For questions about parametric equations, their application, equivalence to other equation types and definition.

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15
votes
6answers
10k views

Is there an explicit form for cubic Bézier curves?

(See edits at the bottom) I'm trying to use Bézier curves as an animation tool. Here's an image of what I'm talking about: Basically, the value axis can represent anything that can be animated ...
15
votes
5answers
27k views

Parametric Equation of a Circle in 3D Space?

So, my dilemma here is... I have an axis. This axis is given to me in the format of the slope of the axis in the x,y and z axes. I need to come up with a parametric equation of a circle. This circle ...
47
votes
5answers
4k views

Do “Parabolic Trigonometric Functions” exist?

The parametric equation $$\begin{align*} x(t) &= \cos t\\ y(t) &= \sin t \end{align*}$$ traces the unit circle centered at the origin ($x^2+y^2=1$). Similarly, $$\begin{align*} x(t) ...
6
votes
3answers
50k views

Find the equation of the plane passing through a point and a vector orthogonal

I have come across this question that I need a tip for. Find the equation (general form) of the plane passing through the point $P(3,1,6)$ that is orthogonal to the vector $v=(1,7,-2)$. I would ...
27
votes
2answers
415 views

Is “imposing” one function onto another ever used in mathematics?

First of all, let me define what I mean by "imposing," and let me clarify that I've only studied this operation in 2D Euclidean space. Now then, to impose one function onto another, you need two ...
23
votes
2answers
820 views

Seeking proof for the formula relating Pi with its convergents

Could anyone try to prove that the below conjectured formula is valid for relating $\pi$ with ALL of its convergents - those, which are described in OEIS via $\mathrm{A002485}(n)/\mathrm{A002486}(n)$ ...
10
votes
2answers
3k views

Understanding the Equation of a Möbius Strip

I am in HL Math and trying to finish my IA. My topic is the Möbius band. The only problem is, I do not understand the formula that defines it and everywhere I have looked has just given me a ...
4
votes
3answers
5k views

Parametrisation of the surface a torus

For a calculus question I need to parameterise the surface of the torus generated by rotating the circle given by $(x-b)^2+z^2=a^2$ around the $z$-axis (with $0<a<b$). I've had a go at this, ...
2
votes
4answers
902 views

Sketch a curve given parametrically by $x=2t-4t^3$ and $t^2-3t^4$

I am unable to see how to eliminate $t$. Wolfram Alpha fails at it too. $$x=2t-4t^3$$ $$y=t^2-3t^4$$ I can guess that the curve is a polynomial equation so in principle I can write this as $$w_1 ...
0
votes
0answers
39 views

Fourier Series and epicycles - How to extract the radii and angular velocities from the Fourier Series expansion of a function.

NOTE: I am attaching Mathematica code for those who may want to check it out and understand what I'm asking for. The rest of the question is pretty mathematical in nature, I'll also try the ...
2
votes
6answers
543 views

Parabola in parametric form

Show that the following system of parametric equations describes a line or a parabola: $$\begin{cases} x=a_1t^2+b_1t+c_1 \\ y=a_2t^2+b_2t+c_2 \end{cases}, t\in\mathbb{R}.$$
1
vote
2answers
43 views

Find and sketch the image of the straight line $z = (1+ia)t+ib$ under the map $w=e^{z}$

I need to find and sketch the image of the straight line $z = (1+ia)t +aib$, where $-\infty < t < + \infty$, $a,b\in \mathbb{R}$, and $a \neq 0$, under the map $w = e^{z}$. In order to ...
1
vote
1answer
588 views

How to construct a parametric cubic B spline?

If I am given n+1 control point Pi(xi,yi), Po .... Pn , how do I construct a parametric relationship to draw a curve ? From what I understand , a parametric relationship is that you can express x and ...
1
vote
1answer
6k views

find parametric equations for the path a particle that moves along the circle $x^2+(y-1)^2=4$

Find parametric equations for the path a particle that moves along the circle $$x^2+(y-1)^2=4.$$ In the manner describe a) One around clockwise starting at $(2,1)$ b) Three times around ...
1
vote
2answers
2k views

find area of the region $x=a\cos^3\theta$ $y=a\sin^3\theta$

Find the area of the region enclosed by $x=a\cos^3\theta$ and $y=a\sin^3\theta$ What steps should I take in order to find the area?
1
vote
1answer
1k views

Parametric Equation

Let $P_1$ be the plane through the origin containing the vectors $[1,2,-1]$ and $[0,1,1]$. Let $P_2$ be the plane through the point $(1,1,1)$ parallel to the vectors $[-1,2,2]$ and $[3,4,-2]$ I know ...
-2
votes
1answer
33 views

Finding the equations of the tangents to a curve defined by a parametric equation [on hold]

The curve $C$ defined by parametric equations $$C:\begin{cases} x = t^3 - 3t^2 \\ y = t^3 - 3t \end{cases}$$ I need to find two tangents at point $(-4,2)$ and find their equations for curve $C$. So ...
11
votes
3answers
246 views

What function could describe this GIF animation?

