Plane curves are continuous (or smooth) functions $\gamma\colon I\to\mathbb R^2$ from a real interval to the plane. Sometimes also the image $\gamma(I)$ is called curve.

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Pursuit curves and arc length question

I am studying pursuit curves where a fast pirate ship which pursues a heavily laden treasure ship which tracks along a straight line. The ratio of the speeds of the ships is r > 1 (which is fixed) and ...
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126 views

Circumference parametrization

Let $C=\{(x,y)\in \Bbb R^2: (x-x_0)^2+(y-y_0)^2=r^2\}$ and let $\varphi :[0,2\pi]\to \mathbb{R}^2$, $\theta \mapsto (x_o+r\cos \theta, y_0+r\sin \theta)$, with $r>0$. I'm trying to prove that ...
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888 views

Find area of a simple, smooth, closed curve lying in a plane

I was given this question in class and I assume it is a spin off of Green's theorem for finding the area of a closed curve $\lambda$ in 2D but expanded to 3D I believe. Anyways I am pretty confused ...
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How to calculate the area between 2 polar curves: $r=\frac{4}{2}-\sin\theta$ and $r=3\sin\theta$?

How to calculate the area between 2 polar curves: $r=2-\sin\theta$ and $r=3\sin\theta$? I know that one curve is a limaçon and the other is a circle. I have them drawn out as well, my only question ...
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How can I find the points of intersection between the curves $r=1+\sin\theta$ and $r=1-\sin\theta$?

Find the points of intersection for the curve $r=a(1+\sin\theta)$ and $r=a(1-\sin\theta)$ My book says the answer is $(0,0),(a,0),(a,\pi)$. However I calculated $ (a,0),(a,\pi),(a,2\pi)$.
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296 views

Understanding the Spiro Spline

My name's Wray. This is my first time here. Firstly, I like curves. I've been keeping a pet project for a long time that would implement a delightful new curve-interpolation algorithm named the Spiro ...
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318 views

How to find the length of a curved path.

We have to find a continuous model for a curved path which you then solve. A woman is running in the positive y-direction starting at x=50 (50,0) which is orthogonal to the x axis. At this point a dog ...
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46 views

Plan curve with zero area has at least two points of zero curvature

Let $\alpha=(x,y)$ be a smooth closed plan curve defined on $[a,b]\subset \mathbb{R}$. We can define the oriented area of $\alpha$ by $A=\int_{a}^{b} x(s)y'(s)ds$. So, if A=0 then there exists $t_1 ...
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149 views

Find the point where equations $x=t^2-t$ and $y= t^3 -3t-1$ cross itself.

Find the point where equations $x=t^2-t$ and $y= t^3 -3t-1$ cross itself. This's the first time I meet this kind of problem, can someone give me some idea? Thank you.
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41 views

Curve is approximatable by function

I want to show that for $\gamma: [a,b] \subseteq \mathbb{R} \rightarrow V$ continously differentiable where V is a bounded subset of $\mathbb{R}^2$. There is always a sequence of functions ...
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37 views

Approximation theorem

I am looking for some theorem that gives me that each curve $x(t)=(x_1(t),x_2(t))$ that is continously differentiable and has $\dot{x_1}(t)\ge 0$ can be approximated by continously differentiable ...
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88 views

How To Write The equation for a line given a set of co-ordinates

I'm trying to learn how can I write equation for a line given all the points that belongs in the line. I'm looking to find equation for a curve. An example Set of points is: { (24,11) (25,11) ...
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79 views

Graph of a curve

Today in my test, there was a question which had contour C: $|z+\dfrac{1}{z}| = 2$. What does the curve represent? Is it a discrete set of points or really a curve?
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172 views

A problem on Residue Theorem

Today I had a problem in my test which said Calculate $\int_C \dfrac{z}{z^2 + 1}$ where C is circle $|z+\dfrac{1}{z}|= 2$. Now, clearly this was a misprint since C is not a circle. I tried to find ...
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156 views

Is it possible for a Jordan curve in the plane to enclose a set with area zero?

I read about the Isoperimetric Inequality the other day. It says that for any Jordan curve, $$ \frac{4 \pi A}{L^{2}} \leq 1, $$ where $ L $ is the length of the curve and $ A $ is the area of the ...
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Is there a $C^1$ curve dense in the plane?

