Plane curves are continuous (or smooth) functions $\gamma\colon I\to\mathbb R^2$ from a real interval to the plane. Sometimes also the image $\gamma(I)$ is called curve.

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7
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1answer
162 views

Is there a $C^1$ curve dense in the plane?

Is there a curve $\gamma : \mathbb{R} \to \mathbb{R}^2$ injective and $\mathcal{C}^1$ whose range is dense in $\mathbb{R}^2$?
1
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1answer
88 views

Radius function from length of curve

I have the following function definition for the length of a curve: $$ l(\theta) = {K_0 \times \sin(\theta) \over \cos(\theta) + K_1} \\ 0 \le \theta \lt \frac \pi 2 \\ K_0, K_1 \ge 0 $$ I would like ...
3
votes
1answer
91 views

Name for this problem regarding chords, and the area between two closed convex curves?

I want to read more about the amazing result that, when given a closed, convex curve in the plane that can be traversed internally by a chord of length $p$+$q$, and on that chord lying at p, a point, ...
2
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0answers
22 views

Characterize a large class of shapes using a finite number of parameters

I am doing some numerical computations searching for an optimal shape for a certain functional. In my particular case, the shape $\Omega$ is a 2 dimensional star shaped domain by the origin, which ...
8
votes
2answers
587 views

Fireworks under inverse-cube gravity

What is the path of a projectile under an inverse-cube gravity law? Imagine that the law of gravity was changed overnight from $F(r) = G m_1 m_2 / r^2$ to $F(r) = G' m_1 m_2 / r^3$. To be ...
2
votes
1answer
330 views

What does the definition of curvature mean?

First question, am I right in saying that curvature measure how quickly the direction of a cruve changes? Also, we have been given the "definition": $$T'(t) = \kappa(t) | \gamma'(t) | U(t)$$ where ...
3
votes
1answer
499 views

Using equations to draw out complex objects

How do people come up with equations of curves to draw out complex objects? Some popular examples would include: batman curve & PSY curve. This stackexchange link explains the rationale for the ...
-2
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2answers
436 views

Change parabolic equation to canonical form

I have equation $y = -x^2 + 2x + 7$. How can I change it to canonical form, which looks like $y^2 = 2px$ ? ($p$ will be parameter) What i ve tried so far: $$\begin{align} y &= -x^2 + 2x + 7\\ y ...
3
votes
1answer
325 views

Normalisation of an algebraic curve.

I need to compute explicitly the normalisation of a singular algebraic curve $C$ which is given by an explicit equation in $\mathbb{A}^2$. This task is mostly reduced to finding the integral closure ...
2
votes
2answers
46 views

Parameterized curve describing trajectory of thrown object

We describe the trajectory of a thrown object (neglecting friction and similiar effects) with the curve $$k(t) = \left(v_0\cos(\beta)t,\,v_0\sin(\beta)t-\frac{g}{2}t^2\right)$$ with ...
3
votes
1answer
144 views

For any curve of unit length there exists a closed rectangle with area at most $A$ that covers the curve.

Find the minimum possible value of $A$ such that for any curve of unit length there exists a closed rectangle with area at most $A$ that covers the curve.
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0answers
40 views

Functionals defined on curves

I am looking for classical (real) functionals defined on rectifiable curves (neither necessarily simple nor closed) in either $\mathbb{R}^2$ or $\mathbb{R}^3$. There's length, turning number, total ...
2
votes
1answer
109 views

Could you help me to find a model for this curve?

I am very bad in mathematics and I'm not able to find by myself the model corresponding to this kind of curve. I wish to have a quick growth at the beginning, then it should increase slowly for a ...
2
votes
2answers
2k views

Finding a general equation for a quadratic curve passing through three points.

I have three points (250, 0), (500,500) and (750, 0). To find a curve passing through these points all I have to do is plug-in these values into the general quadratic equation: f(x) = ax^2 + bx + c ...
3
votes
1answer
261 views

What is the difference between Tautochrone curve and Brachistochrone curve as both are cycloid?

