For questions about parametric equations, their application, equivalence to other equation types and definition.

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Parametric Curve Tangent Equations

Let a curve be given in the parametrised form by: r(t) = (2cost, 2sint), 0 ≤ t ≤ 2pi Find the equations of the tangents to the curve at each of its points (Xo, Yo). Having gone through some text, ...
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How to parametrise $x^2 + y^2 = z^2; z \in [0, 1]$?

How to parametrise $x^2 + y^2 = z^2; z \in [0, 1]$? I want to parametrise so I can use the divergence theorem to calculate the flux along the surface above. I don't know how to do it and would like ...
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1answer
23 views

Is there a method to parameterise any surface? And how could I parametrise this one given?

I'm having major trouble every time I need to parametrise a surface in order to take a surface integral, I just have no idea where to even start half of the time. Is there some kind of method that can ...
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28 views

Tweaking Reddit's Ranking Algorithm

This image explains how Reddit's Ranking algorithm works. As you know, Reddit is a very high traffic site. Therefore, the post rank decreases quite fast. This algorithm puts emphasis on bringing ...
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3answers
34 views

Find the coordinates of the point where the normal cuts the curve again problem

Find the equation of the normal to the curve $x=2\cos\theta$, $y=3\sin\theta$ at the point where $\theta=\frac{1}{4}\pi$. Find the coordinates of the point where this normal cuts the curve again. ...
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Calculating parameter in a function [closed]

I have two functions: $$g(x) = 2x^3 + 3x^2 + a\qquad \text{range is: }(2 < a)\\ f(x) = (x-2)^2\qquad \text{range is: }(2 \le x \le a)$$ The value of the function $g(x)$ in its global minimum point ...
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2answers
18 views

To find a extremal point of a function with parameters

I have a function $$f(x) = (x-5m)(x+m)^2$$ I have tried to find the extremal points of this function (and then find if it's local maxima or minima). That means I need to find the x of derivative. The ...
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Finding Extrema of a Function Restrained by a Parametrized Surface

Where on the parametrized surface $r(u,v)=⟨u^2,v^3,uv⟩$ is the temperature $T(x,y,z)=12x+y−12z$ minimal? Find all local maxima, local minima or saddle points. I know that one has to insert $r(u,v)$ ...
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Constant parametric curves in terms of $x$ and $y$ [closed]

When parameters $\theta, \phi $ are constant for $$ x = \phi \cos\, \theta , \, y = \theta \cos \phi , $$ express them in terms of $x$ and $y$. EDIT1: The corresponding second plot ...
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1answer
23 views

Parametric equation for a circle centered at $(-5,-4)$ with a radius of $4$: Why is $t$ negative?

The parametric equations for $x$ & $y$ are as follows: $$x=-5+4 \cos (-t)$$ $$y=-4+4 \sin (-t)$$ My question is: Why is $t$ negative in this case? Thanks for any help.
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What is the implicit form of $x=cos(t),y=-3+cos(2t)$? [closed]

I know I have to use the properties of the trigonometric functions but I don't know which of them would help me get the answer.
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1answer
23 views

Nurbs parametric coordinate span

I am using the Nurbs definition of Wikipedia. I might have missed something in the definition but I cannot understand how to know on which interval does the parametric coordinate span. Particularily ...
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2answers
27 views

Find point(s) of intersection between a line and a circle whose radius is parameterized by the same variable as the line

Let's assume we have a line: $$\begin{align} x&: x_0 + v_xt, \\ y&: y_0 + v_yt \end{align}$$ and a circle $$\begin{align} x&: X_0 + kt\cos(s), \\ y&: Y_0 + kt\sin(s).\end{align}$$ ...
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3answers
37 views

How a formula is developed

The rule for converting line equations to parametric equations is: $$\frac{(x-x_1)}{a} =\frac{(y-y_1)}{b} =t$$ I would like to know how this was developed. Thank you.
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1answer
29 views

Find the end points of a line segment in 3D space

I have a line segment in 3 dimensional space (x,y,z), and I want to find the 2 endpoints of this line segment. Is there a systematic way of doing this? To be specific, I have the line described by ...
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23 views

Finding twice-differentiable function of x of a parametric curve when dx/dt = 0

We're working on finding tangents of parametric curves and I feel like this problem isn't as hard as I'm making it out to be, but I am completely stumped. I am given this information: Given ...
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1answer
35 views

Finding an equation to the surface S that is bounded between $z=x^2-y^2$ inside the cylinder $x^2+y^2=1$

How to find a parametric equation to the surface S that is bounded between $z=x^2-y^2$ inside the cylinder $x^2+y^2=1$, and while C be the the Boundary of that surface. While reading the solution of ...
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Find intersection between conotur point list and a line

Given: List of points representing a closed contour Task: Choose a random point on the contour and shoot a ray inside the contour and determine where the ray intersects the contour. This needs to be ...
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Finding the points of the curve in $R^3$ where the tangent is perpendicular to a line

Given the line L defined by $y=2z,x-z=3$, find the points of the curve $C$ given by $x(t)=-4t^2,y(t)=\frac{7}{6}t^3,z(t)=t+3$ where its tangent is perpendicular to L. Progress so far: $ x - z = 3 ...
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1answer
109 views

Equation of a quadric surface on which this curve lies?

