In the mathematical disciplines of topology, geometry, and geometric group theory, an orbifold (for "orbit-manifold") is a generalization of a manifold. It is a topological space (called the underlying space) with an orbifold structure.

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Ref. Request — Non-Transitive Lie Group Actions, Applications to Orbifolds/Groupoids

I'm working on a problem where I have a (highly) non-transitive Lie group action on a manifold, and I am trying to deduce the geometric structure of the quotient space. I've been looking at some ...
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Prove existence of local orbifold chart

Let $(U, G, \phi)$ be a $n$-dimensional complex orbifold chart over $x \in X$, i.e., $x \in \phi(U)$ I want to know if there is a a subset $V$ of $U$ such that $(V, G_x, \phi|_V)$ is also an orbifold ...
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Is the Groupoid of germs associated to an orbifold a Hausdorff proper Lie groupoid?

I was studying the book Introduction to Foliations and Lie Groupoids by I. Moerdijk and J. Mrcun and I have a doubt. On page 140 they give the following definition for a proper Lie groupoid. A ...
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Orbifold chart.

i'm trying to define an orbifold chart for the teardrop $R^2/Z_2$, where $Z_2$ acts via rotations. My advisor gave a tip: to use stereographic projections. But I'm a little stuck. Any help?
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What is the most general function on a torus orbifold?

I can construct two sets of orthogonal linearly independent function on the torus orbifold $T^2/Z_2$ by constructing a complete set of function on the torus and finding linear combinations that are ...
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Weighed projective space charts

I'm studying weighed projective spaces and I found this reference http://arxiv.org/pdf/math/0510331v1.pdf* where it describes its orbifold charts (starts at page 53 of the PDF). My doubt is very ...
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Set of non fixed points of an automorphism

I am trying to prove the following "For an orbifold chart $ (\tilde{U},G,\phi)$ the set of non fixed point of $ g : \tilde{U} \rightarrow \tilde{U} $ where $ 1 \neq g \ \in G$ is dense in $\tilde ...
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Does Stokes' Theorem hold on spaces with singular points?

I have come across the question whether Stokes' theorem holds also on orbifolds. Let us take the simple case of $T^2/Z_2$ with a one-form $A$, then the question becomes: For a region $\Gamma$ with ...
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Singular locus of orientable 3-orbifolds

Any reference (or any hints if the proof is easy) for the proof that the singular locus of a 3-dimensional orientable orbifold is a trivalent graph with each edge labelled by integers $a,b,c>1$ and ...
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Quotient of Poincare dodecahedral space-example of spherical orbifold

Let $\mathcal{O}$ the orbifold with underlying space $S^3$ and singular locus the trefoil knot with local groups of order five. Then how can we see that it is the quotient space of the Poincare ...
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General introduction to orbifolds?

Where should I go to learn about orbifolds? I am interested in a general introduction that gives precise definitions and clear explanations. I have a fair background in topological and smooth ...
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Reference - Riemannian Orbifolds

I am looking for papers or textbooks talking about the various analog theorems of Riemannian Geometry of Manifolds to Riemannian Orbifolds like Toponogovs Theorem, Bonnet-Myers, Gauss Bonnet etc. So ...
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Does this orbifold embed into $\mathbb{R}^3$?

Let $X$ be the space obtained by gluing together two congruent equilateral triangles along corresponding edges. Note that $X$ has the structure of a Riemannian manifold except at the three cone ...
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Orbifolds and singular points

If I understand correctly, we roughly define the singular locus $\Sigma_O$ of an orbifold $O$ to be the set of points where the orbifold fails to be a manifold. In particular, if $x \in O$ has a ...
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Connected sum while keeping curvature bounded.

Is it possible to perform a connected sum of two Riemannian Manifolds or Orbifolds while keeping curvature bounded from below? More explicitly, If $M_1$ and $M_2$ are two Riemannian manifolds (or ...
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What is this orbifold?

Consider the non-negative real line with identification $x\sim 2x$. Is there a special name for this quotient space; what's known about it?
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How do we check if a covering of an orbifold is a manifold?

Let $X$ be an orbifold and suppose it is "good", i.e. its universal covering orbifold $\widetilde{X}$ has a trivial orbifold structure (it is "just" a manifold). It may be the case that some ...
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What's the difference between an orbifold with a conical singularity and a conifold?

In Becker, Becker, Schwarz's book 'String Theory and M-Theory: A Modern Introduction', page 360 they explain how an orbifold of $\mathbb{C}/\mathbb{Z}_{2}$ (which is equivalent to ...
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“[T]ransversely isotropic and mirror-symmetric (space group:$D_{\infty h}$)”, its orbifold notation?

I am trying to understand this frieze pattern $D_{\infty h}$ aka its orbifold notation. This describes spider's silk. The authors call it a space group, some sort of generalization from orbifolds. ...
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Magic theorem for cylinders? Symmetry classes according to Conway's notation?

My teacher Kirsi of Mat-1.3000 in Aalto University stated 17 symmetry classes for planes and 14 for spherical things (some lecture slides here). She used Conway Thurston's notation to classify ...
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Quotient Riemann surfaces

Let $\mathbb{H}$ be an upper half plane (this is a Riemann surface), then $PSL(2,\mathbb{Z})$ acts on $\mathbb{H}$ and it is well-know that $$ \mathbb{H}/PSL(2,\mathbb{Z})\cong \mathbb{C} $$ is again ...
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Etale groupoid and Morita equivalence

Let $\mathcal{G}=(G_{0},G_{1})$ be a groupoid, where $G_{0}$ is the space of objects and $G_{1}$ is the space of morphisms. $\mathcal{G}$ is called etale if both the source and target maps $$ ...
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Definition of Homolgy for an orbifold

I am moving to the study of moduli of curves and I am looking at these notes where $\mathcal{M}_{g,n}$ is described as an orbifold. In order to define the tautological ring the notion of homology and ...
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The teardrop and the spindle are bad orbifolds

I should prove that the teardop $S^2(p)$ (the orbifold with underlying surface $S^2$ and a single cone point of order $p>1$) and the spindle $S^2(p,q)$ (the orbifold with underlying surface $S^2$ and ...