Questions on polar coordinates, a coordinate system where points are represented by their distance from the origin ($r$) and the angle the line joining the point and the origin makes with the positive horizontal axis ($\theta$).

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Show a polar function's diffrentiability

I need to show that $f(r,\theta)=r\sin(2\theta)\ r>0$ is differentiable at each point in its domain, and also decide whether it's $C^1$ or not. How should I approach this?
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43 views

Are we really ever plotting in polar coordinates?

Is it true that when we plot in polar coordinates, we are still actually plotting in the x-y coordinate system? Wouldn't plotting in the polar coordinate system really be plotting with $\theta $ and $ ...
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1answer
30 views

How is $r(\theta) = \sin \frac\theta2$ symmetric about the x-axis?

I understand how it is symmetric about the $y$-axis. because $r(-\theta) = \sin \left(-\frac\theta2\right)=-\sin \left(\frac\theta2\right)=-r(\theta)$ But how is it symmetric about $x$-axis?
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1answer
22 views

Symmetry of polar equations

In your opinion how to show symmetry in polar equations without graphing. i thought of these methods :- converting to cartesian then test . check the period of the function . please help me any ...
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1answer
25 views

Set up triple integral for volume (cylindrical coordinates)

I am given the following question Let $D$ be the region in $\mathbb{R}^3$ that lies within $x^2 + y^2 =4$, underneath the surface $z= 4- x^2 - y^2$ and above the surface $z=- \sqrt{9-x^2 - y^2}$ ...
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3answers
67 views

How to integrate $\frac{y^2-x^2}{(y^2+x^2)^2}$ with respect to $y$?

In dealing with the integration, $$\int\frac{y^2-x^2}{(y^2+x^2)^2}dy$$ I have tried to transform it to polar form, which yields $$\int\frac{\sin^2\theta-\cos^2\theta}{r^2}d(r\cos\theta)$$ But, what ...
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16 views

area of the region bounded by two circles

The two circles in polar expressions are: r=sqrt(3)sin(\alpha), and r=3cos(\alpha). I got the answer to be (1/2)integral(from 0 to pi/3) (3cos(\alpha)^2) d(\alpha) + (1/2)integral (from pi/3 to pi/2) ...
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27 views

Why aren't polar coordinates global?

Using polar coordinates, why cant we use one coordinate neighbourhood to cover $\mathbb{R}^2$? Can't every point in $\mathbb{R}^2$ can be described by its distance from the origin and its angle from ...
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0answers
65 views

Two ways to evaluate $\int (\Delta u) v d\Omega$, two different results

I would like to evaluate the integral $\int (\Delta u) v d\Omega$, where the domain $\Omega$ is a cylinder. On the boundaries, either the normal derivative $\partial_n u$ is zero or $v$ is zero. An ...
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2answers
50 views

seemingly simple question about polar coordinates

I was recently looking at a problem that looked like this: Let $x = rcos(t)$ and $y = rsin(t)$. Assuming that x is held constant, what is $\frac{\partial t}{\partial r}$? Apparently the correct ...
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14 views

Comparison of Parametric and Polar Equations

Having been introduced to parametric equations, I cannot help but question the similarities between parametrized functions and polar functions. A parametric circle is defined by the following: ...
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2answers
57 views

Evans 's PDE proof

Again, I got stuck. Please help me to understand the following: What is the meaning when you change from integration over the Ball B(x,r) to the surface integration dB(x,s), with another integral ...
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0answers
15 views

Error with mixed derivatives during derivation of Laplacian in polar coordinates

It can be shown that, if $f:\mathbb{R}^2\to\mathbb{R}$ is a smooth function and the Cartesian and polar coordinates are related by $$ x = \rho\cos\phi\\ y = \rho\sin\phi $$ that $\partial f/\partial ...
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0answers
23 views

How to translate the polar curves up/down and right/left without referring to Cartesian equations?

If I have a polar equation $r(\theta)$, how can I translate it up/down and right/left? We can do this by converting the equations into Cartesian equations and do the translations we want and then ...
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2answers
118 views

Plotting a polar curve

The question is, to generate a polar graph using a graphing utility, and to choose parameter interval so that the complete graph is generated. $$r=\cos\frac{\theta}{5}$$ To find such an interval, we ...
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0answers
20 views

Finding the intersection of 2 coordinates in spherical coordinate system

Sorry in advance for messing up any math term or being confusing. I have the following data: lat1, lon1, alt1, v1, h1 and ...
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2answers
84 views

Show that the parameterized curve is a periodic solution to the system of nonlinear equations

First I tried to convert the system to polar coordinates. This only made things worse (unless I made some idiotic mistake). Can I plug in the given ellipse (rectangular coordinates) into the ...
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1answer
26 views

why is theta in a restricted interval? (Polar coordinates)

What is the polar equation of the circle of radius 1 whose centre lies at the cartesian point (1,0)? So I got the correct answer of r=2cos(θ) But then is says theta is in the interval (-π/2)≤θ≤(π/2) ...
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3answers
35 views

Is there any way to express $\theta=c$ as some function of $r$?

