Plane curves are continuous (or smooth) functions $\gamma\colon I\to\mathbb R^2$ from a real interval to the plane. Sometimes also the image $\gamma(I)$ is called curve.

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Osculating circles intersecting a given point

Well, the problem is a question in Montiel's book. How to prove that a planar curve $\alpha$ such that all osculating circles intersects a given point is actually a circle (or a part of it)? I've ...
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In how few points can a continuous curve meet all lines?

Inspired by this (currently closed) question, I'm wondering about a related topic: given that we have a continuous parametric curve (that is, a curve of the form $(x=x(t), y=y(t))$ for ...
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261 views

Does every continuous everywhere but differentiable nowhere curve have an infinite length?

Given a curve $\!\,\gamma : [a, b] \rightarrow ℝ^2$ that is continuous everywhere but differentiable nowhere (or almost nowhere), is its length: $$\text{length} (\gamma)=\sup \left\{ \sum_{i=1}^n ...
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250 views

What is a the intuition behind a parametric equation?

I have always used equations for the line (y=a + bx) in R2. Recently I came upon this thing called parametric equations. I cannot grasp the difference between them and the equations for lines that I ...
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Find lattice points on a planar curve

I have the following curve in the plane: $$y = \frac{c-x}{6x+1}$$ Given a constant value $c \in \Bbb N$; is there a technique(s) I can apply to find lattice points on this curve?
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why $x^2 = y^3$ is not smooth?

I read a definition of a smooth curve on the plane: A smooth curve is a map from $[a,b] \to \mathbb R^2: t\mapsto ( f(t),g(t) )$, where $f$ and $g$ are infinitely differentiable functions. According ...
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116 views

Straightness measure for smooth 2-d plane curves of a given fixed length

Consider a smooth, 2-d plane curve of given fixed length $d$. Any straight line of length $d$, is also a curve of this type. What i am interested in is, How straight a curve of a fixed length, is? In ...
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604 views

Conditions for a smooth parametric curve

A curve defined by $x=f(t), y=g(t)$ is smooth if $f'(x)$ and $g'(x)$ are continuous and not simultaneously zero. Why do we have the second condition(simultaneously zero)?
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Moment of inertia about center of mass of a curve that is the arc of a circle.

Let $(x(s),y(s))$ be a smooth 2-d plane curve which is an arc of a circle of a certain radius $r$. Assume it is represented by an inelastic string $S$ of finite length, lying in a 2-d plane. Let there ...
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146 views

Finding arc length and binormal vector for a given curve

Can somebody show me the arc length of a curve formula, and the binormal vector formula. The curve C with equation $r(t)=(\sqrt{3}\cos t,t,\sqrt{3}\sin t)$ How do you find the arc length from $t=0$ ...
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Why $\vec{r}$ is commonly use for vector equation?

I'm wondering why $\vec{r}$ is commonly use in mathematics (vector calculus, line integrals) and physics for denote the vector equation. Edit/Added clarification: I'm wondering why the letter $r$ is ...
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375 views

Minimize the sum of distances between two point and a circle

Let's $A$,$B$ and $O$ be random point in a plane, such that they are not colinear. Let's $c$ be a circle centered on $O$, such that points $A$ and $B$ are outside of it. Find a point $X$ that lies on ...
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367 views

Do simply connected open sets in $\Bbb R^2$ always have continuous boundaries?

A Jordan curve is a continuous closed curve in $\Bbb R^2$ which is simple, i.e. has no self-intersections. The Jordan curve theorem states that the complement of any Jordan curve has two connected ...
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Separation of variables (ODEs)

Here is the question I am currently stuck on: Here is what I have done so far: My apologies as I understand this post seems fairly lengthy. However I cannot seem to get the final answer ...
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59 views

Rotations around the origin

The problem is to find the number of rotations around the origin for the function $$f(z)=z^{2013}+2z+1 $$ when $z$ moves through $\left\{|z|=1\right\}$. I tried to solve it with the help of argument ...
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2k views

Adjustable Sigmoid Curve (S-Curve) from (0,0) to (1,1)

I feel like this is such a simple question but I am at such a loss. I currently have a set of values that I would like to weigh by an S Curve. My data ranges from $0$ to $1$ and never leaves those ...
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1answer
201 views