I found this image on Beautiful Mathematical GIFs Will Mesmerize You and this GIF really caught my attention. From what I see, it's a 2D circle morphing into the 3D sphere. What function could ...
6
votes
3answers
15k views

Parametric form of a plane

Can you please explain to me how to get from a nonparametric equation of a plane like this: $$ x_1−2x_2+3x_3=6$$ to a parametric one. In this case the result is supposed to be $$ x_1 = 6-6t-6s$$ ...
2
votes
2answers
84 views

On the complete solution to $x^2+y^2=z^k$ for odd $k$?

While trying to answer this question, I was looking at a computer output of solutions to $x^2+y^2 = z^k$ for odd $k$ and noticed certain patterns. For example, for $k=5$ we have $x,y,z$, $$10, 55, ...
2
votes
1answer
347 views

Rotation of conics sections using linear algebra

When given an equation of the form $$Ax^2+Bxy+Cy^2 + Dx + Ey + F$$ where $B \not= 0$ and it is not a degenerate conic, then you can use $\Delta = B^2 -4AC $ to see what type of conic it is, and then ...
2
votes
2answers
719 views

Parametric equations and specifications of a triskelion (triple spiral)

I haven't been able to find the parametric equations and specifications to form a triskelion, a triple spiral (this is made of three interlocked couples of spirals). Using the parametric equation of ...
1
vote
1answer
1k views

Parametric Equations of an Oblique Circular Cone

I am trying to determine the parametric equations for a specific shape of an oblique circular cone with no success. Exhaustive web searchs and many texts have not been fruitful as regards ...
2
votes
1answer
75 views

All polynomial parametric curves in $k^2$ are contained in affine algebraic varieties

I have started working through the textbook Ideals, Varieties, and Algorithms by Cox, Little, and O'Shea and I am stuck on one part of an introductory question. The question begins by getting one to ...
2
votes
2answers
5k views

Derive parametric equations for sphere

How do you derive the parametric equations for a sphere? \begin{align} x & = r \cos(\theta)\sin(\varphi), \\ y & = r \sin(\theta)\sin(\varphi), \\ z & = r \cos(\varphi), \end{align} where ...
1
vote
2answers
179 views

Show that the parameterized curve is a periodic solution to the system of nonlinear equations

First I tried to convert the system to polar coordinates. This only made things worse (unless I made some idiotic mistake). Can I plug in the given ellipse (rectangular coordinates) into the ...
1
vote
0answers
54 views

Relation between $\sin(t)$($\cos(t)$) and $\sin(at)$ ($\cos(at)$) when both are rational

This question relates to Parametric equations where sin(t) and cos(t) must be rational. Suppose it is given that $\cos(t)$ and $\sin(t)$ are both rational and also $\cos(at)$ and $\sin(at)$, where ...
1
vote
2answers
3k views

Conditions for a smooth parametric curve

A curve defined by $x=f(t), y=g(t)$ is smooth if $f'(x)$ and $g'(x)$ are continuous and not simultaneously zero. Why do we have the second condition(simultaneously zero)?
0
votes
1answer
43 views

a question about how to parametrize a surface in $R^3$

Given a surface $$x^4/a^4+y^4/b^4+z^4/c^4=1$$,how can I parametrize the surface using X(u,v). I tried to use $x=a\sqrt{cos(\theta)sin(\phi)}$,$y=b\sqrt{cos(\theta)sin(\phi)}$,and ...
0
votes
1answer
828 views

Intersection of cubic bezier curve and circle

Let $B$ be a cubic Bézier curve with control points $P_0,P_1,P_2,P_3 \in \mathbb{R}^2$, and $C$ be a circle with center $P_C$ and radius $r$. How can I find all intersections of $B$ and $C$? Is ...
2
votes
2answers
154 views

Finding arc length parametrization of a parabola

Suppose we have a parabola of equation $y = x^2$ in a given Cartesian coordinate system. An obvious parameterization of it is the system $x = t$, $y = t^2$, but there are infinite other possibilities, ...
2
votes
2answers
78 views

Parametric equations where sin(t) and cos(t) must be rational

Suppose there are parametric equations $$ x(t) = at - h\sin(t) $$ $$ y(t) = a - h\cos(t) $$ and it is required that both $\sin(t)$ and $\cos(t)$ should be rational. What the values of $t$ should be ...
2
votes
3answers
3k views

How to find a parametric equation for the tangent line to the curve of intersection of the cylinders?

How can i find a parametric equation for the tangent line to the curve of intersection of the cylinders $x^2 + y^2 = 4$ and and $x^2 + z^2 = 1$ at the point $P_0(1,\sqrt{3}, 0)$?
2
votes
2answers
757 views

Why does using an integral to calculate an area sometimes return a negative value when using a parametric equation?

