For questions about parametric equations, their application, equivalence to other equation types and definition.

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1answer
96 views

Parametric surfaces - Parameterization of torus

A rotational surface area is created when a curve in the $xz$-plane, with parameterization $\def\i{\pmb{i}}\def\k{\pmb k}$ $r=x(t)\i + z(t)\k$ , $t \in [a,b]$, rotates around the $z$-axis. This ...
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2answers
76 views

calculate velocity using parametric functions

if i have the following parametric functions where time is m/s : x = 8 t y = -5 t2 + 6 t and i want to find the initial velocity can i do the following: ...
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0answers
227 views

Parametric Equation of a Hyperbolic Paraboloid

I need to make two trace plots of the hyperbolic paraboloid $z=x^2-y^2$. In the first plot, we set $z$ equal to a constant $k$, $z=k$. How do I find the parametric equation for this representation of ...
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3answers
100 views

Trouble with caculus problem, parametric equations, I don't know what I'm doing wrong

When a mortar shell is fired with an initial velocity of v0 ft/sec at an angle α above the horizontal, then its position after t seconds is given by the parametric equations $x = (v0 \cos \alpha)t$ , ...
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1answer
90 views

Parallel Curves to a Parabola

I have been modelling parallel curves to a parabola and realise if the parallel curve to a parabola is offset enough then the curve will overlap. I came across this research paper to explain why a ...
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0answers
16 views

Parametrically defined Spheres in $R^n$

So I have 2 questions here which are closely linked: How do you parametrically define the circle $(x')^2 + (y')^2 = r^2$ using (x') and (y') as coordinates on the plane ax + by + cz = 0 that are ...
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3answers
175 views

Equation of a Circle from parametric functions of sin and cos

Given: x = 2 cos (t/2) y = 2 sin (t/2) How do we find the equation of the circle? I know that x^2 + y^2 = 1, where x = cos(t) y = sin(t) so x^2 = (2 cos (t/2))^2 y^2 = (2 sin (t/2))^2 How do ...
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1answer
736 views

Parametrization for the curve $y = 7 - x^4$ that passes through the point $(0, 7, -3) $when t = 0 and is parallel to the xy-plane

Can you help me? So far I have turned $y = 7-x^4$ into $\langle1, 1, 0\rangle$ and used it to make the equation $L = (0, 7, -3) + t(1, 1, 0)$. I know this is wrong, but I just don't know what, and I ...
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2answers
164 views

Line integral around intersection of sphere and plane

The unit sphere is intersected by the plane x + y = 1. Find the line integral of F = around the intersection. $\int\int\nabla$x$F\cdot$ n dA the unit normal vector is easily found by looking at the ...
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434 views

Find parametric equations for the tangent line to the curve with the given parametric equations at the specified point.

Find parametric equations for the tangent line to the curve with the given parametric equations at the specified point. <1+2$\sqrt{t}$ ,$t^{3}$-1 , $t^{3}$+1 > at point P(3,0,2)
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2answers
47 views

Possible $x$ values for a parametric equation

$x=\sin t $ and $y=3\cos 2t$ over the interval $-\pi/2 \leq t \leq \pi/2$. I know how to eliminate $t$, but I was asked to determine the possible $x$ values for the parametric equation and the ...
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0answers
93 views

Splitting parametric curve equation into two ranges

I am examining the speed of motion on curves and in the textbook i am reading , the example was showing that using a parametric equation for an ellipse will result in a regular motion (as expected) , ...
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4answers
2k views

Cardioid: Converting from parametric form into cartesian form

I'm trying to find the cartesian equation of the curve defined by the parametric equations: x=2cost-cos2t, y=2sint-sin2t I feel stumped. How can I go about this?
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2answers
55 views

Testing the multivariable chain rule

Let $x = t$, $y = t^2$, and $z = xy$. Then $$\frac{\partial y}{\partial t} = 2t$$ and since $t = x$, $$\frac{\partial y}{\partial x} = 2x = 2t.$$ Everything is consistent. But now consider using ...
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1answer
304 views

Prove parametric equations trochoid

I have to show that the parametric equations of a trochoid are: $x = r\theta - d\sin\theta$ and $y=r-d\cos\theta$ where r is radius and d is the distance between center of the circle and a point P. ...
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2answers
175 views

Find parametrizations for Circles and Ellipses

a) The portion of the circle $x^2 + y^2 = 4$ traversed clockwise from $(-2,0)$ to $(0,2)$ b) The part of the ellipse $(x^2)/(4) + (y^2)/(9) = 1$ that lies above the line $y = 0$, traversed clockwise. ...
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0answers
33 views

Strange attractors - groups other than four?

