Plane curves are continuous (or smooth) functions $\gamma\colon I\to\mathbb R^2$ from a real interval to the plane. Sometimes also the image $\gamma(I)$ is called curve.

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Harris Exercise 5.13 (points in general position)

I have a question about the second part of Exercise 5.13 in Harris' Algebraic Geometry: A First Course: Given $n \leq 2d + 1$ points in $\mathbb{P}^2$, characterize the subset of $(\mathbb{P}^2)^n$ ...
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130 views

Equation for the Maximum-Area Rotor in a Wankel Engine

I am attempting to construct a specialized Wankel Engine in Autodesk Inventor. For my particular project, the rotor must take up the maximum area, in order to separate the air spaces of the top and ...
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87 views

How to estimate/determine surface normals and tangent planes at points of a depth image (point cloud)?

I have depth image, that I've generated using 3D CAD data. This depth image can also be taken from a depth imaging sensor such as Kinect or a stereo camera. So basically it is depth map of points ...
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34 views

equiaffine arc length, moving frame, and affine curvature

I am trying to learn affine geometry, and I'm having some trouble getting started with the following problem. Compute (a) the equiaffine arc length, (b) the moving frame, and (c) the affine ...
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1answer
364 views

arc length parameterization of planar curve in Matlab

Let $\gamma (t)$ be a planar curve parameterized by time $t$. For fun, let it be a limacon. In Matlab $\gamma (t)$ looks like this. ...
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Lengths of Plane Curves - Calculus 2: $\sqrt{1-x^2} ; x=-\frac{1}{2} \to x=\frac{1}{2}$

$$ \sqrt{1-x^2} ; x=-\frac{1}{2} \to x=\frac{1}{2} $$ I am having problems setting this up. Taking the derivative of $\sqrt{1-x^2}$. Leaves me with: $$ \frac{1}{2}\left(1-x^2 ...
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1answer
28 views

Curvature of the boundary curve of convex set

I've got a very simple question, but I can't get a rigorous proof. Suppose that $X\subset\mathbb{R}^2$ is a convex set, and suppose further that $\gamma$ is a closed regular curve with image $\partial ...
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2answers
1k views

Find the area of the parallelogram with vertices (4,1), (6, 6), (7, 7), and (9, 12).

I am trying to find the area of the parallelogram with vertices (4,1), (6, 6), (7, 7), and (9, 12). So I believe the way to solve this problem is through the cross product and then taking the ...
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4answers
138 views

Proving $\dfrac{dN}{ds}=-\kappa T+\tau B$

Currently revising for a differential geometry exam. The question I am working on is one of those types where the next part of the question follows from the last. I've gotten to the point where I have ...
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69 views

Do line integrals of non smooth curves exist?

Wolfram says that the theorem of conservative fields is : The following conditions are equivalent for a conservative vector field on a particular domain $D$: For any oriented simple closed ...
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2answers
65 views

Finding singularities of a projective curve

For $w \in \mathbb{C}$ we define the projective curve $$p(x,y,z):= x^3+y^3+z^3+wxyz.$$ Now I have to find all $w \in \mathbb{C}$ for which the projective curve $p(x,y,z)$ is singular and show that ...
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60 views

How can I find a curve based on its tangent lines?

Let's say for some curve its tangent lines at every point have a property that the length of a segment within the first quarter $[0;+\infty)^2$ is exactly $C>0$. How can such a curve be defined ...
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36 views

$r^2\cos\theta+2ar\sin^2{\theta\over2}-a^2$ where $a>0$

What does the following equation represent? $r^2\cos\theta+2ar\sin^2{\theta\over2}-a^2$ where $a>0$ My approach: I factorized the equation and it became $(a+r\cos\theta)(a-r)=0$ I feel that ...
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2answers
51 views

Green's Theorem and Divergence (2D)

I am reading the book Numerical Solution of Partial Differential Equations by the Finite Element Method by Claes Johnson. In Chapter 1 he talks about the Possion Equation, and to prove that FEM ...
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1answer
33 views

Determing if a parametric curve is smooth

I have to determine whether the following curves are smooth or not and I'm having trouble with the following two functions: Consider $f(t) = (t^{2}-1,t^{2}+1)^{T}$ The solution states: $f'(t) = ...
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1answer
159 views

How can a simple closed curve not look locally like the rotated graph of a continuous function?

