Questions on periodic functions, functions $f(x)$ that satisfy the identity $f(x+c)=f(x)$, for some nonzero $c$.

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1answer
36 views

Stability of a Specific Hill's Equation

Consider the Hill's Equation $u''+a(t)u=0$ where $a(t)=a(t+T)$ for all $t$. Show that if $a(t)<0$ for all $t$, then the solution satisfying the inital condition $u(0)=u'(0)=1$ is unbounded as $t ...
0
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3answers
110 views

Why is a sequence $(x_1, x_2, x_3,…)$ eventually periodic if the set $\{x_1, x_2, x_3,…\}$ is finite?

"A sequence $(x_1, x_2, x_3...)$ is eventually periodic if the set ${x_1, x_2, x_3,...}$ is finite. (Think about it.)" (Vivaldi) First of all I am not sure whether this is an if and only if statement ...
0
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0answers
62 views

Explicit formula for inclusion/exclusion

I've been searching for a formula for the cardinality of the union of $n$ sets but all the formulas I can find incorporate the symbol (...) and summations that have limits of the form ...
1
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2answers
88 views

Turn aperiodic function to periodic

I got a quick question regarding aperiodic functions. Let's suppose I have an aperiodic function $$ f(x) = \left\{ \begin{array}{l l} \exp(-t) & \quad -2\leq t \leq2,\\ 0 & \quad ...
1
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4answers
63 views

The period of the function $f(x)=a\cdot \sin(ax)+a$

What is the period of the following function $$f(x)=a\cdot \sin(ax)+a, \mbox{ } x \in \mathbb{R}, a>0.$$ How can I find out? Thanks.
3
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2answers
2k views

Period of sum of sinusoids

Say I have a sum of two sinusoids like so: $$ Acos(xt+\phi) + Bcos(yt+\delta) $$ How would I find the period? I know that for just one sinusoid the period would be: $$ Acos(xt+\phi) $$ $$ T = 2\pi/x ...
0
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1answer
78 views

$f(x)$ is periodic with period p.

Suppose $f(x)$ is periodic with period p and $g(x)$ is periodic with period q. Let $r$ be the L.C.M. of p and q, if it exists. Then show that: If $f(x)$ and $g(x)$ cannot be interchanged by adding a ...
1
vote
1answer
96 views

$f(x)$ is a periodic function with period $T$.

Prove that if $f(x)$ is a periodic function with period T, then the function $f(ax+b)$, where $a>0$, is periodic with period $\frac{T}{a}$. I started with, $$f[(a(x+T/a)+b]=f[(ax+b)+T]=f(ax+b).$$ ...
0
votes
1answer
147 views

Proving the fundamental period of tangent

I'm very new to math and proofs -- so I apologize if my math skills and vocabulary offends you. I have a question that states: Prove that PI is a fundamental period of the tangent function. I need ...
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0answers
50 views

Help with the system of 13 equations

Homework from electronics class, but since it looks like a math problem to me i decided to look for help here. I am given this composite periodic signal that has 6 harmonics: ...
0
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1answer
33 views

Prove that $\exists x_1,x_2 \in \mathbb{R}$ with $|x_1-x_2|=\frac{T}{2}$ such that $f(x_1)=f(x_2)$

Let $f:\mathbb{R} \to \mathbb{R}$ be continuous periodic function with T>0. Prove that $\exists x_1,x_2 \in \mathbb{R}$ with $|x_1-x_2|=\frac{T}{2}$ such that $f(x_1)=f(x_2)$. I don't even know ...
0
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1answer
60 views

what is the period of this sinusoidal function funtion

How can we find the fundamental period of this sinusoidal discrete function $x(n) = 10\cos{(\frac{4n\pi}{31}+\frac{\pi}{5}})$ I tried using the formulae $\frac{2π}{\omega}$ and got the answer 31/2, ...
0
votes
1answer
87 views

Period of recurrence relation mod p

For a recurrence relation like $$f(n)=((k-2)*f(n-1)+(k-1)*f(n-2) )\bmod p$$ with initial conditions .This recurrence holds for n>=4 $$\begin{align}f(1)&=k \bmod p\\ f(2)&=k*(k-1) \bmod ...
0
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1answer
55 views

Periodic Solution of Ode

Consider the homogeneous equation $ y'+a(x) y=0$, a is with period $\xi$ and continuous on $-\infty<x<\infty$. (a) Show that there exist a constant c such that $y(x+\xi)=cy(x)$ for all x and ...
2
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2answers
157 views

Prove Parseval Identity for $f \in C(\Bbb T) 2\pi$ periodic continuous functions

Question: Prove Parseval Identity for $f \in C(\Bbb T) $ $2\pi$ periodic continuous functions $$ \frac{1}{2 \pi} \int_{-\pi}^\pi |f(x)|^2 dx =\sum_{n=-\infty}^\infty |\hat f(n)|^2 $$ Thoughts: We ...
3
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1answer
70 views

Prove f is analytic and periodic

Suppose that there are entire functions $\{f_n\}$ so that for all complex numbers $x+iy$ $$\sum_{n=1}^{\infty} |f_n(x+iy)|^{\frac{1}{n}} \leq e^x$$ Show that $f(z)=\sum_{n=1}^{\infty} f_n(x+iy)$ is ...
3
votes
2answers
202 views

How to determine the period of a binary matrix?

