Questions on polar coordinates, a coordinate system where points are represented by their distance from the origin ($r$) and the angle the line joining the point and the origin makes with the positive horizontal axis ($\theta$).

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3
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2answers
127 views

Find an estimation (using polar coordinates)

Consider the function $$ f(x,y):=\lVert x\rVert^{1-n}\ln(\lVert x\rVert)(\arctan(\lVert x-y\rVert))^{-\alpha},~~0<\alpha<n,~~n>1,~~(x,y)\in\Omega\times\Omega,~~~\Omega\subset\mathbb{R}^n $$ ...
1
vote
2answers
103 views

Laplace's equation in polar coords

Question: Suppose that the function u(r, $\phi$) satisfies Laplace’s equation for plane polar co-ordinates (r, $\phi$) i.e. $$ ∇^2u = \frac{1}{r} \frac{∂}{∂r}(\frac{r∂u}{∂r}) + ...
2
votes
1answer
50 views

How would you represent $y=(x-h)^2+k$ in polar coordinates?

I tried using $$x=r\cos(\theta)$$ and $$y=r\sin(\theta)$$ and ended up with $r\sin(\theta) = (r\cos(\theta)-h)^2 + k$ and wasn't sure how to proceed from there.
1
vote
0answers
27 views

Simple ways to create a separating plane given two points in a polar coordinate system?

I am currently working on sensor networks, where sensors are uniformly distributed in a polar coordinate system (maximum radius $R$ is set to $1$). A few of the sensors are placed equidistantly on a ...
0
votes
1answer
30 views

Problems with my work for double integral using polar coordinates

The question is as follows: My work goes like this: ∫∫R sin(x^2 + y^2) dA = ∫(θ from [0, 2π]) ∫(r from [1, 6]) sin(r^2) (r dr dθ) = [∫(θ from [0, 2π]) dθ] * [∫(r from [1, 6]) r sin(r^2) dr] = ...
1
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0answers
251 views

Finding an area using $r = 13\cos \theta$, $r = 6 + \cos \theta$

I have these: $$r = 13\cos \theta\quad r = 6 + \cos \theta$$ I am trying to find the area. Would anyone please help?
4
votes
4answers
431 views

How can the trefoil knot be expressed in polar coordinates?

From Wikipedia, the parametric equations for a trefoil knot are \begin{align*} x(t) &= \sin t + 2\sin 2t \\ y(t) &= \cos t - 2\cos 2t \\ z(t) &= -\sin 3t. \end{align*} I am only ...
1
vote
2answers
76 views

Convert double integral from cartesian coordiantes to polar coordiantes

I have the integral $$\int_{-3}^3 \int_0^\sqrt{9-x^2} (x^2 + y^2)^{3/2} {dy}{dx}$$ I cannot solve this in it's current form so I realize that the limit is a circle ${x^2} + {y^2} = 9$ using this I ...
2
votes
1answer
80 views

How to prove this ODE system is stable at origin?

A dynamical system in polar coordinates is: $$\Theta'=1, r'= r^2\sin(1/r), r>0, r'=0\mbox{ if }r =0.$$ How to show this is stable at origin? Intuitively, I really can't believe it because I ...
2
votes
1answer
55 views

smooth in polar but not in rectangular

Can anyone please give an example or two of functions on $\mathbb{R}^2$ which are smooth in the polar coordinates $(r,\theta)$ but not smooth in the Cartesian coordinates $(x,y)$? Thank you!
2
votes
2answers
46 views

Question about polar coordinates

I'm just learning about polar coordinates now, and I understand the basics pretty well, but I get confused at a particular part. I understand the following relations: $x = r\cos(\theta)$ $y = ...
1
vote
2answers
32 views

Polar Equation Conversion

Change the polar equation $\theta=\frac{\pi}{3}$ to rectangular coordinates. How would I go about this question? I've tried $x=r\cos\theta$ and $y=r\sin\theta$, but I can't figure out $r$ since ...
1
vote
0answers
62 views

Regions formed by polar coordinates in double integration.

I need to sketch the region of integration of the following double integral in the $xy$ plane: $$\int_0^{\pi/2}\int_0^{1/\cos\theta} f(r,\theta) \ dr \ d\theta,$$ where $f(r,\theta)= ...
3
votes
1answer
981 views

Jacobian for a Cartesian to Polar-Coordinate Transformation

I have a simple doubt about the Jacobian and substitutions of the variables in the integral. suppose I have substituted $x=r \cos\theta$ and $y=r \sin\theta$ in an integral to go from cartesian to ...
1
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0answers
40 views

Polar coordinates: fixing ratio between arc and radius

When drawing a coordinate system with fixed step size, the standard polar coordinates $$ x=r\cos(\theta), y=r\sin(\theta) $$ exhibits stretched pixels for large $r$. Ignoring the singularity in ...
1
vote
0answers
357 views