A simple closed curve is a continuous closed curve without self-intersections. The question of whether you can inscribe a square in every simple closed curve is currently an open problem, but this ...
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1answer
33 views

Manipulating An Equation into A Workable Form

The question asks me to find the arc length of $$y= (x-x^2)^{1/2} + \sin^{-1}(x^{1/2})$$ I know I need to take the derivative: $$\frac{1-2x}{2(x-x^2)^{1/2}} + \frac{1}{(1-x)^{1/2}}$$ I've tried ...
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1answer
77 views

GNU Octave draw figure of 2 planes

How can I draw two planes in same figure in GNU Octave? $$ x + y + z = 1\\ 2x - y + 3z = 4$$ Thanks!
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36 views

A function to fit a certain S-shaped curve

I am looking for a function to fit a certain type of S-shaped curve. Here are my criteria: The curve always pass three points (0,0), (0.5,0.5) and (1,1). For 0 < x < 0.5, f(x) < x; for ...
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1answer
52 views

The area of a region around a curve

If we are given a simple closed curve with length $L$ in the plane, and we have a fixed number $r$ such that for each point $x$ on the curve there is a related disc $D(x,r)$ with radius $r$, how can ...
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24 views

Could a hyper elliptic curve of degree 5 admit only three ordinary double points?

The definition for hyper elliptic curves is those curves which admit a ramified double cover of $P^1$. The given degree five is for some homogeneous equations of degree five that defines the curve, ...
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156 views

arithmetic and geometric genus for a reducible plane curve

If $C$ is an irreducible plane curve we have the well known formula relating the airthmetic (obtained via the degree-genus formula) and the geometric genus $$\frac{(d-1)(d-2)}{2} - \sum ...
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149 views

s-shaped reverse logistic curve

Is there any curve that grows very slow at the beginning then growth picks up exponentially before hitting the wall. I need sort of reverse behavior of the logistic curve ...
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54 views

Strange property of parametrization of a class of plane curves

My studies lead me to the following parametrization of perhaps a new class of plane curves ( which are similar in shape to the classical sinusoidal spirals but not identical ). If the curves are not ...
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61 views

Creating a $C^2$ smooth convex curve which joins circular arcs

Suppose that I have many points $p_1$,..., $p_n$, all very close to origin 0. For R very, very large, I have circular arcs of radius R, $\alpha_i$, about $p_i$. I do not speak about their ...
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23 views

Limit of an Expression on a Plane Curve

Say we have a curve $\mathcal{C}$ like this: $$ x^5 + y^5 = 5xy.$$ Say then that we want to find (and prove) the limit of the quantity $x/y$ (if it exists) as $x \to + \infty$ on the curve ...
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1answer
18 views

Limit of an expression as $x$ tends to a particular quantity on a curve

Say we have a curve like this: $$ xy + y^2x^2 = x.$$ Let's call it the curve $\mathcal{C}$. Say then that we want to find the limit of the quantity $x^2/y$ (if it exists) as $x \to - \infty$ on the ...
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71 views

Finding an arc-length between 2 points in 3 dimensions

I know how to find an arc-length between two points with coordinates, say $X=(a,b)$ and $Y=(c,d)$. But how do I find the same thing but for, say $X=(a,b,c)$ and $Y=(d,e,f)$? Thanks!
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1answer
77 views

Degree of ramification divisor and number of fixed points under a group action.

Let $C$ be a projective plane nonsingular complex curve and a finite group $G$ acts on $C$. Consider the quotient $f: C\rightarrow C/G=:C'$. Then, by Riemann–Hurwitz $2g_C-2=|G|(2g_{C'}-2)+\deg R,$ ...
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Parameterization of simple closed curve

A curve $Z$ in a two dimensional space is parametrized by $0\leq t < 1$ , and satisfies $Z(t) = Z(t+1)$. If it is sufficiently well behaved, it can be represented using a Fourier series with a ...
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AP Calculus Integral Problem

A solid is formed by revolving the curve $y=x^{2/3}+1$, for $0 \leq x \leq 2.5$, about the $X$-axis Estimate the volume of the solid by partitioning $[0,2.5]$ into five sub-intervals of equal length, ...
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Find the distance of the point $( 1,2,3 )$ to ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,

Find the distance of the point $( 1,2,3 )$ of the plane $3x-2y+5z+17=0$ .
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Curve parametrization

When plotting following implicit function $x^4 + y^4 = 2xy$, what is the best way to parametrize it? I tried $y=xt$, but then I get $x=\sqrt{2t\over {1+t^4}}$ and $y=\sqrt{2t^3\over {1+t^4}}$, which ...
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1answer
34 views

Domain and Range problem(plane)

Consider the function $z = \ln{(y + 1)}+\sqrt{x-3}$. Find the domain and range, and sketch the domain in the plane.
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27 views

show that $\frac{d}{dt}\langle \gamma(t),\eta(t)\rangle =\langle\gamma '(t),\eta (t)\rangle +\langle \gamma (t),\eta ' (t)\rangle$

