1. From a samples of a small samples of mathematical objects, conjecture a common pattern to all of them. This includes "guess the next terms in the sequence" question (consider checking OEIS first). Please provide as much context as possible. 2. Mathematical ideas related to pattern recognition, ...

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2answers
347 views

Logic of numerical series

One of our colleagues has written a numerical series to the whiteboard in our breakroom. Nobody until now could solve the logic behind this series: ...
1
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1answer
40 views

Find the next number [duplicate]

I am given a sequence $$1, 11, 21, 1211, 111221, 312211, 13112221, \cdots$$ what is the next number?
0
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0answers
24 views

Estimate prior for normal distributed data

I have successfully implemented a bayesian classifier using maximum likelihood. In my case I've got 2 classes and I have calculated the two $\mu$ and $\Sigma$. In my problem with a 3-dimensional ...
0
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1answer
45 views

how to calculate the marginal distribution of probabilistic principal component analysis

In the book Pattern recognition and machine learning from Bishop equation 12.33 states: $\mathbf{x} = \mathbf{W} \mathbf{z} + \boldsymbol\mu + \boldsymbol\epsilon$ Here $\mathbf{z}$ has a normal ...
0
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0answers
10 views

Is auto-correlation a particular and simple form of pattern in time series?

In a time serie context and considering the sign of the variation of the variable auto-correlation means that for couple of measures at (time t, time t+1) the ...
28
votes
7answers
2k views

Are Mersenne prime exponents always odd?

I have been researching Mersenne primes so I can write a program that finds them. A Mersenne prime looks like $2^n-1$. When calculating them, I have noticed that the $n$ value always appears to be ...
0
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0answers
12 views

Kernel Method for complex valued problems

Kernel Method are widely used in Pattern Recognition and Machine Learning. e.g Kernel PCA and Kernel Regression are used as some extension of the regular PCA and Regression. However all the kernels I ...
0
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0answers
15 views

Pattern Recognition terms a little fuzzy

I've been trying to learn more about probability and the websites I have visited are not describing the relationship to each other that well (when to use what, for what purpose in conjunction with ...
0
votes
0answers
16 views

Common or distinct covariance matrices for mahalanobis distance classifier

I'm very new to pattern recognition so apologies in advance for a newbies question. I've been experimenting with mahalanobis distance to class mean based classifiers to predict diagnoses from ...
10
votes
3answers
374 views

Consecutive Prime Gap Sum (Amateur)

List of the first fifty prime gaps: 1, 2, 2, 4, 2, 4, 2, 4, 6, 2, 6, 4, 2, 4, 6, 6, 2, 6, 4, 2, 6, 4, 6, 8, 4, 2, 4, 2, 4, 14, 4, 6, 2, 10, 2, 6, 6, 4, 6, 6, 2, 10, 2, 4, 2, 12, 12, 4, 2, 4. My ...
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vote
0answers
29 views

Leibniz Binary Representation of Squares

Leibniz claims to have found patterns in the square numbers and their binary representations. I cannot see any patterns at all. Here are the first ten squares and their binary representations, can ...
0
votes
1answer
22 views

Sequence and Pattern Problem of Marbles

Ellie is dropping marbles into a box one at a time in the following order: red, white, white, blue, blue, blue: red, white, white, blue, blue, blue: ... How many marbles will be in the box right ...
3
votes
1answer
87 views

Consecutive Prime Problem

Consecutive primes whose quotient of their product and sum is itself a prime number. $$ 2 \times 3 \times 5 = 30 $$ $$ 30/10 = 3 $$ $$ 3 \times 5 \times 7 = 105 $$ $$ 105/15 = 7 $$ Question: ...
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votes
5answers
107 views

Why is $ A_1 x + … + A_n x^n $ a solution of $ \sum_0^{n} (-1)^n \frac{x^n}{n!} \frac{d^n y}{d x^n} = 0 $?

