Questions on "Partial Differential Equations", as opposed to "ordinary differential equations".

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2
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1answer
57 views

Fundamental solution for a parabolic PDE with costant coefficents

as it is well known, the fundamental solution of the heat equation is the function $G(t,x)=\frac{1}{(4\pi t)^{n/2}}e^{\frac{|x|^2}{4t}}$, for all $t>0,x\in\mathbb{R}^n$. I wonder if exists (and ...
-2
votes
2answers
46 views

how to solve the system of partial differential equations? [closed]

I need to solve the following system: $$ \begin{cases} \frac {\partial K(x,y)}{\partial x}x + \frac {\partial K(x,y)}{\partial y}y+2k(x,y) = 0 \\ \frac {\partial K(x,y)}{\partial x}y - \frac {\partial ...
0
votes
1answer
16 views

Higher accuracy of numerical derivative in 2D case

Recently, I face a problem about solving a PDE (2D in spatial direction) and I stuck on the discretization of the 1st order derivative. My stencil is as follow There are five points in my stencil. ...
1
vote
1answer
21 views

Numerical method for nonlinear wave equation

I need to solve the following nonlinear wave equation numerically $U_{tt}=(1+\epsilon U_{x}^2)U_{xx}$ with Initial conditions. what is the best method for solving it? I tried the finite elements ...
0
votes
0answers
110 views

Rearranging a spherical harmonics expansion

Referring to this article (click to enlarge): and How is it that they get from equation 2 to equation 3? Whenever I do it, I can't cancel the imaginary terms Is there some spherical harmonics ...
1
vote
0answers
26 views

Under some regularity assumptions to the boundary $\partial\Omega$, the first weak eigenfunction of $-\Delta$ in $\Omega$ is also a strong one

Let $\Omega\subseteq\mathbb R^n$ be a bounded domain, $H:=W_0^{1,2}(\Omega)$ be the Sobolev space, $C^{2,\alpha}(\Omega)$ be the Hölder space for some $\alpha\in (0,1]$ and ...
1
vote
1answer
19 views

Convergence of a sequence of Hölder continuous functions with respect to the Sobolev norm

Let $\Omega\subseteq\mathbb R^n$ be a bounded domain, $W_0^{1,2}(\Omega)$ be the Sobolev space and $C^{2,\alpha}$ be the Hölder space for some $\alpha\in (0,1]$. Suppose $(u_k)_{k\in\mathbb ...
1
vote
1answer
40 views

What theorem is this? (in PDE)

I'm confused because it's titled as "Gauss's theorem about heat flux" (not in English though, I'm translating), but instead of the heat equation there's Laplace's equation written above the theorem. ...
0
votes
0answers
18 views

finite differences nonlinear least squares

I am facing to following nonlinear least-squares problem: $$\min_{u,\gamma} \frac{1}{1000} \int_{ \gamma(x,y)^2} + \int_{ [u(x,y)−u (x,y)]^2} + \int_{ [∆u(x,y)−\gamma(x,y)u(x,y)]^2}$$ where the ...
1
vote
0answers
26 views

Regularity of solutions of Parabolic PDE

Consider the equation: $u_{t} - a \Delta u + \lambda u = g $ in $\mathbb R$ X $(0,T)$ $u(x, 0) = u_{0}(x)$ Where $a \gt 0$ & $\lambda \in \mathbb R$ are given constants!! Now, assume that for ...
0
votes
0answers
27 views

Existence and uniqueness of a pde solution

I have the PDE system: $\frac{\delta}{\delta t}u(t,r)=-\int_0^1 H(|r-r'|)v(t,r')dr'u(t,r)$ $\frac{\delta}{\delta t}v(t,r)=\int_0^1 H(|r-r'|)v(t,r')dr'u(t,r)-v(t,r)$ $x(0,r)=\rho(r), ...
0
votes
0answers
30 views

Trace zero not needed for $H^2$ regularity if $V_N\subset H^2$ is finite dim?

Reading Evans and this note after asking this question, I have been thinking about the estimates for interior/global regularity in Evans, 6.3.1, theorem 1, and thoerem 4 in 6.3.2, of the form ...
1
vote
0answers
52 views

Orthonormal basis of $L^2$ and it's impact on the solution to the heat equation.

