1
vote
0answers
30 views

How can I calculate the force that is applied on a tube by an another tube?

Let's say there is two tubes (cylinders with no tops or bottoms) with charges $q_1$ and $q_2$, radii $b_1$ and $b_2$, lengths $\ell_1$ and $\ell_2$. These tubes are located along the axis of each ...
2
votes
1answer
39 views

When does a particle with given acceleration change the direction of motion?

A particle moves along the x-axis so that its acceleration at any time $t\geq0$ is given by $a(t)=12t-4$. At time $t=1$, the velocity of the particle is $v(1)=7$ and its position is $x(1)=4$. ...
2
votes
2answers
43 views

Find the work done by the force field in moving the particle from one point to another

Find work done by the force field F in moving the particle from $(-1, 1)$ to $(3, 2)$ This sounds good till we are given that $\textbf{F} = \dfrac{2x}{y}\textbf{ i }- \dfrac{x^2}{y^2}\textbf{ j }$ ...
0
votes
1answer
18 views

Simplifying $\frac1{gt}\sqrt{g/2h}\,dx$ in free fall equations

The relevant equation: $x(t) = \frac12 gt^2$ , $dx/dt = gt$ , $T=\sqrt{2h/g}$ $dt/T = (dx/gt)\sqrt{g/2h} = 1/(2\sqrt{hx}) dx $ I do not see how $(dx/gt)\sqrt{g/2h}$ turns into $1/(2\sqrt{hx}) dx $ ...
0
votes
5answers
88 views

Assumptions in Word Problems (Calculus)

I just had a small question about assumptions in mathematical word problems. Suppose you are given a calculus problem (related-rates), "A spherical balloon is inflated with gas at the rate of 800 ...
5
votes
0answers
56 views

Symbolic manipulation inside integral

I'm an undergrad who has just completed the standard calculus sequence (1, 2, and multivariable). I've done well in the courses, however, things like the following, which is a derivation of kinetic ...
0
votes
4answers
43 views

Integration, ball throw simple example

I thought that I could do it like this. Given that $$g=9.8m/s^2$$ $$\int -9.8 \, dt=v_0-9.8 t$$ Setting it equal to zero we have: $$t=\frac{v_0}{9.8}$$ $$\int \left(v_0-9.8 t\right) \, dt=-4.9 ...
3
votes
3answers
137 views

Explanation of line element formula $dl^2 = dx^2 + dy^2$

I found this in a physics textbook without justification: $$dl^2 = dx^2 +dy^2,$$ where I presume that $l = \sqrt{x^2+y^2}$. Why is this so? By my calculations I obtain $$ dl = \dfrac{\partial ...
0
votes
1answer
36 views

The motion of the particle satisfies $\textbf{v} = \textbf{c}\times \textbf{r}$

Why is the path is contained in a circle that lies in a plane perpendicular to $\textbf{c}$ with centre on a line through the origin in the direction of $\textbf{c}$
1
vote
2answers
47 views

Constants for anti-derivatives

Hey StackExchange I'm diving into integral calculus for the first time and I have a few questions about this problem. A steel ball bearing at rest is accelerated in a magnetic field in a line with ...
3
votes
0answers
63 views

My orbiting body is orbiting about the wrong focus of it's elliptical orbit… why? [closed]

I am coding in c++ and am computing the position of an orbiting body as a function of time. Everything is almost working. I have a nice elliptical orbit. Except, my orbiting body speeds up as it ...
4
votes
1answer
58 views

A question in application of derivatives and vectors

Consider a skier who is sliding without friction on the hill ${y = h(x)}$ in a two dimensional world. The skier is subject to two forces. One is gravity. The other acts perpendicularly to the hill. ...
-3
votes
1answer
40 views

How to find the integral of $\int \frac{GMm}{r^2}\,dr$ [closed]

I want to find the integral of: $$\int_R^\infty \frac{GMm}{r^2}\,dr$$
1
vote
1answer
41 views

Why can we make this integral change of limits? Is it obvious?

When deriving the equation for the impulse-momentum theorem, the following occurs: $$\cdots=\int\limits_{t_1}^{t_2}\frac{d\vec p}{dt}dt = \int\limits_{\vec p_1}^{\vec p_2}d\vec p=\cdots$$ I know the ...
0
votes
1answer
34 views

How to show $\psi^*(x,-t)$ is also solution of the Schrodinger equation

I've seen it stated that it "can easily be seen" that if $\psi(r,t)$ is a solution of the Schrodinger equation : $ih \dfrac{\partial \psi(r,t)}{\partial t} = H \psi(r,t)$, then $\psi^*(r,-t)$ is also ...
2
votes
0answers
46 views

Calculating work [closed]

