Plane curves are continuous (or smooth) functions $\gamma\colon I\to\mathbb R^2$ from a real interval to the plane. Sometimes also the image $\gamma(I)$ is called curve.

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What is the circumference (arc length) of $x^4 + x^2 + y^4 + y^2 = 2$?

Consider $$x^4 + x^2 + y^4 + y^2 = 2$$ It is a smooth non-intersecting circle like curve in the plane. A bit like a Hyperellipse. See https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Superellipse What is the ...
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0answers
65 views

Genus-Degree formula gives the wrong answer: ordinary points?

I'm trying to compute the genus of the normalization of the curve: $y^5=x(x-1)(x-2)$ Now I calculate the ramification points of the projection x: they are $(0,0),(1,0),(2,0)$ and they are of ...
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3answers
44 views

Circle of radius of Intersection of Plane and Sphere

The plane $x+2y-z=4$ cuts the sphere $x^2+y^2+z^2-x+z-2=0$ in a circle of radius? I tried putting value of y from plane in sphere but then I get a $zx$ term. How to proceed?
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24 views

Is this the correct way to compute the blow up of a curve

I'm trying to calculate the blowup of the curve $y^5=z^2-3z^3+2z^4$ at $(0,0)$ We have the relation $Ay=Bz$, now I split it into two charts: The first chart$(y,a=A/B)$: ...
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1answer
78 views

Finding a parametric form for the locus of points for a vanishing determinant

I need to find the locus of points in the real $(x, y)$ plane, in parametric form, satisfied by the equation \begin{equation}\det\begin{pmatrix} 0 & 1 & 1 & 1 & 1\\ 1 & 0 & ...
3
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2answers
102 views

Circle Rolling on Ellipse

I've gotten interested in describing a circle rolling on an ellipse; specifically, the curve traced out by a point on the circumference of the circle. I want a symbolic solution to the general case, ...
0
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1answer
54 views

What's the area of the shape defined by all points whose distances from two focal points multiply to give the same product?

This shape, which I call the multiplicoid, is the equivalent of, and very similar to, an ellipse. However, instead of the distance between each point and the two focal points summing to a constant, ...
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0answers
33 views

Angle between tangent vector and point of a cardiod.

Consider the cardioid $\rho=2a\left( 1 - \cos \phi \right) $. Show that the angle between the tangent vector and an arbitrary point (different from the origin) of the curve is half the polar angle. ...
2
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3answers
69 views

Characterizations of cycloid

There are several motions that create a cycloid. I have some examples here. Are there any others? Trace of a fixed point on a rolling circle Evolute of another cycloid (the locus of all its centers ...
3
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1answer
74 views

Focus of a rolling parabola traces a catenary - geometric explanation

It is known that the focus of a rolling parabola along the x-axis traces a catenary. I'm interested in a geometric explanation. But I don't get why $\cos \angle PFK = \frac{dx}{ds}$. Can someone ...
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2answers
133 views

Roll one ellipse on another: Locus of center ever a circle?

Let $E_1$ be an ellipse fixed in the plane. Let $E_2$ be a second, possibly different ellipse, which rolls around without slippage outside $E_1$, touching perimeter-to-perimeter. Let $c_2(t)$ be the ...
2
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1answer
44 views

When is $t \mapsto \gamma (t) = \big( (1 + a \cos t) \cos t, (1 + a \cos t) \sin t \big)$ simple and closed?

Show that $\gamma (t) = \big( (1 + a \cos t) \cos t, (1 + a \cos t) \sin t \big), t \in [0, 2\pi]$, where $a$ is a constant, is a simple closed curve if $|a| < 1$ , but that if $|a| > 1$ its ...
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1answer
31 views

Image of a circle under conformal map $1/z$

The image of a circle under conformal map $1/z$ should be a circle, but how to prove it (or how to find the relationship between the two circles)? $z = x + iy = d + a\exp(i\theta)$, where $a$ is the ...
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0answers
44 views

Relationship between discriminants and smoothness of curves

My understanding of the use of the discriminant in elliptic curve theory is to test whether an elliptic curve in Weierstrass normal form over a field not of characteristic either 2 or 3, $y^{2} = ...
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1answer
22 views

Basic plane question, finding a plane traveling through the heads of 3 given vectors.

Find the equation for the plane passing through the heads of the three given vectors (2, 2, 0) (−1, 2, 1) (1, 1, 4) If I was given 3 points, I know how to do this. Simply find AB x AC and plug one ...
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2answers
35 views

Quick question regarding wording of a homework question

Find the equation for the plane passing through the heads of the three given vectors (2, 2, 0) (−1, 2, 1) (1, 1, 4) Is this just another way of asking what is the plane passing through these ...
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0answers
52 views

How One Can Find the Envelope from Parametric Equations?

