Plane curves are continuous (or smooth) functions $\gamma\colon I\to\mathbb R^2$ from a real interval to the plane. Sometimes also the image $\gamma(I)$ is called curve.

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81 views

Shortest closed loop containing all extreme points of a convex set

Suppose $S\subset \mathbb{R}^2$ is compact and convex. Suppose $\Gamma:[0,1]\to\mathbb{R}^2$ is a continuous map with $\Gamma(0)=\Gamma(1)$. Suppose $\Gamma$ passes through all extreme points of $S$. ...
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146 views

curve which crosses itself at every point

Does there exist a continuous curve $C$ on $\mathbb{R}^2$ that crosses itself at every point on $C$? For two pieces of curve to cross and not just touch, each must have some length either side ...
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159 views

What is the parametric equations for the following closed curves?

First case Second case For the sake of simplicity, let the circle of radius $R$ be at the origin, the rectangle width and height be $w$ and $h$, respectively.
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64 views

Newton's Investigation of Cubics: Generalization?

I recently read about Newton's investigation of cubic curves, and how, like for quadratic curves we can classify them into parabolas, ellipses and hyperbolas, Newton was able to classify cubic curves ...
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121 views

In how few points can a continuous curve meet all lines?

Inspired by this (currently closed) question, I'm wondering about a related topic: given that we have a continuous parametric curve (that is, a curve of the form $(x=x(t), y=y(t))$ for ...
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90 views

Curve genereated by a hanging rope with both ends hold together

So a hanging rope assumes the form of a catenary, but if the ends are together it takes some kind of "drop" shape. I think that if the rope is perfectly flexible the shape is a vertical line but what ...
4
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390 views

Calculating equidistant points around an ellipse arc

As an extension to this question on equiangular fisheye distortion, how can I calculate equidistant points around an ellipse (or 1/4 segment of) given it's aspect ratio? When it's circular, I can use ...
3
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38 views

Cycles non-homologous but with the same winding number at each point outside?

Problem (Fulton's Algebraic Topology: A First Course, Problem 6.28) Can we find a closed set $X\subseteq\mathbb R^2$, such that there's a cycle $\gamma$ in $X$ not homologous to zero but for each ...
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119 views

Intersections of two exponential curves in a plane

I am struggling to show that two exponential curves in $\mathbb{R}^n$ do not overlap except finite distinct points. Could anyone help me? Let $A\in\mathbb{R}^{n\times n}$ and ...
3
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186 views

Question on Moment of inertia about center of mass of a smooth plane curve.

This question is in continuation to this and motivated to answer this question. If I have an answer to it, then I can prove a special case of this question. Consider two smooth plane curves $C \equiv ...
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138 views

Guilloché security printing — can it be cracked?

Money uses Security printing, and often uses Guilloché patterns. These curves are inscribed by wheels on wheels on wheels, ten wheels deep in some cases. For example, the back of the US $1 bill has ...
3
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71 views

How to extend an interval to a circle in $\mathbb{R}^2$

Let $$\gamma : [0,1] \rightarrow \mathbb{R}^2$$ be a $C^0$ imbedding. How can I show that there exists another imbedding $$\eta : [0,1] \rightarrow \mathbb{R}^2$$ with $\eta ((0,1)) \subset ...
3
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61 views

Why can I write the curve shortening flow system as..

Consider the family of curves $$\gamma:S^1\times [0, T)\rightarrow \mathbb R^2, \gamma(u, t)=(x(u, t), y(u, t)),$$ where $u$ parametrizes the trace of the curve and $t$ parametrizes which curve is ...
3
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448 views

Reconstructing a curve from its curvature

I'm with a problem in an exercise form Do Carmo's Differential Geometry of Curves and Surfaces; it is number 9 section 1.6. I have a differentiable real function $k(s)$, $s\in I$, and I need to show ...
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37 views

Tractable indefinite integral of the exponentiation of some function

Consider the function $z(s)\in\mathbb{C}$ defined as $z(s)=\int_0^s \exp\left[i(q u+\lambda(u))\right]du$ for some $q\in\mathbb{Q}-\mathbb{Z}$ and $\lambda(s)$ a $2\pi$-periodic real differentiable ...
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63 views

A variational strategy for finding a family of curves?