I recently found this: Desmos Graphing calculator. I tried to plot the equation $\theta=45$ but it gave me an error: Sorry, you can't graph $\theta$ as a function of anything yet. So I started ...
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3answers
151 views

Is Adobe Acrobat's icon a special function?

It looks like a function in polar coordinates. Is it a special function ?
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2answers
48 views

Intersection of circle and ellipse

I'm looking for the points of intersection of a circle $x^2 + y^2 = r^2$ ($r$ is known, origin is $(0,0)$) and an ellipse $(x - x_0)^2 / a^2 + (y-y_0)^2 / b^2 = 1$ ($a,b,x_0,y_0$ are known). ...
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0answers
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Solid angle subtended in latitude-longitude maps

I need to scale a latitude-longitude map with the solid-angle each "pixel" subtend. How can I obtain the said solid angle starting from the $\phi$ and $\theta$ angles? Thank you very much
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2answers
28 views

Evaluating a polar double integral on the semi disc

The integral: $$\iint_D (x^2-y^2)\,dx\,dy$$ where $D$ is defined as: $$\{(x,y)\in \mathbb R^2 \mid x^2+y^2\le 1, x\ge 0\}$$ Context I have solved double integrals on quarter discs but this semi ...
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1answer
32 views

Area of a Self-intersecting Curve

I was doing some work finding the areas of rose curves. The rose curve is a polar curve given by the equation $$ r(\theta) = \cos{k\theta} $$ When $k$ is even, the area is $\pi/2$, and when $k$ is ...
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Radians : negative and positive values

Recently I have been reading books on DSP where I came across Polar co-ordinates. I understand that on Polar graph (4 quadrants) we have 0,pi/2,pi,3/2pi and 2pi radians as we move from one quadrant to ...
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63 views

My orbiting body is orbiting about the wrong focus of it's elliptical orbit… why? [closed]

I am coding in c++ and am computing the position of an orbiting body as a function of time. Everything is almost working. I have a nice elliptical orbit. Except, my orbiting body speeds up as it ...
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3answers
30 views

Transforming a polar equation into a Cartesian equation?

Transform the polar equation to a Cartesian (rectangular) equation: $$r= \frac5{5cosθ + 6sinθ}$$ These equations really stump me, so if you could be more "heavy-handed" with the explanation, I'd ...
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1answer
68 views

Meaning of Rays in Polar Plot of Prime Numbers

I recently began experimenting with gnuplot and I quickly made an interesting discovery. I plotted all of the prime numbers beneath 1 million in polar coordinates such that for every prime $p$, ...
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2answers
64 views

Angle of intersection of two polar curves

I'm trying to find the angle of intersection between two polar curves: $$\begin{cases}r= 5 + 3 \sin\theta \\ r' = 3\end{cases}$$ I've set them as $5 + 3\sin\theta = 3$ and got to $\sin\theta = ...
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2answers
36 views

Complex numbers in polar form

If we have two complex numbers, in polar form, as the numerator and denominator of a fraction, and we are asked to write them as a single complex number, is there an easier way to deal with them ...
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1answer
91 views

Help with polar coordinates for physics problem

I need to solve a physics problem but don't know about polar coordinates properly, can anybody help with it? Suppose a curve which is a current carrying wire: $$r=\frac ...
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1answer
65 views

Finding a mistake in the computation of a double integral in polar coordinates

I have to find $P\left(4\left(x-45\right)^2+100\left(y-20\right)^2\leq 2 \right) $ $f(x)$ and $f(y)$ are given, which I will use in my solution below . ...
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2answers
98 views

Polar form of a complex number

Question: Write the polar form of $$\frac{(1+i)^{13}}{(1-i)^7}$$ Well its obviously impractical to expand it and try and solve it. Multiplying the denominator by $(1+i)^7$ will simplify the ...
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3answers
291 views

Evaluation of the integral of $e^{-(x^2+y^2)}$ over a disk

Show that $$\renewcommand{\intd}{\,\mathrm{d}} \iint_{D(R)} e^{-(x^2+y^2)} \intd x \intd y = \pi \left(1 - e^{-R^2}\right)$$ where $D(R)$ is the disc of radius $R$ with center $(0,0).$ I ...
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2answers
23 views

Explanation of how to go from polar to parametric equations.