Is there a curve $\gamma : \mathbb{R} \to \mathbb{R}^2$ injective and $\mathcal{C}^1$ whose range is dense in $\mathbb{R}^2$?
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90 views

Radius function from length of curve

I have the following function definition for the length of a curve: $$ l(\theta) = {K_0 \times \sin(\theta) \over \cos(\theta) + K_1} \\ 0 \le \theta \lt \frac \pi 2 \\ K_0, K_1 \ge 0 $$ I would like ...
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100 views

Name for this problem regarding chords, and the area between two closed convex curves?

I want to read more about the amazing result that, when given a closed, convex curve in the plane that can be traversed internally by a chord of length $p$+$q$, and on that chord lying at p, a point, ...
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Characterize a large class of shapes using a finite number of parameters

I am doing some numerical computations searching for an optimal shape for a certain functional. In my particular case, the shape $\Omega$ is a 2 dimensional star shaped domain by the origin, which ...
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355 views

What does the definition of curvature mean?

First question, am I right in saying that curvature measure how quickly the direction of a cruve changes? Also, we have been given the "definition": $$T'(t) = \kappa(t) | \gamma'(t) | U(t)$$ where ...
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604 views

Using equations to draw out complex objects

How do people come up with equations of curves to draw out complex objects? Some popular examples would include: batman curve & PSY curve. This stackexchange link explains the rationale for the ...
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255 views

fixed point projective geometry

I am thinking about the following: Let $\sigma:\mathbb C P^n\rightarrow\mathbb C P^n$ be a projectivity with $\sigma\circ\sigma=id_{\mathbb C P^n}$. I define the set of all fix points by ...
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Change parabolic equation to canonical form

I have equation $y = -x^2 + 2x + 7$. How can I change it to canonical form, which looks like $y^2 = 2px$ ? ($p$ will be parameter) What i ve tried so far: $$\begin{align} y &= -x^2 + 2x + 7\\ y ...
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360 views

Normalisation of an algebraic curve.

I need to compute explicitly the normalisation of a singular algebraic curve $C$ which is given by an explicit equation in $\mathbb{A}^2$. This task is mostly reduced to finding the integral closure ...
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Parameterized curve describing trajectory of thrown object

We describe the trajectory of a thrown object (neglecting friction and similiar effects) with the curve $$k(t) = \left(v_0\cos(\beta)t,\,v_0\sin(\beta)t-\frac{g}{2}t^2\right)$$ with ...
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Ambiguous Curve: can you follow the bicycle?

Let $\alpha:[0,1]\to \mathbb R^2$ be a smooth closed curve parameterized by the arc length. We will think of $\alpha$ like a back track of the wheel of a bicycle. If we suppose that the distance ...
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150 views

For any curve of unit length there exists a closed rectangle with area at most $A$ that covers the curve.

Find the minimum possible value of $A$ such that for any curve of unit length there exists a closed rectangle with area at most $A$ that covers the curve.
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41 views

Functionals defined on curves

I am looking for classical (real) functionals defined on rectifiable curves (neither necessarily simple nor closed) in either $\mathbb{R}^2$ or $\mathbb{R}^3$. There's length, turning number, total ...
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121 views

Could you help me to find a model for this curve?

I am very bad in mathematics and I'm not able to find by myself the model corresponding to this kind of curve. I wish to have a quick growth at the beginning, then it should increase slowly for a ...
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Finding a general equation for a quadratic curve passing through three points.

I have three points (250, 0), (500,500) and (750, 0). To find a curve passing through these points all I have to do is plug-in these values into the general quadratic equation: f(x) = ax^2 + bx + c ...
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Self-intersection of vector valued function

A vector valued function $r(t)$ has the following coordinates: $$x = 4\cos\left(\frac12t\right)+2\cos(2t)+\cos(4t)\\ y = 4\sin\left(\frac12t\right)+2\sin(2t)+\sin(4t)$$ I have to find the $t$-values ...
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296 views

What is the difference between Tautochrone curve and Brachistochrone curve as both are cycloid?