As a part of my research project, I encounter a difficulty to compute the period of a binary cat matrix $C$, which is a square matrix of dimension $n$ with the following properties $|\rm{det}(C)|=1$ ...
5
votes
1answer
263 views

Floquet Theory - Reducing ODE's to Constant Coefficient ODE's?

Am I right in my reading of the bottom of this page by Arnold, where he apparently says that to any system of first order ode's with periodic coefficients one can find a change of variables reducing ...
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1answer
131 views

Finding period of a periodic function

I am having some trouble finding the period of this function: $$W(\omega) = \frac{\sin[(2N +1)\omega \Delta t / 2]}{(2N + 1)\sin[\omega \Delta t /2]}$$ Here $N$ is an integer, $\omega$ is angular ...
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3answers
1k views

How to prove periodicity of a trigonometric function

$f(x)= \sin(2x)+3\cos(8x)$ Is the function periodic ? What I did is equalize $f(x)=f(x+T)$ and after noting that $\sin(2x)=\sin(2T)=\sin(8x)=0$ and $\cos(2x)=\cos(2T)=\cos(8x)=1$ we get that ...
2
votes
2answers
30 views

What can be said about a function that is odd (or even) with respect to two distinct points?

This question is a little open-ended, but suppose $f : \mathbb R \to \mathbb R$ is odd with respect to two points; i.e. there exist $x_0$ and $x_1$ (and for simplicity, let's take $x_0 = 0$) such that ...
3
votes
1answer
137 views

Let $f: \mathbb{R} \to \mathbb{R}$ be continuous periodic function with period $T>0$

Let $f: \mathbb{R} \to \mathbb{R}$ be a continuous periodic function with period $T>0$. Show that there exists an element $x \in \mathbb{R}$ for which $f(x)=f(x+T/2)$. This is what I came up with ...
0
votes
1answer
18 views

What is the period of $f(X) = (A+K\cdot X) \mod N$

I have a function $f$ mapping from integers to integers as follows: $f(X) = (A+K \cdot X) \mod N$ Where $A,K,X,N$ are positive integers. What is the period of the function?
2
votes
2answers
162 views

Fourier Series and periodicity

Let $f$ be a $2 \pi$-periodic piecewise continuous function and let \begin{equation} f(x) \sim \frac{a_{0}}{2}+\sum_{n=1}^{\infty}\left[a_{n}\cos{nx}+b_{n}\sin{nx} \right] \tag{*} \end{equation} ...
1
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0answers
29 views

Solutions for ODE with periodic B.C.

I have the following ODE $$-u(x)''=f(x) \qquad u:[0,1)$$ It is smooth and 1-periodic. Assume that I have a solution u(x). How do I prove that: $$u(x)= u(x)+c \quad c \in \mathbb{R} $$ is also a ...
1
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0answers
59 views

Triangulation in periodically repeated 3D box

I have a set of points in a 3D box (rectangular parallelepiped), which is periodically repeated out of two its opposite sides. How do I find the Delaunay triangulation for this set of points? Here is ...
2
votes
1answer
77 views

Fourier transform of $f[n]$ and $f[-n]$

Hi I am just wondering, If I have a signal $f[n]\in \mathbb{C}^L$, i.e. $f$ is $L$-periodic, i can also define $h[n]=f[-n]$. Is it true that the Fourier transform of $f$, say $\hat{F}$, and the ...
2
votes
2answers
798 views

Extend a function as odd/even periodic function

Let $f$ be the function $f(x) = x^2 + 2 $, where $ 0<x<1 $. Extend the function $f(x)$ (1) As an odd periodic function with period $2$ (2) As an even periodic function with period $2$ (3) ...
1
vote
1answer
74 views

How do I prove that $\cos(\frac{1}{2}x)$ is a periodic function?

Given: $f(x)=\cos(\frac{1}{2}x)$. Prove: f is a periodic function with period 4π My math teacher never went over this so I don't know where to start or what to do :/
2
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1answer
115 views

The difference between two periodic functions converges to zero, is this two functions identical?

If $f(x)$ and $g(x)$ are two periodic functions, that is, $f(x+T_1)=f(x)$ and $g(x+T_2)=g(x)$ for every $x \in R$. Now that $lim_{x\to\infty}(f(x)-g(x))=0$. Conjecture: $f(x) \equiv g(x)$.
0
votes
1answer
55 views

Simple question about complex $e^{i}$ and angles

I'm working with angles. I have a hard time figuring something. In electric physics, I have an equation describing an AC voltage function, this way $V_{x} = 0.0469 \cdot e^{-j \cdot 1.083}\cdot ...
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0answers
31 views

problem about Period

we have a, b, m initially where 0 <= a, b < m <= 10^7. And we define a[1] = a, ...
1
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1answer
234 views

fundamental period

$f:\Bbb R\to \Bbb R$ is continous and nonconstant function. Let $p$ be a positive real number such that $f(x+p)=f(x) $ for all $x \in \Bbb R$ . Then there exitst $n\in\Bbb N$ such that ${p \over n ...
1
vote
1answer
30 views

What functions model this relationship?

