The number $\pi$ is the ratio of a circle's circumference to its diameter. Understanding its various properties and computing its numerical value drove the study of much mathematics throughout history. Questions regarding this special number and its properties fit in here.

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Euler's Equation [duplicate]

I'm new around here, I'm fourteen, and I am in Ninth Grade. Can somebody tell me what Euler's equation exactly is, and why it's important, and what we can use it for? The whole $e^{i\pi} = -1 $ thing. ...
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What's the fastest known running time for a spigot algorithm for computing an arbitrary digit of $\pi$?

That is, for the fastest known algorithm for doing so, how many steps will it compute the $n^{\text{th}}$ digit of $\pi$ in? I know some people define running time as the number of steps it will take ...
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Calculating the speed of a rotating object on its own axis and its speed around a point

I'm seeking help calculating the speed of rotation of the blue object $s_2$ in relation to $s_1$ with a distance 'd' from point $A$. In other words, the goal is to keep the object always facing $A$ if ...
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139 views

Does this curiousity have any meaning?

If $\pi$ is calculated to the $360$-th digit after the decimal point, the last digits are $360$ : ...
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Integral tending to an integral for $\pi$

I am examining: $$\int_0^1 (1-ax)^{1/2} dx$$ If we differentiate: $$\dfrac{d}{dx} \left[\dfrac{-2(1-ax)^{3/2}}{3a}\right]$$ we get to the function in the integral. The idea now is consider various ...
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Need proof of integration of sine parametrized functions [duplicate]

Yesterday, i encountered an integral formula (actually it's a generalization, i think). This : $$\int_0^\pi x f(\sin x)\,dx = \frac{\pi}{2} \int_0^\pi f(\sin x)\,dx$$ For simple functions like ...
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Peculiar locations of the root and the maximum of $(x+1)^{x+1}-x^{x+2}$

Related to some other problems, I got interested in this function: $$(x+1)^{x+1}-x^{x+2}$$ Its root is very close to $\pi$: (Mathematica code) ...
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5answers
874 views

Which is bigger: $(\pi+1)^{\pi+1}$ or $\pi^{\pi+2}$?

I've been struggling for a while with the following problem: Which is bigger: $(\pi+1)^{\pi+1}$ or $\pi^{\pi+2}$? Needless to say software aid is not allowed. All manual calculations should be ...
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4answers
628 views

Number raised to power of irrational number

What is the consequence of raising a number to the power of irrational number? Ex: $2^\pi , 5^\sqrt2$ Does this mathematically makes sense? (Are there any problems in physics world where we ...
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42 views

$\pi$ base $e$ or $\pi=\sum\limits_{n=-1}^{\infty} a_ne^{-n}$ where $a_n\in\{0,1,-1\}$

I was "playing with $\pi$" trying to look at it in different numeral systems and it's not so hard to obtain $\pi$ base $2$ or $3$ or even $\varphi=\frac{\sqrt{5}+1}{2}$, using Maclaurin series of ...
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Explain why $e^{i\pi} = -1$ to an $8^{th}$ grader?

I am an $8^{th}$ grader that is taking Algebra I. But nearly everyday I try to learn things outside of what I am learning in class. Quite a while ago I discovered that $e^{i\pi} = -1$. This ...
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3answers
1k views

How to convert $\pi$ to base 16?

According to this Wikipedia article $\pi$ is approximately 3.243F in base 16 (i.e. hexadecimal). Can someone explain this? (Note: I understand how to convert an integer to base 16) Thanks
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2answers
60 views

Deriving the value of $\pi$ from a dart board

I saw this on a website and it was pretty interesting: The circle inscribed in the square has a radius of $1$ and the square has a side length of $2$. This means that the area of the circle is: ...
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1answer
48 views

How To Calculate a Tangent In Degrees Without a Calculator

So the other day in my Geometry class, I was bored so I decided to try and calculate pi (which is one of many things I do when I am bored). During that class, I finally developed an equation to ...
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3answers
94 views

Is it possible to intuitively explain, how the three irrational numbers $e$, $i$ and $\pi$ are related?

I read a bit about this equation: $e^{i\pi}=-1$ For someone knowing high school maths this perplexes me. How are these three irrational numbers so seemingly smoothly related to one another? Can this ...
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81 views

Does π start with two identical decimal sequences?

Let d$(x,y)$ be the sequence of decimals of π from the x:th one to the y:th one. My question: is there a number $n$ such that d$(1,n)$ = d$(n+1, 2n)$? I.e., does π start with two identical decimal ...
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77 views

How does atan(1) * 4 equal PI?