What is the difference between Tautochrone curve and Brachistochrone curve as both are cycloid? If possible, show some reference please?
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Addition law on moduli space of curves

Dislaimer: I know very little about this, so if parts of my question don't make sense, please feel free to edit in a way that does, or ask me to clarify. Let $\mathcal{M}_{1,2}$ be the moduli space ...
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651 views

Reconstructing space curves from its curvature and torsion

I have to write a program which gets two functions (curvature and torsion) and 3 vectors of the Frenet-Serret "frame" at the starting point - and I have to reconstruct the space curve from this given ...
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212 views

Plane curve: orhogonal projection and closest points

I am reading 'Differential Geometry of curves and surfaces' by Banchoff and Lovett and I'm confused about the following statement on page 28: "Let two curves $C_1$ and $C_2$ have a regular point $P$ ...
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95 views

Defining the movement of an object on a 2-dimensional plane

I am trying to define the movement of an object for a danmaku game I am making. Here is a link to some example gameplay (not my game, but a popular series in this genre made by Zun). Basically, I was ...
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1answer
46 views

How can we find the arc length of the curve? [closed]

How can I find the length of the curve $$\left(\frac{t^3}{3} - t\right)\mathbf{i}+ t^2 \mathbf{j}, \quad 0≤t≤1?$$
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114 views

Representing a curve as a plane curve in different ways

Let $X$ be a (smooth projective geometrically connected) curve over $k$, where $k$ is a field of characteristic zero. We assume $X$ has genus at least $2$. I know that $X$ has a plane model. More ...
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314 views

How to define a perspective circle in xy?

You can see a perspective view of a square(FCED) and a circle in 2D screen. O is center of the circle. How can I define the perspective circle equation that shown as red in the picture? Thanks a ...
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1answer
129 views

Real Curves/Circles

Unfortunately I am very ignorant when it comes to mathematics. Please understand and forgive me if this question reflects that. Thank you! I have an observation: Every curve and every circle in the ...
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1answer
112 views

Detecting the type of singularity with the Jacobian

Say we have a plane curve $\mathcal{C} = V(f(x,y)) \subset \mathbb{A}^2_{\mathbb{C}}$. The partial derivatives tell us about the singularities: if they all vanish at a point $p \in\mathcal{C}$ then ...
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1answer
219 views

An almost straight curve with infinite curvature?

I played around with computing the curvature of some curves, and found this weird example that is driving me nuts. Consider the following (Bézier) curve (on a plane, the first point is $[-1,0]$): ...
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Assigning alternate crossings to closed curves

This is a minor curiosity that I've been wondering about. Suppose that we draw a closed curve in the plane and that this curve intersects itself several times, but never twice in one spot. We can knot ...
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210 views

Need to find the equation of a curve having only the direction of it at a given point

Temperature T of a plate lying in xy plane is defined T(x,y)=50-(x^2)-(2y^2). An ant, which is initially at (2,1) moves along a curve ensuring the temperature is decreasing as rapidly as possible. I ...
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Can an involute gear profile be modeled with a Bézier curve?

In the context of a game, I want to draw gears. The most common curves available on the platforms I'm using are third degree Bézier curves. Is there an exact representation of the involute gear ...
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59 views

Determine the path that created by a sector of circle

ABC circle sector turns on ground (x axis) as shown in the figure. A is the center of the circle. $\angle{OAB}=\angle{OAC}=\alpha $ $|AB|=r$ $\cfrac{|AP|}{|PC|}=k$ The corners meet on point $H$ ...
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Locus of points generates several very different curves. Closed form?

Consider, for the sake of simplicity, a circle $C$ centered at he origin with radius $a$. Let $F=(h,k)$ be a point not necessarily inside the circle. Let $M=(a\cos\theta,a\sin\theta)$ be a point in ...
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312 views

A question about curves in $\mathbb{R}^2$

I need to show this result: Let $\alpha :I\rightarrow \mathbb{R}^2$ a smooth curve, where $I$ is a compact interval of the real line. If $\lVert \alpha (s) - \alpha (t) \rVert$ depends only on ...
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198 views

Regular parametrization of a curve

Let $\gamma : \left\{ \begin{array}{ccc} \mathbb{R} & \to & \mathbb{R} \\ t & \mapsto & (t^2,t^3) \end{array} \right.$ and $\Gamma= \gamma(\mathbb{R})$. Because of the singularity at ...
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find length of curve of intersection

I have come to a dead end on a problem and I need someone to tell me either if I did it correctly, or how to fix it if I did not. This is Stewart Calculus 7th edition, problem 13.3.12. Here is the ...