I'm using the following code to generate strange attractors: ...
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1answer
186 views

How to Parametrise a Parabola?

What is the method of find the parametric equations for all types of parabolas? And in both directions? So if I had 2 points: Parametrise from A to B Point $A = ( \frac{3}{\sqrt2} , 9 )$ and Point ...
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1answer
107 views

Circle wrapped on a cylinder

I'd like to know the parametric equations of a circle(r) wrapped on a cylinder(R). $x(t)= r\times cos(t)$ $y(t)=?$ $z(t)=?$ Which are the parametric equations? Thanks
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2answers
98 views

What is the $uv$ pair, or $uv$-plane, exactly?

Maybe the answer to this question is easier than computing $1+1$, but I often find this $uv$ pair on pretty much all the parametric equations that have something to do with 3D geometry and all the ...
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0answers
60 views

Rheotomic surfaces parameterization?

Are there parameterizations for rheotomic surfaces? Or, am I stuck with implicit formulas and marching cubes for plotting points? Are there special cases where the surfaces are parameterizable? Here ...
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1answer
136 views

Finding parametric and non parametric equations?

need help to solve this equation really stuck on it. The plane through the point $(1, -2, 4)$ and containing the line given by $(x, y, z)$ = $(3, -2,1)+t(2, 1, -3)$ anyone help me out? thanks a ...
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1answer
2k views

Finding parametric and non parametric equations of a plane?

Hi there having some trouble with this. The plane through the three points $(5, 4, -8)$,$(1, 6,-3)$ and $(7,-2,5)$ so I then converted it to $(5, 4, -8) + s(-4, 2, 5) + t(2, -6, 13)$ then ...
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2answers
405 views

Conditions for a smooth parametric curve

A curve defined by $x=f(t), y=g(t)$ is smooth if $f'(x)$ and $g'(x)$ are continuous and not simultaneously zero. Why do we have the second condition(simultaneously zero)?
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1answer
91 views

Turning points of a Bezier curve

I would like to find those points where a Bezier curve $\mathbf{C} = [(t(u) , P(u)]^T$ has zero gradient. Following the chain rule, I have tried the following $$ \frac{dP}{dt} = \left( \frac{dP}{du} ...
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1answer
66 views

What is parametrics and Parametrization of equations?

I always read about parametric equations and parametrization of equations, but what is that anyway? how can I tell the difference between a Parametric equation and a 'normal' one?
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3answers
1k views

Parametric equations, eliminating the parameter $\,x = t^2 + t,\,$ $y= 2t-1$

$$x = t^2 + t\qquad y= 2t-1$$ So I solve $y$ for $t$ $$t = \frac{1}{2}(y+1)$$ Then I am supposed to plug it into the equation of $x$ which is where I lose track of the logic. $$x = \left( ...
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1answer
406 views

Parametric Equations of an Oblique Circular Cone

I am trying to determine the parametric equations for a specific shape of an oblique circular cone with no success. Exhaustive web searchs and many texts have not been fruitful as regards ...
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3answers
99 views

Parametrization of Circle in 3D

I'm given the vector valued function (supposedly a circle) $r(t) = (3\cos t, 4\cos t, 5\sin t)$. However, I cannot see immediately how this is a circle. How do I verify that it is? I also have a ...
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1answer
168 views

Reverse direction of parametric equation

For the graph $y = \sqrt{x}$ the normal parametric equations would $x = t^2$ and $y = |t|$. However, the direction for that graph would be going from infinity to zero when $t \leq 0$ and zero to ...
2
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1answer
281 views

Sphere parameterization with 6 patches

I am looking for a parameterization of the sphere with 6 patches, like in http://www.image.ucar.edu/staff/rnair/research09.html and the inverse of this parameterization. As well, I would need a ...
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1answer
443 views

Parametric Equations rotation of axes

For old coordinates $(x,y)$ the new coordinates $(u,v)$ are related like this: $x = u\cos(\theta) - v\sin(\theta)$ $y = u\sin(\theta) + v\cos(\theta)$ So would it be correct to say that to rotate ...
2
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1answer
65 views

Parametric Equations (Basic) - Cartesian equation of curves

$x = 2 \cos t$, $y = 2 \sin t$, $0 \le t \le 2\pi$ Find the Cartesian equation of the curves. Please help i know it's basic but my problem is that $2 \cos t$ doesn't equal $1 - \sin^2 t$ and if it ...
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2answers
92 views

NURBS, parametrized curves and manifolds

Let's start with the definitions: A parametrized curve is a map $γ : (α,β) → R^n$ , for some $α,β$ with $−∞ ≤ α < β ≤ ∞$. A NURBS curve is defined by $C(u)=\sum_{i=1}^n R_{i,p}(u)\mathbf{P_i}$ as ...
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1answer
54 views

Cut edge between two parametric surfaces

I want to make a model of an ultrasound field, that impinges on a test object. The shape of the sound field can be simplified as a cone and the test object is cylindric. I used the following ...
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1answer
184 views

Parametric equations, Exponential Function.