Let $\gamma,\eta:[a,b]\to \mathbb R^n$ be continuous, differentiable, curves. show that $$\frac{d}{dt}\langle \gamma(t),\eta(t)\rangle =\langle\gamma '(t),\eta (t)\rangle +\langle \gamma (t),\eta ' ...
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1answer
44 views

Real valued function associated with the Diophantine equation $a^2(2^a-a^3)+1=7^b$

The parent question that maybe still remains to be answered at this moment is:Solve the Diophantine equation $a^2(2^a-a^3)+1=7^b$ . As far as the parent question is concerned, when generalizing to ...
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181 views

find maximum area

Consider a problem here : There is a wall in your backyard. It is so long that you can’t see its endpoints. You want to build a fence of length L such that the area enclosed between the wall and the ...
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36 views

PDEs along parametrized curves in $\mathbb R^2$

For Riemannian surfaces in $\mathbb R^n,n\geq 3$, the Laplace-Beltrami operator can be expressed in terms of the Riemannian metric and one can consider evolution equations (e.g. heat diffusion, wave ...
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30 views

Generalisation of circumscribed circle for polygones instead of triangles.

Given a triangle, there exists a unique circle passing through its $3$ vertices. I wonder if more generally for any $n\geq3$ we can define a family $\mathcal{C}_n$ of convex closed curves in the ...
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213 views

how to find the equation of one curve in XY plan which satisfies such functions?

I want to find the equation of one curve in $X-Y$ plan which satisfies the functions as follows: 1) $A(x_1,y_1)$, $B(x_2,y_2)$ are two known points and $f(x,y)$ (or $y(x)$) is the equation of the ...
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1answer
87 views

Express parametric curve as graph of a function

I have a parametric curve in $\mathbb{R}^2$ given by $$ t\mapsto f(t)\left(\begin{array}{c}1\\1\end{array}\right)+\sqrt{-f'(t)}\left(\begin{array}{c}1\\-1\end{array}\right),\quad ...
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Line of intersection/quadric surfaces

Let $C$ be the curve of intersection of the cylinder $\frac{x^2}{25}$ + $\frac{y^2}{9}$ = $1$ with the plane $3z = 4y$. Let $L$ be the line tangent to $C$ at the point $(0,-3,-4)$. What is the ...
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Plane intersection

The planes $5x + 3y + 2z = 0$ and $ 2x + 8y - 5z = 0$ intersect. Find the equation of the intersecting line. I get the parametric equation: $x = t$ y = $\frac{29}{34}t$ z = $\frac{-121}{170}t$ ...
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4answers
45 views

Finding the arc length of $r(t)=ti+j+(\frac{1}{6}t^3+\frac{1}{2}t^{-1})$

How would I find the arc length of the following curve from $t=0$ to $t=2$ $r(t)=ti+j+(\frac{1}{6}t^3+\frac{1}{2}t^{-1})$ I took the first derivative and got ...
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1answer
34 views

To prove a relation for a smooth, asymptotic plane curve, in arc length parametrization.

Given a smooth plane curve, parametrized in arc length as $\alpha(s) \equiv (x(s),y(s))$ and given that $$\lim_{s \to \infty} \frac{y(s)}{s} = k,$$ $k$ a constant, and $$\lim_{s \to \infty}x(s) = 0,$$ ...
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1answer
105 views

Line tangent to curve in complex plane

For what pairs $a,b\in\mathbb{\mathbb{C}}$ is the line $L(x,y)=ax+by+1=0$ tangent to the curve $C(x,y)=x^4+y^4+1=0$? By definition of "tangent", if I have a point $(c,d)\in C$, and a line ...
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159 views

Relations between curvature and area of simple closed plane curves.

Let $\gamma$ be a simple closed plane curve. We know that a curve with constant curvature $\kappa$ will trace a circle in the plane. The radius of this circle is the inverse of its curvature. Now, ...
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1answer
39 views

How to determine a point is outside or inside

How could I determine a point is outside or inside of a domain with variable raduis. like this: $$x(t)=(0.3+0.2(\sin3t))\cos t$$ $$y(t)=(0.3+0.2(\sin3t))\sin t$$ where 0$\leq t< 2\pi$. I tried ...
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1answer
98 views

Degree of the dual curve to $XY^2 - Z^3$

I have a question about the dual curve to the curve $C$ cut out by the equation $F(X,Y,Z) = XY^2 - Z^3 = 0$ in $\mathbb{P}^2$. (Assume that everything is over an algebraically closed field of ...
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2answers
55 views

Find a parametrization of the intersection curve between surfaces

Find a parametrization of the intersection curve between the surfaces $−3x^2+2z=10$ and $4x^2+10y^2=5$. You should parametrize such that $y=k\sin(t)$ for some constant k. The answer should be in ...