Plane curves are continuous (or smooth) functions $\gamma\colon I\to\mathbb R^2$ from a real interval to the plane. Sometimes also the image $\gamma(I)$ is called curve.

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Real valued function associated with the Diophantine equation $a^2(2^a-a^3)+1=7^b$

The parent question that maybe still remains to be answered at this moment is:Solve the Diophantine equation $a^2(2^a-a^3)+1=7^b$ . As far as the parent question is concerned, when generalizing to ...
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34 views

Domain and Range problem(plane)

Consider the function $z = \ln{(y + 1)}+\sqrt{x-3}$. Find the domain and range, and sketch the domain in the plane.
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27 views

show that $\frac{d}{dt}\langle \gamma(t),\eta(t)\rangle =\langle\gamma '(t),\eta (t)\rangle +\langle \gamma (t),\eta ' (t)\rangle$

Let $\gamma,\eta:[a,b]\to \mathbb R^n$ be continuous, differentiable, curves. show that $$\frac{d}{dt}\langle \gamma(t),\eta(t)\rangle =\langle\gamma '(t),\eta (t)\rangle +\langle \gamma (t),\eta ' ...
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PDEs along parametrized curves in $\mathbb R^2$

For Riemannian surfaces in $\mathbb R^n,n\geq 3$, the Laplace-Beltrami operator can be expressed in terms of the Riemannian metric and one can consider evolution equations (e.g. heat diffusion, wave ...
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4answers
178 views

how to find the equation of one curve in XY plan which satisfies such functions?

I want to find the equation of one curve in $X-Y$ plan which satisfies the functions as follows: 1) $A(x_1,y_1)$, $B(x_2,y_2)$ are two known points and $f(x,y)$ (or $y(x)$) is the equation of the ...
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28 views

Generalisation of circumscribed circle for polygones instead of triangles.

Given a triangle, there exists a unique circle passing through its $3$ vertices. I wonder if more generally for any $n\geq3$ we can define a family $\mathcal{C}_n$ of convex closed curves in the ...
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1answer
71 views

Degree of the dual curve to $XY^2 - Z^3$

I have a question about the dual curve to the curve $C$ cut out by the equation $F(X,Y,Z) = XY^2 - Z^3 = 0$ in $\mathbb{P}^2$. (Assume that everything is over an algebraically closed field of ...
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1answer
81 views

Express parametric curve as graph of a function

I have a parametric curve in $\mathbb{R}^2$ given by $$ t\mapsto f(t)\left(\begin{array}{c}1\\1\end{array}\right)+\sqrt{-f'(t)}\left(\begin{array}{c}1\\-1\end{array}\right),\quad ...
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7answers
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Drawing heart in mathematica

It's not really a typical math question. Today, while studying graphs, I suddenly got inquisitive about whether there exists a function that could possibly draw a heart-shaped graph. Out of sheer ...
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Is this Batman equation for real?

HardOCP has an image with an equation which apparently draws the Batman logo. Is this for real?
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108 views

Line of intersection/quadric surfaces

Let $C$ be the curve of intersection of the cylinder $\frac{x^2}{25}$ + $\frac{y^2}{9}$ = $1$ with the plane $3z = 4y$. Let $L$ be the line tangent to $C$ at the point $(0,-3,-4)$. What is the ...
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63 views

Plane intersection

The planes $5x + 3y + 2z = 0$ and $ 2x + 8y - 5z = 0$ intersect. Find the equation of the intersecting line. I get the parametric equation: $x = t$ y = $\frac{29}{34}t$ z = $\frac{-121}{170}t$ ...
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132 views

Relations between curvature and area of simple closed plane curves.

Let $\gamma$ be a simple closed plane curve. We know that a curve with constant curvature $\kappa$ will trace a circle in the plane. The radius of this circle is the inverse of its curvature. Now, ...
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4answers
44 views

Finding the arc length of $r(t)=ti+j+(\frac{1}{6}t^3+\frac{1}{2}t^{-1})$

How would I find the arc length of the following curve from $t=0$ to $t=2$ $r(t)=ti+j+(\frac{1}{6}t^3+\frac{1}{2}t^{-1})$ I took the first derivative and got ...
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1answer
30 views

To prove a relation for a smooth, asymptotic plane curve, in arc length parametrization.

