Order theory deals with properties of orders, usually partial orders or quasi orders but not only those. Questions about properties of orders, general or particular, may fit into this category, as well as questions about properties of subsets and elements of an ordered set.

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How to find a total order with constrained comparisons

There are 25 horses with different speeds. My goal is to rank all of them, by using only runs with 5 horses, and taking partial rankings. How many runs do I need, at minumum, to complete my task? As ...
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273 views

What do linearly ordered abelian groups look like?

Recently a post on MathOverflow connected a theorem about ordered abelian groups to the axiom of choice, and it made me want to try and play with these objects a bit. But it appears to me that I ...
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Proving equivalence of a tree-based version of Countable Choice for families of finite sets.

In this paper by Good and Tree, the following result is mentioned without proof as part of Proposition 6.5: Each of the following statements imply those beneath it. The countable union of ...
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Order-preserving map of regressive functions on $\omega_1$

I posted the following question a year ago on MO. It did receive some attention, but the answer there remains incomplete (as discussed in some detail in its comments). Meanwhile I got the impression ...
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Infinite palindromes in number of nonisomorphic posets is independent of $\mathsf{ZF}$

The following is an "exercise" in P. Stanley's book "Enumerative Combinatorics": Let $f(n)$ be the number of nonisomorphic $n$-element posets (...) let $\mathcal{P}$ denote the statement that ...
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Showing that poset of set of supports of a vector space is semimodular

Let $W$ be a subspace of the vector space $\mathbb{K}^n$, where $\mathbb{K}$ is a field of characteristic $0$. The support of a vector $v = (v_1,\ldots, v_n) \in \mathbb{K}^n$ is given by ...
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Reference request - the topology generated by upward and downward closures of antichains.

By definition, the order topology on a totally ordered set $T$ is the coarsest topology such that every subset of $T$ that can be expressed as the upward or downward closure of a singleton is closed. ...
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Monoids with positive and negative elements

By a pointed monoid I mean a monoid $M$ together with an absorbing element $0 \in M$ (i.e. $0x=x0=0$). Equivalently, this is a monoid in the monoidal category $(\mathsf{Set}_*,\wedge)$. By a ...
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Does order isomorphism of linear extensions of two partially ordered sets imply order isomorphism of themselves?

This question was firstly posted on Mathoverflow. Two answers are pretty interesting. The potential counter-example given in the second answer is really interesting, but it is not surely a ...
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About elements of a poset

Consider a poset $\mathfrak{A}$. I denote $a\not\asymp b$ iff there is a non-least element $x\in\mathfrak{A}$ such that $x\le a$ and $x\le b$. I denote $\star a = \{ x\in\mathfrak{A} \mid x\not\asymp ...
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Is there a name for those relations that behave a bit like $<$?

Consider a fixed but arbitrary preordered set $X$. Is there a name for those binary relations $R$ on $X$ satisfying the following? They seem to show up a lot. (Note that every such $R$ is necessarily ...
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Self-duality in a lattice

Is there any finite self-dual lattice $(X,\le)$ such that there is not any self-duality $f:X\to X$ such that $f\circ f = 1_X$? Let $f,g:X\to X$ be a self-dualities. Then $f^{-1}\circ g$ is an ...
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For which countable successor ordinals $\alpha$ is the reverse order isomorphic to the ideals of a PID ordered by inclusion?

Let $\alpha$ be a countable successor ordinal and $\alpha^{\mathrm{op}}$ the reverse order. For which $\alpha$ is there a commutative principal ideal ring $R$ such that the ideals of $R$ form a chain ...
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47 views

If a linearly ordered set $L$ has the property that every order-preserving injection $L \rightarrow L$ is expansive, is $L$ necessarily well-ordered?

Given a poset $P$, call a function $f : P \rightarrow P$ expansive iff $f(x) \geq x,$ for all $x \in P$. Now suppose a linearly ordered set $L$ has the property that every order-preserving injection ...
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Proof on Dyadic Trees [Smullyan: First-Order Logic, chapter 1, section 0]

I'm having difficult with a proof from Smullyan's First-Order Logic, Chapter 1 Section 0 (Reprint, Dover 1968, p. 4): Prove: In a dyadic tree, define x to be to the left of y if there is a ...
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Divisibilty as relation set on $(\mathbb N \setminus \{0,1\})$