If we consider the homogeneous Dirichlet eigenvalue problem on a bounded domain $\Omega\subset\Bbb R^n$ - (one part of my question is if we can assume $\Omega$ to be a Lipschitz domain and still ...
0
votes
1answer
28 views

Existence of the first weak eigenvalue of the Laplacian in a bounded domain

Let $\Omega\subseteq\mathbb R^n$ be a bounded domain and $$H:=W_0^{1,2}(\Omega):=\left\{u\in L^2(\Omega):\nabla u\in L^2(\Omega)\right\}$$ be the Sobolev space, where $\nabla u$ denotes the weak ...
6
votes
0answers
223 views

How to classify/ solve this PDE?

I am searching how to solve the PDE below but I can not seem to find a decent example online. My major did not focus much in solving PDEs so I feel very deficient. I know how to solve for the steady ...
1
vote
0answers
27 views

Stability in partial differential equations

I have the following PDE, with parameters $a$ and $b$: $$ \frac{\partial c}{\partial t} = \frac{\partial}{\partial z} \left( a c + b \frac{\partial c}{\partial z}\right) $$ with, for now, just one ...
1
vote
1answer
37 views

Uniqueness of harmonic function with Mixed Dirichlet Neumann condition

Let $u \colon \{\mbox{Im } z>0\}\subset\mathbb{C}\to \mathbb{R}$ be a positive harmonic function in the upper half plane, i.e $$ \Delta u=0,\,\, \mbox{for}\,\mbox{ Im } z>0. $$ Consider now the ...
2
votes
0answers
31 views

Nonlinear Solution to PDE (sine-Gordon Equation)

So I have this nonlinear PDE, the sine-Gordon Equation, $u_{tt}-c^{2}u_{xx}+\omega_{p}^{2}\sin u=0$ whose linearized solution is given by $u_0$. ($c$ and $\omega_p$ are constant.) My reference tells ...
0
votes
0answers
16 views

Limit of the solution of viscosity problem associated to Conservation Laws

If $u^{\epsilon}$ be a solution of approximating viscous problem: $u^{\epsilon}_{t} + F(u^{\epsilon})_{x}-\epsilon u^{\epsilon}_{xx}=0$ in $\mathbb R$ X $(0,\infty)$ $u^{\epsilon} = g$ on $\mathbb ...
0
votes
0answers
14 views

Doubt regarding proof of Uniqueness of Entropy solution In Evans

At page $610$ of the PDE book by Evans I have read this: $\int_{0}^{\infty} \int_{0}^{\infty}G(\bar y, \bar s) \eta_{\epsilon}(\bar y) \eta_{\epsilon}(\bar s)d \bar y d \bar s \geq 0$ ; where: ...
1
vote
0answers
19 views

Weak harnack type inequality

I have reached a lemma which I do not have any reference and hint for it. Assume $ \Omega \subset \mathbb{R^N} $ is smooth bounded domain and let $u$ be a positive distributional supersolution ...
0
votes
0answers
21 views

PDEs, Monte-Carlo methods and hyperbolic problems

I often hear that Monte-Carlo methods provide good solutions to elliptic and parabolic type PDE problems. The main apparent reason being that the Feynman-Kac formulae, modernly derived from the Ito ...
0
votes
0answers
18 views

strong minima and maxima condition in calculus of variation

I am going through the topic CALCULUS OF VARIATION. There are not many examples on the topic strong/weak maxima minima. Can anybody provide the link of the source or book name where this topic is ...
2
votes
1answer
32 views

Couple stress tensor reference.