Given a smooth plane curve, parametrized in arc length as $\alpha(s) \equiv (x(s),y(s))$ and given that $$\lim_{s \to \infty} \frac{y(s)}{s} = k,$$ $k$ a constant, and $$\lim_{s \to \infty}x(s) = 0,$$ ...
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1answer
99 views

Line tangent to curve in complex plane

For what pairs $a,b\in\mathbb{\mathbb{C}}$ is the line $L(x,y)=ax+by+1=0$ tangent to the curve $C(x,y)=x^4+y^4+1=0$? By definition of "tangent", if I have a point $(c,d)\in C$, and a line ...
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1answer
34 views

How to determine a point is outside or inside

How could I determine a point is outside or inside of a domain with variable raduis. like this: $$x(t)=(0.3+0.2(\sin3t))\cos t$$ $$y(t)=(0.3+0.2(\sin3t))\sin t$$ where 0$\leq t< 2\pi$. I tried ...
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2answers
93 views

What is the slope of the tangent at $(0,0)$ on the curve $x^2 y^2 = 4 x^5 + y^3$

This question is arising from the answer to another one: How find this equation integer solution: $x^2y^2=4x^5+y^3$ . For $x < 27$ and $y > -243$ , the basic equation $x^2 y^2 = 4 x^5 + y^3$ is ...
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54 views

Find a parametrization of the intersection curve between surfaces

Find a parametrization of the intersection curve between the surfaces $−3x^2+2z=10$ and $4x^2+10y^2=5$. You should parametrize such that $y=k\sin(t)$ for some constant k. The answer should be in ...
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Finding the tangent vector to the vertical trace curves

Why does z have to be the derivative of f(x,y) in respect to x? I get that I am finding the tangent line with y constant. But I need help visualizing this. From ...
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71 views

When does this parametric curve cross itself?

Find the points where the curve given parametrically by$$\mathbf{r}(t)=\left(2+\cos\frac{3}{2}t\right)\left(\begin{matrix}\cos t\\\sin t\end{matrix}\right)$$crosses itself. So, I understand that ...
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59 views

There exists a constant arc length parametrization

I heard that for any curve in the plane that can be given parametrically by $\vec{r}(t)=\langle x(t),y(t)\rangle$ for $a\leq t\leq b$ that there exists a constant arc length parametrization, i.e. ...
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Approach to store result of intersecting $n$ planes

The equation of the plane is ax + by + cz + d = 0, where (a,b,c) is the plane's normal, and d is the distance to the origin. This means that every point (x,y,z) ...
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2answers
101 views

When is a curve smooth at points where $dy/dx$ does not exist?

The curve $y=x^{1/3}$ is smooth everywhere even though $dy/dx$ does not exist at $x=0$. Why? In general; Wherever $dy/dx$ does not exist on a curve, how can I show that it could still be smooth at ...
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4answers
426 views

When is the moment of inertia of a smooth plane curve is maximum?

Given a smooth plane curve $(x(s),y(s))$, parameterized in arc length $s$, of fixed finite length $L$, its moment of inertia about its center of mass (axis perpendicular to the plane) is given as $$MI ...
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1answer
46 views

Minimum distance from curve

I was thinking about the following problem: Let $\gamma \subset \mathbb R ^2$ be a curve that admits a $C ^{\infty}$ regular parametrization. Is it always possible to choose an open set $E$ ...
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1answer
39 views

Finding the orthogonal family of curves to a given family of curves. I am missing some.

Given the family of curves: $F(x,y,x_0)=0$ where $F(x,y,x_0) = (x-x_0)^2 + y^2 - R^2\ ,\ x_0 \in \mathbb{R}$ find the orthogonal family. This is my attempt: I first get the differential equation ...
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Shortest closed loop containing all extreme points of a convex set

Suppose $S\subset \mathbb{R}^2$ is compact and convex. Suppose $\Gamma:[0,1]\to\mathbb{R}^2$ is a continuous map with $\Gamma(0)=\Gamma(1)$. Suppose $\Gamma$ passes through all extreme points of $S$. ...
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350 views

Moment of inertia about center of mass of a curve that is the arc of a circle.

Let $(x(s),y(s))$ be a smooth 2-d plane curve which is an arc of a circle of a certain radius $r$. Assume it is represented by an inelastic string $S$ of finite length, lying in a 2-d plane. Let there ...
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2answers
556 views

Solving (Frenet-Serret) differential equation system in Matlab

I'm about (trying) to solve the Frenet-Serret equation given by the known formulas, finding $e(s)$, $n(s)$, $b(s)$, where $e'(s) = \kappa(s)v(s)n(s)$ $n'(s) = -\kappa(s)v(s)e(s) + \tau(s)v(s)b(s)$ ...
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Curve is a submanifold

In our class today we said today that an 1-times continuously differentiable immersion $\phi:[0,1] \rightarrow \mathbb{R}^n$ is a submanifold of dimension 1 if it is closed such that $\phi(0)=\phi(1)$ ...
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1answer
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Equation of a plane (not sure if I got this)

When I was doing my calculus midterm, I came across a question that I didn't really know how to solve, I think I skipped over these problems in my studies. The question is: Find an equation of the ...
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557 views

Finding vector and parametric equations provided only one point.

