1. From a samples of a small samples of mathematical objects, conjecture a common pattern to all of them. This includes "guess the next terms in the sequence" question (consider checking OEIS first). Please provide as much context as possible. 2. Mathematical ideas related to pattern recognition, ...

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65 views

Did the U.S. Army use a formula to evaluate fitness performance?

While writing a web app to calculate one's score on the Army Physical Fitness Test (APFT), I grew tired of simply retyping this chart: ...
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1answer
41 views

Function for numeric input output series

I am trying to find function which will give me output for corresponding inputs. ...
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1answer
32 views

proof that a density proportional to Gaussian is Gaussian

I try to develop bayesian estimation for one dimensional Gaussian with unknown $\mu$ and known $\sigma$. I got $$p(x\mid D) = \int p(x\mid\mu)p(\mu\mid D) \, d\mu =\int \frac{1}{\sigma ...
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1answer
49 views

Best algo for finding no. of steps required to convert a sequence to a palindromic sequence

[My first question of Math SE, so, HI!] I'm not sure of what the rules are around the place, but I have a straightforward question as follows... The sequences 23, 45, 23 and 23, 45, 56, 23, 23, ...
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1answer
108 views

Finding an expression to represent this pattern

Is there a method to find a math expression for a given pattern? I have this pattern and I am very curious to find out how can I generate it. ...
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1answer
219 views

How can I count clockwise vs counterclockwise cycles in a series of (modular) integers?

I'm working with a Markov process that has a state and transition diagram like in the picture: The transition probabilities are not listed, but they are always positive, but not necessarily ...
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33 views

Pattern finding algorithms

I am working on a server that will update a list each day. The list will look like the following example. ...
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1answer
34 views

Quadratic number pattern equation

May I know how do I form a quadratic number pattern equation? I cant seem to form one on my own. 1500, 1519,1536, 1551,1564.
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1answer
27 views

What does this quantity measure?

Consider this list of numbers: $$\begin{bmatrix} 59 \\ 148 & 0.60 \\ 200 & 0.26 & 1 \\ 250 & 0.20 & 1.25 \\ 290 & 0.14 & 1.45 \\ 325 & 0.11 & 1.625 \\ 360 & ...
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56 views

Pattern Finding in terms of previous terms

Find the next terms of the pattern: $$ 1,4,24,192,2120,31140,566202 \dots$$ Tell the pattern expression. I have already tried Lagrange interpolation. But it is not accurate enough.
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44 views

Anyone recognize this pattern? Plotting relationship between two parameters and their response.

First time asking a question here so hopefully I can provide enough information to you guys without explaining more than necessary. I'm doing some amateurish numerical analysis in MATLAB on some ...
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40 views

How to complete a table of probabilities ?

Im baffling myself as to why I cannot understand where it came from. Someone please explain to me like I'm five. $$\begin{array}{c|c} x & p(x) \\ \hline 0 & 0.73 \\ 1 & ? \\ 2 & 0.06 ...
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148 views

What Constitutes a Pattern

Mathematics is often referred to as the "study of patterns." What I'm wondering is whether there is somehow a technical way to describe a pattern. For the length of this question let's assume that ...
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137 views

Find the number that follows the rules of two different series

I have this logic problem where I need to find a number that fits in 2 different series (vertical and horizontal). Each series has a rule, and once you find them, you can determine the answer. $$ ...
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170 views

Point Group of a pattern

I need to determine the point group of the following patterns: I think the one on the left is $D_1$ and the one on the right is $D_2$
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140 views

Adding Numbers Pattern

A few nights ago I couldn't sleep and so started doing this: I would take a number and add up all of its digits to get a new number and then add up all of those digits and so on until there was only ...
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0answers
259 views

Pattern puzzle help

I've spent hours on this puzzle, which shouldn't be too hard, and I'm sure I've got the right answer, but apparently it's wrong. The problem statement: You are guessing a positive number X. You ...
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501 views

What does this say about prime numbers?

