Plane curves are continuous (or smooth) functions $\gamma\colon I\to\mathbb R^2$ from a real interval to the plane. Sometimes also the image $\gamma(I)$ is called curve.

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Find volume of cube with the help of eqn of plane

The volume of cube whose two faces lie on the plane 6x-3y+2z+1=0 and 6x-3y+2z+4=0?
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36 views

Level curve of the function $f(x,y)=\min\{x^2+y^2,xy\}$ [closed]

How I can find the level curve of the function $$f(x,y)=\min\{x^2+y^2,xy\}$$ From where I need to start to solve this problem? Thank you!
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Intersection of a smooth plane curve and a circle

Let $\gamma(t)=(x(t),y(t)):[0,2\pi] \rightarrow \mathbb{C}$ be a $C^1$-Jordan curve. How to show that there is a small circle $C$ that intersects $\gamma$ only at two points?
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Injective curve

How can i show that the curve $\gamma:\mathbb{R}\to\mathbb{R}^2$ defined by \begin{equation} \gamma(t)=\left(\frac{t}{1+t^2},\frac{t}{1+t^4}\right) \end{equation} is injective (without using algebraic ...
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36 views

Does there exist a curve with non zero area?

Does there exist a curve with a bounded infinitely diffrentiable derivative (i.e. has a minimum |curvature|) of hausdorf demension 2? Or even a diffrentiable curve of hausdorf demension 2?
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Path from a start point at a certain heading to an end point at a certain heading while obeying a minimum turn radius

So not sure if my title is clear (also no idea what to tag, because you need 1000 rep to add tags) so I will try my best to explain the problem. I'm working in 2D space and to simplify the problem, ...
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67 views

Index of a Jordan curve

Winding number theorem: If $J\subset \mathbb{C}$ is a Jordan curve and a point $z$ lies in its interior domain, then the winding number $n(J,z)=\pm 1$. Now suppose that $J$ is smooth and we have the ...
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How to prove this inequality about the arc-lenght of convex functions?

Let be $f,F:[0,1] \to \mathbb{R}$ with $f,F \in C^2([0,1])$ two convex functions such that $f \le F$ in all points and $f(0)=F(0)$, $f(1)=F(1)$. Considering the plane-curves $\gamma(t)=(t,f(t))$ and ...
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32 views

Blowing up a model for a plane curve

Let $R = \mathbb{C}[[t]]$ and let $\mathcal{X} \hookrightarrow \mathbb{P}_R^2$ be the arithmetic surface defined by the equation $$(X^2 - 2Y^2 + Z^2)(X^2 - Z^2) + tY^3Z = 0.$$ The generic fiber ...
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converse to the jordan curve theorem

Suppose $K\subset \mathbb{R}^2$ is compact and locally connected, and does not contain 0. Let $A$ be the component of $\mathbb{R}^2-K$ containing 0, and let $B$ be the unbounded component. Assume ...
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find a closed curve with given winding numbers

Is there a closed (piecewise) $C^1$ curve $\gamma: [a,b]\rightarrow\mathbb{C}$, so that $\mathbb{C}\setminus\gamma([a,b])$ has four components with winding numbers -1, 0, 2, 3? Thanks!
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34 views

Which curve (surface) is this?

We're having trouble fitting our data... well, we don't even know which function we should fit onto. Anybody knows if this function is well defined mathematically?
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31 views

A curve with Lebesgue measure non zero

In this Continuously Differentiable Curves in $\mathbb{R}^{d}$ and their Lebesgue Measure the domain of the curve is a compact set. I want know if the same answer holds for curves with non-compact ...
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24 views

Log power rule problem

According to many parts of the Internet, this log rule is used. log(a^b) = b*log(a) The proof is: Now let's say I want to use the rule in a Cartesian ...
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33 views

Roots of the Taylor approximation of the exponential

While answering another question, I looked at the roots of the $n^{th}$ degree Taylor approximation of the exponential. $$e^x\approx E_n(x):=\sum_{k=0}^n\frac{x^k}{k!}.$$ Apparently, these root are ...
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Parametric version of a simple equation

I have a simple relation that I need to plot in a plane. I could do it, but I believe that I don't get the best way. A plane curve is defined implicitely by the following equation : ...
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22 views

A space curve with non-vanishing curvature is planar iff its torsion is 0

Intuitively this is simple and to prove the backwards direction: $\tau = 0 \Rightarrow \mathbf{b'}=0 \Rightarrow \mathbf{b} $ is constant. Then letting $\gamma$ be the parametrisation of the curve ...
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Exercise concerning areas inside closed curves