I am currently learning about surfaces. So for the parametrized curve: $r=\langle t^2, 3t\cos(2t), 3t\sin(2t)\rangle,\quad t\ge 1$ how can I find a equation for the surface the curve lie? Also what ...
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Cartesian/Parametric 3d equation of a cheese twist?

Hi I'm looking for the equation of a cheese twist in 3d (either parametric or cartesian)... Can be multiple planes but was wondering if anyone had any idea to execute something like this? Thanks e.g. ...
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4answers
169 views

Parametric to implicit form of a curve

"Find the implicit form of the curve defined by parametric equations $x = t+1,y=\frac{1}{t^{2}}$" How can I clear $t$ to arrive at the implicit equation?
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Parametric equations of a line

"Find the parametric equations of a line that passes through point $(1,1,0)$, parallel to plane $2x+3y+z=7$ and perpendicular to the line $\frac{x-1}{-2}= \frac{y}{3}=-z-2$" I don't know where to ...
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1answer
58 views

How to convert the parametric equation into implicit form?

This problem is generated from another Green's theorem related question of mine. The original equation of the plane curve is not in rational parametric form. In order to calculate the symbolic ...
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1answer
19 views

Point on surface where tangent plane is perpendicular to line.

I'm given the surface $ x^3-2y^2+z^2=27 $ and have to find where the tangent plane is perpendicular to the line described by \begin{align*} x &= 3t-5 \\ y &= 2t+7\\z&=1-t\sqrt2\end{align*} ...
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1answer
40 views

Conversion between trig functions and hyperbolic trig functions

Using trig identities we can see that $\sin^2 x + \cos^2 x = \tanh^2 x + \text{sech}^2 x = 1$ , and so the parametric graph $(\cos t, \sin t)$ is similar to $(\text{sech} t, \tanh t)$. The first ...
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1answer
23 views

Slope of a Parametrized Curve

Say that we have the parametrized curve $x=e^{3t}, y=te^{-t}$. What would be the slope of this at the point $(1,0)$ and also on which points on the curve would the curve be horizontal? What I have ...
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2answers
22 views

Given two curves, find parametric curve

I am given two graphs x versus t and y versus t and I have to determine the parametric curve. The two graphs I am given: Parametric curve (that is the right answer): So the solutions say that: ...
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Is it possible to turn the parametric equation of a line in 3 dimensions into the general equation?

I Know it is impossible to do so since the parametric equation for a plane is the intersection of $2$ planes.For example: $x$ $=$ $\frac{-5}{4t}+\frac{1}{4}$; $y=\frac{3}{4t}+\frac{5}{4}$; $z=t$ ...
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Surface integral: Cone cut by a cylinder

Ok I've got this exercise from Apostol I'm trying to do: "The cylinder $x²+y²=2x$ cuts out a portion of a surface S from the upper nappe of the cone x²+y²=z². Compute the value of the integral: ...
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1answer
33 views

Parametric equations of perpendicular lines

I'm having problems with this: Find the parametric equation of the line that passes through the point $(-1, 4, 5)$ and is perpendicular to the line: $$x = -2 + t$$ $$y = 1 - t$$ $$z = 1 + 2t$$
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33 views

Parametric equations - locus at midpoint

Consider the parametric equations $x=-2t^2$ and $y=4t$ The normal at any point, P, cuts the x-axis at Q. Find the Cartesian equation of the locus of the midpoint, M, of PQ. Can anyone help get me ...
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1answer
36 views

Counting the integer soultions to this parametric inequality

hello I am looking for an efficient way, hopefully a formula or a somewhat tight upper bound, for the number of integer solutions to the following let $k$ be a fixed integer and $\lambda \ge 1$ and ...
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Evaluate $\int_C z^2 e^{1/z} \cosh(1/z)\,dz$, where $C$ is any simple-closed curve, oriented counterclockwise, and containing 0 in its interior.

