Questions involving the pigeonhole principle in Combinatorial Analysis.

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Discrete Mathematics - Ice Cream random samples

How would you solve the following problem with Discrete Mathematics, and what is the answer? Suppose there are 5 different types of ice cream you like. How many random samples ice cream must be eaten ...
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Couple of Counting (how many ways) questions.

1.If I have a group of 10 seats reserved for people, and there are n=>10 total people, how many ways are there to choose who gets the 10 seats? for ex:If there was a definite number of people lets ...
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Pigeonhole Principle and maximum length of the repeating section

The question I have is, when 5 / 20483 is written as a decimal, what is the maximum length of the repeating section of the representation? I believe I need to divide 5 by 20483 which is equal to ...
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2answers
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Why when divided by 10 $a^2$ remainder can't equal 2,3 or 7?

Suppose $a \in Z$. Why when $a^2$ is divided by 10, the remainder can't equal 2,3 or 7 ?
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1answer
260 views

Issue concerning enumerating vertices in a prism (number of two adjacent vertices can only differ by a certain amount)

There are 100 vertices in a prism with a 50-gon as its base. Those vertices are assigned integers 1 to 100 (inclusive) in a random order. Each number can only be assigned once. The objective is to ...
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1answer
106 views

pigeonhole principle on a circle

In a disk of radius 10, how can we find all values n such that there are exactly n points in the disk and such that no matter how the n points are arranged, we can draw a disk with radius 1 in the ...
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1answer
82 views

A Pigeonhole Principle Question

Show that in a party of $n$ people, there are two people having identical number of friends. I am a beginner at Pigeonhole Principle problems and have produced a solution to this intermediate level ...
2
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1answer
98 views

Prove that there is an element in the given set having fractional part less than 0.01

Given a set $ \{ \sqrt{3}, 2\sqrt{3}, 3\sqrt{3},...\}$, prove that some of the elements have fractional part less than 0.01 when written in decimal form. Here is my attempt so far: Divide the range ...
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1answer
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Factorial Divides Rising Power Proof Help

I'm trying to prove the following: $m^{\overline n} \equiv 0 \bmod n!$ Where $m^{\overline n} = m\left({m+1}\right)\left({m+2}\right)\ldots\left({m+n-1}\right)$, the product of $n$ successive ...
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1answer
70 views

Pidgeonhole Principle.

Suppose there are 3000 members in each of the club X, Y and Z. Each member from each of these three clubs has at least 3001 friends from the other two clubs altogether. Show that there are three ...
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1answer
67 views

Help prove $f:X \rightarrow Y$ is an injection $\Leftrightarrow$ $f:X\rightarrow Y$ is a surjection when $|X|=|Y|$

I need to prove: Given non-empty finite sets $X$ and $Y$ with $|X| = |Y|,$ a function $X\rightarrow Y$ is an injection if and only if it is a surjection. The hint given is to use the pigeonhole ...
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1answer
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Combinatorics pigeonhole principle question.

There are $n$ people at a meeting, each of whom chooses $3$ distinct numbers between $1$ and $11.$ $\quad({\sf a})$ What is the smallest value of $n$ which guarantees that at least two people choose ...
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1answer
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Combinatorial Question using ramsey's theory or pigeonhole principle??

We are currently going over pigeonhole principle, ramsey's theorem (graphs and such). Stuck on this particular question: Within a group of an odd number of people, show that at least one person knows ...
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1answer
55 views

Midpoints joining integers on a plane lattice

How can you prove that if five nodes of a plane lattice are chosen at random then, the midpoint of the segment between the two points is a lattice point.
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1answer
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Solution Verification for How Many Class Rooms Are Needed

The Question There are 38 different time periods during which classes at a university can be scheduled. If there are 677 different classes, how many different rooms will be needed? My Work There ...
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1answer
60 views

Pigeon-hole principle applied to the game of tic tac toe

In a game of tic tac toe, noughts and crosses are drawn inside an unoccupied cell of a 3 x 3 matrix by two players I, II in alternating moves. Player I draws crosses and Player II draws noughts. The ...
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1answer
52 views

Pigeon Hole Principle (involving distances)

There are 100 old(non-digital) watches in an antique shop, all running but not necessarily on time. Prove that at some moment of time the sum of the distances from the center of the shop to the ...
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1answer
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Pigeonhole principle questions

I want to solve the following problems with Pigeonhole principle. Show that in every group of people that have atleast 2 people, we can find couple that know the number of the people in the group.( ...
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1answer
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Consider a set A of 100, 000 arbitrary integers. Prove that there is some subset of 22 integers that end in the same last three digits.

