1. From a samples of a small samples of mathematical objects, conjecture a common pattern to all of them. This includes "guess the next terms in the sequence" question (consider checking OEIS first). Please provide as much context as possible. 2. Mathematical ideas related to pattern recognition, ...

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Patterns in Sequences

I've heard in a movie that for any sequence of numbers, there is a nice formula for generating that sequence. So, for example if I write: 1,2,1,2,3,3,1,2,3,1,2,4,... There is a formula for ...
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36 views

Divide By Vector

In linear Naive Bayesian with multivariate Gaussian distribution: $$\mu_i , \mu_j, x$$ are all vectors of the same dimensions. So I have this equation that does a vector division by somehow and I ...
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1answer
38 views

In what way are the elements in this list of numbers most simply related?

I will try to keep this as math related as possible, though I intend to use this from a computer science standpoint. Hopefully you can forgive some of my annotations. Consider an ordered list of ...
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1answer
99 views

Blocks of Pyramid Pattern Expression [duplicate]

There is a pattern following, and trying to find the algebraic expression Each layer (from the top). Diagram. So the first layer has 1, second has 4, third has 9, and the fourth has 16. That's ...
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1answer
59 views

T-shaped polygons

Is there any coefficient that can indicate T-shaped polygons ? Examples of T-shaped polygons:
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1answer
98 views

Find pattern in recursion

this is a example from my book Write several elements of the recursion, and see if you can find a pattern. T(n) = T(n – 1) + n T(n –1) = T(n – 2) + (n –1) T(n –2) = T(n – 3) + (n –2) T(n –3) ...
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1answer
75 views

How to determine which encryption system is being used?

I came across this question in a local contest. I was not able to solve it at that time. Also, no solution was provided. I was wondering if someone can help me to understand how to tackle this kind ...
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1answer
147 views

Understanding the fundamentals of pattern recognition

I'm learning now about sequences and series: patterns in short. This is part of my Calc II class. I'm finding I'm having difficulty in detecting all of the patterns that my text book is asking me to ...
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1answer
93 views

Dimensionality effect on Fisher's Score

Consider Fisher's Linear Discriminant Analysis (LDA). Let $\mu_0 \in \mathcal{R}^D$ and $\mu_1 \in \mathcal{R}^D$ be means of the two classes. Similarly, let $\Sigma_0 \in \mathcal{R}^{D\times D}$ ...
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1answer
344 views

Stuck with handling of conditional probability in Bishop's “Pattern Recognition and Machine Learning” (1.66)

I've just started working through the book, and I'm stuck with how the author handles conditional probability in (1.66). The context is as follows. In this chapter we are working with a curve ...
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1answer
220 views

Pattern Recognition with basic probability

I am a college student and have Pattern Recognition as a course this semester and I am really struggling with it, reasons could be difference in teaching style of the instructor and different type of ...
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0answers
50 views

Elusive closed form for card permutation problem

Does a closed form formula f(n) exist for the two rightmost columns? The two question marks are meant to be 0. The diagram is a summary of the numerical results from original question: Permutations ...
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26 views

Why use two slack variables in the support vector regression formulation?

I am learning support vector regression but cannot fully understand the rational of the slack variable tricks in its formulation. The original optimization problem for SVR is as follows: ...
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1answer
18 views

Set of Numbers when added in any combination always produce unique result

What I'm looking for is a set of numbers that when added in any combination they always have a unique sum? Is this called something? I have searched on google for hours and I'm having a hard time ...
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22 views

Can KNN theoretically be less accurate than pattern averaging?

My task is pattern recognition. I need to classify 2D matrices into an arbitrary number of classes. The question is: For pattern classification, could k nearest neighbours algorithm ever be less ...
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50 views

Other Patterns in Triples

I have the following 20 triples generated by polynomial distribution: $$\begin{matrix} (2,4,5)&(2,3,4)&(2,3,5)&(1,4,5)&(2,2,4)\\ ...
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1answer
36 views

Best algo for finding no. of steps required to convert a sequence to a palindromic sequence

[My first question of Math SE, so, HI!] I'm not sure of what the rules are around the place, but I have a straightforward question as follows... The sequences 23, 45, 23 and 23, 45, 56, 23, 23, ...
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21 views

k nearest neighbor density estimation

In k nearest neighbor density estimation we calculate the density using following formula For given 1D sample X={4,5,6,7,9,10,11,12,13,14) if k=3, and we do not consider on boundary samples inside ...
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52 views