In a recent question, I asked for examples of families of distinct smooth curves with fixed area and perimeter (which for this question I will dub as doubly-isometric). That wording allows $C^1$ ...
2
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118 views

Equation for the Maximum-Area Rotor in a Wankel Engine

I am attempting to construct a specialized Wankel Engine in Autodesk Inventor. For my particular project, the rotor must take up the maximum area, in order to separate the air spaces of the top and ...
2
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60 views

Should a “good” equation divide the plane?

At the question Is there any equation for triangle? (MSE) the answer given by Henning Makholm received the most upvotes. Therefore let's define the following triangle function $H$ with (a,b,c) the ...
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50 views

Jordan curves, its interiors and the existence of a continuous function.

Let $L_t(s):S^1 \rightarrow \mathbb{R}^2(t\in [0,1])$ is a Jordan curve, $O(t)$ is its interior and $H(t,s)=L_t(s)$. If $H$ is a homotopy from $L_0(s)$ to$L_1(s)$, is there exists a continuous ...
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25 views

Characterize a large class of shapes using a finite number of parameters

I am doing some numerical computations searching for an optimal shape for a certain functional. In my particular case, the shape $\Omega$ is a 2 dimensional star shaped domain by the origin, which ...
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90 views

Generalizations of equi-oscillation criterion

When constructing minimax (sup-norm) polynomial approximations of real-valued functions, well-known results say (roughly speaking) that optimal solutions are characterized by the fact that they have ...
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154 views

Reversing a roulette on a straight line - solving for a parameterization?

(See below for update.) I would like to reverse the following equations. Here, the path is traced out by the polar origin of the wheel. You can put the trace point anywhere on or off of the wheel ...
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35 views

How do I use k-dimensional planes as bounds for generating k-dimensional vectors?

I am an essentially self-trained programmer with little mathematical background. I do not quite know where to start for this problem, and do not know the terminology to help me get conclusions ...
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867 views

How to find all intersection points of two splines?

2D-Cubic splines are given in parametric form (X(t), Y(t) and X(s), Y(s)). Every segment has it's own X and Y expression. And I want to find all intersection points. Some segments are intersecting ...
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21 views

How to derive Jordan curve theorem for three arcs from the two arc version?

The Jordan curve theorem can be stated as follows: Let $p,q\in\mathbb R^2$, $p\ne q$ and $a,b$ be arcs between $p$ and $q$ intersecting only in the endpoints. Then $a\cup b$ divides $\mathbb R^2$ ...
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82 views

How to estimate/determine surface normals and tangent planes at points of a depth image (point cloud)?

I have depth image, that I've generated using 3D CAD data. This depth image can also be taken from a depth imaging sensor such as Kinect or a stereo camera. So basically it is depth map of points ...
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36 views

$r^2\cos\theta+2ar\sin^2{\theta\over2}-a^2$ where $a>0$

What does the following equation represent? $r^2\cos\theta+2ar\sin^2{\theta\over2}-a^2$ where $a>0$ My approach: I factorized the equation and it became $(a+r\cos\theta)(a-r)=0$ I feel that ...
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46 views

Parameterization of simple closed curve

A curve $Z$ in a two dimensional space is parametrized by $0\leq t < 1$ , and satisfies $Z(t) = Z(t+1)$. If it is sufficiently well behaved, it can be represented using a Fourier series with a ...
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35 views

PDEs along parametrized curves in $\mathbb R^2$

For Riemannian surfaces in $\mathbb R^n,n\geq 3$, the Laplace-Beltrami operator can be expressed in terms of the Riemannian metric and one can consider evolution equations (e.g. heat diffusion, wave ...
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30 views

Generalisation of circumscribed circle for polygones instead of triangles.

Given a triangle, there exists a unique circle passing through its $3$ vertices. I wonder if more generally for any $n\geq3$ we can define a family $\mathcal{C}_n$ of convex closed curves in the ...
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101 views

How to see and proof that the hyperbola as a constant difference of distances holds for $\frac{1}{x}$?