Can someone give me a good mathematical reference for couple stress tensor in its most basic form. Thank you.
6
votes
0answers
161 views

Regularity of a weak solution

The problem is formulated as follows: Let $\Omega\subset\mathbb{R}^2$ a bounded Lipschitz domain. For $u\in L_2(\Omega)$ one can define the one dimensional weak dirivative $\partial_1 u$. Now define ...
1
vote
0answers
30 views

Uniqueness of the solution of a PDE system

If I have the following PDE system: $\frac{\delta}{\delta t}x(t,r)=-\int_0^1 G(|r-r'|)y(t,r')dr'x(t,r)$ $\frac{\delta}{\delta t}y(t,r)=\int_0^1 G(|r-r'|)y(t,r')dr'x(t,r)-y(t,r)$ $x(0,r)=a(r), ...
0
votes
1answer
26 views

Prove that each $W_0^{1,2}$-function is weakly differentiable

Let $\Omega\subseteq\mathbb R^n$ be open. $u\in\mathcal L^1_\text{loc}(\Omega)$ is called weakly differentiable $:\Leftrightarrow$ $\exists v\in\mathcal L^1_\text{loc}(\Omega;\mathbb R^n)$ with ...
1
vote
1answer
57 views

How to numerically solve the Poisson equation given Neumann boundary conditions?

I want to solve the Poisson equation on a 2D domain given Neumann-type boundary conditions: The PDE: \begin{equation} \nabla^2 \; u(r,\theta) \;=\; f(r,\theta) \end{equation} The boundary ...
1
vote
1answer
35 views

Help with a proof using energy method for PDE

The question is Prove the uniqueness of solution of the initial value problem for $\left\{ \begin{array}{l} \Delta u - {u_{tt}} - q(x)u = f(x,t)\\ u(x,0) = g(x)\\ {u_t}(x,0) = h(x) \end{array} ...
0
votes
0answers
15 views

Heat equation with $x\in [0,+\infty[$ and non-homogeneous initial and boundary condition

The IVBP that i need to solve is the follow: \begin{equation} \begin{cases} u_t=au_{xx} & x>0,t>0,a\in\mathbb{R}^+\\ u(x,0)=B_0e^{-kx}\cos(kx) & x\geq ...
3
votes
0answers
33 views

The best constant in Poincare-liked inequality in BV space

Let $\Omega\subset \mathbb R^N$ open bounded smooth boundary. Then we could prove that for any $u\in BV(\Omega)$ and $\omega\in \operatorname{ker}\mathcal E $, where $\mathcal E$ denotes the ...
0
votes
0answers
55 views

If $\|f\|_X\le c_1\|f\|_Y$ then do we have $\langle f,g\rangle_X\le c_2\langle f,g\rangle_Y$?

Let $X$ and $Y$ be two inner product spaces with inner products $\langle \cdot,\cdot\rangle_X$ and $\langle \cdot,\cdot\rangle_Y$, respectively. Suppose we have $\|f\|_X\le c_1\|f\|_Y$ for any $f\in ...
1
vote
0answers
20 views

Reference needed for a short time existence result of quasilinear PDE on a compact manifold (relating to Ricci flow).

I'm currently in the proces of learning and writing a bit about the Ricci flow. In particular I'm studying the case of compact 2d Riemannian manifolds. Mostly I'm making good progress but I do miss ...
4
votes
0answers
46 views

Why is $\frac d{dt}((\xi \alpha)^{-1})=\frac{-1}{(\xi \alpha)^2} \frac d{dt}(\xi \alpha) = \frac{\partial \lambda_2}{\partial w_1} \xi^{-1}$?

My question concerns the proof of Theorem 2 in §11.3 of PDE Evans: THEOREM 2 (Riemann invariants and blow-up). Assume $\mathbf{g}$ is smooth, with compact support. Suppose also the genuine ...
0
votes
1answer
21 views

Maximum Principle for the PDE $\Delta u - a^2u=a^2$

I have this Dirichlet probem \begin{align*} \Delta u - a^2u&=a^2\quad\text{on}\;\, \Omega \subset \mathbb{R}^n \\ u&\equiv 0\quad \, \text{ on }\partial \Omega, \end{align*} where $a^2$ is ...
3
votes
1answer
45 views

Help with a proof about heat equation

The question is Suppose $U=\Omega \times (0,T)$ where $\Omega \subseteq \Bbb{R}^n$ is a bounded domain. Let $u\in C_1^2(U)\bigcap C(\bar U)$ satisfy $u_t \le\Delta u + cu$ in $U$ where $c \le 0$ ...
0
votes
0answers
46 views

When is one or more PDEs equivalent to one or more ODEs?