Consider a set A of 100, 000 arbitrary integers. Prove that there is some subset of 22 integers that end in the same last three digits. I'm new to this principle and need help on this problem.
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1answer
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Another version of PP

Prove the following version of the pigeonhole principle. Let $m$ and $n$ be positive integers. If $m$ objects are distributed in some way among $n$ containers, then at least one container must hold at ...
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How small parallelograms are we guaranteed to get, when we select the two sides from different plane lattices?

This a shortened version (motivation from telecommunications stripped away) of a question I asked in MO in late May (no answers). I am mostly checking, if somebody has seen this or a related question ...
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0answers
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Improving statement obtained by Pigeonhole principle

In this MSE question, this statement is proven: Room is cube-shaped, with side 3m. 136 flies fly in it. Prove that at any moment one can encompass 6 flies with a sphere of radius 90cm. Can ...
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0answers
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Select 100 integers from 1,2,…,200

Prove that if 100 integers are chosen from 1,2,...,200, and one of the integers chosen is less than 16, then there are two chosen numbers such that one of them is divisible by the other. Thanks in ...
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Need a hint with permutations and pigeonhole-principle question

let $\pi_1,\pi_2,\pi_3\in S_{28}$. Help me prove that there are two sub-sequences of 28 with length 4 $i_1< i_2 <i_3<i_4,\ and\ \ j_1<j_2<j_3<j_4$ so that $\pi_q(i_n)=\pi_p(j_n)$ ...
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2014 points inside a cube

$2014$ points are chosen inside a cube with side $13$. Can a cube with side $1$ be found inside it so that it doesn't contain any of chosen points? This must be a problem solved using ...
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0answers
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How to estimate pigeonhole principle?

I was thinking about this after my professor mentioned the pigeonhole principle in class. Let's say we have $N$ items and $M$ containers. Here we assume $N > M$. We will randomly place each of the ...
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$x_1,x_2,\ldots,x_m$ is a permutation of $1,2,\ldots,m$ and $n_1,n_2,\ldots,n_m$ be integer and $m>1$ and odd.

$x_1,x_2,\ldots,x_m$ is a permutation of $1,2,\ldots,m$ and $n_1,n_2,\ldots,n_m$ be integer and $m>1$ and $m$ is odd. Now, $f(x)$ be defined as $f(x)=\sum\limits_{i,j=1}^{m} n_ix_j$. If $a,b$ are ...
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How do you justify the PigeonHole principle?

I am working on the problem below and just have two questions pertaining to my answers. 1) Am I clearly and correctly justfying my answers, anything I can improve on or explain better? 2) Are my ...
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0answers
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Friend Group and Hater Group

Consider a set $S$ of $n$ people such that, for all distinct $x$ and $y$ in $S$, it is the case that either $x$ and $y$ like each other or $x$ and $y$ hate each other. Let us call $S' \subseteq S$ a ...
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Pigeon Hole Principle : Can one of the games be played?

Q: 9 people are in a club. Each of them can play one of the games among Bridge , Hearts & Mahajong. Prove that they can play at least one of the mentioned games.( all games require 4 players.) I ...
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Pigeon Hole Problem with coins

So, for this problem, I am told there is a jar containing: 13 pennies 12 nickels 9 dimes 8 quarters All of which are to be removed from the jar at random. So, ...
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Elementary Pigeonhole Principle Question

Is my reasoning here correct? If not, advice would be appreciated. Thank you for your time! We assume that $A$ is finite and $f: A \rightarrow A$. We show that $f$ is one-to-one iff $ran \ f = A$. ...
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four point in a row

We have painted all dots of page with two colors(blue and green), proof that there are four point with green color in a line that distance of any two neighbors of this four is one unit or there are ...
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A planar graph has either 2 faces or 2 vertices of degree less than 3

Practicing for an upcoming test, I stumbled upon this question: A planar graph with at least three vertices has either 2 faces of length at most 3, or 2 vertices of degree at most 3. Which is a ...