I understand that a hyperbola can be defined as the locus of all points on a plane such that the absolute value of the difference between the distance to the foci is $2a$, which is the distance ...
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207 views

Definition of multiplicity of a point (in a plane curve)

In the book "Basic Agebraic Geometry I (third edition, 2013)" at page 14 Shafarevich says, about plane curves, what it follows: If $P=(0,0)$ and the leading terms (note:by leading terms I suppose ...
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53 views

Evaluate $\|f\|$ on complex domain

Given a function $ f\colon \mathbb{C} \rightarrow \mathbb{C}$, how do I find $||f||_{\operatorname{Trace}(\gamma)}$, where $\gamma$ is a curve in the complex plane? In particular, I need to do this ...
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140 views

Canonical form of a curve (geometry)

I am bothering with this geometric problem more than half a day and couldn't understand it yet. Here it is: In orthonormal coordinate system K=Oxy we have a curve C: $9x^2 - 4xy + 6y^2 + 6x - 8y + ...
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41 views

Solving the algebraic equations .

I am working with an equation to find the singular points in $\mathbb P^2 (\mathbb C)$ . Basically after taking the partial derivatives and doing some manipulations it reduces to $$y^2 + (2-k)xz ...
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37 views

Approximation theorem

I am looking for some theorem that gives me that each curve $x(t)=(x_1(t),x_2(t))$ that is continously differentiable and has $\dot{x_1}(t)\ge 0$ can be approximated by continously differentiable ...
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41 views

Functionals defined on curves

I am looking for classical (real) functionals defined on rectifiable curves (neither necessarily simple nor closed) in either $\mathbb{R}^2$ or $\mathbb{R}^3$. There's length, turning number, total ...
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77 views

Addition law on moduli space of curves

Dislaimer: I know very little about this, so if parts of my question don't make sense, please feel free to edit in a way that does, or ask me to clarify. Let $\mathcal{M}_{1,2}$ be the moduli space ...
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217 views

Plane curve: orhogonal projection and closest points

I am reading 'Differential Geometry of curves and surfaces' by Banchoff and Lovett and I'm confused about the following statement on page 28: "Let two curves $C_1$ and $C_2$ have a regular point $P$ ...
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73 views

Approximation in the Plane of Constant Curvature

In Euclidean space, There is a classic Theorem claims that: The length of every rectifiable curve can be approximated by sufficiently small straight line segment with ends on the curve. Now, The ...
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120 views

Vector equation and curvature

Vector equation $r(t)=2\cos(t)\mathbf i + 3\sin(t)\mathbf j\ \ (0 \le t \le 2\pi)$ represents ellipse. I need to find curvature of this ellipse on endpoints of x and y axis that are given with ...
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173 views

Is the extra condition in this definition superfluous?

I am learning Differential Geometry and someone told me that the second condition of a definition provided in books follows from the first and is hence superfluous. I cannot dispute it, so convince me ...
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10 views

Curve fitting using a graph extracted from an article, is it possible?

I want to curve fit a graph from an article which I can only extract from the pdf file as a screenshot. Therefore, I do not have the coordinates of the data points explicitly, yet I know that the ...
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40 views

Total curvature of a piecewise smooth planar curve

I am trying to show that the total curvature of a piecewise smooth planar curve $\alpha$ has the property that $\displaystyle \int_{C}\kappa $ $\text{d}s + \displaystyle \sum_{j=1}^{l} \epsilon_{j} ...
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21 views

Is there a unique solution?

Let $\mathbf{v}:(a,b)\to\mathbb{R}^2$ be a given continuous function and $t_0\in (a,b)$ a fixed point. Is it true that the following problem has a unique continuous solution ...
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21 views

Relative motion between line/circle

By rolling a (line,circle) on a fixed (circle, line) in $\mathbb{R}^2$, the locus of a point on the former is an (involute, cycloid). By what procedure can we inter-convert their parametric ...
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27 views

Another type of primitive

Let $\mathbf{v}:(a,b)\to\mathbb{R}^2$ be a continuous function, such that $\Vert\mathbf{v}(t)\Vert=1,\ \forall t\in (a,b)$. Find all continuous functions $\mathbf{r}\colon (a,b)\to\mathbb{R}^2$ so ...
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44 views

Tangent vector for a curve defined by a discrete set of points

I have a curve defined by a discrete set of points (x,y). How can I approximate the tangent vector at a point for such a curve?
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34 views

Cusp singularity

What is the most general way of defining cusps singularities for a continuous curve $\mathbf{r}:(a,b)\to\mathbb{R}^2$ and how can we define them? What are the minimum requirements for the curve ...
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10 views

Equation for a Vinyl curve

This video seems to show an explicit map from the torus to $\mathbb{R}^2$. Does it factorize through the projection $\mathbb{R}^3 \to \mathbb{R}^2$? What is the equation of the curve?