For questions related to permutations, which can be viewed as re-ordering a collection of objects.

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Number of distinct integer-valued vector solution for $x_1 + x_2 + … + x_r = n$ [duplicate]

The Number Of Integer Solutions Of Equations $$x_1 + x_2 + ... + x_r = n$$ An approach is to find the number of distinct non-negative integer-valued vectors $(x_1,x_2,...,x_r)$ such that $$x_1 + x_2 +...
3
votes
3answers
379 views

Arranging numbers around a square

In how many ways numbers 1 to 12 can be arranged on a sides of squares (5 places on each sides i.e 20 places total) leaving 8 places empty? I am getting answer as 12c5(selecting 5 numbers)*7c5(...
1
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2answers
68 views

Find the divisors of $5040$ in the Plato's dialogue “Theaetetus”

In the Plato's dialogue "Theaetetus", at a certain point, we have the following "problem" \begin{align*} 5040 &= 7! \\ &= 1\times 2 \times 3 \times 4 \times 5 \times 6 \times 7 \\ &= 2 \...
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0answers
27 views

Shuffles vs direct sums of permutations

A $(p,q)$-shuffle is a permutation of $p+q$ things that preserves the internal order of the first $p$ things and of the last $q$ things. As remarked on wikipedia, since a $(p,q)$-shuffle is uniquely ...
2
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1answer
62 views

Another form of Menage Problem : Place 8 more cherries(maroon) removing berries(black) 1 from each row and each column. No of ways?

I tried to see it as a matrix where for a position (i,j) , i+j = 8, 9, 16 means you can't change that position. Any help?
-2
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1answer
29 views

Question of P &C [closed]

There are 3 pots and 3 coins. All thesecoins are to be distributed into these pots where any pot can contain any number of coins. In how many ways all these coins can be distributed such that no pot ...
0
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1answer
27 views

Tournament Of The Towns King and the 1000 wizard's

So i was doing one of the question's of TOURNAMENT OF THE TOWNS and I was not able to understand the solution given by them. The problem is: The King decided to reduce his Council consisting of ...
3
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1answer
68 views

Team grouping troubles

Imagine there are 12 teams, numbered 1 through 12. There are 10 games those teams can compete in, with two teams needed per game. There are 10 rounds, and it is important that after the 10 rounds are ...
4
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2answers
53 views

How to find the average Kendall's distance between 2 rankings

Suppose I have 2 rankings: $1$, $2$, $3$ and $2, 1, 3$ then the Kendall's distance between the two is 1 since there is only one pairwise adjacent switch. My question is, suppose my 2 rankings each ...
2
votes
3answers
22 views

Probability of increasing order permutation

Suppose I have n elements. What's the probability of a permutation such that the first half is increasing and second half can be ordered without any constraints? (A permutation can only have distinct ...
-2
votes
4answers
98 views

Permutation in group theory [closed]

I am confuse how to proceed for the following question. Can you please help me. Thanks in advance! For a permutation $\pi$ of $\{1,\cdots,n\}$, one say that $k$ is a fixed point of $\pi$ if and only ...
2
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2answers
55 views

How to find the N-th 3 word sequence within the following constraints

I have a list of words. Let's say that I have an algorithm(explained below) to generate the permutations in a specific order. I want to be able to find the N-th permutation easily. I want to make ...
3
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2answers
31 views

How many elements in $S_{8}$ are conjugate with $(12)(345)$?

How many elements in $S_{8}$ are conjugate with $(12)(345)$? My reasoning is as follows: Two elements in $S_n$ are conjugate if and only if they have the same cycle type, so we need to count the ...
-6
votes
1answer
36 views

Finding the number of possible shortest ways. [closed]

Find the number of possible shortest ways from A to B.
0
votes
1answer
37 views

Sylow subgroup of a symmetric group

Consider the symmetric group of$S_{20}$ and it's subgroup $A_{20}$ consisting of all even permutations. Let $H$ be a $7$-Sylow subgroup of$A_{20}$. Is $H$ cyclic? And is correct the statement which ...
9
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2answers
821 views

Why is some power of a permutation matrix always the identity?

If you take powers of a permutation, why is some $$ P^k = I $$ Find a 5 by 5 permutation $$ P $$ so that the smallest power to equal I is $$ P^6 = I $$ (This is a challenge question, Combine a 2 ...
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2answers
61 views
3
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3answers
48 views

How to express/write a permutation of a Set?