Leibniz Binary Representation of Squares

Leibniz claims to have found patterns in the square numbers and their binary representations. I cannot see any patterns at all. Here are the first ten squares and their binary representations, can ...
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1answer
43 views

Bayesian Inference Problem

We have a Bayesian Network that A to D is Boolean variable. we want to calculate the probability which C and D be True and A be false. my answer sheet calculate the last result and is 0.0424. any ...
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0answers
221 views

Finding an unknown number in the middle of a number sequence

I've stumbled across a very peculiar number sequence and it was bugging me for a while now, i would really like to find out a way to dissect and work out the number that is missing, here's the ...
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1answer
90 views

Finding an expression to represent this pattern

Is there a method to find a math expression for a given pattern? I have this pattern and I am very curious to find out how can I generate it. ...
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0answers
34 views

Trace of a product of a recursive series of non-full rank matrices

Let $H$ be a $m\times n$ matrix that is not full rank. Hence $H^T H \neq \mathbb{1}_{m\times m}$. Can we say anything about the diagonal entries, or the trace, of matrix products of the form: $P_0 = ...
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2answers
88 views

Estimating the mean with least median of squares target

I have a set of real numbers $x_1,\ldots,x_n$. I would like estimate the mean of the set, $y$, such that the median of squares will be minimal : $\operatorname{median}(x_i-y)^2$ Is there a closed ...
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2answers
75 views

Number pattern problem

I need some help to figure out the following number pattern: Find the next number in the following sequence: $3, 2, 3, 12, 35, 78$. I tired to figure out the difference by ...
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293 views

Study the number patterns and fill in the missing number

This problem seems easy but I have been working on it for quite some time with little clue. It is about finding number patterns, I have tried many different ways, which seem to work at first but fail ...
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104 views

Mapping an object's projected 3D path to a pre-defined top-down 2D path.

The title of the question may be misleading and the context simpler. Please suggest more appropriate tags for this question. Consider looking at a plane from two different perspectives. Perspective ...
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1answer
72 views

Is there a shorter way to write an equation with a clear pattern?

I have this simple expression: $$\left(\begin{array}{l} 1\\ +(A)\\ +(A+B)\\ +(A+B+C)\\ +(A+B+C+D)\\ +(A+B+C+D+E)\\ +(A+B+C+D+E+F)\\ +(A+B+C+D+E+F+G)\\ +(A+B+C+D+E+F+G+H)\\ +(A+B+C+D+E+F+G+H) ...
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1answer
161 views

How can I count clockwise vs counterclockwise cycles in a series of (modular) integers?

I'm working with a Markov process that has a state and transition diagram like in the picture: The transition probabilities are not listed, but they are always positive, but not necessarily ...
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46 views

Find a pattern in key => value?

Sorry if this isn't the correct place but it did seem to be! Basically, I'm coding a small test with a bouncing ball. All works well, but the problem is I need to work out the ...
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0answers
173 views

Theoretical proof of convergence of sequential weight update procedure (Neural Networks and Machine Learning)

My question is at the bottom. (Most of the descriptive words come from Chris. Bishop's Neural Networks for Pattern Recognition) let $w$ be the weight vector of the neural network and $E$ the error ...
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2answers
107 views

Find n term of sequence

A sequence is given: $$1,10,11,100,101,110,111,1000,\dots,a_n,\dots$$ The question is: what is the value of $a_n$ for a given $n$? I have tried a lot of patterns but was not able to meet the ...
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50 views

Find an explicit formula for the sequence whose first few terms are 1/3, 2/3, 2, 8, 40, 240…

I am trying to find the formula for this sequence: $$1/3, 2/3, 2, 8, 40, 240...$$ I know I need to use a factorial in the formula, and then raise it to a power of something maybe? But from there I'm ...
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95 views

Missing number in sequenze

A friend posted this an hour ago and it kept me busy since. Anybody has a clue what the missing number is? I understand multiple outcomes are possible but i cannot find any. There is also a ...
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3answers
1k views

Extract a Pattern of Iterated continued fractions from convergents

I have been working on an article at https://oeis.org/wiki/Table_of_convergents_constants where I posted a table of "convergents constants" (defined at https://oeis.org/wiki/Convergents_constant) ...
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2answers
75 views

How to find a formula for a non-obvious sequence of numbers?