I'm relatively new to PDEs and ODEs. It seems that PDEs are generally more difficult to solve than ODEs, and so I intuitively have the feeling that one needs more information/knowledge/theorems in ...
1
vote
0answers
47 views

How to apply Sobolev inequalities?

I'm struggling with an application of Sobolev inequalities in Evans' book. He presents his argument like this: For $4<p<5$ we have $2(p-1)=2(p-4)+6=2(p-4)+ 2^*$ and therefore $$\left( ...
0
votes
1answer
31 views

PDE model of metal rod at temperature=1 plunged into a bath of temperature=0

Consider a metal rod (0 < x < l), insulated along its sides but not at its ends, which is initially at temperature=1. Suddenly both ends are plunged into a bath of temperature=0. Write the PDE, ...
1
vote
0answers
34 views

A question about a system of PDE

It is well known that under suitable conditions, the symmetry of mixed second partial derivatives reads: $$\frac{\partial^2 f}{\partial x \partial y}=\frac{\partial^2 f}{\partial y \partial x}.$$ ...
0
votes
1answer
41 views

An application of strong maximum principle for harmonic functions

This should be an easy application, since it is given as a remark without proof in Evan's pde book. Let U be connected and u harmonic in U. Then u is positive everywhere in U if u is positive ...
0
votes
1answer
18 views

Construct an exactly smooth function as a cutoff of half ball with vanishing normal dirivative

$\newcommand{\pt}{\partial}$ Suppose $B_r^+:=\{x=(x_1,x_2)\in B_r(0)\subset R^2|x_2\geq0\}$, can we construct a $C^\infty$ smooth function $\phi$, $0\leq\phi\leq1$, such that $$ \phi\equiv1 \text{ in ...
0
votes
0answers
25 views

Issues with finite-difference implicit solution of Advection-Diffusion-Reaction eqn

Objective: I am trying to numerically solve $C(x,y,t)$ from the following advection-diffusion-reaction equation in 2D space (x,y) and time. I will be testing my numerical solution with an approximate ...
0
votes
0answers
12 views

Reference request for a mixed boundary value problem

Let $\Sigma$ be a compact Riemannian manifold with boundary and assume that $\partial\Sigma=Y_1\sqcup Y_2.$ Let $\Delta$ be the nonnegative Laplacian on $\Sigma.$ I am looking for the reference for ...
0
votes
1answer
15 views

standard mollifier (comparing the definition in Evans and wiki)

Hi I am looking at the definition of standard mollifier $\eta$ in Evans, and the $\eta$ from wiki enter link description here Have a very basic question, is the $\eta$ in Evans also compactly ...
2
votes
1answer
56 views

A specific 1st order PDE which looks almost like a linear PDE

I have a PDE on the following form: $$ \frac{\partial f}{\partial t}(t, x) + \mu \frac{\partial f}{\partial x}(t, x) + \lambda [f(t, x+1)-f(t, 1)]= 0 $$ where $\lambda$ and $\mu$ are positive ...
0
votes
1answer
75 views

Numerically solving a system of partial integro-differential equations in Matlab [closed]

Given the following system of partial integro-differential equations - $\frac{dS(t)}{dt}=\Lambda-\mu S(t)-\beta S(t)F(t),\\ \frac{\partial I(t,\omega)}{\partial t}+\frac{\partial ...
0
votes
1answer
48 views

different generalized functions?

I am trying to solve a PDE that's order 1 in time $t\ge0$ and order 2 in space $x\ge0$. The solution $u(x,t)$ exists, is unique and possesses the following properties: $u(x,t)\ge0$ for all ...
-1
votes
2answers
38 views

Difference quotients and weak derivatives (Evans 5.8.2 theorem 3) [closed]

Could anyone give a proof on the remark below the theorem? Basically it is problem 11 I think the proof relates to example 19.19 (p.375) in enter link description here But I really do not ...
2
votes
1answer
47 views

Why is the wave equation second order

It is very intuitive that any function of the form $y=f(x+vt)$ would describe a wave in two spatial dimensions and time. From that it is easy to use the chain rule, letting $w=x+vt$ and doing: $$ ...