How to express a permutation (without repetition) of a Set $A$? I'd like to create a set $P$ of tuples while equal tuples should only occur once in the set $P$. Tuples are equal when e.g. $\{a, b\} = ...
3
votes
3answers
110 views

Number of positive unequal integer solutions of $x+y+z+w=20$

What is the number of positive different integer solutions of $x+y+z+w=20$, where $x,y,z,w$ are all different and positive? It would be nice if coding is not used. I am given the answer $552$.
0
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2answers
34 views

Number of permittable numbers given following conditions.

What are total numbers belonging to $\mathbb Q$ (rational) between $2008$ and $2009$ such that after decimal point their digits occur in decreasing order? \begin{align} 1) &\ 9Pi;i\in [1,9], \\ 2)...
1
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1answer
26 views

Betting ended after nth round.Find the sum of money NOT WON?

Rahul and Vijay are playing a game with 12-sided die,where both of them lay bets on outcomes of roll of die.They start betting Rs 5 each on first round of the game and the amount bet in each ...
1
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1answer
24 views

Permutations (Making numbers from digits) [closed]

Using the digits 1, 2, 4, 5, 7, and 8, how many different three-digit numbers can you form if each digit may be repeated any number of times in a number? I have tried to do this question and tried ...
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5answers
67 views

Arrange black and white balls so that each pair of white balls is separated by at least two black balls

I am trying to solve the following question: How many linear arrangements of $m$ white balls and $(n-m)$ black balls are possible such that each pair of white balls is separated by at least two ...
0
votes
1answer
33 views

How would I calculate the total number of combinations [closed]

Lets say I have 4 lines or rows lets call them Row 1 .. Row 4 Now the total number of ways to delete the rows are: Row 1 (leaving Row2, Row3, Row4) Row 2 (leaving Row1, Row3, Row4) Row 3 Row 4 ...
3
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1answer
38 views

Generic method to distribute n distinct objects among r people such that each person gets at least one object

Is there any generic method to solve problems of the kind - "How many ways to distribute n distinct objects among r person(s) such that each person gets at least 1 object?". I am aware of 2 different ...
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1answer
21 views

N objects among K persons

In how many ways can we distribute N objects among K people such that each person recieves AT LEAST ONE object ? Also the SUM MUST BE EQUAL TO N. eg. 7 objects can be distributed among 5 people in 2 ...
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vote
2answers
27 views

Permutation of coefficient with coditions [closed]

I have 6 coefficients, (V1,V2,H1,H2,D1,D2). Their permutation is 6! = 720. But I have a rule: V2 cannot lead V1, H2 cannot lead H1 and D2 cannot lead D1. For example: V2V1H1H2D1D2 is prohibit. ...
0
votes
1answer
52 views

How to approximate the Langford numbers with probability?

A Langford pairing, also called a Langford sequence is a permutation of the multi set {$1,1,2,2, \dots, n,n$} in such a way that there are exactly $k$ elements in between every $k$. Interestingly, ...
3
votes
1answer
31 views

Bell numbers and the Moments of expected number of fixed points

Let $X_N$ be the random variable corresponding to the number of fixed points (1-cycles) in a permutation chosen uniformly at random from $S_N$. Then, the $m^{\text{th}}$ moment, when $m < N$, is ...
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0answers
25 views

number of inversions in permutation if subarray of permutation is reversed?

I have permutation(P) of numbers 1 to N (<=10^5) . Suppose I can reverse the subarray of ...
1
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1answer
26 views

20 identical balls to be distributed in 3 identical boxes with MAX & MIN balls in each box?

As the title suggests, In how many ways can 20 identical balls be distributed in 3 identical boxes with at most 8 balls in each box and minimum 1 ball in each box ?
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4answers
707 views

Prove this using counting techniques: $\sum_{k=0}^{n}{\binom{2n+1}k} = 2^{2n}$

I recently came across a question while studying for an exam. I haven't been able to solve it. We had to prove: $$\sum_{k=0}^{n}{2n+1\choose k} = 2^{2n}$$ We had to use counting techniques. This was ...
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3answers
33 views

Finding all normal subgroups of $A_4$

I was reading up on this: Find the number of normal subgroups of $A_4$. If $H$ has a $3$-cycle, say $(123)$, then $H$ has its inverse $(132)$ thefore it also has $(124) = (324)(132)(324)^{-1}$, ...
16
votes
2answers
630 views

Minimal generating set of Rubik's Cube group

The Rubik's Cube group is generated by the six moves $\{F,B,U,D,L,R\}$. However, is this the minimal generating set for the group? In other words, can I simulate the move $F$ just by making the moves $...
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4answers
37 views

Why doesn't this alternative method work? Chance of getting four of a kind in a hand of $5$ cards?

