Operator theory is the branch of functional analysis that focuses on bounded linear operators, but it includes closed operators and nonlinear operators. Operator theory is also concerned with the study of algebras of operators.

learn more… | top users | synonyms

1
vote
0answers
67 views

Understanding dual spaces

My professor asked me to give him an example about dual spaces from our real life so I was thinking if we take the set of all our actions as the space X can the space of all our thoughts be the dual ...
1
vote
0answers
35 views

Multiplication operator is bijective?

Let $H^2(\Delta^2)$ denote the Hardy space on the polydics and $M_f:H^2(\Delta^2)\rightarrow H^2(\Delta^2)$ be a multiplication operator by $f\in H^\infty(\Delta^2)$. Is the operator is bijective? ...
1
vote
0answers
67 views

Derivatives of Differential operators

Let $V=H^1(\Omega)$ and $U = L^{\infty}(\Omega)^2$. Take for example, a differential operator, $L:U\times V \rightarrow V^* $ such that: \begin{equation} L(u,y) = \Delta y + \vec{u}(x)\nabla y ...
1
vote
0answers
94 views

Closure in a Hilbertspace

Define for a self-adjoint pure contraction $S$ (remember: $\|S\|\leq1$ and $\pm1\notin\sigma_p(S))$ on a Hilbert space $\mathcal{H}$ the following set: $C_c^*(S):=\{g(S):g\in C_c(\hat{\sigma}(S))\}$ ...
1
vote
0answers
57 views

Operator for scaling a function?

Let $\mathbb{F}$ denote the set of functions of the form $f: \mathbb{R} \to \mathbb{R}$. I am interested to know whether there exists a well-known linear map $T_\alpha: \mathbb{F} \to \mathbb{F}$ ...
1
vote
0answers
60 views

On calculating spectral projections

Consider following operator from this paper; Let $h$ be any function in $L^1$ relative to the measure $g(w)dw$ and $K\in\mathbb{C}$ Consider the linear operator $B$ on $L^1$ defined by $$(Bh)(x) = ...
1
vote
0answers
33 views

Eigenvalues of a Self-Adjoint Operator

It is easy to see that eigenvectors corresponding to distinct eigenvalues of a self-adjoint operator $T$ are mutually orthogonal. However, from this, it is supposed to be easy to see that for a given ...
1
vote
0answers
44 views

How to calculate Hill's discriminant?

I am currently reading this paper on Schrödinger operators see here. On page 6 and 7 they talk about Hill's discriminant and how this is connected with the spectral properties. They also show some ...
1
vote
0answers
29 views

functional calculus on a set of normal elements is continuous

Let $K$ be a compact subset of $\Bbb C$. Let $A_K$ denote the set of all normal elements $x$ with $\sigma_A(x)\subset K$. If $f$ is a continuous function on $K$, then the functional calculus :$x\in ...
1
vote
0answers
109 views

Closed unit ball of B(H) is not compact in strong operator topology of B(H).

In operator theory we prove that closed unit ball of B(H) is compact in weak operator topology and is closed in strong operator topology. But a book of operator theory states that closed unit ball of ...
1
vote
0answers
36 views

What operation is being done for this set of values?

I have a table that looks like the following: A B C A | B A C B | A C A C | C A B Some operation is being done between an element in the ...
1
vote
0answers
114 views

What happens if we rotate the kernel of an integral operator?

Given an integral operator $K$ on $L^2(\mathbb R)$ with kernel $k(x, y)$, consider the integral operator $L$ on $L^2(\mathbb R)$, whose kernel has the form $k(\alpha x+\beta y, \gamma x+\delta y)$, ...
1
vote
0answers
205 views

isometric isomorphism between normed spaces and its dual

Let $E$ and $F$ be normed spaces. If $E \equiv F$ (isometry isomorphic), Does $E^* \equiv F^*$ (isometry isomorphic)? Where $E^*$ and $F^*$ are continuous dual spaces.
1
vote
0answers
24 views

“Interpolating between estimates”?

the headline reproduces the whole problem. What is meant by saying "Interpolating between the estimates (A) and (B), we finally obtain..."? For beeing mor specific I'll give the concrete estimates ...
1
vote
0answers
17 views

Show that $T:X\rightarrow X$ is chaotic iff every finite family of nonempty open sets shares a periodic orbit.

Here is a problem from Grosse-Erdmann and Peris' Linear Chaos book that I am trying to solve. Exercise 1.3.4. Show that $T:X\rightarrow X$ is chaotic iff every finite family of nonempty open sets ...
1
vote
0answers
73 views

Problem 8 from chapter 4 (“Hilbert Spaces: An Introduction”) of Stein and Shakarchi's Real Analysis

The following is problem 8 from chapter 4 ("Hilbert Spaces: An Introduction") of Stein and Shakarchi's Real Analysis. Suppose $\{t_k\}$ is a collection of bounded operators on a Hilbert space $H$. ...
1
vote
0answers
28 views

Intersection of $\ell_p$

Let $\ell_p$ be defined as usual then what can be said about the intersection of $\ell_p$ spaces for i.e. $$\,\,\cap_{p=1}^{\infty}\ell_p\,\,$$
1
vote
0answers
40 views

Given $A_n : X\rightarrow Y$ linear and continuous, for each $x\in X$ $A_n(x) \rightharpoonup A(x)$ in $Y$, is $A$ continuous?