Support function of a convex domain

Let $Q$ be a compact, convex domain in the plane, with smooth boundary $\partial Q$. We further assume that the origin is contained in $Q$. For a concrete example, let's take an ellipse ...
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197 views

Equation for a distorted circle

When you view a circle posted on a wall at a distance and at a glancing angle, the circle elongates. However, I don't think it is just an ellipse because it will also become asymmetric. It has more of ...
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curve which crosses itself at every point

Does there exist a continuous curve $C$ on $\mathbb{R}^2$ that crosses itself at every point on $C$? For two pieces of curve to cross and not just touch, each must have some length either side ...
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49 views

Minimum/Maximum Extremas in a Plane

Explain one way in which extrema of a function of two variables f(x,y) defined on a closed, bounded region of S of plane differ from extrema of a function of one variable f(x) defined on a closed ...
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153 views

What is the parametric equations for the following closed curves?

First case Second case For the sake of simplicity, let the circle of radius $R$ be at the origin, the rectangle width and height be $w$ and $h$, respectively.
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Constructing shortest interpolation curve from points in $\mathbb R^2$ with parametric equations.

Assume we are given a set of $n$ points from $\mathbb R^2$, $(x_1,y_1),(x_2,y_2)\dots(x_n,y_n)$. We want to construct a path connecting all these points using a pair of parametric equations ...
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Evaluate $\|f\|$ on complex domain

Given a function $ f\colon \mathbb{C} \rightarrow \mathbb{C}$, how do I find $||f||_{\operatorname{Trace}(\gamma)}$, where $\gamma$ is a curve in the complex plane? In particular, I need to do this ...
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349 views

General way to find out whether a curve is positively oriented

I have a general question, that deals with the question how I am able to find out whether a particular curve(in $\mathbb{C}$) is positively oriented? Take e.g. $ y(t)=a+re^{it}$. Obviously this one ...
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1answer
136 views

Fourier transform for a 2D curve

I am stuck on the following problem about a Fourier transform of a 2D curve: I have to calculate the Fourier transform (using 1D complex FT) (and the opposite of it) for a 2D curve z(t). The curve is ...
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711 views

Where is Greens theorem used?

Where is Greens theorem used? I think it's weird going from a vector field to calculating a volume on a scalar field, where do we use this kind of calculation?
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216 views

Arc Length Formulas

Use the arc length formula to find the arc length of the upper half of the circle with center at $(0,0)$ and radius $3$. Also, find the arc length of the curve in the first question by using ...
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1answer
212 views

What is the general formula for NURBS curves?

Give me the general mathematical formula for NURBS curves, with special cases (B-spline and Bézier curves)
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2answers
115 views

Can a set of non self-intersection points of a space-filling curve contain an arc?

Consider a continuous surjection $f:[0,1]\to[0,1]\times[0,1]$. It can be proved that set of self-intersection points must be dense. In the Hilbert curve, the set of self-intersections are points ...
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1answer
115 views

Is each space filling curve everywhere self-intersecting?

Consider a continuous surjection $f:[0,1]\to [0,1]\times[0,1]$. Is $$\{x:\exists(t_1\not=t_2) f(t_1)=f(t_2)=x\}=[0,1]\times[0,1]?$$
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133 views

Canonical form of a curve (geometry)

I am bothering with this geometric problem more than half a day and couldn't understand it yet. Here it is: In orthonormal coordinate system K=Oxy we have a curve C: $9x^2 - 4xy + 6y^2 + 6x - 8y + ...
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Curve genereated by a hanging rope with both ends hold together

So a hanging rope assumes the form of a catenary, but if the ends are together it takes some kind of "drop" shape. I think that if the rope is perfectly flexible the shape is a vertical line but what ...
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How to extend an interval to a circle in $\mathbb{R}^2$

Let $$\gamma : [0,1] \rightarrow \mathbb{R}^2$$ be a $C^0$ imbedding. How can I show that there exists another imbedding $$\eta : [0,1] \rightarrow \mathbb{R}^2$$ with $\eta ((0,1)) \subset ...
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1answer
123 views

Parallel to line on $f(x)=1+\sin(x)/x$

I want to draw a curve on the top of the function $f(x)=1+\dfrac{\sin(x)}{x}$, but the curve should be equidistant (perpendicular distance from any point of the function $f(x)=1+\dfrac{\sin(x)}{x}$) ...
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Proof of Astroid?