Suppose I have an "arbitrary" sequence of numbers and as a convenience, I want some type of concise formula to be able to generate/regenerate that exact sequence. How can I do it? Can this be done ...
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3answers
115 views

Finding the $n$th term for the sequence $1, \frac{1}{2}, 3, \frac{1}{4}, 5, \frac{1}{6}, \dots$

I have tried using a negative exponent. I need one statement not two, the pattern is $$1, \; \frac{1}{2}, \; 3, \; \frac{1}{4}, \; 5, \; \frac{1}{6}, \dots$$
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352 views

Probability of market movement / Trends

If you imagine a scale from -100 to 100, if the market has moved up from 0 to 40, what is the probability is will continue to 100? There is a 50-50 chance to move up or down from 0, but what is the ...
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2answers
42 views

This question is for sequences, how would I go about solving this?

Find a general term (expressed as a function of the variable $n$) for the following sequence: $$\{a_1, a_2, a_3, a_4,\dots\}=\left\{\frac{4}{8}, \frac{16}{64}, \frac{64}{512}, ...
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1answer
212 views

What is the 6th term of the sequence? [closed]

Sequence: ABC; 1A1B1C; 111A111B111C; 311A311B311C; ... What is the 6th term of the sequence? ...
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2answers
64 views

Need help modifying this binomial expansion

The binomial theorem states that $$(A+B)^n=\sum_{k=1}^{n}{n \choose k}A^{n-k}B^k$$ I need help expressing the following summation as a modified binomial expression: $$\sum_{k=1}^{n}n!{n-1\choose ...
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1answer
155 views

Trying to figure out the pattern in this series

I'm trying to figure out the rule that's producing the series below. The first column is the factorials $1!,2!,3!,4!,5!,6!$ But I can't figure out what else is going on. So I know the next row will ...
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1answer
23 views

Pattern finding of last few digit of a^b

The question is:Find the last two digits of 9^2013.(No calculators allowed to solve this question.) Options: (A)01 (B)29 (C)41 (D)81 (E)89 From this point,I will show my working, 9^2=81(Last Digit ...
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1answer
229 views

Number pattern prediction algorithm [duplicate]

Since childhood we are all familiar with the task of predicting the next number in a sequence. From something simple like, $2,4,6,...$ and $4,9,25,...$ to something more complex like, ...
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192 views

Triangular Numbers that are odd, less than 2000

The diagram below shows the $1$st, $2$nd, $3$rd and $4$th triangular numbers. (1 spot) : $1$ (3 spots) : $3$ (6 spots) : $6$ (10 spots) : $10$ The formula $n(n + 1)/2$ can be ...
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2answers
72 views

Evaluate an unknown operator

I have a simple question but I can't seem to be able to solve it. Given that: 25 ╧ 17 = 267 35 ╧ 23 = 373 45 ╧ 15 = 465 what is ...
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39 views

What is the general stragety for conjecturing a formula based off a pattern?

Is it simply to guess and evolve a answer until it gets closer or is there an approach? Ex: Find the formula for: $a_k = \frac{a_{k-1}}{2} + 1$ where $a_0 = 1$. One would go: $a_1 = 3/2, a_2 = ...
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4answers
162 views

How to represent the $n$th number in the sequence $1,3,5,7,1,3,5,7,\dots$ as a closed form?

I'm given the repeating sequence $1,3,5,7,1,3,5,7,\dots.$ I must determine a formula for the $n$th term of the sequence. I have tried the triangle method, but since this is a repeating series it is ...
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3answers
110 views

Given the sequence $3, 4, 11, 16, 42\ldots $ how can I derive a general formula for it?

Given a sequence $3, 4, 11, 16, 42\ldots $ how can I derive a general formula for this sequence? Is there any optimised approach? My approach: the given series is equal to summation of $\binom{n}{k}$ ...
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1answer
90 views

Creating coexistent patterns, with several pattern-less systems

I'm a young musician, as well as a computer programmer. My understanding of math is formed well to my needs, but I am by no means a mathematician, but the field is very interesting to me. I have come ...