I was having fun with Sage when I noticed something interesting: ...
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0answers
501 views

Guilloché security printing — can it be cracked?

Money uses Security printing, and often uses Guilloché patterns. These curves are inscribed by wheels on wheels on wheels, ten wheels deep in some cases. For example, the back of the US $1 bill has ...
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0answers
44 views

Trade-off among symmetries

Take a set $X \in \mathbb{R}^2$ of nonzero measure $\mu(X) \neq 0$. I am attempting to design a set that has the following symmetries (continuous or discrete) $1.$ Scale symmetry $2.$ Rotation ...
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0answers
66 views

Question regarding pattern recognition in a table

Knowing this is a seemingly weird question, I do believe I should provide some additional context . One of our university professor's has a terribly peculiar habit . Namely, each year, the students ...
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0answers
99 views

Unexplanied pattern from increasing rational sequences

I've stummbled upon some strange pattern when working with series of rational numbers. If anyone could shed light on this phenomenon I will be most greatful. Backgroud: Working in an integer lattice ...
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0answers
292 views

Is kernel density estimation a GMM with uniform mixture weight?

recall that for a Gaussian Mixture Model, the density of p(x) (multivariate) is $$P(x) = \Sigma_{i=1}^{C}\pi(c_i)\mathcal{N}(\mu_i,\Sigma_i)$$ On the other hand, non-parametric density estimation ...
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0answers
121 views

Multiplication structure for finite abelian rings of order $p^2$.

Consider an odd prime $p$ and a positive integer $a$ as close to 2 as possible that is not a quadratic residue $mod$ $p$. If we extend the ring $mod$ $p$ with the element $b = a^{\frac{1}{2}}$ then ...
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232 views

Theoretical proof of convergence of sequential weight update procedure (Neural Networks and Machine Learning)

My question is at the bottom. (Most of the descriptive words come from Chris. Bishop's Neural Networks for Pattern Recognition) Let $w$ be the weight vector of the neural network and $E$ the error ...
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82 views

Algorithm to predict next 3D points

For example, having this data: year x/y/z 2007 10/20/70 2008 20/10/70 2009 30/10/60 2010 40/10/50 2011 40/15/45 We want to predict what will be the x/y/z in ...
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0answers
78 views

How can a pattern be found in a series of Numbers?

In the given series of numbers (0-9) or a similar series of numbers, How can a pattern be searched? 3 2 4 8 0 8 7 3 8 7 0 0 4 9 6 3 9 7 4 5 7 3 9 6 ...
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18 views

Anyone know of algorithm for compairing real planar graphs? (for OCR)

The picture pretty much explains it. I will have a collection of line segment graphs to compare against and it's okay if it's $O(n)$ here because the set is the ASCII set or smaller . I was ...
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78 views

Calculating a formula for variables with multiple values equaling the same total

I'm having a bit of trouble puzzling a formula for some code I'm using to develop a piece of software. I'm not very savvy with what the technical terms for all of what I'm describing are, but I'll try ...
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0answers
90 views

Elusive closed form for card permutation problem

Does a closed form formula f(n) exist for the two rightmost columns? The two question marks are meant to be 0. The diagram is a summary of the numerical results from original question: Permutations ...
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0answers
116 views

Why use two slack variables in the support vector regression formulation?

I am learning support vector regression but cannot fully understand the rational of the slack variable tricks in its formulation. The original optimization problem for SVR is as follows: ...
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0answers
28 views

Can KNN theoretically be less accurate than pattern averaging?