I needed the PI constant in C++, and I was lead to the answer that: const PI = atan(1) * 4 Note that despite involving code, I'm asking this from a mathematics ...
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1answer
26 views

ratio of “diameter” of a n-gon to perimeter

So say I have a regular polygon with n sides, and I bisect the an angle E such and the line (EF). Assume line segment EF has length b, while the polygons side length is s. What is $b/(n*s)$, and as n ...
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231 views

Show that $\pi =4-\sum_{n=1}^{\infty }\frac{(n)!(n-1)!}{(2n+1)!}2^{n+1}$

Show that $$\pi =4-\sum_{n=1}^{\infty }\frac{(n)!(n-1)!}{(2n+1)!}2^{n+1}$$ I found the formula of $\pi$ by using the numerical calculation but I dont have the proving. any Help
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Repetition in pi

If there are infinite digits in $\pi$ and any group of digits occurs in $\pi$. Then does all the digits of pi occur in itself infinite times over? Therefore $\pi$ repeats. What is wrong with my ...
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70 views

Where do the numbers come from, to calculate pi?

As we all know, pi is the ratio of a circle's circumference to its diameter. When you divide the circumference by the diameter, the result is pi. But, here's my question: When you enter the ...
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76 views

Simple Math\Geometry Question about Circles, etc

I never took Geometry in school, and although I went all the way to stats in college, all the brain surgeries I had made it really hard for me to do the simplest math for some unknown reason. So I'm ...
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95 views

$ \sum _{n=1}^{\infty} \frac 1 {n^2} =\frac {\pi ^2}{6} $ then $ \sum _{n=1}^{\infty} \frac 1 {(2n -1)^2} $

If $ \sum _{n=1}^{\infty} \frac 1 {n^2} =\frac {\pi ^2}{6} $ then $ \sum _{n=1}^{\infty} \frac 1 {(2n -1)^2} $ Dont know what kind of series is this. Please educate. How to do such problems?
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If $\dfrac{\mathrm {circumference}}{\mathrm {diameter}}$ is the same for all circles, does the surface have to be flat?

Given a two dimensional Riemannian manifold with the property that the ratio of the circumference and the diameter is the same for all circles. What can be said about it? Does it have to be the ...
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7answers
3k views

Calculating pi manually

Hypothetically you are put in math jail and the jailer says he will let you out only if you can give him 707 digits of pi. You can have a ream of paper and a couple pens, no computer, books, previous ...
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69 views

Pi Day question

Everyone today is talking about Pi Day and the match to 3/14/15 at 9:26:53 AM. As I've become old, my brain doesn't work so well, so I could be way off on this, but if we include decimal fractions of ...
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1answer
78 views

Buffons needle crossing both lines?

Buffon's Needle Problem : Given a needle of length $l$ dropped on a plane ruled with parallel lines $t$ units apart, what is the probability that the needle will cross a line? I am working out ...
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1answer
44 views

History Behind Integral Error Between $\pi$ and $22/7$

Looking at an expression for $\pi$ $$\pi = \frac{22}7-\int_0^1 \frac{x^4(1-x)^4}{1+x^2} \ dx$$ it seems to me that the integral expression is the error between the approximation $\frac{22}7$ and ...
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why is PI considered irrational if it can be expressed as ratio of circumference to diameter? [duplicate]

Pi = C / D (circumference / diameter) . I have read that if circumference can be expressed as an integer then diameter cannot and vice-versa, so that the ratio can never be expressed as a/b where both ...
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1answer
91 views

Is $\pi$ approximately algebraic?

As we know, $\pi$ is transcendental, meaning that there is no rational numbers $a_0,\ldots,a_n\in\mathbb{Q}$ such that $$a_0+a_1\pi+\cdots+a_n\pi^n=0.$$ But I was wondering if we can get this as a ...
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2answers
44 views

How to prove that this is equal to $\pi$?

I was trying to prove the formula for the area of a circle (without using integrals), so I started with the $\frac{Pa}{2}$ formula and started to manipulate it until I got, for an infinite number of ...
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1answer
91 views

Why does Archimedes Method to calculate Pi decrease in precision after a certain time?

i`m using the following recursive formula to calculate Pi based on Archimedes ideas. $$ S' = \sqrt{2-\sqrt{4-S^2}} $$ The formula gives back the edge length of a Polygon B based on the edge length of ...
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1answer
60 views

what are some of the oldest and most accurate approximations of pi?

I read that there is a tradition in the Jewish literature of an approximation of pi given in the prophets was very accurate ($\frac{3\times111}{106} \approx 3.14150\ldots$ - difference of about ...
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97 views

Is there a difference between the calculated value of Pi and the measured value?