So i have to see if $\prec$ is order relation where two elements $(a,b)$ and $(c,d)$ are in relation $\prec$ if $a|c$ and $2b^{2}+6b\leq2d^{2} + 6 d$. This relation is defined on set $(\mathbb N ...
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37 views

(Almost) co-free objects?

another naming question from me, which comes up because I try to use category theory as a compass in developing some (new or not?) order-theoretic notions. According to my book (The Joy of Cats, ...
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41 views

Prove that for every 2 elements in the set F of all functions from N to N, there's an element in F that's bigger than both

let there be $\ F$ the set of all functions from $\ N \rightarrow N$. K is a relation on F, for every f,g$\in$F , (f,g)$\in$K $\leftrightarrow$ for all $\ n\in N$, $\ f(n)\leq g(n)$ Prove that for ...
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205 views

Power-set in Hypercube: historical background of indexing each term like Hasse Diagram?

My instructor wants references about the indexation over the hypercube, related question here, he does not believe that I was the first who used it -- [update] thanks to a comment, the name is Hasse ...
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Expect size of $k^{th}$ layer of a POSET

Is this known? What is the expected width of the $k^{th}$ layer (anti-chain layer) of a $d$-dimensional partially ordered set of $n$ elements formed by product of $d$ random liner orders chosen from ...
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139 views

Every subset of a poset has an inf implies every subset has a sup

P is a partial order with $\leq$, and L and U are the sets of all lower and upper bounds of A I already know that if every nonempty subset with a lower bound has an infimum, then every nonempty ...
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How can we define “trivially orthogonal” groups?

In any lattice-ordered group, we say that two elements are orthogonal if their meet is 1. I've been thinking of groups who have only "trivial" orthogonal relations, i.e. $x\perp y\implies x=1$ or ...
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Are there any texts on order theory that treat it as decategorified category theory?

I read this post on nLab and now I want to learn some order theory. What are good texts that contain the above referenced topics, and are there any that are explicitly about order theory as ...
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Non-isomorphic posets

Is there any formula or counting algorithm for the number of non-isomorphic posets (defined on finite n-element set)? I'm interested how to solve task *5, p.4 in Birkhoff's "Lattice Theory" the book ...
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Infinite set ordered like a “infinite tree”

Obviously I don't need to say that I'm still a newbie, so I'll try to explain my question with some pics too. I have a infinite set $T$ I have a visual idea of how this set is ordered, but I don't ...
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113 views

Reference request: Indecomposable representations of posets

Let $I$ be a finite poset. Definition: A representation of $I$ is a functor $I\to\mathrm{Vect}_{\mathbb C}\ $. Equivalently, a representation of $I$ is a module over its incidence algebra $\mathbb C ...
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32 views

When is an ordered space scattered?

There is a concept of scattered in both order theory and topology. A topological space $X$ is scattered if every nonempty subspace has an isolated point. A linearly ordered set $( X , < )$ is ...
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33 views

Is possible write $\gamma \in [2, 0)$ under certain condition?

I am writing an academic paper. I have a variable that vary its value from $2$, when speed is zero, until $0$ at high speed. So, I would like write that $\gamma \in [2, 0)$ and not $\gamma \in (0, ...
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Nested Interval Property and Ordered Fields

I have been given the following as a general version of the Nested Interval Property, which is a predicate whose free-variable F ranges through the universe of all ordered fields : Every ...
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When do finite linear orders have the same theory in MSO?

Let $\mathfrak A$ and $\mathfrak B$ be finite linears orders and $m<\omega$. Then we have $$\mathfrak A \equiv^m_{FO}\mathfrak B \quad\text{iff}\quad |A|=|B| \,\, \text{or}\,\, |A|,|B|\ge 2^m-1.$$ ...
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Subsets of $ \mathbb Q $ of order type $ \omega^{\alpha}$ for each countable ordinal $\alpha $.

My introductory text in Set Theory (Stillwell) includes an exercise (6.3.1) asking for an explicit example of a subset of $ \mathbb Q $ or order type $ \omega^2 $. This seems straight forward enough. ...
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The width of a power set graph and its orientations

Let $G(\mathcal{P}(n),E)$ be the undirected graph for the power set of $[n]$ elements under the inclusion relation (i.e. a poset). The width of this poset - which is defined as the size of the maximum ...
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Let $P, Q, R$ be finite posets. Prove that $P^{Q+R} \cong P^Q \times P^R$.