How to generally find singular solution or envelope of a two parameter family of curves $ x(u,v),y(u,v) $ in the plane? The parametric equations $$x(u,v) = \cos^2 (u) \cos (v) + \cos (u) \sin (u) ...
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0answers
46 views

Rational maps between affine varieties

If I want to check that the map $$\phi:C_1\rightarrow C_1,\hspace{0.5cm}\phi(x,y)=(\phi_1(x,y),\phi_2(x,y))$$ between two affine plane curves is rational I just should check that $\phi_1$ and ...
2
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2answers
23 views

Find real constants $c$ and $k$ such that $y=cx^k$ passes through point $(a, b)$ with slope $m$

In the Cartesian plane, can a power function of the form $y=cx^k$ (where $c>0$ and $k>1$, not necessarily an integer) be found such that its graph passes through any arbitrary point $(a, b)$ ...
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1answer
46 views

Normal to a parametric curve: $x=2t+3$, $y=2/t$ [closed]

A curve is given by the parametric equations $x=2t+3$, $y=2/t$. Find the equation of the normal at the point on the curve where $t=2$. I honestly do not understand how to do this question.
2
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1answer
141 views

Find the Equation of the Envelope of a Family of Line (Plane) Segments

Consider the first quadrant in the $OXY$ plane in $\mathbb{R}^2$. Point $O$ is the origin and the points $P$ and $Q$ are chosen on the $y$-axis and the $x$-axis, respectively as it is showed in the ...
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2answers
980 views

Find the angle between two planes using their normal vectors

The angle between two intersecting planes is defined to be the angle between their normal vectors. Find the angle between the planes $x – 2y + z = 0$ and $2x + 3y – 2z = 0$. Find the parametric ...
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37 views

Does a plane curve with polar equation $r=\lambda_1\cos^2\theta+\lambda_2\sin^2\theta$ have a name?

Does a plane curve with polar equation $$r=\lambda_1\cos^2\theta+\lambda_2\sin^2\theta$$ where both $\lambda_i>0$ have a name? It's very similar to hippopede, also known as lemniscate of Booth, ...
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1answer
23 views

Find an equation for the plane tangent to $2x^2+3y^2−z^2=4$ at $(1,1,−1)$

Find an equation for the plane tangent to $2x^2+3y^2−z^2=4$ at $(1,1,−1)$ So I started by taking the partial derivative for each term. $\frac{\partial}{dx}=4x$ $\Rightarrow$ $f_x(1)=4$ ...
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1answer
34 views

For all unit vectors $\mathbf u$ and a positive definite $\mathbf C$, what surface do vectors $\mathbf u \mathbf u^\top \mathbf C \mathbf u$ form?

Let $\mathbf C$ be a positive-definite $k\times k$ matrix. For all vectors $\mathbf u\in \mathbb R^k$ of length $\|\mathbf u\|=1$, consider vectors $\mathbf {uu}^\top\mathbf{Cu}$; they form a surface ...
0
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1answer
65 views

Convexity criterion for piecewise regular planar curves

A theorem of classical differential geometry states, that a simple, closed and regular $\mathcal{C}^2$-curve $\gamma:[0;1]\to\mathbb{R}^2$ is convex, iff its signed curvature doesn't change sign. ...
6
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1answer
117 views

Divergence in Definition of Laplace-Beltrami Operator

I am trying to derive an explicit formula for Laplace-Beltrami operator in global Cartesian coordinates for a special case of plane curve. I have found this article, and I would like to match their ...
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3answers
26 views

Finite open covers of a complex $C^{(1)}$ curve.

Consider a complex curve $\gamma \subset \mathbb{C}$, parametrized by $\alpha: [a,b]\to \mathbb{C}$, with $\alpha \in C^{(1)}$. Further, consider an finite open cover $\Phi$ of $\gamma=\alpha([a,b])$. ...
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1answer
17 views

Rotation of a Line Intersecting the Curve $y = x – \log(x)$ as $x \rightarrow \infty$.

Let a straight line ("line 1") in the $xy$-plane have one end fixed at the origin $(0,0)$, and the other at a variable point $(x, x – \log(x))$ on the curve $y = x – \log(x)$. The domain of $x$ is the ...
7
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1answer
555 views

arithmetic and geometric genus for a reducible plane curve

If $C$ is an irreducible plane curve we have the well known formula relating the airthmetic (obtained via the degree-genus formula) and the geometric genus $$\frac{(d-1)(d-2)}{2} - \sum ...
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1answer
64 views

A point of infinite curvature on a curve

Let $\gamma(t)$ be a $C^r$ smooth curve in the plane. Suppose $r\ge 2$, so that one can define the curvature $\kappa(t)$ at $\gamma(t)$. For example, $\kappa(t)=0$ means that the curve is kind of flat ...
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1answer
42 views

Are there computational short cuts to calculating the distance from a large number of points to 3 different planes?