How much work is required to lift a $1000\mathrm{kg}$ satellite from the surface of the earth to an altitude of $2\times10^6$ meters? The gravitational force is $F=\frac{GMm}{r^2}$, where $M$ is the ...
1
vote
2answers
30 views

Calculating appearance of size of object at given distance

Here's the problem I'd like to solve. If I'm 1 ft away from a computer screen and a word on the screen appears a certain size, is there an equation or calculation that will tell me how big that ...
2
votes
1answer
22 views

differential in integration cancelled but variable endpoint is changed

In kinetic energy equation in wiki. I have difficulty problem how endpoint in integral change from t to v. This doesn't look like it is using substitution method. ...
1
vote
1answer
59 views

Word Problem, Calculus estimation homework

Roger runs a marathon. His friend Jeff rides behind him on a bicycle and clocks his speed every 15 minutes. Roger starts out strong, but after an hour and a half he is so exhausted that he has to ...
5
votes
2answers
95 views

Solution of differential equation with Dirac Delta

Is it possible to solve a differential equation of the following form? $\partial_x^2y + \delta(x) \partial_x y = 0$ where $\delta(x)$ is the dirac delta function. I need the solution for periodic ...
1
vote
1answer
27 views

Why does this get the angle of the surface?

I have this (physics) question, but am missing something as to why the math works for it. The problem is as follows: A 4- kg sphere rests on t he smooth parabolic surface. Determine the normal ...
0
votes
1answer
32 views

How far will my car roll given a function representing the slope of the landscape I'm driving on?

So I was driving in my car thinking to myself "I wonder how far I would go (before starting to roll backwards) if I just took my foot off the brakes" I tried to figure it out myself but could not. SO ...
0
votes
1answer
52 views

Why do these acceleration computations contradict each other?

A rocket follows the path $(y-40)^2=160x$ after traveling vertically to the height of 40 feet (making for a very convenient continuity. The problem asks "If the component velocity in the vertical ...
0
votes
3answers
163 views

Is speed a function of position?

Let $x$ be a smooth function from $[0,\infty)$ to $\mathbb{R}^n$ satisfying the following differential equation $x''(t) = f(x(t))$, where $f$ is a smooth function from $\mathbb{R}^n$ to itself. Then ...
1
vote
2answers
59 views

is it necessary that curl of 2d vector is perpendicular to the plane.

I am just confused, help me guys. The question comes up, because we say that curl is either clockwise or anti-clockwise at a point.
2
votes
3answers
56 views

Minimum speed using calculus

I've been trying to answer this question , specifically part c) I've done part a) and b) where $U = \frac{28\sqrt{15}}{15} $ and $ \theta = 53.3 $ degrees . For the last part I need to work out the ...
1
vote
1answer
110 views

Please explain the logic behind $d(xy) = y(dx) + x(dy)$

I've seen $d(xy) = y(dx) + x(dy)$, but I don't understand the principle behind it and memorizing it is lame. Can anyone explain what is going on here? For example from physics, $$F = {{dP} \over ...
0
votes
1answer
77 views

I can't seem to find this derivative any help would be great.

A rocket of mass m = 1000 kg is traveling in a straight line for a short time. The distance in meters covered by the rocket during this time is described by the function $r(t)=t^3 −3t^2 +6t$ where ...
0
votes
4answers
76 views

Multiple choice question on rates of change (or so I thought)

If I were to find the resistance of the component (see image below), I would either find the equation of the curve and use differentiation or I'd draw a tangent at $V_2$ and then find the reciprocal ...
2
votes
2answers
39 views

simple question about $\nabla r$

In my physics notes, it says $\nabla r = \underline{e_r} = \frac{\underline{r}}{r}$ and $\nabla \frac{1}{r} = - \frac{\underline{r}}{r^3} = - \frac{1}{r^2} \underline{e_r}$ I don't quite ...
2
votes
1answer
56 views

Divergence Free Vector Fields that are undefined at the origin

I am aware of vector fields which are undefined at the origin but whose divergence everywhere else is 0. In particular, my students have already seen the inverse square vector field, i.e. ...
-1
votes
1answer
38 views

The phase plane and potential energy

I think I have spotted a mistake in my notes, however I need help verifying my assumption: I am given the equation: $d^2s/dt^2=-s$ m=1 for simplicity I have recast it at a first order system: ...
0
votes
3answers
41 views

Figuring out acceleration without knowing the time length

A car goes from 50mph to 20mph in an unknown amount of time. All that is known is that one of the car's wheels rotated 110 times during the process and that the wheel rotates at a rate that is uniform ...
1
vote
0answers
43 views

Finding the distance from a parabola (ballistic trajectory) to a point (for use in collision detection)

I need to have some form of collision detection / prevention for an object moving along a ballistic trajectory and a second stationary object on the same plane plane. The ballistic trajectory is ...
1
vote
1answer
44 views

How to find the total distance traveled, given the position function?

