-2
votes
0answers
15 views

constant velocity [on hold]

A Balloon carrying a basket is descending at a constant velocity of 20.0 m/s. A person in the basket throws a stone with an initial velocity of 15.0 m/s horizontally perpendicular to the path of ...
0
votes
1answer
55 views

Problem about Dirac delta function used in Ampère's law in physics [on hold]

This page uses the dirac delta function to explain why the function $\nabla \times B= 0$ is not $0$. I have tried to find how they justify this without any success mathematically. How was this ...
1
vote
1answer
15 views

Find the average acceleration

Find the average acceleration of the tip of the 2.4-cm long hour hand in the interval noon to 6pm. I found the average velocity is -2.2x10^6 but I'm not sure how to go about finding acceleration. If ...
0
votes
1answer
24 views

help setting up a velocity question

Standing on the ground from 3.0 m from a building, you want to throw a package from your 1.5- shoulder level to someone in a window 4.2 m above the ground. At what speed and angle should you throw ...
0
votes
0answers
26 views

Relative motion question

You wish to row straight across a 63-m-wide river. You can row at a steady 1.3 m/s relative to the water, and the river flows at 0.57 m/s. I know I need to draw a right triangle for the question but ...
1
vote
1answer
33 views

List of well-known submodular function in physics, statistics, math?

Can you please share a list of well-known submodular functions (have the diminishing return property) that you know? In physics, stats, math, etc? I am searching for a submodular function for my ...
1
vote
1answer
147 views

Work on Springs using Hooke's Law

I'm currently stuck on parts c and d of this problem. The problem says Suppose a force of 20 N is required to stretch and hold a spring 0.4 m from its equilibrium position (0). I found k constant to ...
2
votes
0answers
30 views

Liouville's theorem (Hamiltonian) [closed]

can some one give me a link for a rigorous proof for Liouville's theorem (Hamiltonian) thanks
0
votes
2answers
23 views

How to calculate the direction (of velocity of a ball) after collision with another ball?

Say I have two balls of same radius, in the 2-D Plane. So like a pool (billiard) game. I have the cue ball, moving with the velocity vector V, the magnitude is not important, so we only need an angle ...
0
votes
2answers
21 views

Finding vertical displacement

I am being asked to find the distance a shuttle travels upward after a given amount of time. I know that time passed is 79s, the rate of acceleration is 6.244 m/s^2, and the speed at 79s is 493.276 ...
3
votes
1answer
44 views

How to mathematically determine if the magnitude of a cross product is up/down(positive/negative?)?

So, I'm a newbie at complex vector math. I'm working on a 2D physics engine, and my issue is, with angular acceleration from torque, is it supposed to be positive or negative? I understand the right ...
1
vote
2answers
69 views

Water Refraction and the depth of the water.

I'm not sure if this is the right place to ask my question! But I hope I will find some help!. Image distortion occurs by refraction of light at the boundary surface between air and water when a ...
2
votes
1answer
52 views

Why does a heating model work?

I am referring to: $T=T_0 e^{kt}$ where T=temperature,t=time and k=constant. It seems to work, I as just curios to why it works?
0
votes
1answer
34 views

Trigonometry in projectile motion

I initially posted this question on Physics SE but got no responses probably because it's more related to maths than physics. A plane surface makes an angle $\bf X$ with the horizontal. From the ...
3
votes
0answers
63 views

My orbiting body is orbiting about the wrong focus of it's elliptical orbit… why? [closed]

I am coding in c++ and am computing the position of an orbiting body as a function of time. Everything is almost working. I have a nice elliptical orbit. Except, my orbiting body speeds up as it ...
0
votes
0answers
33 views

Subject to in equation

I have the formula below: $$\hat x_2=\arg\min\lVert x\rVert_2\quad\text{subject to}\quad A{x}=y.$$ But I didn't understand what was meant by "subject to" ? does $x$ is replaced by $x_2$? please can ...
12
votes
5answers
768 views

In what ways has physics spurred the invention of new mathematical tools?