Please note: This is not a duplicate since it is asking about an alternative method of solving the question What is the probability of getting four of a kind in a hand of $5$ cards from a standard ...
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3answers
63 views

Suppose that an ice-cream café has 10 different flavors of ice cream. [closed]

In how many different ways one can choose 3 scoops of ice-cream, so that order of flavors does not matter?
6
votes
3answers
58 views

In how many ways can an inspector visit $4$ normal sites and $1$ “suspicious” one?

I cannot figure out why my answer to the following question is wrong: Suppose that a weapons inspector must inspect each of five different sites twice, visiting one site per day. The inspector is ...
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0answers
67 views

How many possible solutions are there in 4 number game?

$4$ number game consist of $4$ random number from $0$ to $9$. The goal is to make the result equal to $24$. There are only operation four operation possible, addition, subtraction, multiplication, and ...
2
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0answers
38 views

Orbits of the permutation action of a subgroup on its cosets

Consider a finite group $G$ and a subgroup $H \subseteq G$. There is a transitive group action of $G$ on the set of left cosets $gH$ by left multiplication, and the stabilizer of $gH$ is $gHg^{-1}$. ...
0
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1answer
22 views

Permutation/Combination Assistance

I'm stuck on the following permutation/combination problem... John won 10 tickets to the Falcons/Ravens game by calling into a radio station’s contest. Find the number of ways he can invite family ...
3
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1answer
62 views

n points permuted on a circle

Here is a combinatorics problem that bothers me a lot. I am looking forward to a quick reply. Thanks in advance. Here goes the problem. Initially there are $n$ points on a circle. We do permutation to ...
0
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1answer
18 views

Proof that a transitive permutation group (G, X) with G abelian, is sharply regular

As the title states, the question is the following: Let (G, X) be a transitive permutation group, where G is abelian. Show that (G, X) is "sharply regular". First of all I want to notice that in my ...
2
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1answer
27 views

Limit of probability that a permutation of $\mathcal{S}_n$ has a $k$-cycle is $1 - e^{-1/k}$?

Choose a random permutation $\sigma \in \mathcal{S}_n$. What's the probability that it contains a $k$-cycle as you take $n \to \infty$? I ran a couple examples and it seems to approach $1 - e^{-1/k}$....
2
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4answers
56 views

Circular Arrangement with numbers

The number of ways of arranging 2 women and 7 men around a circular table containing nine numbered chairs such that the women are not together. I am getting answer as 7!*7c2(arranging 2 women in the ...
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1answer
48 views

Notation for probability: $C_n^r$, $P_n^r$, $A_n^r$?

I was told that $C^{n}_{k}$ refers to combinations or choose k elements from n elements, $\bar{C^{n}_{k}}$ refers to combinations with repetitions (i.e. $C^{n+k-1}_{k}$), and $P^{n}_{k}$ refers to ...
1
vote
1answer
36 views

Trying to find the rank of the word permutation .

What is the rank of the word $PERMUTATION$ if all the words formed by the letters of "$PERMUTATION$" are arranged in ascending order ? $PERMUTATION$ in ascending order in $\{A,E,I,M,N,O,P,R,T,T,U\}$ ...
40
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5answers
2k views

Why is the determinant defined in terms of permutations?

Where does the definition of the determinant come from, and is the definition in terms of permutations the first and basic one? What is the deep reason for giving such a definition in terms of ...
6
votes
2answers
223 views

Permutations of {1 .. n} where {1 .. k} are not adjacent

The Problem: So I was thinking up some simple combinatorics problems, and this one stumped me. Let N be the set of numbers $\{1 .. n\}$, or any set of cardinality $n$ Let K be the set of ...
1
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1answer
43 views

In how many ways can students sit

There are N students numbered from 1 to N standing in front of N chairs numbered from 1 to N. What is the number of ways the students can sit such that they don't sit on their own chairs? Student i ...
0
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2answers
49 views

How many different arrangements of seating can my friends and I sit at the movies? [closed]

Myself and 6 of my friends (1,2,3,4,5 and 6) have organised to see a movie. I am about to give the seat tickets out to my friends. However my friends have a complex relationship with each other. 1 ...