I have three planes, and i want to calculate distance of my point to each of them. However, there are 68000 points in the space, so it does not make sense( computationally) to calculate the distance ...
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1answer
31 views

The meaning of $\frac{dy}{dx}$ for an implicit curve $F(x, y) = c$ at a point which is not at the curve

What is the meaning of $\frac{dy}{dx}$ for $$xy^2 + x^2 - \frac{y}{x} = 2$$ at the point $(1,1)$ which is not at the curve? I know if the point is on the curve the derivative is the slope of the ...
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1answer
48 views

How can I plot curves relative to other curves?

Suppose I have a curve – say a sine curve y=sin(x) Now I want to draw a second curve, y = ½sin(x), but relative to the first – so it has the first one as a “baseline”. I don’t mean just adding the ...
2
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1answer
67 views

If three points on a quadric surface then the line going through them is contained in the quadric

I am having trouble understanding a step in my Professor's Lecture notes She shows that Lemma 2.2.4 Let $P_1,\ldots,P_5$ be distinct points in $\mathbb{P}_k^2$. There exists a conic in ...
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75 views

Logarithmic spiral characterized by signed curvature and arc length parameter.

This is a homework problem I am having trouble with: Show that if a planar unit speed curve $q(s)$ satisfies $$\kappa_s = \frac{1}{es+f}$$ for constants $e, f >0$, then the curve is a logarithmic ...
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0answers
39 views

Looking for rounded corner plane curve with certain properties (SIDESTEPPED)

For a project involving simulating traffic lights, I am currently looking for a formula to get a rounded 90-degree corner (to describe the path of a turning car) with certain properties: Defined in ...
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0answers
36 views

Involute of a Curve

A string of length ℓ is attached to the point γ(0) of a unit-speed plane curve γ(s). Show that when the string is wound onto the curve while being kept taught, its endpoint traces out the curve ι(s) = ...
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21 views

Describe a curve by other than a fomula, fitting or interpolation

I have a curve defined by a set of $(x,y)$ given points. After ploting these points I get : My aim is to study the sensitivity of the operation that results these points. In order to do that, the ...
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1answer
36 views

Finding curves whose tangents intersect with the x-axis at $(\frac{x}{2},0)$

I have to find the family of curves in $\mathbb{R}^2$ with this property: The tangent in an arbitrary point on the curve does intersect with the x-axis in $(\frac{x}{2}, 0)$. I think I have to make ...
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2answers
123 views

Curvature of plane parametric curves

What is the neatest way to derive the following formula for the curvature of a parametric curve? $$\kappa =\frac{\|y'x''-y''x'\|}{(x'^2+y'^2)^{\frac{3}{2}}} $$
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2answers
89 views

How to find tangent line given several variables

I have a question that I'm having difficulty on. I can solve these normally, but I'm having a bit of a challenge dealing with these extra terms: "Find the equation of the tangent line to the ellipse ...
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0answers
26 views

advice for curve fitting

I have numerically obtained some curves, corresponding with it I have also obtained some roots. I strongly believed these curves can be fitted with some (elliptic) functions taken the roots as ...
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1answer
48 views

What is my line integral answer incorrect?

EDIT: Is my computation not correct, possibly because the parametrization that I used requires x,y to be on the xy-plane? If so, can I adjust from here, and not start over? I.e., is there some ...
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1answer
65 views

Prove it is not a closed Curve

I wanna prove that $(cos(t^3+t),sin(t^3+t))=γ(t)$ which is a reparametrization of a circle .Is not a closed curve like the circle. WHat i did is take this problem to the Complex plane so ...
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1answer
37 views

How to relate between tangents of two parallel curves?

I am solving a problem about the relationship between the curvatures of two parallel curves. Along the way, I encountered a problem which seems intuitively correct but failed to show it rigorously. ...
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0answers
23 views

Proving that an oblique cycloid cannot be tautochrone

Someone asked me if the tautochronicity property of a cycloid would still hold if the cycloid were rotated, so that its lowest point (the equilibrium point) be no more the vertex. If $V$ is the ...
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12 views

Showing that a particular area is small

Suppose that $F(x,y) \in \mathbb{Z}[x,y]$ is an irreducible binary form of degree $d \geq 3$. Let $B$ be a positive parameter, considered to be large (i.e. one can consider it to be sufficiently large ...
3
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1answer
85 views

Parametric equation of line?

I have an assignment I'm doing where I am supposed to determine a parametric equation of a line orthogonal to a segment , let's say OP, and passes through the midpoint of this segment. What I have ...
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2answers
121 views

Point normal equation of plane

Im doing an homeassignment in linear algebra! This is the question I'm having problems with! The plane M contains two lines; l1 : (x, y, z) = t(2, −1, 0), t ∈ R, l2 : (x, y, z) = t(0, 1, ...