I was playing(/fiddling) around with some maths and I saw this pattern( where $ A_n $ is a constant.): $ A_1 x $ is a soultion of: $$ \frac{y}{x} - \frac{dy}{dx} = 0 $$ $ A_1 x + A_2 x^2 $ is a ...
-1
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1answer
42 views

Need help finding an answer of formula to this sequence [closed]

find the sequence ? A Z E B I Y O - - - possible answers D M U C H
3
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1answer
25 views

Bayesian Inference Problem

We have a Bayesian Network that A to D is Boolean variable. we want to calculate the probability which C and D be True and A be false. my answer sheet calculate the last result and is 0.0424. any ...
1
vote
2answers
52 views

Find if a number lies in this pattern

I have a sequence of numbers below... $1, 2, 4, 7, 11, 16 ...$ You get this list by starting at $1$ then add $1, 2, 3, 4, 5 ...$ Given a number $n$, how can I determine if it will show up in this ...
0
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2answers
88 views

Missing number in sequenze

A friend posted this an hour ago and it kept me busy since. Anybody has a clue what the missing number is? I understand multiple outcomes are possible but i cannot find any. There is also a ...
0
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1answer
50 views

Determine Patterns

I have some weather data that I would like to analyze. I have about a millions rows of data, and each row has about 100 attribute values. Each attribute value represents some measurement (i.e., ...
2
votes
2answers
183 views

Prime Number Sum Sequence (Amateur)

SOLVED: This is false Beginning with 3, add the next consecutive prime (2) and then take that sum (5) and add that to next consecutive prime (3) to get (8), and so on... $$ 3 + 2 = 5 $$ $$ 5 + 3 = 8 ...
4
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0answers
89 views

Find the number that follows the rules of two different series

I have this logic problem where I need to find a number that fits in 2 different series (vertical and horizontal). Each series has a rule, and once you find them, you can determine the answer. $$ ...
0
votes
3answers
108 views

Given the sequence $3, 4, 11, 16, 42\ldots $ how can I derive a general formula for it?

Given a sequence $3, 4, 11, 16, 42\ldots $ how can I derive a general formula for this sequence? Is there any optimised approach? My approach: the given series is equal to summation of $\binom{n}{k}$ ...
3
votes
1answer
92 views

Possible Prime Sum Pattern (Amateur)

Disclaimer: I’m an amateur, and have no advanced knowledge of math, so please forgive my ignorance as I’m just curious to know if I’ve stumbled upon something or not. Prime Numbers: 2, 3, 5, 7, 11, ...
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votes
3answers
120 views

Triangular Numbers that are odd, less than 2000

The diagram below shows the $1$st, $2$nd, $3$rd and $4$th triangular numbers. (1 spot) : $1$ (3 spots) : $3$ (6 spots) : $6$ (10 spots) : $10$ The formula $n(n + 1)/2$ can be ...
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4answers
310 views

Easy as $3.14$ question

I've got the following question with the hint "Easy as $3.14$". $$2003 = 2\\1337 = 4\\7877 = 3\\5732 = 4\\8315 = 3\\4466 = 0\\0354 = 2\\8923 = 2\\8888 = 0\\0000 = 0\\4059 = 1\\2403 = \ ?$$ I need to ...
5
votes
3answers
388 views

Recognizing the sequence 1/16, 1/8, 3/16, 1/4, 5/16, …

What is the missing number? $$\frac{1}{16}, \frac{1}{8}, \frac{3}{16}, \frac{1}{4}, \frac{5}{16}, \ \ \ [?]$$ $$A. \frac{5}{4}\quad B. \frac{3}{4}\quad C. \frac{5}{8}\quad D. \frac{3}{8}$$ ...
4
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0answers
94 views

Adding Numbers Pattern

A few nights ago I couldn't sleep and so started doing this: I would take a number and add up all of its digits to get a new number and then add up all of those digits and so on until there was only ...
12
votes
4answers
1k views

How to solve this sequence $165,195,255,285,345,x$

This is a question appeared in a competitive exam. The question is: Find the unknown term in $165,195,255,285,345,x$ 1)375 $\ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ $ 2)420 3)435 $\ \ \ \ \ \ \ ...
1
vote
1answer
78 views

How is PI used to predict weather patterns?

I've heard that using PI to predict weather patterns is possible. I would like verification on this, and how this is possible. I can't seem to find any other sources explaining this concept. My ...
0
votes
1answer
37 views

Anyone recognize this pattern? Plotting relationship between two parameters and their response.

First time asking a question here so hopefully I can provide enough information to you guys without explaining more than necessary. I'm doing some amateurish numerical analysis in MATLAB on some ...
0
votes
2answers
63 views

closed formula for a series

The first column below is n (iterator), the second is the value, I'm trying to understand if there is a closed formula that I can use for obtaining the value given a fixed n $$n=0: a$$ $$n=1: ...
2
votes
0answers
72 views

Unexplanied pattern from increasing rational sequences

I've stummbled upon some strange pattern when working with series of rational numbers. If anyone could shed light on this phenomenon I will be most greatful. Backgroud: Working in an integer lattice ...
1
vote
0answers
104 views

Finding an unknown number in the middle of a number sequence

I've stumbled across a very peculiar number sequence and it was bugging me for a while now, i would really like to find out a way to dissect and work out the number that is missing, here's the ...
37
votes
18answers
9k views

Getting the sequence $\{1, 0, -1, 0, 1, 0, -1, 0, \ldots\}$ without trig?