I was wondering how you can make a polar equation parametric, and I just don't get it. My book says that for $r = f(\theta)$, $x = f(t) \cos t$ and $y = f(t) \sin t$, but this makes absolutely no ...
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1answer
44 views

Keeping the arc length constant between points in a spiral

I'm making a visualization of points in a logarithmic spiral and want to keep the arc length between points (image particles) constant. I read that in an Archemedian spiral arc length is ...
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1answer
26 views

Logarithmic spiral appears inverted

I'm learning to code the equation for a logarithmic spiral for a graphics visualization. However, it appears to be inverted with the radius getting smaller (rather than larger) toward the outside of ...
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1answer
53 views

Use a double integral in polar coordinates to find the area

So the area is just an intersection of two circles Converting the two circles to polar coordinates, I get: $r(r-2\sin\theta)=0$, and $r(r-2\cos\theta)=0$ Ummm so $r =0$ and r = $2\sin\theta$ ...
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0answers
38 views

What distinguishes elliptical coordinates from polar coordinates?

I am trying to identify what characteristic distinguishes elliptical coordinates from polar coordinates. For concreteness, let's write down the expressions. Polar: $$ x=r \cos(t) \\ y=r \sin(t) $$ ...
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1answer
28 views

Equation Conversion: Polar to Rectangular

Convert the polar equation to rectangular form (rectangular equation) $$r=\frac{9}{1-3\cos(\theta)}$$ I know that $r^2= x^2+y^2, x= r\cos(\theta)$ and $y= r\sin(\theta)$ and $\tan(\theta)= ...
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1answer
57 views

How to prove that the graph of $r=\sin(\frac{\theta}{2})$ is symmetry about polar axis

I want to know how to prove that the graph of $r=\sin(\frac{\theta}{2})$ is symmetry about the $x$-axis(polar axis). As I understand, if a polar graph is symmetrical about $x$-axis, $(r,\theta)$ and ...
0
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1answer
41 views

Harmonic functions and polar differential forms

Given a harmonic function $u$, its differential and conjugate differential are $$du = \frac{\partial u}{\partial x}dx + \frac{\partial u}{\partial y}dy,\qquad ^{*}du = -\frac{\partial u}{\partial y}dx ...
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2answers
30 views

Find the area of the circle

Find the area of the circle defined by the parametric equations $x = \cos t$ and $y = \sin t$. I know this is circle defined by $x^2 +y^2 =1$ so i used $0 < t < 2\pi$ as my bounds, then ...
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1answer
25 views

Compute double integral on polar coordinates, find $r(\phi)$

I have the function $f(x,y)=y^2-2x^2y+6x^3-3xy+2y-6x$ and the region $\{y\geq 2x^2-2, y\leq 3x\}$. The region is: To compute the integral in cartesian coordinates: ...
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20 views

How many kinds of simple coordinates are there in a 2D space?

The question comes form an idea to solve a motion-with-potential problem in 1D space by finding a mathematically equivalent uniform-motion problem in 2D space. ...
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2answers
36 views

Converting from set of Cartesian equations to Polar Equation

Is it possible to convert the set of Cartesian equations: $$x(t) = (20-30)*\cos(2t)+45*\cos(2t*(20-30)/20))$$ $$y(t) = (20-30)*\sin(2t)+45*\sin(2t*(20-30)/20))$$ where $$t \in [0,2\pi)$$ Into a ...
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2answers
66 views

Integrating $ \int_0^2 \int_0^ \sqrt{1-(x-1)^2} \frac{x+y}{x^2+y^2} dy\,dx$ in polar coordinates

I'm having a problem integrating $ \displaystyle\int_0^2 \int_0^ \sqrt{1-(x-1)^2} \frac{x+y}{x^2+y^2} \,dy\,dx$. I drew the graph, and it looks like half a circle on top of the $x$ axis. I tried ...
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3answers
65 views

Integrating $\int_1^2 \int_0^ \sqrt{2x-x^2} \frac{1}{((x^2+y^2)^2} dydx $ in polar coordinates

I'm having a problem converting $\int_1^2 \int_0^ \sqrt{2x-x^2} \frac{1}{(x^2+y^2)^2} dy dx $ to polar coordinates. I drew the graph using my calculator, which looked like half a circle on the x ...
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2answers
59 views

Finding the length of a spiral

I need to find the length of a spiral. The spiral start at a certain radius $R_1$ and ends at a smaller radius $R_2$. As the spiral spins inwards, the distance between each arm of the spiral decreases ...
2
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3answers
47 views

graph the curve and find its length, $r=\cos^2(\frac {\theta}{2}) $

graph the curve and find it's length, $r=\cos^2(\frac {\theta}{2}) $ I graphed it and found that it was a cardioid (or a sideways heart). I am getting stuck on the arc length. this is what I have: ...