What is the difference between Tautochrone curve and Brachistochrone curve as both are cycloid? If possible, show some reference please?
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0answers
74 views

Addition law on moduli space of curves

Dislaimer: I know very little about this, so if parts of my question don't make sense, please feel free to edit in a way that does, or ask me to clarify. Let $\mathcal{M}_{1,2}$ be the moduli space ...
3
votes
2answers
610 views

Reconstructing space curves from its curvature and torsion

I have to write a program which gets two functions (curvature and torsion) and 3 vectors of the Frenet-Serret "frame" at the starting point - and I have to reconstruct the space curve from this given ...
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0answers
193 views

Plane curve: orhogonal projection and closest points

I am reading 'Differential Geometry of curves and surfaces' by Banchoff and Lovett and I'm confused about the following statement on page 28: "Let two curves $C_1$ and $C_2$ have a regular point $P$ ...
0
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1answer
92 views

Defining the movement of an object on a 2-dimensional plane

I am trying to define the movement of an object for a danmaku game I am making. Here is a link to some example gameplay (not my game, but a popular series in this genre made by Zun). Basically, I was ...
0
votes
1answer
98 views

Representing a curve as a plane curve in different ways

Let $X$ be a (smooth projective geometrically connected) curve over $k$, where $k$ is a field of characteristic zero. We assume $X$ has genus at least $2$. I know that $X$ has a plane model. More ...
2
votes
2answers
285 views

How to define a perspective circle in xy?

You can see a perspective view of a square(FCED) and a circle in 2D screen. O is center of the circle. How can I define the perspective circle equation that shown as red in the picture? Thanks a ...
1
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1answer
124 views

Real Curves/Circles

Unfortunately I am very ignorant when it comes to mathematics. Please understand and forgive me if this question reflects that. Thank you! I have an observation: Every curve and every circle in the ...
1
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1answer
97 views

Detecting the type of singularity with the Jacobian

Say we have a plane curve $\mathcal{C} = V(f(x,y)) \subset \mathbb{A}^2_{\mathbb{C}}$. The partial derivatives tell us about the singularities: if they all vanish at a point $p \in\mathcal{C}$ then ...
1
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1answer
206 views

An almost straight curve with infinite curvature?

I played around with computing the curvature of some curves, and found this weird example that is driving me nuts. Consider the following (Bézier) curve (on a plane, the first point is $[-1,0]$): ...
4
votes
1answer
160 views

Assigning alternate crossings to closed curves

This is a minor curiosity that I've been wondering about. Suppose that we draw a closed curve in the plane and that this curve intersects itself several times, but never twice in one spot. We can knot ...
0
votes
1answer
204 views

Need to find the equation of a curve having only the direction of it at a given point

Temperature T of a plate lying in xy plane is defined T(x,y)=50-(x^2)-(2y^2). An ant, which is initially at (2,1) moves along a curve ensuring the temperature is decreasing as rapidly as possible. I ...
10
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2answers
307 views

A question about curves in $\mathbb{R}^2$

I need to show this result: Let $\alpha :I\rightarrow \mathbb{R}^2$ a smooth curve, where $I$ is a compact interval of the real line. If $\lVert \alpha (s) - \alpha (t) \rVert$ depends only on ...
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1answer
58 views

Determine the path that created by a sector of circle

ABC circle sector turns on ground (x axis) as shown in the figure. A is the center of the circle. $\angle{OAB}=\angle{OAC}=\alpha $ $|AB|=r$ $\cfrac{|AP|}{|PC|}=k$ The corners meet on point $H$ ...
4
votes
2answers
252 views

Locus of points generates several very different curves. Closed form?

Consider, for the sake of simplicity, a circle $C$ centered at he origin with radius $a$. Let $F=(h,k)$ be a point not necessarily inside the circle. Let $M=(a\cos\theta,a\sin\theta)$ be a point in ...
6
votes
2answers
271 views

Need help with Curves and parameterizations

I'm having some trouble solving a couple of problems: I know this one must be pretty easy but can't find the way to solve it. I need to find the arc length of a curve described by $ r=1- ...
2
votes
1answer
181 views

Regular parametrization of a curve

Let $\gamma : \left\{ \begin{array}{ccc} \mathbb{R} & \to & \mathbb{R} \\ t & \mapsto & (t^2,t^3) \end{array} \right.$ and $\Gamma= \gamma(\mathbb{R})$. Because of the singularity at ...
3
votes
1answer
3k views

find length of curve of intersection

I have come to a dead end on a problem and I need someone to tell me either if I did it correctly, or how to fix it if I did not. This is Stewart Calculus 7th edition, problem 13.3.12. Here is the ...
2
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2answers
1k views

Find the length of the curve $y(x) = \int_1^x\sqrt{t^3 - 1} \, dt$, $1 \leq x \leq 4$