What's the simplest way to write a function that outputs the sequence: {1, 0, -1, 0, 1, 0, -1, 0, ...} ... without using any trig functions? I was able to come ...
1
vote
1answer
184 views

Patterns of no formula.

How do I find the next number if the given pattern is $$1,2,3,2,3,4,1,2,6,23,14,19,64,69,12,78,152,93,108,?$$ (Find the question mark)
4
votes
2answers
33 views

formula for number triangles

Hi, I have a triangle starting from $0$ and going up by one on the bottom row until there are $r$ items on the bottom row and there are $r$ rows a number is formed by adding the two numbers towards ...
1
vote
1answer
80 views

Finding an expression to represent this pattern

Is there a method to find a math expression for a given pattern? I have this pattern and I am very curious to find out how can I generate it. ...
6
votes
1answer
157 views

Fractals - when the number of seed shapes that can fit into the scaled-up copy is non-integer.

I've heard people say (for eg. here) that the dimension of fractal patterns (particularly, in this question, Lindenmayer fractals) can be formulated as follows: $$D=\frac{\ln N}{\ln S}$$ Where $N$ ...
1
vote
0answers
224 views

Study the number patterns and fill in the missing number

This problem seems easy but I have been working on it for quite some time with little clue. It is about finding number patterns, I have tried many different ways, which seem to work at first but fail ...
2
votes
1answer
74 views

Math Competition Question Singapore 2

In Singapore, there is this competition named SMO. Recently, they released some example questions. The following is one of them... Let $a_1, a_2, a_3$ be an arithmetic progression with $a_1$>0 and ...
6
votes
6answers
347 views

Do the differences of perfect squares apply to perfect cubes and more?

I'm curious about a special property of squares. The difference between perfect squares starting from 0 are 1,3,5,7,9..., where each difference goes up by 2. I want to know if there are any patterns ...
0
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0answers
44 views

Pattern recognition next shape pattern

which one of the above do you think is the the right answer? i guess it's B but not sure, maybe C. http://tinypic.com/r/nwfqpx/8 thanks.
0
votes
0answers
14 views

LDA find densities

I have the predictor-response (X,Y) with response Y={-1,+1}. The predictor X is a pair (X1,X2) independent, uniformly distributed on [0,1]. I am given the prediction rule for Y=+1, eta(X1,X2)= ...
2
votes
1answer
46 views

Using primes to create unique character mappings for scrambled substring searching

Problem: given a string needle, and a string haystack determine if there is there an anagram of needle present as a substring of haystack? (Assume case doesn't matter). One solution is to map the ...
9
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0answers
526 views

Are there “mental calculator” persons that can recognize closed-form expressions?

There are people, sometimes called mental calculators, who is capable of performing fast calculations in their head, involving multiplication, factorization, finding logarithms and roots of a high ...
0
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0answers
17 views

Computing Object Classification with bayesian statistics

Say I want to know if there is a zebra $\theta$, in an image $x$. According to Bayes statistics applies to image recognition, I should be computing: ...
0
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1answer
37 views

How to complete a table of probabilities ?

Im baffling myself as to why I cannot understand where it came from. Someone please explain to me like I'm five. $$\begin{array}{c|c} x & p(x) \\ \hline 0 & 0.73 \\ 1 & ? \\ 2 & 0.06 ...
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votes
2answers
63 views

Evaluate an unknown operator

I have a simple question but I can't seem to be able to solve it. Given that: 25 ╧ 17 = 267 35 ╧ 23 = 373 45 ╧ 15 = 465 what is ...
0
votes
3answers
107 views

Finding the $n$th term for the sequence $1, \frac{1}{2}, 3, \frac{1}{4}, 5, \frac{1}{6}, \dots$

I have tried using a negative exponent. I need one statement not two, the pattern is $$1, \; \frac{1}{2}, \; 3, \; \frac{1}{4}, \; 5, \; \frac{1}{6}, \dots$$
0
votes
2answers
33 views

Equation for value of p given x

I have a set of numbers: $\begin{array}{r(22)}x \in \{ 1,& 2,& 3,& 4,& 5,& 6,& 7,& 8,& 9,& 10,& 11,& 12,& 13,& 14,& 15,& 16,& 17,& ...