For questions about parametric equations, their application, equivalence to other equation types and definition.

learn more… | top users | synonyms

35
votes
3answers
2k views

Do “Parabolic Trigonometric Functions” exist?

The parametric equation $$\begin{align*} x(t) &= \cos t\\ y(t) &= \sin t \end{align*}$$ traces the unit circle centered at the origin ($x^2+y^2=1$). Similarly, $$\begin{align*} x(t) ...
11
votes
5answers
15k views

Parametric Equation of a Circle in 3D Space?

So, my dilemma here is... I have an axis. This axis is given to me in the format of the slope of the axis in the x,y and z axes. I need to come up with a parametric equation of a circle. This circle ...
11
votes
1answer
199 views

Connected unbounded sets $S\subset \Bbb{R}^n$ such that $x\mapsto ||x||^t$ is uniformly continuous on $S$?

Spending the night perusing my old answers, and this question left me wondering about the following. Let's equip $\Bbb{R}^n$ with the usual Euclidean metric, and let us consider the map ...
11
votes
2answers
185 views

Why can't elliptic curves be parameterized with rational functions?

Background: For our abstract algebra class, we were asked to prove that $\mathbb{Q}(t, \sqrt{t^3 - t})$ is not purely transcendental. It clearly has transcendence degree $1$, so if it is purely ...
10
votes
1answer
92 views

Find a parametric formula to $n=(a^2+1)(b^2+1)$ in three distinct ways

I mentioned that the number $4420$ is expressible in the form $(a^2+1)(b^2+1)$ (where $a,b$ are positive integers) in three distinct ways,here is a list of these numbers: ...
9
votes
6answers
5k views

Is there an explicit form for cubic Bézier curves?

(See edits at the bottom) I'm trying to use Bézier curves as an animation tool. Here's an image of what I'm talking about: Basically, the value axis can represent anything that can be animated ...
7
votes
3answers
4k views

Parametrization of a line

This is a very basic question, and its funny that I'm able to solve more advanced problems like this, but I was presented with a basic one and got stumped. I have the equation $$y=-\frac{3}{4}x+6.$$ ...
7
votes
0answers
104 views

Length of parametric curve $\phi(t)=(f(t)\cos(t),f(t)\sin(t))$

Define the curve $\phi$ by $\phi(t):=(f(t)\cos(t),f(t)\sin(t))$, where $f$ be a strictly increasing infinitly many differentiable function . Find an explicit formula for the length of $\phi$ ...
6
votes
2answers
146 views

Find the length of the curve $x^{2k}+y^{2k} =1$

I want to find an expression for length and find the limit $k\rightarrow \infty$ The answer is obviously 8, if we look at the graphs.
6
votes
3answers
235 views

Curvature of the image of a curve projected onto a surface

(Adding a bounty since I need more details than I have so far) Given a point $$ s_{0}=S(u_{0},v_{0}) \;\;\;\; (S:\mathbb{R}^{2}\to\mathbb{R}^{3}) $$ and a point $$ c_{0}=C(t_{0}) \;\;\;\; ...
6
votes
2answers
281 views

Need help with Curves and parameterizations

I'm having some trouble solving a couple of problems: I know this one must be pretty easy but can't find the way to solve it. I need to find the arc length of a curve described by $ r=1- ...
5
votes
2answers
232 views

Finding the length of a curve?

With the information given: $$x=\frac{y^4}{8}+\frac{1}{4y^2}\,,\ \ 1 \le y \le 2$$ I must find the exact length of the curve. I use this formula to find it: ...
5
votes
1answer
79 views

Can (x(t), y(t)) generate a surface? If so, can the surface be continuous?

Intuitively, the parametric equation $z = (x(t), y(t))$ seems to only be able to generate one-dimensional objects, i.e. curves. However... Let $x(t)$ be "the odd-indexed digits of the real number ...
5
votes
2answers
217 views

Parametrizing a given line and equations

1) Parametrizethe given line contraining the points (3,2) and (-5,6). 2) Find the parametric equations for the segment joining the given points (2,3) and (5,5) where $0\leq t \leq 1$. ...
5
votes
2answers
57 views

Find the parametric equation to the curve

Find the parametric equation for the curve. $$x^{2}+y^{2}=10$$ I haven't learned parametric equations fully yet, so I wanted to check with you guys and see if you can confirm if I'm doing this ...
5
votes
0answers
66 views

Surface parametrization and calculating its area

I have to find the parametric equation of the surface of the sphere inside the cylinder and above the $z=0$ plane, as shown in this picture. $$ \text{Sphere: }x^2 + y^2 + z^2 = 1\\ \text{Cylinder: ...
5
votes
0answers
159 views

What is the parametric equations for the following closed curves?