My task is pattern recognition. I need to classify 2D matrices into an arbitrary number of classes. The question is: For pattern classification, could k nearest neighbours algorithm ever be less ...
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53 views

Other Patterns in Triples

I have the following 20 triples generated by polynomial distribution: $$\begin{matrix} (2,4,5)&(2,3,4)&(2,3,5)&(1,4,5)&(2,2,4)\\ ...
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41 views

k nearest neighbor density estimation

In k nearest neighbor density estimation we calculate the density using following formula For given 1D sample X={4,5,6,7,9,10,11,12,13,14) if k=3, and we do not consider on boundary samples inside ...
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90 views

Leibniz Binary Representation of Squares

Leibniz claims to have found patterns in the square numbers and their binary representations. I cannot see any patterns at all. Here are the first ten squares and their binary representations, can ...
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0answers
504 views

Finding an unknown number in the middle of a number sequence

I've stumbled across a very peculiar number sequence and it was bugging me for a while now, i would really like to find out a way to dissect and work out the number that is missing, here's the ...
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0answers
38 views

Trace of a product of a recursive series of non-full rank matrices

Let $H$ be a $m\times n$ matrix that is not full rank. Hence $H^T H \neq \mathbb{1}_{m\times m}$. Can we say anything about the diagonal entries, or the trace, of matrix products of the form: $P_0 = ...
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0answers
530 views

Study the number patterns and fill in the missing number

This problem seems easy but I have been working on it for quite some time with little clue. It is about finding number patterns, I have tried many different ways, which seem to work at first but fail ...
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0answers
135 views

Mapping an object's projected 3D path to a pre-defined top-down 2D path.

The title of the question may be misleading and the context simpler. Please suggest more appropriate tags for this question. Consider looking at a plane from two different perspectives. Perspective ...
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0answers
53 views

Find a pattern in key => value?

Sorry if this isn't the correct place but it did seem to be! Basically, I'm coding a small test with a bouncing ball. All works well, but the problem is I need to work out the ...
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0answers
9 views

Computing Positive definite covariance matrix in Variational Bayes GMM

This question is about a part of variational Bayes problem for GMM. (more in Bishop, Pattern recognition and Machine learning, part $10.2.1$). We are looking for $q(\mu_k,\Lambda_k)$, so we have: $$ ...
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20 views

Lower bound of Nearest Neighbour Rule

It is stated often as a matter of fact that the lower bound for Nearest Neighbour rule is the Baye's rate. However when I tried to mathematically prove it,I hit a dead end. For reference : Error for ...
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24 views

Where do I need to use regularization parameter lambda for better results?

In polynomial curve fitting problem as below, if $y(x,w)$ is the output when $x$ is the input vector, $w$ are the coefficients and and $M$ is the order of polynomial.. And if $t_n$ is the target ...
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35 views

What is the Sequence?

for n when n is 1 then it gives 2 n is 2 then it gives 4 n is 3 then it gives 7 n is 4 then it gives 11 How do I write this sequence in equation form?
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74 views

Is there a pattern that can be seen in this sequence?

I can't seem to find any pattern, perhaps a fresh view from one of you guys can point me to the right direction: 14898997873, 16483634594, 17241926510, 16427260053, 19933377255, 7467660818, ...
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0answers
62 views

Pattern recognition and machine learning - Bishop: Difficulty deriving (2.111) and (2.112)

I'm having a hard time deriving (2.111) and (2.112) in this book (it's on page 110/703). Here is what it says: Finally, we seek an expression for the conditionalp(x|y). Recall that the results for ...
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0answers
35 views

Pattern Recognition terms a little fuzzy

I've been trying to learn more about probability and the websites I have visited are not describing the relationship to each other that well (when to use what, for what purpose in conjunction with ...
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0answers
166 views

Understanding Gray-Level Hit-or-Miss-Transform Definition

From a paper I am using for my Bachelor thesis: The HMT transform by the pair $(A,B)$ associates to a binary image $X$ the set $X\otimes(A,B)$ of positions where the translate of $A$ fits inside ...
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0answers
40 views

Estimating $p(x)$ with a nonparametric method

"Pattern Classification" book I study that in nonparametric methods we need to estimate $p(x)$, and we don't want just the averaged version of it. They give an example of theoretical procedure to ...
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0answers
137 views

Matrix & Partition & Natural Number & Pattern

I would like to know if someone know, how is called a matrix M*N, where m represents the row index in the matrix and the sum of the N columns at this row. Meaning that each row represents a possible ...