# Tagged Questions

Plane curves are continuous (or smooth) functions $\gamma\colon I\to\mathbb R^2$ from a real interval to the plane. Sometimes also the image $\gamma(I)$ is called curve.

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### Is this Batman equation for real?

HardOCP has an image with an equation which apparently draws the Batman logo. Is this for real?
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### Using equations to draw out complex objects

How do people come up with equations of curves to draw out complex objects? Some popular examples would include: batman curve & PSY curve. This stackexchange link explains the rationale for the ...
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### A circle rolls along a parabola

I'm thinking about a circle rolling along a parabola. Would this be a parametric representation? $(t + A\sin (Bt) , Ct^2 + A\cos (Bt) )$ A gives us the radius of the circle, B changes the frequency ...
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### Drawing heart in mathematica

It's not really a typical math question. Today, while studying graphs, I suddenly got inquisitive about whether there exists a function that could possibly draw a heart-shaped graph. Out of sheer ...
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### Why does the focus of a rolling parabola trace a catenary?

I keep hearing that when one rolls a parabola on a straight line, the focus traces a catenary. I kept trying to find a proof on the Internet, but no dice. How does one prove this to be true?
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### Constructing a family of distinct curves with identical area and perimeter

Two recent questions were posed by Arjuba [1] [2] asking for counter-examples regarding whether two different figures could have the same perimeter and area. Responders quickly raised a number of such ...
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### Calculating equidistant points around an ellipse arc

As an extension to this question on equiangular fisheye distortion, how can I calculate equidistant points around an ellipse (or 1/4 segment of) given it's aspect ratio? When it's circular, I can use ...
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### Derivation of the formula for the vertex of a parabola

I'm taking a course on Basic Conic Sections, and one of the ones we are discussing is of a parabola of the form $$y = a x^2 + b x + c$$ My teacher gave me the formula: $$x = -\frac{b}{2a}$$ as the ...
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### Parallel functions.

In 2 dimensions, we can draw 2 parallel lines that have the same distance from a line. I wanted to find parallel functions of a function and their distance is $d$ to the function for all inputs and ...
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### Parametrizing implicit algebraic curves

Back in the day, I was absolutely enthralled by the study of plane curves and their properties (I have Lockwood and Zwikker to thank). I learned early on that for the purposes of generating plots on a ...
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### Curvature of planar implicit curves

I am trying to understand how the curvature equation $$\kappa = -\frac{f_{xx} f_y^2-2f_{xy} f_x f_y + f_x^2 f_{yy}}{(f_x^2+f_y^2)^{3/2}}$$ for implicit curves is derived. These curves arise from ...
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### How to place objects equidistantly on an Archimedean spiral?

To place objects equidistantly on an Archimedean (arithmetic) spiral, the arc length of the spiral has to increase linearly between the objects. This is what I have so far: The length of a spiral is ...
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### The Dido problem with an arclength constraint

It is well known that the solution to the classical Dido problem is a semicircle, and that the solution to the classical isoperimetric problem is a circle. It's also reasonably obvious that the ...
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### Fractal behavior along the boundary of convergence?

The complex power series $$\sum_{n=1}^{\infty}\frac{z^{n^2}}{n^2}$$ has radius $1$ (Ratio Test) and is absolutely convergent along $|z|=1$. Recalling something that my calculus professor (Ray Mayer, ...
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### Assigning alternate crossings to closed curves

This is a minor curiosity that I've been wondering about. Suppose that we draw a closed curve in the plane and that this curve intersects itself several times, but never twice in one spot. We can knot ...
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### Does using an ellipse as a template still produce an ellipse?

Suppose I have a (physical) template, consisting of a piece of stiff sheet plastic with a hole cut in the middle. Suppose the hole is in the shape of an ellipse, say, 8 x 12 inches. Suppose I then ...
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### What are curves (generalized ellipses) with more than two focal points called and how do they look like?

An ellipse is usually defined as the locus of points so that sum of the distances to the two foci is constant. But what are curves called which are defined as the locus of points so that the sum of ...
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### How many cubic curves are there?

It is well-known that there is only one "kind" of line, and that there are three "kinds" of quadratic curves (the nature of which depends on the sign of a so-called "discriminant"). It is noteworthy ...
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### Writing a Polar Equation for the Graph of an Implicit Cartesian Equation

If $(x^2+y^2)^3=4x^2y^2,$ then $r=\sin 2\theta$ for some $\theta$. Using $r^2=x^2+y^2, x=r\cos\theta,y=r\sin\theta$, it's easy to get $r^2=\sin^22\theta$. But I don't know what to do next, since $r$ ...
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### Determine the Winding Numbers of the Chinese Unicom Symbol

I'm practicing with Winding Numbers, and encountered an interesting example. You might be familiar with this liantong symbol, the logo of China Unicom: Suppose we make this into a fully closed and ...
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### Arc length formula for the lemniscate

This question can be homework for elementary calculus. The lemniscate of Bernoulli $C$ is a plane curve defined as follows. Let $a > 0$ be a real number. Let $F_1 = (a, 0)$ and $F_2 = (-a, 0)$ be ...
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### How can I find a curve based on its tangent lines?

Let's say for some curve its tangent lines at every point have a property that the length of a segment within the first quarter $[0;+\infty)^2$ is exactly $C>0$. How can such a curve be defined ...
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### Adjustable Sigmoid Curve (S-Curve) from $(0,0)$ to $(1,1)$

I feel like this is such a simple question but I am at such a loss. I currently have a set of values that I would like to weigh by an S Curve. My data ranges from $0$ to $1$ and never leaves those ...
Inspired by this (currently closed) question, I'm wondering about a related topic: given that we have a continuous parametric curve (that is, a curve of the form $(x=x(t), y=y(t))$ for $t\in\mathbb{R}$...
### Nontrivial solutions of $\sum\limits_{-\infty}^\infty\overline{a_n}a_{n+k}=\delta_{k0}$
Let $a=(a_n)$ with $a_n\in\mathbb{C}$ be a vector indexed over all $n\in\mathbb{Z}$, and consider the system of equations $\sum\limits_{-\infty}^\infty\overline{a_n}a_{n+k}=\delta_{k0}$ for all \$k\in\...