First case Second case For the sake of simplicity, let the circle of radius $R$ be at the origin, the rectangle width and height be $w$ and $h$, respectively.
4
votes
3answers
2k views

Writing Polar Equations In Parametric Form

For an example problem, in my textbook, the author wanted to demonstrate how to graph a polar function. Deeming it most convenient, my author took the polar function $r=2\cos 3\theta$, and re-wrote it ...
4
votes
4answers
29 views

If $x=t^2\sin3t$ and $y=t^2\cos3t$, find $\frac{dy}{dx}$ in terms of $t$

If $x=t^2\sin3t$ and $y=t^2\cos3t$, find $\frac{dy}{dx}$ in terms of $t$. This is how I tried solving it: $$ \frac{dx}{dt} = 2t\sin3t + 3t^2\cos3t \\ \frac{dy}{dt} = 2t\cos3t - 3t^2\sin3t \\ ...
4
votes
3answers
22k views

Find the equation of the plane passing through a point and a vector orthogonal

I have come across this question that I need a tip for. Find the equation (general form) of the plane passing through the point $P(3,1,6)$ that is orthogonal to the vector $v=(1,7,-2)$. I would ...
4
votes
2answers
180 views

Do these two parametric equations represent the same curve?

Could anyone help me with this $x = 1 + \cos t$, $y = −2 + \sin t$, $π ≤ t ≤ 2π$; $x = t$, $y = −2 −\sqrt{2t − t^2}$, $0 ≤ t ≤ 2$ For the following parametric equations, how do I determine whether ...
4
votes
2answers
175 views

Parametrization of the lemniscate

All over the net it is stated that the parametrization of the lemniscate with Cartesian equation: $(x^2 + y^2)^2 = 2a^2 (x^2 - y^2)$ is: $$\varphi: t \mapsto ...
4
votes
2answers
130 views

Circumference parametrization

Let $C=\{(x,y)\in \Bbb R^2: (x-x_0)^2+(y-y_0)^2=r^2\}$ and let $\varphi :[0,2\pi]\to \mathbb{R}^2$, $\theta \mapsto (x_o+r\cos \theta, y_0+r\sin \theta)$, with $r>0$. I'm trying to prove that ...
4
votes
2answers
536 views

Finding surface area of a cone

I will describe the problem then show what I tried to solve it. I need to find the area of the cone defined as follows: $$z^2=a^2(x^2+y^2)$$ $$0\leq z\leq bx+c$$ where $a,b,c>0$ and $b<a$. ...
4
votes
4answers
1k views

Arc Length Problem

I am currently in the middle of the following problem. Reparametrize the curve $\vec{\gamma } :\Bbb{R} \to \Bbb{R}^{2}$ defined by $\vec{\gamma}(t)=(t^{3}+1,t^{2}-1)$ with respect to arc length ...
4
votes
2answers
686 views

Parametric equations of cycloid on a Ramp

A small wheel of radius r is situated at the top of a ramp having an angle θ = π/3 rad as it appears in the figure below. At t = 0 the wheel is at rest and then it starts to rotate clockwise in the ...
4
votes
1answer
348 views

Using geometric arguments to solve an analysis problem

Im not good in geometric interpretations... any help is very welcome. Consider the unitary disc $$D=\{(x,y,0)\in\mathbb{R}^3, x^2+y^2\leq1\},$$ parameterized by ...
4
votes
1answer
51 views

Evaluating a surface integral of a paraboloid

Calculate the average value of $(1+4z)^{3}$ on the surface of the paraboloid $z=x^{2}+y^{2}$,$x^{2}+y^{2} \leq 1$ I'm not sure on how to start this problem. I have already found the area of the ...
4
votes
1answer
153 views

Parametric plots: Determine if 2 comets collide at a given time. Am I solving it correctly?

There are $2$ comets comet 1 $(x(t), y(t))$, comet 2 $(x_1(t), y_1(t))$ I need to determine if these two comets collide. From reading my steps below, is this the proper way to solve this? $1.$ set ...
3
votes
5answers
2k views

Length of $r=3\sin(\theta)$

I have a general understanding of calculating arc length, but this one's a real curve ball. So, I need to find the exact length of $r=3\sin(θ)$ on $0 ≤ θ ≤ π/3$ So the way I've thought of ...
3
votes
2answers
738 views

Converting $x=\frac{1}{2}\cos\theta\;;\;\; y=2\sin\theta $ to Cartesian form

How can we transform these parametric equations to Cartesian form? $x=\frac{1}{2} \cos\theta, \quad y=2\sin\theta \quad\text{ for}\;\;0 \leq \theta \leq \pi$
3
votes
3answers
6k views

Parametric form of a plane

Can you please explain to me how to get from a nonparametric equation of a plane like this: $$ x_1−2x_2+3x_3=6$$ to a parametric one. In this case the result is supposed to be $$ x_1 = 6-6t-6s$$ ...
3
votes
2answers
268 views

Parametrization of curve length in D dimensional space. How is it done?

Sorry, its been a while and my calculus was never good. This is really a very elementary question which I am unable to un -complicate from its shroud of notation. My difficulty is how does this ...
3
votes
3answers
5k views

How to convert a plane (e.g. $4x - 3y + 6z = 12$) into parametric vector form?

I can convert something in the 2nd dimension fine, but I'm having difficulty with something like $4x - 3y + 6z = 12$. Any help? EDIT: Solve using only algebra, no matrices yet.
3
votes
2answers
73 views

Why do we need to find the intersection between these lines?

