Questions on periodic functions, functions $f(x)$ that satisfy the identity $f(x+c)=f(x)$, for some nonzero $c$.

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10
votes
1answer
10k views

Period of the sum/product of two functions

Suppose that period of $f(x)=T$ and period of $g(x)=S$, I am interested what is a period of $f(x) g(x)$? period of $f(x)+g(x)$? What I have tried is to search in internet, and found following link ...
2
votes
1answer
109 views

The difference between two periodic functions converges to zero, is this two functions identical?

If $f(x)$ and $g(x)$ are two periodic functions, that is, $f(x+T_1)=f(x)$ and $g(x+T_2)=g(x)$ for every $x \in R$. Now that $lim_{x\to\infty}(f(x)-g(x))=0$. Conjecture: $f(x) \equiv g(x)$.
8
votes
1answer
224 views

Real-analytic periodic $f(z)$ that has more than 50 % of the derivatives positive?

Im looking for a real-analytic function $f(z)$ such that for any $z$ $1) $$f(z+p) =f(z)$ With $p$ a nonzero real number and where $z$ is close to , or onto the real line such that $z$ is in the ...
6
votes
3answers
1k views

What is the periodicity of the function $\sin(ax) \cos(bx)$ where $a$ and $b$ are rationals?

So, I have a general question first. What happens to the periodicity when we multiply two periodic trig functions with one another ? The next one is very specific, what is the period of the function ...
2
votes
2answers
132 views

Prove Parseval Identity for $f \in C(\Bbb T) 2\pi$ periodic continuous functions

Question: Prove Parseval Identity for $f \in C(\Bbb T) $ $2\pi$ periodic continuous functions $$ \frac{1}{2 \pi} \int_{-\pi}^\pi |f(x)|^2 dx =\sum_{n=-\infty}^\infty |\hat f(n)|^2 $$ Thoughts: We ...
7
votes
5answers
491 views

Sum of two periodic functions is periodic?

I have following paragraph taken from the Stanford's study material. Question: Is the sum of two periodic functions periodic? Answer: I guess the answer is no if you are Mathematician, yes ...
1
vote
2answers
73 views

Principal period of $\sin\frac{3x}{4}+\cos\frac{2x}{5}$ [duplicate]

Find the principal period of $$\sin\frac{3x}{4}+\cos\frac{2x}{5}$$ It was easy to find principle when single trigonometric function is given, but i don't know how to find principal period of sum of ...
2
votes
0answers
56 views

Do there exist periodic fractals $A_f$ of this type?

Let $z$ be a complex number. Meromorphic here means meromorphic on all of the complex plane $C$. Lets define a fractal $A_f$ on the complex plane as the result of iterating a meromorphic function ...
4
votes
4answers
1k views

Does the phrase “instantaneous frequency” make sense?

I had always thought of time and frequency as being two different (yet complete) descriptions of the same system, so to me, the phrase "instantaneous frequency" didn't make sense -- frequency is a ...
4
votes
4answers
1k views

Are sin and cos the only continuous and infinitely differentiable periodic functions we have?

Sin and cos are everywhere continuous and infinitely differentiable. Those are nice properties to have. They come from the unit circle. It seems there's no other periodic function that is also ...
3
votes
1answer
65 views

The periods of the Weierstrass function $\wp(z)$

Is it true that the periods $\omega_1$, $\omega_2$ of $\wp(z)$ are $\omega_1 = 4K$ and $\omega_2 = 4iK'$, respectively? Here, $K = K(k)$ is the complete elliptic integral of the first kind, and $K' = ...
3
votes
1answer
40 views

Hidden subgroup problem for $\mathbb{Z} mod 2$

The definition of the Hidden Subgroup Problem (HSP) is as follows (according to a lecture series by Pranab Sen), Let $G$ be a group, $S$ a set and $f : G \to S$ a function. We are given an ...
3
votes
2answers
1k views

Period of sum of sinusoids

Say I have a sum of two sinusoids like so: $$ Acos(xt+\phi) + Bcos(yt+\delta) $$ How would I find the period? I know that for just one sinusoid the period would be: $$ Acos(xt+\phi) $$ $$ T = 2\pi/x ...
2
votes
2answers
87 views

Non uniform continuity of a function and almost periodicity

We say that a continuous function $f:\mathbb{R}\to\mathbb{C}$ is almost periodic in the sense of Bohr if: For every sequence $(t'_n)_{n\geq0}$, there's a sub-sequence $(t_n)_{n\geq0}$ such that ...
2
votes
2answers
26 views

What can be said about a function that is odd (or even) with respect to two distinct points?

This question is a little open-ended, but suppose $f : \mathbb R \to \mathbb R$ is odd with respect to two points; i.e. there exist $x_0$ and $x_1$ (and for simplicity, let's take $x_0 = 0$) such that ...
1
vote
2answers
55 views

Periodicity of a triginometric function

I have a trigonometric function and I'm interested to know whether or not it has a period. At this stage I'm fairly certain that it is not periodic. However, I don't know how to prove it. Can anyone ...
1
vote
2answers
110 views

Periodic sequence [duplicate]

$(x_n)_n$ is a sequence defined by the relation: $x_{n+2}=|x_{n+1}-x_{n-1}|$ for $n\geq1$ and $x_0,x_1,x_2$ are non-negative integers, not all three equal 0. I think this sequence is periodic, so here ...
1
vote
1answer
213 views

fundamental period

$f:\Bbb R\to \Bbb R$ is continous and nonconstant function. Let $p$ be a positive real number such that $f(x+p)=f(x) $ for all $x \in \Bbb R$ . Then there exitst $n\in\Bbb N$ such that ${p \over n ...
1
vote
1answer
257 views

How to effectively compute a periodic function?

I'm writing a program to compute a value of periodic function for any arbitrary large argument: $f(k) = (\sum_{n=1}^{2^k} n)\mod\ (10^9 + 7)$, where $n,k \in \mathbb{N} $ I know that $ f(k + P) = ...
0
votes
2answers
68 views

How to determine the orbits of points under the tripling map $f(x)=3x\bmod 1$?

Let $f$ be the tripling map $f(x) = 3x \mod(1)$. Determine the complete orbit of the points $\frac{1}{8}$ and $\frac{1}{72}$. Indicate whether each of these points is periodic, eventually periodic, or ...
0
votes
1answer
131 views

Function with oscillating frequency?

I'm looking for a function whose frequency oscillates around a certain value (say, oscillating between 440 Hz and 880 Hz, at a rate of 1 Hz -- i.e., its frequency goes up and down once per second, ...