Find the length of the curve $y(x) = \int_1^x\sqrt{t^3 - 1} \, dt$, $1 \leq x \leq 4$. Not sure if I should be using first principle theorem (having some trouble with that) or if there is a ...
0
votes
1answer
65 views

practical question about developable surface

there's my question: Given 2 regular plane curves (let's say $\mathcal{C}^1$) in the 3D space, is there always a developable surface which contains both curves ? Thanks, anders
2
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2answers
366 views

Ways to define a curve

I'm trying to give shapes in my physics engine roundness/ curvature. I am aware of various methods for mathematically defining curvature such as bezier-curves, ellipses, etc; but I'm not sure which ...
11
votes
1answer
722 views

Folium of Descartes

A colleague came to me with an interesting observation: Consider the folium of Descartes, $$x^3+y^3=3axy$$ which upon implicit differentiation of the latter yields $$\frac{\mathrm dy}{\mathrm ...
6
votes
4answers
454 views

Curvature of planar implicit curves

I am trying to understand how the curvature equation $$\kappa = -\frac{f_{xx} f_y^2-2f_{xy} f_x f_y + f_x^2 f_{yy}}{(f_x^2+f_y^2)^{3/2}}$$ for implicit curves is derived. These curves arise from ...
4
votes
1answer
1k views

Arc length formula for the lemniscate

This question can be homework for elementary calculus. The lemniscate of Bernoulli $C$ is a plane curve defined as follows. Let $a > 0$ be a real number. Let $F_1 = (a, 0)$ and $F_2 = (-a, 0)$ be ...
3
votes
1answer
147 views

Realizing polar function via Newtonian gravitation

Let $r=f(\theta)$ be a smooth, $2\pi$-periodic function, representing a curve star-shaped with respect to the origin. Maybe something like this:           ...
6
votes
1answer
180 views

Examples of stable curves $g\geq 2$?

I'd like to get my hands on some simple examples of families of stable curves. Ideally these would come in the form of a projective curve $C$ over a 1 dimensional base $B$, say $B = \mathbb{A}^1$. ...
3
votes
0answers
401 views

Reconstructing a curve from its curvature

I'm with a problem in an exercise form Do Carmo's Differential Geometry of Curves and Surfaces; it is number 9 section 1.6. I have a differentiable real function $k(s)$, $s\in I$, and I need to show ...
3
votes
1answer
627 views

The area of the superellipse

I'm watching this video, where D. Knuth explains the connection of $\pi$ and factorials, and other matters (it is very interesting). Almost at the end of the talk he says the area of the superellipse ...
4
votes
1answer
115 views

Algebraic vs. Analytic curves

I'm familiar with the idea of using algebra to study certain types of plane curves, and my understanding is that there is a whole class of "algebraic curves" that can be studied this way. It would ...
4
votes
1answer
699 views

Connect two curves with Euler spiral segment

Image of situation: http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/5/54/Easement_curve.svg Let's say we have a straight line (blue) and a circular arc (green). My goal is to connect these two curves ...
3
votes
1answer
782 views

Bézier approximation of archimedes spiral?

As part of an iOS app I’m making, I want to draw a decent approximation of an Archimedes spiral. The drawing library I’m using (CGPath in Quartz 2D, which is C-based) supports arcs as well as cubic ...
4
votes
2answers
190 views

Genus of curves embedded into some projective space

The Plucker formula allows one to calculate the genus of a curve embedded into $\mathbf{P}^2$. Does there exist a "higher-dimensional" analogue of the Plucker formula? More precisely, let ...
3
votes
1answer
259 views

Equation of the locus of centre of the ellipse?

An ellipse slides between two perpendicular lines. To which family does the locus of the centre of the ellipse belong to?
4
votes
1answer
307 views

Problem in Silverman/Tate Rational Points on Elliptic Curves

I'm trying to figure out how to solve the following problem the "right" way. This is problem 1.2 on page 32: Let $C$ be the conic given by the equation $$F(x,y)=ax^2+bxy+cy^2+dx+ey+f = 0$$ ...
1
vote
3answers
244 views

Looking for the curve traced by a moving bicycle when its steering wheel is fully rotated

I am looking for a curve traced by a moving bicycle when its steering wheel is fully rotated either clockwise or anti-clockwise. How to model it mathematically? Is the curve a circle? My attempt is ...
0
votes
1answer
341 views

Logarithmic Spiral Calculus Question

I am working on this problem. Even some of the notation has me confused (the vectors $\vec i$ and $\vec j$). Let $\vec r(t):=ae^{-bt}\cos(t)\vec i +ae^{-bt}\sin(t)\vec j$ where $a$ and $b$ are ...