How to plot a stream function

This question relates to fluid mechanics and I have the components in polar coordinates. The components of the velocity field are; $$v_r= \frac{-kr}{z}$$ $$v_z= kz$$ $$v_\theta= 0$$ and I have ...
5
votes
1answer
73 views

Changing operator to polar coordinates

Let $$\Delta=\frac{\partial^2}{\partial x^2}+\frac{\partial^2}{\partial y^2}$$ be the Laplace operator on the $(x,y)$-plane. Consider the polar coordinates with $x=r\cos\theta$ and $y=r\sin\theta$. ...
0
votes
1answer
5k views

Velocity and acceleration of a particle in polar coordinates

I am asked to find the radial and transverse velocity and acceleration for a particle with polar coordinates $r=e^t$ and $\theta=t$ Therefore let $\underline{r}=\underline{\hat{r}}e^t$ and ...
0
votes
1answer
40 views

Path of an ellipse

A path is described by the position vector $\mathbf{r}$: $$\mathbf{r}=a\cos(\omega t)\mathbf{\hat{i}}+b\sin{\omega t}\mathbf{\hat{j}}$$ I am asked to show that the path is the ellipse in the form of: ...
1
vote
1answer
181 views

Rotation of 2D polar graph in a 3D space along some fixed axis?

Does there exist some systematic way of rotating a 2-D polar graph $r=f(\theta)$ around some axis in a 3D space? For example: $f(\theta)=cos(\theta)$ in 2-D looks like: If we want to rotate the ...
0
votes
2answers
2k views

Sketch $r=\cos(5 \theta)$? $r$ as a function of $\theta$ in cartesian coordinates

I think I have to plug in numbers into $\theta$ such as 0 and $\pi/6$. What kind of numbers should I plug in ? Sketch $r=\cos(5 \theta)$? $r$ as a function of $\theta$ in cartesian coordinates
1
vote
1answer
57 views

Heuristic approach to winding number

I'm working on problem 8.23 of Rudin's PMA, that is: Let $\gamma:[a,b]\to\mathbb C$ be a closed curve, $\gamma \in C^1([a,b])$ and $\gamma(t) \neq 0 \ \forall t\in [a,b]$. Show that $$\text ...
1
vote
1answer
661 views

Finding the centroid of a polar curve

I have absolutely no idea how to find the area centroid of this problem. I have been working at this one for ages but can't seem to get anywhere. Any first steps? How would one go about solving ...
0
votes
1answer
968 views

Can someone check my answer for this area between 2 polar curves question?

Find the area of the region that lies inside the circle $r = 1$ and outside the cardioid $r = 1-cos(\theta)$ I drew the graph and set it up like this: $$ \int_0^\pi \frac{1}{2} [ (1)^2 - ...
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0answers
186 views

Correct way to write the polar form of a complex number

What is the most correct way to write the polar form of a complex number? For example, given the complex number: $\dfrac{\sqrt{3}}{2} + \dfrac{1}{2}i$ I would write the polar form as follows: ...
2
votes
0answers
139 views

Polar Coordinates for Multivariate Limits With Three Variables

When working on limits with two variables, $f(x,y)$, I like to convert the problem to polar coordinates a lot of the time, by changing the question from $$\displaystyle\lim_{(x,y)\to (0,0)}f(x,y)$$ to ...
0
votes
1answer
67 views

Representation of differentials in Polar Coordinates

We define polar coordinates in $\mathbb{R}^{n}$\ $\{ 0\}$ by $x=ry$, where $r=|x|>0$ and $y \in \partial B(0,1)$ is a point on the unit sphere. In the coordinates, Lebesgue measure has the ...
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0answers
44 views

what are the possible solutions to this equation?

I'm trying to find some angles for my characteristic equation , I need to know the roots or possible answers to cosine equation $$1-\cos(u)\cdot\cosh(w)=0,$$ and $$u=\sqrt{\lambda_1}\cdot L.$$ ...
0
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0answers
120 views

Polar equation of perimeter of half ellipse

x = Cx + a * cos(ang); y = Cy + b * sin(ang); Cx, Cy are cords of center. ...
0
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1answer
149 views

Conversion to polar equation

I would to know when asked to convert an equation to polar what it means.For example $ x^2+x+y^2-2y=0 $ My understanding so far tells me I need to derive an equation in form of: $$ r^2=x^2+y^2$$ ...
1
vote
2answers
314 views

Image of a closed curve under $w=z^2$.

I have the curve: $$r=2(1+ \cos \theta), \ \theta \in [0,2\pi)$$ in polar coordinates on the complex $z$ plane, and I want to find the image of this curve under the square function $w=f(z)=z^2$. ...
0
votes
1answer
788 views

Hyperbola in polar coordinates, what's wrong?