I came across this comment: Mathematical rigor is not a criterion that physicists have for evaluating their theories. From a mathematical perspective, the non-rigorous theories are far more ...
10
votes
2answers
180 views

Applications of Algebra in Physics

Often I have heard about the link between Algebra (in particular Representations of Groups and Algebras) and some "indefinite" field of Physics. I have a good preparation in Algebra and ...
1
vote
0answers
21 views

Basis representation for non-negative, compact support, reasonably smooth spectral function

I was wondering if anyone has ideas on representing a non-negative, compact support (from x=-1 to 1 on the real axis) spectral function as a superposition of basis elements. Ideally, the basis ...
2
votes
0answers
31 views

Can a quaternionic Kähler manifold be NOT Kähler?

I have an explicit construction of the metric on the quaternionic Kähler manifold $$\mathcal M = \frac{Sp(1, 1)}{Sp(1) \times Sp(1)}.$$ Arranging the four real degrees of freedom into two complex ones ...
0
votes
0answers
29 views

Properties of functional integration

this question comes from theoretical Physics, the issue being the so called Path Integral. The measure of this thing is something written as $[d\phi]=\prod_x d\phi(x)$ And this should be the limit ...
0
votes
0answers
40 views

derivation of an equation involving the Fourier transform of the square modulus of a wave function

A textbook on electron optics states that, ignoring a factor of 2 for convenience, the result $\mathscr{F}(I(\vec{r}))=\mathscr{F}(\phi(\vec{r}))\cdot{}A(\vec{k})\cdot{}\sin[\gamma(\vec{k})]$ can be ...
1
vote
3answers
63 views

integral of the sphere describing lambertian reflectance

A Lambertian surface reflects or emits radiation proportional to the cosine of the angle subtended between the exiting angle and the normal to that surface. The integral of surface of the hemisphere ...
1
vote
1answer
63 views

Formulation VS Interpretation

I'm reading a book on Mathematical Physics and at some point the author says that we must distinguish between a "formulation" and an "interpretation" of a theory, although it's not easy to point what ...
1
vote
0answers
66 views

Resources for learning Relativity

I´m looking for books to the study of Relativity. I know that this is math stack schange and not physics stack schage, but I believe that some of the users here are interesed in physical-mathematical ...
0
votes
1answer
49 views

Centre of Mass and Moment of Inertia of a sphere - spherical cap

I have been given a sphere of radius a, from this sphere a cap of hight h is cut off. 1) What is the centre of mass of the rest of the sphere? 2) What is the moment of inertia regarding the axis of ...
1
vote
2answers
78 views

is it necessary that curl of 2d vector is perpendicular to the plane.

I am just confused, help me guys. The question comes up, because we say that curl is either clockwise or anti-clockwise at a point.
2
votes
0answers
110 views

If physical space had cardinality larger than $\aleph_1$, would we need new math to describe dynamics? [closed]

If physical space had cardinality larger than $\aleph_1$, would we need new math to describe dynamics? For instance, would the dynamics of a sea of virtual particles of cardinality $\aleph_1$ would ...
0
votes
2answers
48 views

Collision detection between two accelerating spheres with no initial velocity?

We have two non-touching spheres of radii r1 & r2 are lying in space at rest. Both of them are then given accelerations a1 & a2 respectively at time t=0. Find whether they will ever come in ...
1
vote
1answer
60 views

Mathematics/Mechanics Problem

I would like to ask you if anybody could help me with this problem. So far i know that the positions where B and A have to meet are at distances L and L+2r
1
vote
1answer
65 views

Calculating a double pendulum

consider the following situation of a double pendulum. We found the moving equations as $$ \ddot{\theta_1}=-L_1\sin\theta_1 + \frac{m_2}{m_1}\cos\theta_2\sin(\theta_2-\theta_1),\\ ...
1
vote
0answers
40 views

Why is the space of trajectories for a particle a cotangent bundle?

In Paugams book, Towards the Mathematics of Quantum Field Theory, he writes the following in the introduction: Let us first illustrate this very general notion by the simple example of Newtonian ...
2
votes
0answers
88 views

Are there any legitimate examples of applications of set theory to Physics?

Sets are of course ubiquitous, so in this sense set theory is applicable to physics. But I'm thinking more like techniques like forcing, or constructs like cardinals or ordinals. Intuitively it ...
0
votes
1answer
59 views

Force between two parallel wires?