Given $A_n : X\rightarrow B$, a linear and continuous operator between two Banach spaces, for each $x\in X$ $A_n(x) \rightharpoonup A(x)$ in $Y$, is $A$ linear and continuous? My attempt: $A$ ...
1
vote
0answers
105 views

functional analysis: show L^1 integral operator has norm 1

I just started my course in functional analysis and have already stumbled across some things I don't understand, which are quite basic :(. In my lecture notes it says: Let $\mu$ be a measure on a ...
1
vote
0answers
38 views

Invariant subspaces and their complements

The following is Exercise 6.4.2 of Conway's Functional Analysis: Suppose $T\in B(X)$ where $X$ is a Banach space. Prove that $M$ is invariant under $T$ if and only if $M^{\perp}$ is invariant under ...
1
vote
0answers
27 views

Is there an expression for $\exp\left(t z^{i}\partial_{z}^{j} \right) f(z) = $?

Does an expression for $$ \exp\left(t z^{i}\partial_{z}^{j} \right) f(z) = ? $$ exist? For j=1 we have the usual expression for translation and scaling $$ \exp\left( t \partial_z\right) f(z) = ...
1
vote
0answers
19 views

What is the closest self-adjoint (positive) operator to a given operator?

Given an operator $\rho$ on a Hilbert space $H$, is there a notion of nearest self-adjoint (positive) approximation of $\rho$ for a suitable norm? More specifically, does there exist an algebraic ...
1
vote
0answers
19 views

T=T** for densely defined operator T

Suppose that $H_1$ and $H_2$ are Hilbert spaces and $T: H_1 \to H_2$ is a densely defined linear map with closed graph. Show that $T = T^{**}$. (I have shown that such a $T$ has a densely defined ...
1
vote
0answers
53 views

Prove that operator is completely continuous

Let's consider Banach space $\ell^\infty$ of bounded sequences $x = \{ \xi_n\}_{n=1}^\infty$: $$ ||x|| = \sup_{n \in \mathbb N} |\xi_n|. $$ Suppose matrix $||a_{i j}||_1^\infty$ specifies operator $A$ ...
1
vote
0answers
32 views

Are all cyclic representations irreducible?

I know that for a representation $\pi$ of a $^*$-algebra $\mathcal{A}$ on a Hilbert Space $\mathcal{H}$, if $\pi$ is irreducible then it is cyclic. Is the reverse implication also valid - i.e. is ...
1
vote
0answers
92 views

Compact operators on $L^2(G)$ as a reduced cross product of $C_0(G)$ and $G$.

If any of the terminology is unclear then please don't hesitate to point it out. My question is: is it true that when $G$ is a locally compact second countable group then: \begin{equation*} C_0(G) ...
1
vote
0answers
22 views

Equivalent Gaussian measures

Let $\mu$ be a gaussian measure with eigenpair $\{e_k,2^{-k}\}$ and $\nu$ with eigenpair $\{ Te_k,2^{-k}\}$. Here, $T$ is the unitary operator given by $Tx = x - 2\left\langle x,v \right\rangle v$. ...
1
vote
0answers
55 views

Find the adjoint operator.

Consider the sequence space $\ell_p$ and S defined by $(1\leq p<\infty)$$$ S:\ell_p\to\ell_p:(x_1,x_2,x_3,\ldots)\mapsto(0,x_1,x_2,\ldots) $$ Find the $S^*$ operator.
1
vote
0answers
79 views

definition of unitary operator

Wiki says " A bounded linear operator $U: H \to H$ on a Hilbert space $H$ is called a unitary operator if it satisfies $U^{*}U=UU^{*}=I$ , where $U^{*}$ is the adjoint of $U$, $I$ is the identity ...
1
vote
0answers
49 views

What's the name of this type operator?

If $H$, is a seperable Hilberspace, $E$ seperable Banach space. $(h_n)$ orthonormal basis of $H$. Let $T\in B(H,E)$. If we have the condition on $T$ that $$\sum_k \left\|Th_k\right\|^p <\infty,$$ ...
1
vote
0answers
46 views

What is the definition of regular operator?

If $T$ is a bounded linear operator on a normed space $X$. What "$T$ is regular operator" means?
1
vote
0answers
49 views

Skew adjoint operator with uncountable spectrum

Let $H$ be a Hilbert space. I just want an example of a skew adjoint operator $(A^*=-A)$ with uncountable spectrum. I also want an example for unbounded differential operators. The only example I ...
1
vote
0answers
92 views

Find norm of linear operators

I have to check if those operators are bounded and if so what are their norms. 1) $\phi:C^1[0,1]\ni f > \rightarrow\int_0^{1/2}f(t)dt+f'(2/3)\in\mathbb{R}$ with norm ...
1
vote
0answers
25 views

Polynomial generator

If we let $\alpha$ be a multiindex, can we generate any polynomial in $\eta$ with coefficients as multiples of $\kappa$ $$ D_z^{\alpha}\text{exp}(i(\kappa(z)-\kappa(x)-\kappa'(x)(z-x))\eta)|_{z=x} $$ ...
1
vote
0answers
66 views

Question about compact operators

I would like to prove the following, Let $X$,$Y$ be infinite dimensional Banach-Spaces and $T$ a compact, linear and bounded operator. Then there exists a sequence $(x_n)_{n\in\mathbb N}$ with ...
1
vote
0answers
22 views

Is there any relation between positive definite operator and an operator that satisfies maximum principle?