How can I prove that an astroid is an envelope of all line segments of length 1 from the x-axis to the y-axis? I read one proof of this online at the link ...
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Jordan curves, its interiors and the existence of a continuous function.

Let $L_t(s):S^1 \rightarrow \mathbb{R}^2(t\in [0,1])$ is a Jordan curve, $O(t)$ is its interior and $H(t,s)=L_t(s)$. If $H$ is a homotopy from $L_0(s)$ to$L_1(s)$, is there exists a continuous ...
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why is an annulus close to it's boundary when it's boundary curves are close?

This is the motivating question for the rather vague question here: when is the region bounded by a Jordan curve "skinny"? Suppose we are given two Jordan curves in the plane, one inside ...
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when is the region bounded by a Jordan curve “skinny”?

How can I formalize and prove the following intuition?: Picture a very skinny rectangle, one with base length 1 and sides length $\epsilon$. Or imagine a very flattened ellipse. The interiors of ...
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1answer
112 views

Relating the curvature of a plane curve to the curvature of a stretched version

Let $\theta : I \to \mathbb{R}^2$ be a regular plane curve with curvature $ |k_{\theta}|\leq1$ everywhere. We now define a curve $\theta_{d}$ by stretching $\theta$ in one direction, i.e., $\theta = ...
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Fitting a set of points in a plane to a smooth curve obtained by joining a half-line and an arc of a circle

I have a set of points in the plane and I want to find a curve that best fits these points (e.g., in a least squares manner, or using some other convenient "measure"). I want that the curve be either: ...
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Prove using an example that there is no plane on R3 that contains every group of 4 points

Well, this is a homewrok question (which I know I should not be asking, but I cannot find an answer to this anywhere): The exercise is as follows: i) Find the equation of the plane of R3 that ...
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1answer
75 views

Definition of regular point of a boundary with planar brownian motion

This is an exercise in G.Lawler's book Conformally invariant processes in the plane. First he defined regular point of a boundary using brownian motion: Suppose $D$ is a domain in $\mathbb{C}$ with ...
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Why can I write the curve shortening flow system as..

Consider the family of curves $$\gamma:S^1\times [0, T)\rightarrow \mathbb R^2, \gamma(u, t)=(x(u, t), y(u, t)),$$ where $u$ parametrizes the trace of the curve and $t$ parametrizes which curve is ...
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Define together with the $x$-axis an area.

The curves $y = \sqrt{2x+3}$ and $y = x$ define together with the $x$-axis an area. Determine the exact value of the specific area. How do you solve?
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Solving the algebraic equations .

I am working with an equation to find the singular points in $\mathbb P^2 (\mathbb C)$ . Basically after taking the partial derivatives and doing some manipulations it reduces to $$y^2 + (2-k)xz ...
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Generating an equation from an image I have

I am not exactly sure if this question belongs here but I could not think of a better place to ask. So I recently discovered that various people on the internet have created equations for rather ...
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1answer
56 views

Finding a curve with a condition on winding numbers

I want to find a continuous and closed curve $\gamma$ so that the map $\nu_{\gamma}:\mathbb{C}$\Im$(\gamma)\to \mathbb{Z}$ takes infintely many values. Here $\nu_{\gamma}(a)$ is the winding number ...
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299 views

Problem with calculating a winding number

I have a problem with calculating the winding number $n\left ( \gamma ,\frac{1}{3} \right )$ of the curve $\gamma :\left [ 0,2\pi \right ]\rightarrow \mathbb{C}, t \mapsto \sin(2t)+i\sin(3t)$. ...
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1answer
2k views

Equation of a plane from 2 lines

I have two lines with the following equation $$D1 : (x, y, z) = (2,0,0) + k(0,3,0)$$ $$D2 : (x, y, z) = (2,0,2) + k(0,0,1)$$ and I must find out the equation of the plane that they make. I ...
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Circumference of a superellipse?

Could someone help me formulate the circumference of a superellipse? $$\frac{x^n}{a^n} + \frac{y^n}{b^n} = 1$$ If it makes things easier, I'm considering only the cases $n>2$, and ...