answers
84 views

Finding Multivariable Limits

Is there any good way to find a multivariable limit other than switching to polar coordinates? For example, students each year are inundated with problems like $$\lim_{(x,y)\to ...
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1answer
51 views

Find a vector in cartesian coordinates given its relative location to another vector in spherical coordinates

Here is my problem: -I have an arbitrary normalized vector N in cartesian coordinates -I am trying to find normalized vector M, also in cartesian coordinates -I am given the azimuth and polar ...
3
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1answer
35 views

Help solving an ODE

This is an example in my book. It is for the following system: \begin{align*} x'&=y+x(1-x^2-y^2)\\ y'&=-x+y(1-x^2-y^2) \end{align*} So using polar coordinates we get the following system ...
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1answer
131 views

How to calculate Polar coordinates for Complex Polynomials of Higher Degree?

When such I have a complex number such as $3 - 4i$, I can calculate the $r$ with $r=\sqrt{X^2+Y^2} = \sqrt{3^2+4^2}$. But how do I solve this when I have a complex number such as $(2+6i)^6$
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1answer
213 views

Using Polar Integrals to find Volume of surface

Here's the Question and the work that I've done so far to solve it: Use polar coordinates to find the volume of the given solid. Enclosed by the hyperboloid $ −x^2 − y^2 + z^2 = 61$ and the plane $z ...
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1answer
132 views

Using polar form to show that a simple critical point is a spiral point

This is the question in my "homework." I say "homework" because it is not picked up or graded but we are supposed to do it for practice, anyhow here's the question: Given the system ...