Let $\alpha (s)$, $s\in[0,l]$, be a closed, convex, plane curve with $\kappa >0$. Let $r$ be a positive constant and define $\beta (s)=\alpha (s)-rn(s)$, where $n(s)$ is the normal vector of ...
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56 views

Find the intersection of plane and sphere

If the equation of the sphere is $x^2+y^2+z^2=1$ and the plane is $x+y+z=1$, then how can the equation of a circle be determined from the equations of a sphere and a plane? and what is the parametric ...
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46 views

Intersection of sphere and ellipsoid

Ellipsoid: $$ x^2+\frac{y^2}{4}+\frac{z^2}{2}=1 $$ Sphere: $$ x^2+(y-1)^2+(z-d)^2=1 $$ For what values of $d$, there is a common tangent plane to both curves? Part of my resolution: Consider ...
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Intersection of sphere and plane is a point, find c, such that (0,0,c) is center of sphere

Sphere: $$ x^2+y^2+(z-c)^2=1 $$ Plane: $$ x+2y+3z=0 $$ Find the values of $c$, for which the intersection of the sphere and the plane is a point. Well, I know that the sphere has the center (0,0,c) ...
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67 views

Graph theory: creating surfaces

If we draw a circle in the plane , we separate the plane into 2 regions , inside and outside. On the following surfaces, determine the maximal number of circles that you can draw on the surface ...
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Finding the radii of an ellipse from the intersection of a plane and a sphere

I'm trying to solve the following problem, regarding Stokes Theorem: $F = z i + xj + yk $; C the curve of intersection of the plane $x + y + z = 0$ and the sphere $x^2 + y^2 + z^2 = 1$ [Hint: ...
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Dual curve of an algebraic curve in affine coordinates

$F$ is an irreductible algebraic curve and we consider the application that sends a non-singular point $(a : b : c)$ in homogenius coordinates, to $\phi(a, b, c) = \bigl(f_x(a, b, c), f_y(a, b, c), ...
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Closed subset of $\mathbb R^2$ disconnecting $\mathbb R^2$ must contain a curve?

Edit: Per Alex S's answer, my first statement was false, so I've moved it to the bottom. Here is the weaker statement that I am trying to prove (this was included in my original question): Let $C ...
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1answer
27 views

How to draw cubic plane curve?

In Python, using MatPlotLib, given [vector] parameters $a$ and $b$ and [scalar] parameter $c$, I want to draw a general cubic plane curve in 2-dimensional space (regular plane with $x$ and $y$ axes): ...
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73 views

Parametric Interpolation in the Plane

Given $i+j$ points in the plane, when can we find $x(t),y(t)$, polynomials of degree $i$ and $j$ respectively such that the parametric curve $(x(t),y(t))$ goes through each point? We can do this ...
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12 views

Curve fitting: How to identify the appropriate function for a beat-like phenomena?

I have a time series data which shows some beat like behaviour. The envelope does not look exponentially decreasing, as it is impossible from a physics point of view. The envelope is likely to be a ...
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1answer
67 views

convex curve as boundary of a convex set

In short, my question is to know if the following statement is true, and how to show it : Theorem Let $\gamma$ be a closed simple $C^2$ convex curve in $\mathbb{R}^2$. We denote $\Gamma$ its image. ...
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35 views

What is the rotation index of a figure 8?

Is it 0 since the total turning angle covers one clockwise circle and one counterclockwise circle thus making the total 0 and the rotation index 0?
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74 views

Proof of the formula that computes the genus of smooth projective plane curve

I was searching for a proof of the formula that computes the genus of a smooth projective plane curve of degree $d$: $$g = \frac{(d-1)(d-2)}{2}$$ which do not make use neither of triangulation or ...
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Dichotomy in the number of regions on a plane formed by an infinite number of lines

I'm reading Knuth's Concrete Mathematics and we are dealing with recurrence relations. He proves that the number of regions $L_n$ formed by $n$ lines on a plane is $L_n=\frac{n(n+1)}{2}$. I don't ...
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Existence and uniqueness of a point with horizontal tangent in a convex curve

I had a look on the proof by E. Schmidt of the Schur's Theorem about arcs of convex curves. It states the following: Let $C$ and $C'$ be two arcs of the same length with the endpoints $a,b,a',b'$ ...
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25 views

Normal and tangent vectors to a curve

Assume we have a displacement field $u=u(x,z)=(u_x(x,z), u_z(x,z)))$ which takes the point $R=(x,z)$ to $r=R+u=(x+u_x(x,z), z+u_z(x,z))$. We want to find the tangent and normal to the curve which was ...
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Can someone explain the detail of the proof (rectifiable curve)

Curve $C$ in the plain, \begin{align} C:= \begin{cases} x=\phi(t) \\ y=\psi(t) \end{cases} \quad, \quad a \le t \le b \end{align} The graph of C is $\{(x, y): x=\phi(t), y=\psi(t), a\le t\le b\}$ ...
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Curve equidistant to sine and cosine.