Normally to answer these questions I have a point and one or two vectors. However, for this one I only have a point. How can I concoct these equations provided there is limited information? Find ...
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2answers
229 views

Can an involute gear profile be modeled with a Bézier curve?

In the context of a game, I want to draw gears. The most common curves available on the platforms I'm using are third degree Bézier curves. Is there an exact representation of the involute gear ...
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1answer
70 views

$d_pf :T_p(S_1)\to T_{f(p)}(S_2)$ is a linear map for any $p\in S_1$

If $f: S_1\to S_2$ is a smooth map betweentwo regular surface $S_1$ and $S_2$, then $d_pf :T_p(S_1)\to T_{f(p)}(S_2)$ is a linear map for any $p\in S_1$ I cannot prove this statement. I think that ...
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How to see and proof that the hyperbola as a constant difference of distances holds for $\frac{1}{x}$?

I understand that a hyperbola can be defined as the locus of all points on a plane such that the absolute value of the difference between the distance to the foci is $2a$, which is the distance ...
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1answer
96 views

Hausdorff dimensions of smooth but non-rectifiable curves

Smooth curves of finite length have a Hausdorff dimension of 1. How about smooth but non-rectifiable (i.e. infinite-length) curves? Are they also of Hausdorff dimension 1, or does it depend on the ...
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1answer
48 views

Equation for this graph

I am trying to find an equation for the graph that crosses the Y axis at (0,100), X axis at (100, 0), is a curve with adjustable degree of "bending" and has an axis of symmetry y(x) = x. Here are few ...
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468 views

For which $L^p$ is $\pi=3.2$?

This is a silly question that came to mind after watching numberphile video on How Pi was nearly changed to 3.2. For which $p\in(1,+\infty)$ is the ratio of the perimeter of the $L^p$ disc in $\Bbb ...
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139 views

Show the curve $\alpha$ is differentiable and regular

Consider the map: $$ \alpha(t) = \left\{ \begin{array}{ll} (t,0,e^{-1/t^2}) & t>0 \\ (t,e^{-1/t^2},0) & t<0 \\ (0,0,0) & t=0 \end{array} \right. $$ a. Prove that ...
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Should a “good” equation divide the plane?

At the question Is there any equation for triangle? (MSE) the answer given by Henning Makholm received the most upvotes. Therefore let's define the following triangle function $H$ with (a,b,c) the ...
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156 views

Convex curve in R^2 pass through two point with fixed normal direction

Given two distinct point in $\mathbb{R}^2$ and two distinct normal directions what are some explicit convex $C^2$ curve (e.g. a map $[0,1] \to \mathbb{R}^2$ which satisfy many equivalent property) ...
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67 views

Inverse of a pythagorean hodograph curve.

I'm trying to solve this question about pythagorean hodograph curves: If $\alpha$ is a Pythagorean hodograph curve, and $\alpha(t)\neq(0,0)\;\forall t$, then the curve $\frac{1}{\alpha(t)}$ is also a ...
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1answer
25 views

r(t) curve vector

Here's the problem: Integrate $f$ over the given curve. $$ f(x,y) = \frac{x+y^2}{\sqrt{1+x^2}}\qquad C: y=\frac{x^2}{2} \text{ from } (1,1/2) \text{ to } (0,0) $$ In the solutions manual it says ...
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1answer
106 views

Why is this not a space-filling curve?

From Wikipedia, a space-filling curve is a curve (i.e. a continuous function whose domain is the unit interval $[0,1]$) whose range contains the entire 2-dimensional unit square. Many examples of ...
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268 views

Question on the catenary

The catenary minimizes the potential energy of a cable and has equation $y - y_0 = A \cosh (\frac{x-x_0}{A})$. It is physically intuitive that the catenary is unique, but is there a mathematical ...
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123 views

Guilloché security printing — can it be cracked?

Money uses Security printing, and often uses Guilloché patterns. These curves are inscribed by wheels on wheels on wheels, ten wheels deep in some cases. For example, the back of the US $1 bill has ...
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303 views

Parametric equation of $x^y=y^x$ curve

What is the easiest/most natural way to parametrize the following curve? $$\{(x,y)\in\Bbb R^2\mid x^y=y^x, x\neq y\}\cup\{(e,e)\}$$ The best I could do was taking it apart, and for $x>y$ use ...
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1answer
82 views

Curve described by a point inside an ellipse

It's well known that a point inside a circle rotating on a line describes a trochoid of parametric equation: $$x=c_0\phi-c_1\sin(\phi)$$ $$y=c_2-c_3\cos(\phi)$$ in which the constant ...
2
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1answer
255 views

multiple tangent lines to a plane curve

Suppose that $C=V(F)$, with $F\in k[X,Y]$ ($k$ algebraically closed), is an irreducible plane curve such that $P=(0,0)$ is a nodal singular point (or an ordinary multiple point according to Fulton's ...