Consider the curve defined by the parametric equations $x=t^2 +t-1$ and $y=te^{2t}$ i) Show that $dy/dx =e^{2t}$ ii) Hence show that the tangent to the curve at the point on the curve where $t= -1$ ...
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0answers
140 views

What is the parametric equations for the following closed curves?

First case Second case For the sake of simplicity, let the circle of radius $R$ be at the origin, the rectangle width and height be $w$ and $h$, respectively.
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1answer
325 views

Intersection of cubic bezier curve and circle

Let $B$ be a cubic Bézier curve with control points $P_0,P_1,P_2,P_3 \in \mathbb{R}^2$, and $C$ be a circle with center $P_C$ and radius $r$. How can I find all intersections of $B$ and $C$? Is ...
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1answer
281 views

Using geometric arguments to solve an analysis problem

Im not good in geometric interpretations... any help is very welcome. Consider the unitary disc $$D=\{(x,y,0)\in\mathbb{R}^3, x^2+y^2\leq1\},$$ parameterized by ...
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1answer
101 views

Constructing shortest interpolation curve from points in $\mathbb R^2$ with parametric equations.

Assume we are given a set of $n$ points from $\mathbb R^2$, $(x_1,y_1),(x_2,y_2)\dots(x_n,y_n)$. We want to construct a path connecting all these points using a pair of parametric equations ...
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1answer
63 views

Parametric representation of $\sqrt{x^2+y^2}\le z \le 2$

just wondering how to parametrize this. Question is: Let $C$ denote the conical region $\sqrt{x^2+y^2}\le z \le 2$. Find a parametric representation $\mathbf{x}(u,v)$ for $S$, the surface of $C$. ...
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1answer
73 views

Polar parametrization surface intersection

here is my problem: I need some help, i need the parametrization of the intersection of this two surfaces: $\ z^2= x^2+y^2 $ $\ (x-1)^2+y^2=1 $ Well, i can do it with cartesian equations $\ ...
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159 views

Create animation of parametric plot

I would like to create an animation of parametric plot. With a moving point on curve. The parametric functions are: x(t) = ...
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3answers
52 views

Is what I'm doing valid?

Find the POI of the following two planes: $$\pi_1: -3x + 3y + z + 6= 0$$ $$\pi_2: 3x - y + 2z - 2 = 0$$ I started by isolating "$z$". $$\pi_1: z = 3x - 3y - 6$$ $$\pi_2: z = \frac ...
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1answer
40 views

Existence of Lipschitz reparametrization

Suppose we are given a continuous path, $$\gamma:[0,1]\rightarrow (X,d)\text{,}$$ in a metric space $(X,d)$. When we deal with differentiable enough paths in Riemann manifolds we can give a ...
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1answer
142 views

Parametric simultaneous equations

I stumbled on this one a few days ago and I'm probably missing something obvious... I basically need to solve those parametric equations for the other coordinate $(x,y)$ other than the point ...
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2answers
61 views

Ray-Lens Intersection

So imagine that I have a ray parameterized as $\vec{R} = \vec{O} + t\vec{D}$, where $\vec{O}$ = origin, $t$ = parameter and $\vec{D}$ = direction vector. I also have a spherical lens with aperture ...
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1answer
112 views

Ray Disk intersection

So if I have a ray parameterized as $O + tD$ where $O$ is the origin, $D$ is the direction and $t$ is the parameter variable and a flat circular disk with a center point $P$ in 3D space and a radius ...
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1answer
36 views

Find position on surface of a lens

If I have a lens with coordinates UV on the lens surface where U, V are [-1, 1] and I want to find the real-world (x,y,z) coordinates of the UV point, how would I do that if I have the following ...
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5answers
122 views

Parametric equations for given line

How would you find the parametric equations for: 1) a line through $(3,1)$ and $(-5,4)$. 2) a segment joining $(1,1)$ and $(2,3)$. Can anyone show me the steps of doing it cause the way my textbook ...