If I have the sine and cosine curves plotted, what would be the formula of the curve that is equidistant to both curves? Here's a picture of how it looks like. The original question comes from a ...
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43 views

Understand if a curve is parametrized by arc length or not

Show that the curve $$\alpha(t)=(t,1+\frac{1}{t},\frac{1}{t}-t), \quad t\in(0,\infty)$$ is a plane curve. I know $\tau$ must be zero for curve being plane. However, I want to determine the ...
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3D Denjoy–Riesz theorem

The Denjoy–Riesz theorem states that every totally disconnected subset of $\Bbb R^2$ is the subset of a Jordan arc. Is this true in $\Bbb R^3$? Originally I thought Antoine's necklace would be a ...
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Find the highest point on curve defined by intersection of the graph of $g(x,y) = \sqrt{xy}$ and plane $x+y-1=0$

So far this is what I have done: $$F(x,y) = \sqrt{xy} + λ(x+y-1) =0$$ $$F_x = \frac12(xy)^\left(\frac{-1}{2}\right).y + λ=0$$ $$F_y = \frac12(xy)^\left(\frac{-1}{2}\right).x + λ=0$$ $$Fλ = ...
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34 views

use of wolfram in determining area between two curves

I am new to the use of Wolfram (that for the limited cases I have used is very impressive). However I wonder if anyone can tell me what I am doing wrong. I wanted to calculate the area between the two ...
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Can every possible curve be expressed mathematically [closed]

Can every possible curve/parabola shown on a graph (for example $x^2$ or somthing much more complicated) be expressed in an equation like $y=x^2$. Or are there some lines you can't express?
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Prove this : $\left(a\cos\alpha\right)^n + \left(b\sin\alpha\right)^n = p^n$

I have this question: If the line $x\cos\alpha + y\sin\alpha = p$ touches the curve $\left(\frac{x}{a}\right)^\frac{n}{n - 1} + \left(\frac{y}{b}\right)^\frac{n}{n - 1} = 1$ then prove that ...
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32 views

On a formulation in Hilberts original paper about the space-filling Hilbert curve

I have a question on the famous paper Über die stetige Abbildung einer Linie auf ein Flächenstück (which translates roughly as On the continuous mapping of a line onto a square) by D. Hilbert. Let the ...
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52 views

Is there a plane filling function calculator online?

I recently read about the "Hilbert Curve" and found it very interesting. Does anyone know of a place online where I could extrapolate different shapes and explore this field of mathematics?
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Polar forms of algebraic curves & surfaces

A paper I'm reading says the following ... With homogeneous coordinates $\mathbf{x} = [x,y,z,w]$, let $F(\mathbf{x}) = 0$ be the equation of a surface of degree $n$. The first polar form of ...
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42 views

The circle does not intersect the unbounded component of $\mathbb{R}^2 \setminus C$

We get the following problem in our differential geometry class. Let $ C $ be a smooth, non-degenerate simple closed curve traveling counterclockwise. Suppose that the curvature $ \kappa $ of C is ...
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Example of a periodic plane curve whose image is a triangle

I got the following problem as homework for my differential geometry class. Find a $ C^\infty $ function $ \gamma: \mathbb{R} \to \mathbb{R}^2 $ satisfying (i) $ \gamma $ is periodic with period $ 3 ...
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152 views

Smoothness of solutions of the curve shortening flow given bounded curvature

I've been looking at the Lemma 1.5 of The Heat Equation Shrinks Embedded Plane Curves to Round Points (here), where Matthew Grayson proved that Suppose that $\kappa$ is bounded for $t\in[0,t_0)$. ...
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Manifolds: Showing a curve is given locally by a function $\phi_1$

Image link at bottom I'm not sure how to go about showing that $y=\phi_1(x)$ gives the curve $4y^3-3y-x=0$ locally. I may be able to show that $DF(a) = D\phi_1(a)$, but that doesn't prove it over the ...
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Boundary of faces of plane graph

Theorem. Let $G$ be a plane graph with at least 3 edges drawn on $\mathbb{R}^2$. Then every face of $G$ is bounded by at least 3 edges. We define vertices to be points in $\mathbb{R}^2$ and an ...