Can someone please verify my proof and offer suggestions for improvement? I feel that my proof might have been a little hand-waving in showing that $\varphi$ is a bijection, and I feel that it is not ...
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Profinite completion of a partial order

In Johnstone's Stone Spaces it is proved that the category of profinite partial orders is (equivalent to) the category of ordered Stone spaces (also called Priestley spaces) and that the obvious ...
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Can the actual scope of “lattice theory” be summarized as “algebraic order theory”?

Lattice and order theory are often mentioned together. So I wonder how lattice theory is "intended" to differ from order theory. Lattice theory became important in the context of universal algebra. ...
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141 views

Back-and-Forth Argument vs. “One-Way” Argument

The wikipedia article on the Back and Forth Argument claims at the end: If we iterated only step $(1)$, rather than going back and forth, then in some cases the resulting function from A to B ...
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Cones and partial ordering

A positive cone always induces a partial ordering on a vector space. I wonder if the converse holds, so is every partial ordering in a vector space induced by a positive cone, or in other words, is ...
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Do subhomomorphisms / subfunctors have a standard name, and where can I learn more?

Sorry for all the mistakes in the original! I think they're mostly fixed now. Thank you for your patience. Part 1. If $A$ and $B$ are models in $\mathrm{Pos}$ of an algebraic signature $\sigma$, ...
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Partially ordered set exercise

Hi everyone is my first time working with posets and I'd like to know if the solution of the next exercise is really correct or maybe there is some errors that I cannot see. Thank in advance. ...
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Set Theory - Well Order (Lexiographical combination)

Question: Prove constructively that if $(A_{1},\prec_{1})$ and $(A_{2},\prec_{2})$ are two well-ordered sets then their lexicographical combination $(A_{1} \times A_{2},<_{1,2})$ is also well ...
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Is there a nice characterization of posets induced by trees?

Define that a tree in $X$ is a set of ordinal-indexed sequences with codomain $X$ that is closed under the operations of restricting to an ordinal. (I do not know if this definition is standard.) ...
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“Let A be a set. We are able to quotient all possible well-orders over the set A.” What does this mean?

"Let A be a set. We are able to quotient all possible well-orders over the set A." This was the first line in the set-up of some exercises I have to do (which ask specific questions depending on ...
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Relationships between zero morphisms and least morphisms

Zero morphism $0_{XY}$ is defined by the formulas $a\circ 0_{XY}=b\circ 0_{XY}$ and $0_{XY}\circ c= 0_{XY}\circ d$ for every morphisms $a$, $b$, $c$, $d$ of suitable sources and destinations. I ...
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Ordering of multisets in “Paramodulation based theorem proving”

I'm reading this paper: http://www.lsi.upc.edu/~albert/papers/handbook.ps.gz and I can't understand a part of it. it defines an ordering on multisets (it defines a multiset over $A$ as a function $A ...
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Examples of proofs by induction with respect to relations that are not strict total orders.

I have read this Wikipedia article and found it fascinating. I came across it after I tried to prove a certain statement with a method resembling induction in the set of natural numbers but ordered by ...
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zariski topology vs Scott topology

Does Scott topology reduce to Zariski topology or Zariski topology to Scott topology with an appropriate conversion between domains/cpos and rings?
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Assume n is an even integer. For an odd integer m, a sequence of m sets S1,…,Sm ⊆ [n] is a graceful chain of length m if…

Assume $n$ is an even integer. For an odd integer $m$, a sequence of $m$ sets $S_1, \dots, S_m \subseteq [n]$ is a graceful chain of length $m$ if: $S_1 \subset S_2 \subset \dots \subset S_m$ For ...
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Is this ordered square mathematically interesting?

Build a $5\times5$ (say) square using $\frac{1-\left(\frac{3}{2}\right)^n}{(2 m-1) 2^n-1}+1$, $$ \left( \begin{array}{ccccc} 0.5\hfill & 0.9\hfill & 0.944444 & 0.961538 & 0.970588 \\ ...
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Three theorems for the price of one? (like duality)

Why the notion of "duality" (when we get two theorems for the price of one) are ubiquitous in mathematics (order and lattice theory, category theory, group theory), but "triality" (three theorems for ...
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31 views

Order and Metric

Consider the Reals as a totally ordered set via its natural order ( linear continuum ). Such order induces an order topology ( basis is the collection of open-intervals of that order), which ...