Having two current carrying (currents $I'$ and $I$) wires of length $a$ parallel to the $z$-axis, one with end points $(0,0,0)$ and $(0,0,a)$ and one from $(a,0,0)$ to $(a,0,a)$, I'm looking for the ...
0
votes
4answers
82 views

Multiple choice question on rates of change (or so I thought)

If I were to find the resistance of the component (see image below), I would either find the equation of the curve and use differentiation or I'd draw a tangent at $V_2$ and then find the reciprocal ...
0
votes
1answer
35 views

Angular momentum, rotating rigid bodies, simple example…

Revising, this is what I'm stuck on: inertia tensors, rotating rigid bodies about axis other than its axis of symmety,... I think it'd help a lot to see a worked example and I can't find anything on ...
0
votes
0answers
16 views

Separation of the centre of mass coordinates for an N-electron atom

Can anyone tell me how to derive [A8.5] and [A8.6] in Appendice 8 of "Bransden: Physics of solid state matter", in this screenshot: http://i.imgur.com/zSCkVnI.jpg ? It should be easy, but damn me I ...
1
vote
0answers
26 views

Angular momentum, rotating cylinders,…

Revising, this is what I'm stuck on: inertia tensors, rotating rigid bodies about axis other than its axis of symmety,... I think it'd help a lot to see a worked example and I can't find anything on ...
1
vote
0answers
27 views

plane wave move out

I have a plane wave that is recorded by a set of receivers with x spacing between them (see the sketch). in the sketch (plane wave in black slant line, receivers are the little circles in black and ...
0
votes
1answer
71 views

Fourier-Laplace Transform of Heaviside Step function multiplied to Sine

In a Advanced Solid State lecture I encountered the following assertion- Fourier Transform of $\Theta(t)\sin(\omega_0 t)$ is ...
1
vote
1answer
70 views

Uniform Circular Motion with Banked Road and Car

In Uniform Circular Motion, if a car is rounding a curve at a certain speed, and the angle of the road allows the car to drive around at that speed, that speed is called the "design speed." If the ...
0
votes
0answers
24 views

Is it possible to simulate fluid dynamics in a time-based and deterministic manner?

The Problem Domain I have a number of network-connected PCs. I want to be able to simulate and replicate the same simple fluid dynamics simulation (Eg Navier-Stokes), in real-time, between them. That ...
0
votes
0answers
46 views

Invalid use of the analytic continuation of the Riemann zeta function?

Watching this video on You Tube I got the impression that some sciences (in this case physics) use the analytic continuation of the Riemann zeta function without justification. Maybe this is just my ...
1
vote
2answers
45 views

Calculate velocity after certain displacement

Given is a function $a(t)$ for the acceleration. Starting from an initial velocity $v_0$ I want to calculate the velocity $v_1$ after a certain displacement $s$. Is this calculation possible since ...
-2
votes
2answers
102 views

Studying maths for physicists [closed]

I am looking forward to be a theoretical physicist ,to unify general relativity and quantum mechanics ( to make the theory of everything ) How should I study maths? Should I study proofs of ...
-1
votes
2answers
100 views

Sketching phase portraits [closed]

I am trying to answer this question: I would like to know how I go about drawing a phase portrait. All of the examples in my notes are simply the solution with no explanation, and this method of ...
2
votes
0answers
51 views

Clarification on some notation and “assumptions” in page 143-144 of the book “Quantum Fields and Strings: A Course for Mathematicians, Volume 1”

I was trying to read the chapter $1$ (at page $143$) of this book Quantum Fields and Strings: A Course for Mathematicians, Volume 1 that is supposed to be an introduction to modern quantum field ...
1
vote
1answer
80 views

How can the tension force be computed to test if a shape is moving or not?

Source Given the coordinates of n 3D joints (1kg each) connected by m rods. Assume rods have zero mass and joints with z=0 are fixed to the ground while others are free to move, will the shape be ...
4
votes
2answers
118 views

A problem about symplectic manifolds in Arnold's book

There is a problem in Arnold's Mathematical Methods of Classical Mechanics which says that: Show that the map $A: \mathbb{R}^{2n} \rightarrow \mathbb{R}^{2n}$ sending $(p, q) \rightarrow (P(p,q), ...
3
votes
1answer
81 views

How to compute force on joints of a 3D structure of balls connected by rods?

Source Given the coordinates of n 3D joints (1kg each) connected by m rods. Assume rods have zero mass and joints with z=0 are fixed to the ground while others are free to move, will the shape be ...