I read that the equation of a conic in polar coordinates is $$r=\frac{l}{1+e\cos \theta}.$$ But when I try to reduce the hyperbola $$x^2 - y^2 =1$$ to that form by setting $x=r\cos \theta $, $y=r ...
2
votes
3answers
1k views

Pushforward of a vector field

Can someone help me with that ? We define $\phi:=(\phi^1,\phi^2):\Omega\subset\mathbb{R}^2\to\phi(\Omega)$ with $\Omega$ such that $\phi$ is a diffeomorphism by ...
1
vote
2answers
264 views

Evaluating the area in the polar coordinates

So the problem asked me to find the area of the region that lies inside both of the circles $$r=2sin\theta, \quad r=sin\theta +cos\theta $$ I know that $r=2sin\theta$ is $x^2+(y-1)^2=1,$but ...
0
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1answer
53 views

change of variables while integrating

Suppose I have an integral that looks like: $$I=\int_{r=0}^\infty\int_{\omega_1=-\infty}^\infty\int_{\omega_2=-\infty}^\infty ...
1
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1answer
97 views

How to use $dz=d[r(t)(\cos t + i\sin t)]$ as a change of coordinates?

This notation comes in handy for some path integrals, but I don't know yet how this is calculated. Is it simply a change of coordinates? Is this correct: $$z=r(t)(\cos t+i\sin t) \quad ...
0
votes
2answers
439 views

Equation of circular sine waves in the water

I have to write the equation of a sine wave expanding circularly from a point $P_0=(x_0,y_0)$. The wave has the form $\eta(\rho)=A\sin(\omega\rho)$ where $\rho$ is the distance from the point $P_0$. ...
0
votes
2answers
165 views

need help finding the coordinates of AB

Find AB if the coordinate of A is -5 and the coordinate of B is 17. i have been out of school for over 20 years and have little to no memory of this process. i examined my daughter's book and there is ...
-1
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1answer
196 views

Software for drawing two-variable functions in polar coordinates

I am in difficulty of finding a software for drawing two-variable functions in polar coordinates. Could someone introduce useful software for me? Thanks in advance. For example $$ f(r, ...
0
votes
3answers
174 views

Obtain polar form of a line from two points

I need to work with the lines in polar form, but i only have two points in cartesian form for each line. I tried this: From the points, i got the slope-intercept form: $$y = mx + b$$From this url: ...
0
votes
1answer
52 views

Geometry finding area problem

A regular 2N -sided polygon of perimeter L has its vertices lying on a circle. Find the radius of the circle and the area of the polygon.
3
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0answers
82 views

Changing coordinate system with non standard definitions

The standard coordinate transformation to polar coordinates is $$ \begin{cases} x=r\cos(\varphi)\\ y=r\sin(\varphi) \end{cases} $$ with $r\in[0,\infty), \ \varphi\in[0,2\pi)$ The question is whether I ...
0
votes
2answers
142 views

Double integrals transforming into Polars

This is my first post here. I'm reading about double integrals and can't catch how to get the new limits of integration when converting to polar form. $$\left(\int_{-\infty}^{\infty} ...
0
votes
3answers
260 views

Polar to rectangular $r = 7$

I don't follow this at all. I have $r = 7$ and the formula states $x = r \cos\theta$ $y = r\sin\theta$ but my book gives $x^2 + y^2 = 49$ this is impossible. It doens't follow the formula at all. ...
1
vote
3answers
5k views

Polar curve $r = 2\cos \theta -1$

$$r = 2\cos \theta -1$$ I am suppose to find the polar curve of the inner loop. Here is its graph, courtesy of Wolfram|Alpha, I am having trouble working out this polar function on a cartesian ...
0
votes
1answer
193 views

Defining a spiral in polar coordinates

I'm trying to find a general form for a spiral that fits the following criteria: the inner radius is $N$, and for any point $q$ on the spiral, the arc length from the start of the spiral to $q$ is ...
1
vote
2answers
44 views

Find the image of a ring

I'm working on the following problem: Find the image of the ring defined by $4 \lt x^2 + y^2 \lt 16 $ under the mapping $$F(x,y) = \left(\frac{x}{x^2+y^2} , \frac{y}{x^2+y^2}\right)$$ It looks to ...
0
votes
1answer
140 views

Plotting an angle on a graph

So I know, my origin "(0,0)", my angle "theta" degrees, and the distance from the origin, "d" Now I think I can work this out with polar coordinates, but really have no idea how to go about it. My ...
2
votes
1answer
382 views

How do I define the limits of a double integral in polar coordinates over an annulus?

Evaluate the double integral by re-writing them in polar coordinates: $\displaystyle\iint\limits_{R}\frac{y^2}{x^2}\ dA$, where $R$ is part of the annulus (ring) $9\leq x^2+y^2\leq 25$ lying ...
2
votes
1answer
55 views

What's the name of each pseudo-rectangle in a spherical surface?

Consider the common surface of a spherical segment crossed with a spherical wedge. This produces a pseudo-rectangle in the sphere surface, and a perfect rectangle in a mercator projection. What's the ...