A particle moves in a straight line according to the rule $x(t)=t^3-2t+5$, where $x(t)$ is given in meters and where $t$ is given in seconds. Determine the position, velocity, and acceleration of ...
1
vote
2answers
81 views

Solving a differential equation?

I'm trying to analyze the transient state of a RC circuit. My book gives me the following differential equation: $$\frac{d(v(t))}{dt} + av(t) = c$$ for some constants $a$ and $c$. The book thens ...
1
vote
1answer
85 views

When are $\Delta x$, $\delta x$, $dx$, and $\text{đ}x$ exactly the same? When are they approximately the same?

As a follow-up to this related question, I'd like to know under what circumstances, if any, $\Delta x$, $\delta x$ and $dx$ all mean the same thing, and under what circumstances they can all be said ...
1
vote
4answers
122 views

Second order differential equation for acceleration

Can you help me understand and solve this question: A bullet is fired vertically upwards with an initial velocity of $u$. Form a second order differential equation for acceleration and by ...
2
votes
1answer
64 views

What's the proper interpretation of canceling infinitesimals?

In most textbooks of physics I've found this demonstration of work-kinetic energy theorem: $$\begin{align} W &= \int_{x_{1}}^{x_{2}} F(x)\ dx \tag{1}\\ &= \int_{x_{1}}^{x_{2}} m\cdot a\ dx ...
0
votes
1answer
19 views

When finding the frequencies of normal modes, can you have a negative frequency?

Do you simply just consider the positive solutions? I tried a google search but didn't find anything quickly. The work I am studying is Lagrangian systems.
0
votes
2answers
53 views

Physics Related Watt Question

A 550 kg dragster accelerates from rest to a final speed of 110 m/s in 400 m (about a quarter of a mile) and encounters an average frictional force of 1200 N. What is its average power output in watts ...
0
votes
1answer
53 views

Deriving Barometric formula

Recall idea gas law: $pV= NkT$ where $p$ equals pressure, V volume, N moles of atoms, k boltzmann's constant, T temperature. Also, density: $\rho = m/V = \mu N/N_A V$ where $\mu$ is average mole mass ...
1
vote
1answer
53 views

Integrating this physics expression

Recall: $dp= \rho g \ dh$ where $dp$ is the change in pressure, $ \rho$ is the constant of density and $dh$ is the change in height. This is a part of fluid dynamics (buoyancy). I am to integrate ...
1
vote
2answers
39 views

Help verifying a the correct partial differentiation of $v_0=R\sqrt{\frac{g}{2h}}$

I have to use partial differentiation to solve the below equation: $v_0=R\sqrt{\frac{g}{2h}}$ Where $g$, $R$, and $h$, are defined as follows: $g=9.80 \frac{m}{s^2}$ $R=155 cm$ $h=116.2 cm$ ...
3
votes
1answer
79 views

Solving Wave Equation with Initial Values

I am trying to solve the wave equation: $u_{tt}$ = $u_{xx}$ With initial values: $u(x,0) =\begin{cases} x^3 - x, &\text{for }|x|\le 1,\ \\0, &\text{for }|x|\ge1\end{cases}$ $u_t(x,0) ...
0
votes
1answer
97 views

Finding the ideal angle for the maximum range of a projectile when elevated?

I was thinking about physics, and I thought of something. How do we find the ideal angle for the maximum range of a projectile when elevated? Assumptions: Parabolic flight path No air friction ...
0
votes
1answer
60 views

Using definite integrals with velocity and acceleration

Rocket A is traveling 49 ft/sec at 80 seconds. Rocket B is launched upward with an acceleration of $$a(t)=\frac3{\sqrt{t +1}}$$. At time t=0 seconds, the initial height of the rocket is 0 feet, and ...
1
vote
1answer
81 views

Does distance increase equally in equal time intervals under the influence of gravity?

Quick question. If an object falls under the influence of gravity near the Earths surface, is the distance traveled increased by equal amounts in equal time intervals? I thought that this would be ...
0
votes
3answers
41 views

Finding the total distanced covered (physics)

A subway train starts from rest at a station and accelerates at a rate of $1.60\frac{m}{s^2}$ for $14.0 s$ . It runs at constant speed for $70.0 s$ and slows down at a rate of $3.50\frac{m}{s^2}$ ...
1
vote
0answers
36 views

Define a plane with double integral

For my transport physics I have to describe how much volume through a rectangular pipe goes. The speed is given by $\displaystyle V_x=V_0 \frac{y}{h}$. But I have to define the plane with a double ...