I'm currently working a bit on an AI, and in order for it to function, it must be able to quickly predict where a point will be in space, given any distance. The movement of this point may be modeled ...
4
votes
1answer
100 views

$f_1, f_2 : \mathbb{R} \rightarrow \mathbb{R}$ nonconstant, continuous, with period $1, \sqrt{2}$, respectively, then $f_1 + f_2$ is not periodic

I've been working on this problem for several hours, but I keep getting stuck. Suppose $f_1, f_2 : \mathbb{R} \rightarrow \mathbb{R}$ periodic with period $1, \sqrt{2}$, respectively, and that each of ...
1
vote
1answer
174 views

Prove the included formula relating cos(nx) and cos(x)

I'm struggling with the below problem. Can anyone shed some light on it? Show that the below formula is a correct relation between $y = \cos n\theta$ and $x = cos \theta$ for all $n$: $$ x = \frac 12 ...
-2
votes
1answer
142 views

Is this function periodic? [closed]

Is the following function periodic? $$f(x)=\cos(x)*\cos(x\sqrt5)$$ A function $f$ is said to be periodic with period $P$ ($P$ being a nonzero constant) if we have $$f(x+P) = f(x)$$ for all ...
3
votes
1answer
217 views

Minimum period of function such that $f\left(x+\frac{13}{42}\right)+f(x)=f\left(x+\frac{1}{6}\right)+f\left(x+\frac{1}{7}\right) $

Let $ f$ be a function from the set of real numbers $ \mathbb{R}$ into itself such for all $ x \in \mathbb{R},$ we have $ |f(x)| \leq 1,f(x)\neq constant $ and ...
0
votes
1answer
63 views

Periodic extensions and continuity

Consider the periodic extension $g$ of $f(x)=x^2-1$ where $x \in (0,1)$. Now suppose that $h(x)$ is a continuous function, does $h$ composed with $g$ have to be continuous? I don't think it should, ...
1
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1answer
48 views

Periodicity of a function

If f(x) is periodic with period a, would f(tx) be periodic with period a/t? Would f(tx+b) make still have period a/t? Im inclined to think so, because this works for the trig functions, but i'm not ...
1
vote
1answer
159 views

Understanding a periodic discontinuous function

This is from an example in my PDE text. It's something I should probably know, but maybe I am just reading the wording wrong. The text (Asmar as it happens, section 2.1) gives the following example ...
1
vote
1answer
131 views

Linear fit to wrapped / periodic data

Assume I have a number $N$ of noisy (phase) data $\varphi_i$, i.e., $\varphi_i \in [0,2\pi)$. I know that between $\varphi_{i-1}$ and $\varphi_i$ there is a constant phase shift $\Delta \varphi$ ...
1
vote
1answer
95 views

Period of function $x\mapsto (f(x))^2$

If i know, that $f(x)$ is a periodic function with period $T$, how should i prove, that $(f(x))^2$ has period $T_1 : T_1 \le T$. I tried to use periodic function determination: $f(x)=f(x+T)$, but it ...
2
votes
1answer
599 views

How to prove a function is periodic?

$$f(x)=\begin{cases}1&\text{if }2n-1<x<2n,\\0&\text{if }2n<x<2n+1. \end{cases} $$ Is this function is periodic or not? How can I prove it?
0
votes
1answer
29 views

Periodicity of a series of points

I have a series of 2-D points. I want to analyze if there is any pattern in this series. Also, if the series is somehow repeating, can I extract a smaller series of points to analyze instead of the ...
5
votes
2answers
185 views

If $f$ is a continuous periodic function with irrational period and if $\sum_n\frac{|f(n)|}{n}<\infty$, then $f$ is identically zero.

Please show that if $f:\mathbb{R}\to\mathbb{R}$ is a continuous periodic function with irrational period and if $\sum_n\frac{|f(n)|}{n}<\infty$, then $f$ is identically zero. (For example, using ...
2
votes
2answers
443 views

How to make ANY function to repeat periodically?

I have some function, say, Gauss PDF Now I want it to repeat, say, every N units How to transform any function this way? I know I can sum function at each shift. But is it possible to convert ...
2
votes
0answers
119 views

Periodic Laplace transform

Here's the questions and the graph I've been struggling with this since Thursday and this is due today. I need help on problems a and b. For a, the question is: "Write $f(t) = \sum_{n=0}^\infty ...
5
votes
2answers
183 views

For $f$ periodic, $g\to 0$ the integral of $fg$ converges (under some more conditions)

Let $f,g:\mathbb{R}\to\mathbb{R}$ be continuous functions such that: $f$ is periodic, with finitely many zeros in a period The average value of $f$ on a period is $0$ $g$ is monotonic decreasing and ...
6
votes
4answers
312 views

Prove that f(x)=g(x)

Show that if $f,g:\mathbb{R}\to \mathbb{R}$ are continuous and periodic and $\lim_{x\to \infty}[f(x)-g(x)]=0$, then $f=g$