Suppose $L$ is a self adjoint differential operator which satisfies maximum principle. Maximum principle: Assume that $u(x)$ satisfies $u(0)\geq 0$ and $u(1)\geq 0$. Now $L$ is said to satisfy ...
1
vote
0answers
20 views

Prove that $A\int_0^\infty S(t) u dt=\int_0^\infty S(t) A u dt$ if A is a closed operator

From Wikipedia: Closed linear operators are a class of linear operators on Banach spaces. They are more general than bounded operators, and therefore not necessarily continuous, but they still ...
1
vote
0answers
56 views

derivation of divergence from nabla operator

For a two dimensional orthogonal curvilinear coordinate system $(t_1, t_2)$, we have the position vector $r$, where $h_i = | \frac{\partial r}{\partial t_i} |$ are the scale factors and $a_i$ are the ...
1
vote
0answers
24 views

Verification of a contraction

Let $A\colon \text{dom}(A) \to \mathcal{H}$ be a densely defined symmetric operator on a Hilbert space $\mathcal H$. The symmetry implies that $$ \|(A + i)f\|^2 = \|Af\|^2 + \|f\|^2 \quad \text{for ...
1
vote
0answers
26 views

Limit of function of an operator

Let $A_n$ be a sequence of bounded, self-adjoint operators on Hilbert space $\mathcal{H}$. Let us assume that for some vector $\psi\in\mathcal{H}$, $$\lim_{n\rightarrow\infty}A_n\psi = \alpha ...
1
vote
0answers
36 views

$K(X,Y)$ is closed in $B(X,Y)$

I tried to prove that the set of compact operators $K(X,Y)$ is a closed subset of the set of bounded operators $B(X,Y)$ where $X,Y$ are Banach spaces. Please can you tell me if my proof is correct? ...
1
vote
0answers
29 views

Limit of exp of self-adjoint operator

Let $A$ be self-adjoint (possibly unbounded) operator on Hilbert space $\mathcal{H}$. Under what conditions $w-\lim_{t\rightarrow\infty} e^{i A t}=P_0$, where $w-\lim$ - the limit in weak operator ...
1
vote
0answers
32 views

Showing a particular integral operator is trace class

Let $f$ and $P$ be continuous, integrable functions $\mathbb{R} \to \mathbb{C}$ vanishing at $\pm \infty%$. Concisely, $f,P \in C_0(\mathbb{R}) \cap L^1(\mathbb{R})$. Also, assume that $P$ is ...
1
vote
0answers
27 views

Conjugating an operator with a gauge transformation; how is the kernel affected.

For the differential operator $$ D := i I \frac{d}{dx} + A(x) \colon C^\infty_T([0,\beta]),\mathbb{C}^m) \to C^\infty_T ([0,\beta],\mathbb{C}^m) $$ where $A(x)$ is Hermitian and $C^\infty_T ...
1
vote
0answers
40 views

Smoothness of solutions to Fredholm integral equation

Let $K(x,y)=k(|x-y|)$ where $k$ is continuous on $(0,1]$, and assume function $f\in L^2[0,1]$ satisfies $f(x)=\int_0^1 f(y)K(x,y)dy$. Is $f$ necessarily $C^\infty $ ? under what condition on kernel ...
1
vote
0answers
45 views

Lack of a polar decomposition

Prove that the left and right shifts on $l_{2}$ have no polar decomposition (i.e. $UP$ where $U$ is unitary and $P$ is positive).
1
vote
0answers
32 views

Boundedness of a closed operator

Can I get any help with this problem: Let $X, Y$ be Banach spaces, let $D$ be a subspace of $X$, and let $A \colon D \to Y$ be a closed linear operator. If $D$ is a closed subspace of $X$, ...
1
vote
0answers
20 views

Unital free semigroup and operators

Let $F_n^+$ be a unital free semigroup generated by $1,...,n$. Let $\alpha= i_1...i_k$ where $i_1,...,i_k\in \{1,...,n\}$ and put $T_{\alpha}:=T_{i_1}...T_{i_k}$ where for any $ i_j\in \{1,...,n\},~ ...
1
vote
0answers
29 views

Comparison of operators

I have found the following two concepts: $\bullet$ Let $L$ be a linear operator in a Hilbert space $H$. The operator $B$ is said to be $L$-compact if $D(L)\subset D(B)$ and for any ...
1
vote
0answers
15 views

Powers of a closed range operator

suppose that $S$ and $S^2$ are operators with closed range. Does it follow that $S^n$ is an operator with closed range for all natural numbers $n$?