The mathematical value of Pi has been calculated to a ridiculous degree of precision using mathematical methods, but to what degree of precision has anyone actually measured the value of Pi (or at ...
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132 views

Am I cheating in this case to evaluate $\pi$?

Since $\lim_{x \to 0}$$\sin x \over x$$=1$,here let $x=$$\pi\over n$ , then we have $\lim_{{\pi\over n} \to 0}$$\sin {\pi\over n} \over {\pi\over n}$$=1$ , which implies $\pi=$$\lim_{n \to\infty}$$\ ...
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1answer
31 views

Adding 90° to atan2 result

I have a question since im using Atan2 that correctly results in -pi/pi problem is the object that im using the rotation on has its source rotation at -90 so for it to work coorecly i wanna ...
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38 views

Find Pi number using Turing Machine

What is the most convenient and fast way to find first $n$ binary digits of $\pi$ using Turing Machine?
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53 views

Let $x$ be a positive real number. Inequality problem with $\pi$ and $x$ terms.

Let $x$ be a positive real number. Then (A) $ x^{2} + \pi^{2} + x^{2\pi}> x\pi+ (\pi+x)x^{\pi} $ (B) $ x^{\pi} + \pi^{x}> x^{2\pi}+ \pi^{2x} $ (C) $ \pi x +(\pi+x)x^{\pi}>x^2 + \pi^2 + ...
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2answers
84 views

find the point (x,y) on the unit circle that corresponds to the real number t

t=π/4 I tried to solve this problem but i dont even know where to start! i thought you had to divide the pie into 4 then put it on a number line, but when i checked my answer it was like in quadratic ...
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2answers
137 views

Strange approximation of $\pi$?

I was playing with my calculator (Casio fx-991MS) the other day. I input $$\arcsin(\sin(2))$$ The result came out as $$1.141592653\ldots$$ I immediately noticed that the digits seem to resemble $\pi$. ...
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1answer
45 views

Prove a limit using the formal definition of the limit

So I have a sequence {a_n} = π/2^n where n=1,2,3,4.... And I need to prove that its limit is 0. Here is what have done, can someone check and tell me if this is correct.? Definition: A sequence ...
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46 views

An algorithm for computing $\pi^{-1}$

Wikipedia: Borwein's algorithm claims Start out by setting $$\begin{align} a_0 & = \frac{1}{3} \\ s_0 & = \frac{\sqrt{3} - 1}{2} \end{align} $$ ...
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How are first digits of $\pi$ found?

Since Pi or $\pi$ is an irrational number, its digits do not repeat. And there is no way to actually find out the digits of $\pi$ ($\frac{22}{7}$ is just a rough estimate but it's not accurate). I am ...
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1answer
57 views

Find Number of Iterations of Euler's Method in order to approximate $\pi$

I am given the function $x(t)=4 \arctan t$ and told that routine computations will show that $x(0)=0$ and $x(1)=\pi$. I must determine a differential equation for $x(t)$ of the form $x'(t)=f(t,x)$. ...
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1answer
73 views

Is there a number $x\neq0$ whose products with $\pi$ and with $e$ are both rational?

Does there exist a number $x\neq0$, such that $[x\cdot\pi\in\mathbb{Q}]\wedge[x\cdot{e}\in\mathbb{Q}]$? I thought this question would be easy to answer, but it turns out otherwise. Obviously ...
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2answers
72 views

It's possible to calculate the frequency of distribution of digits of $\pi$?

It's possible using mathematical formula to calculate frequency of distribution of digits of $\pi$ or other constant? I know that there are already plenty of data available with statistics and you ...
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163 views

Gosper's unusual formula connecting $e$ and $\pi$

Wolfram MathWorld quotes (see equation $(26)$) Gosper gives the unusual equation connecting $\pi$ and $e$ $$\sum_{n = 1}^{\infty}\frac{1}{n^{2}}\cos\left(\frac{9}{n\pi + \sqrt{n^{2}\pi^{2} - ...
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Find the Langitude and Longitude of the centre point of a circle given a point on the circumference.

I couldn't find a similar question! Given I have the latitude and longitude (x,y) of a point on the circumference of a circle, and I want the circumference to be 1000m. An example of a lat lang I ...
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4answers
43 views

Prove the inequalities without calculating the integrals

$$ \int_{0}^{\frac{\pi}{2}} \sin^4x dx \le \int_{0}^{\frac{\pi}{2}} \sin^3xdx$$ I have tried to define 2 functions $ f, g:[0, \frac{\pi}{2}] \rightarrow \mathbb{R}$ and say that $ f(x) = \sin^4x$ ...
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4answers
183 views

What does Pi equal to [duplicate]

What is the approximation of pi in a fraction form. I am very curious to know what it is. I have been seeing pi almost everywhere.