Evaluate $\int_C z^2 e^{1/z} \cosh(1/z)\,dz$, where $C$ is any simple-closed curve, oriented counterclockwise, and containing 0 in its interior. my works I'm stuck in next step
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Parametric equation question showing minimum value of d^2

for the equation $d^2 = (1-a)^2t^2 + 18(1-a)t +117$ Show that when $a = 2$, the minimum value of $d^2$ is attained when $t=9$. I set $a=2$ to get $d^2 = t^2 - 18t + 117$ should i now just run it ...
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Rearranging this equation

This is based on a parametric equation problem. We have two ships A and B at $(-2,at +1)$ and $(4, t+10)$ respectively. I need to show that $d^2 = (1-a)^2t^2 +18(1-a) t +117$ using the distance ...
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45 views

What's the parametric equation for the plane through a point (x,y,z) perpendicular to (a,b,c)?

Find the parametric vector and Cartesian equations for the following planes: a. The plane thru point $(2,1,-2)$ perpendicular to vector $(-1,1,2)$. b. The plane thru the three points $(2,2,-2)$, ...
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2answers
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Curl of a vector field.

Let S be a piecewise smooth oriented surface in $\mathbb{R}^3$ with positive oriented piecewise smooth boundary curve $\Gamma:=\partial S$ and $\Gamma : X=\gamma(t), t\in [a,b]$ a rectifiable ...
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2answers
20 views

2 lines passing Q and R meets at the mid-point,

Consider the straight line whose parametric equation is $$(x, y) = (1, 1)+ t(12,−1)$$ Show that the above line and a line passing Q and R meets at the mid-point. $Q = (5, 5)$ and $R = (9,−4)$ How ...
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3answers
68 views

Find the shortest distance between the point and a parabola

Find the shortest distance between the point $(p,0)$, where $p> 0$, and the parabola $y^2=4ax$, where $a>0$, in the different cases that arise according to the value of $p/a$. [You may wish ...
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Find the parametric equations of the plane given the following pieces of information

Find parametric equations of the plane that passes through the point $$P (- 2, 1, 7)$$ and is perpendicular to the line whose parametric equations are $$x = 4 + 2t , y=-2+3t, z =-5t$$ Here is my ...
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finding a vector valued function for the intersection of two shapes

I have a problem for my cal 3 class to find a vector valued function for the intersection of these two equations. $4x^2+4y^2+z^2=16$ and $x=z^2$ so i know that the first equation is a ellipsoid ...
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1answer
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what is the parametric form for “mystery curve”?

Mystery curve found here looks like this : Was given by the complex formula : $$e^{it} – \frac{e^{6it}}{2} + i \frac{e^{-14it}}{3} $$ Is the parametric form simpler or the polar form would be ...
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1answer
33 views

The area of surface obtained by rotating a rectifiable curve

Let $\Gamma :X=\gamma(t),a\leq t\leq b$ be a rectifiable parameterized curve in the $(x,z)$-plane of $R^3$, which means $\gamma:[a,b]\to R^3$ is a $C^1$-mapping with $\gamma(t)=(x(t),0,z(t))^T$ and ...
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1answer
35 views

How to parameterize a straight line?

Why does the straight line from $(x_1,+y_1,+z_1)$ to $(x_2,+y_2,+z_2)$ become $r(\vec t)=(1-t)(x_1,+y_1,+z_1)+t(x_2,+y_2,+z_2)$ for $0 \leq t \leq 1$?
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Parametrization of surfaces for vector integration

I'm having some trouble calculating vector fields through surfaces. After attempting a few and being dissapointed with a wrong answer multiple times I figured I must be doing something wrong in the ...
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23 views

Prove for criterion that two curve families are orthogonal on a surface in 3D

Let $E, F, G$ be the coefficients of the first fundamental form of a regular surface $R = R(u, v).$ Let $f(u, v) = c$ and $g(u, v) = d$ be two families of regular curves defined in the ...
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1answer
7 views

Derivative of the magnitude of a parametric function

I am trying to show that $d/dt$ $|r(t)|^2 = r(t)*r'(t)$, where $r(t)= <x(t), y(t), z(t)>$ and $r(t) \neq 0$. I first tried using the fact that $|r(t)|^2 = (x(t))^2+(y(t))^2+(z(t))^2$ and then ...
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37 views

Parametrization of $x^2+y^2-ay=0$

I am to find the circulation of $$y^2 dx + x^2 dy$$ along the (counterclockwise) path $$\Gamma : x^2+y^2-ay = 0$$ both with and without using Green's theorem. Apparently, $\Gamma$ is supposed to ...
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2answers
34 views

Parametrization of an intersection cylinder ellipsoid

I'm trying to parametrize the surface given by the equations : $$\frac{x^2}{2}+\frac{y^2}{2}+z^2=1$$ and $x^2+y^2=y$. I found this function : $f:[0,1] \times [0,2\pi] \to \mathbb{R}^3$, $$(r,x) ...