I have the following parametric equation: $$x=t^2-2t$$ $$y=\sqrt{t}$$ I'm interested finding the area of the region bounded by this curve and the y-axis (i.e. $0 \leq t \leq 2$). We have: ...
2
votes
1answer
277 views

Finding Angle of Elevation to hit X, Y

My ultimate goal is to find the angle of elevation necessary to launch a projectile from the origin to (x,y) with initial velocity V and under gravitational acceleration g. Wind resistance is ignored. ...
1
vote
3answers
69 views

Consider the parametric curve given by: $x=3\cos(t)$, $y=t^{3/2}$.

The question asks to find the equation of the tangent to this curve at the point $t=\pi/4$. I've determined $$\frac{dy}{dx} =(\frac{dy}{dt})/(\frac{dx}{dt}) = -0.222$$ Have I got the right idea? ...
1
vote
3answers
53 views

Consider the parametric curve: $x=6\cos^3(t), y=6\sin^3(t)$, write it in cartesian form.

Consider the parametric curve: $$x=6\cos^3(t), y=6\sin^3(t)$$ Write it in Cartesian form. I am really struggling with the solution for this. I've been trying to find $t$ from $x$, and then ...
1
vote
1answer
666 views

Calculating the x, y coordinate a set distance between two points

I'm trying to calculate the x and y coordinates that are a set distance between the coordinates of two pixels in an image. For example, if I travel from my original location (x1=4, y1=3) to a new ...
1
vote
2answers
231 views

Catenary equation in 3D

I have two points with coordinates A(x1,y1,z1) and B(x2,y2,z2). There is a third point which is lowest point of the catenary curve. I only know z-coordinate of this third point. I need to find ...
1
vote
2answers
104 views

Describe a twisted parabolic trough

I want to describe a parabolic trough of the form $z=x^2$ and give it a twist, like a torsion in $y$ direction. Does anybody know how I can do that? Imagine this is the trough and the $z$ direction ...
1
vote
1answer
85 views

Looking for help for building a Spline's algorithm 10th order

I'm trying to code the following algorithm in C++ and need help to understand the build of Splines from a mathematical point of view (found on page 129 on this paper). $$ f(t) = \boldsymbol{t} \cdot ...
1
vote
1answer
47 views

Show in parametric form plane in $R^3$

I have this question in my book. Show in parametric form the plane of $R^3$ that determined by these points : $$(1,0,0)$$ $$(0,1,0)$$ $$(0,0,1)$$ Does $(0,0,0)$ found on this plane? My answer The ...
1
vote
1answer
65 views

Let $S$ be the surface generated by the circles of radius $b$, find a parametric expression for $S$

Let $C$ be the curve associated to a regular, simple path $\theta:[0,l]\rightarrow \Bbb R^2 $; also assume that $((x'(s))^2+((y'(s))^2=b^2$ and let $S$ be the surface generated by the circles of ...
1
vote
1answer
105 views

What is being represented by this 2 images?

image 1 image 2 It's possible that image 1 is showing some kind of methods for building polygons out of trigonometric functions ? It's also possible that image 2 is a quadratic bezier curve ?
1
vote
1answer
1k views

Coordinate of intersection between line and square

TL;DR given a square and a point $p$, I need the intersection between the perimeter of the square and a ray cast from the center of the square through point $p$. This is my approach so far, but I will ...
1
vote
1answer
178 views

How to calculate a double integral over a triangle by transforming to polair coordinates & by using a transformation

Let T be the triangel with vetrices $( 0,0 ) , ( 1,0 )\mbox{ and } ( 0,1 ) $. Evaluate the integral : $$ \iint_D e^{\frac{y-x}{y+x}} $$ a) by transforming to polar coordinates b) by using the ...
1
vote
1answer
170 views

Find the Frenet frame

Consider the following space curve: $$ \gamma(x)=(e^x\cos(x), e^x\sin(x), e^x). $$ My main goal is to find the Frenet Frame T,N,B. So far I have found the arc-length using the following formula: $$ ...
1
vote
5answers
910 views

How do we prove that two parametric equations are drawing the same thing?

For example, if I have $$\begin {align} x(t) &= r\sin t\cos t\\ y(t) &= r\sin^2 t\\ \end {align}$$ and $$\begin {align} x(t) &= \frac r 2 \cos t\\ y(t) &= \frac r 2 (\sin t + 1) ...
1
vote
1answer
2k views

Finding Parametric Equations For A Rectangular Equation

I am trying to find a general way of finding parametric equations for a rectangular equation. The problem I am working on is $y=x^3$, and I have to find two examples of parametric equations. ...
1
vote
1answer
625 views

parameterization of helical torus

A Helix is parameterized as $\langle R \cos(t), R \sin(t), \alpha t\rangle$ and one can visualize it as "wrapping" around a cylinder of radius R. I would like to accomplish the same thing but wrapping ...