We have the functions $$ x = -1 + 2 \cos(t)$$ $$ y = 3 + 2 \sin(t)$$ They give P's orbit with $t$ on $\left[0, \dfrac{3}{2} \pi\right]$ Find (to 2 decimal places accurate) for which values of t ...
3
votes
1answer
210 views

Find the second derivative ${{{d^2}y} \over {d{x^2}}}$ in terms of t when $x = 3 - 2{t^2}$ and $y = {1 \over t}$

This is my attempt: $\eqalign{ & x = 3 - 2{t^2} \cr & y = {1 \over t} \cr & {{dx} \over {dt}} = - 4t \cr & {{dy} \over {dt}} = - {t^{ - 2}} = {{ - 1} \over {{t^2}}} ...
3
votes
1answer
4k views

find length of curve of intersection

I have come to a dead end on a problem and I need someone to tell me either if I did it correctly, or how to fix it if I did not. This is Stewart Calculus 7th edition, problem 13.3.12. Here is the ...
3
votes
1answer
41 views

Calculating curvature of a curve on a the surface $x^2+y^2=1$. [closed]

Find a curve on the cylinder surface $x^2+y^2=1$ in $\mathbb R^3$ such that its curvature is equal to $\frac1{100}$ at each point of this curve. Does this easily generalize to different surfaces?
3
votes
1answer
56 views

Area of part of parametric function

I need to get area of function: $x= 2\sqrt{2}\cos ^3 t$ and $y= 4\sqrt{2}{\sin ^3 t}$, but only the part when $x\geq1$. How can I do that? I know that area of full function would be $$S= \int_a^b ...
3
votes
1answer
57 views

Two curvature formulas when equal arc-length

all. So with a parametric curve $\vec{r}=\langle x(t),y(t)\rangle$, curvature is given by $$\kappa=\frac{|x'y''-x''y'|}{(x'^2+y'^2)^{3/2}}.$$ When we have constant arc-length, an alternate ...
3
votes
2answers
167 views

Arc length paramatrizations satisfy original system of differential equations?

Say we have a system of differential equations $$ \begin{cases} x'''(t)+f(t)x'(t)=0\\ y'''(t)+f(t)y'(t)=0 \end{cases} $$ on an interval $[a,b]$, along with the restriction that $$ x'(t)^2+y'(t)^2=1 $$ ...
3
votes
2answers
106 views

Having trouble solving question involving parametric equations

I have been given the following: $$y = a \cdot \cos^3t$$ $$x = a \cdot \sin^3t$$ $$0 \leqslant t \leqslant {\frac\pi2}$$ I am supposed to show that the mean value of $y$ over the interval ...
3
votes
1answer
547 views

Summation of an Arithmetic, Parametric Sequence

I'm trying work on my ability to break complex patterns down, and in this case I'm trying to model the denominators of Lacsap's Fractions: I managed to get the sequence that represents the ...
3
votes
1answer
322 views

Solving integral equation with Laplace's Transform.

I'm trying to prove the following $$\int\limits_0^\infty {\frac{{\cos tu}}{{{u^2} + 1}}\log udu} = - \frac{\pi }{2}\int\limits_0^\infty {\frac{{\sin tu}}{{{u^2} + 1}}du} $$ The original problem ...
3
votes
1answer
1k views

Equation-driven smoothly shaded concentric shapes

Background Looking to create interesting video transitions (in grayscale). Problem Given equations that represent a closed, symmetrical shape, plot the outline and concentrically shade the shape ...
3
votes
1answer
23 views

Parametrization of the implicit curve $F(x,y)=a_1\cos x+a_2\sin x+a_3\cos y+a_4\sin y-b=0$

I am trying to find a parametrization for the curve defined implicitly by $$ F(x,y)=a_1\cos x+a_2\sin x+a_3\cos y+a_4\sin y-b=0, $$ where $a_1$, $a_2$, $a_3$, $a_4$ and $b$ are constants satisfying ...
3
votes
3answers
96 views

Circle rotating within a circle (roulette)

This was something in a course of mine I'm a bit too thick to see. If one takes a circle of radius $3$ and a circle of radius $1$, and rolls the smaller circle smoothly inside the larger one until the ...
3
votes
1answer
48 views

Inverse mapping for a simple $\mathbb{R}^3$ surface given by $(\sin u, \sin 2u, v)$.

For a domain $U=\{\, (u,v) \in \mathbb{R}^2 \mid -\pi<u<\pi,\ 0<v<1 \,\}$ we have a mapping $X \colon U \to \mathbb{R}^3$ defined by $X(u,v) = (\sin u, \sin 2u, v)$. The resulting surface ...
3
votes
3answers
695 views

Equation of a torus

First I am a newbie in maths so please forgive me if I am not as rigorous as you would like, but do not hesitate to correct me. I want to find the equation of a torus (I mean the process, not just ...
3
votes
1answer
355 views

How are the parametric equations describing the cupid curve derived? [duplicate]

No doubt as some people have already seen, today morning wolfram posted the best valentine ever. The graph depicting cupid with its arrow and floating hearts around it involves something like 6 pages ...