Operator theory is the branch of functional analysis that focuses on bounded linear operators, but it includes closed operators and nonlinear operators. Operator theory is also concerned with the study of algebras of operators.

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62 views

Show that $\|e^{tA}\| \le e^{t\|\Re (A)\|}$

Let $X$ be a complex Hilbert space, and let $A$ be a bounded linear operator on $X$. Define the real part of $A$ to be $\Re(A)=\frac{1}{2}(A^{\star}+A)$, and define ...
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1answer
38 views

Show that a set is compact.

Let $X$ be a Banach space and $\{A_t\}_{t\in R}$ a family of linear and continuous maps $X \rightarrow X$ such that function $\mathbb{R} \ni t\rightarrow \|A_t x\| \in \mathbb{R}$ is continuous for ...
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2answers
22 views

How to show something is a convolution operator?

I have the operator $W(a)$ defined by $$W(a)=F^{-1}aF$$ where $F$ denotes the fourier transform and $a$ is a function on $L^{\infty}$. I need to prove that this is convolution operator, but I don't ...
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2answers
24 views

What are non-tagential limits?

I'm reading this article where they use a set of functions, $H^{\infty}$, defined like this "Let $H^{\infty }$ be the closed subalgebra of $L^{\infty }({\mathbb R})$ that consists of all functions ...
2
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1answer
51 views

Relation between $A^{*}B=B^{*}A$ and $AB^{*}=BA^{*}$

Let $A$ and $B$ be two matrices. Can we say $A^{*}B=B^{*}A$ implies $AB^{*}=BA^{*}$? how about when $A$ or $B$ are normal? Any comments could be useful. Thanks.
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1answer
41 views

Sufficient condition for two operators being identical on Hilbert space

Considering two bounded linear operators $S,T$ in $\mathcal{B}(X)$, where $X$ is a complex Hilbert space. If $\def\norm#1#2{\langle {#1},{#2}\rangle} \norm{Sx}{x} = \norm{Tx}{x}$ for all $x\in X$, do ...
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1answer
17 views

Reference for projective limits of Banach Spaces..

I have just started studying a book about pseudo-differential operators and I came across projective limits of Banach spaces and I got lost. I have never studied this, so can anyone recommend me some ...
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0answers
47 views

Find norm of linear operators

I have to check if those operators are bounded and if so what are their norms. 1) $\phi:C^1[0,1]\ni f > \rightarrow\int_0^{1/2}f(t)dt+f'(2/3)\in\mathbb{R}$ with norm ...
5
votes
1answer
85 views

Strong convergence of an “averaging” operator

Let $X$ be an Hilbert space and $S:X \rightarrow X$ be a bounded linear operator with $||S||=1 $ Define $$T_n= \frac{1}{n} \sum_{r=0}^{n-1} S^r$$ I want to show it converges strongly to some ...
0
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1answer
41 views

Exponential map commutes with the projection homomorphism into Calkin algebra

Let $B(X)$ denote the space of bounded operators on a Banach space $X$ and $K(X)$ the compact operators. Let $\pi : B(X) \to B(X) / K(X)$ denote the quotient map. Let $u$ denote the right shift ...
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1answer
26 views

About what happens to eigenspace under functional calculus for Unbounded Operator

Let $T$ be an unbounded self adjoint positive operator on a Hilbert Space $\mathcal{H}$. Let $x \in \mathcal{H}$ be a vector such that $Tx = x$. Is it true that $T^{\frac{1}{2}} x = x$. For what $f$ ...
0
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1answer
17 views

Fredholm index of invertible bounded operator

Let $X$ be a Banach space and $T: X \to X$ be bounded and invertible. Is it true that the Fredholm index $\mathrm{ind}(T) = 0$?
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1answer
65 views

“right shift” il $L^1$

Let $X=L^1(\mathbb{R})$ be the space of Lebesgue integrable functions $f:\mathbb{R}\rightarrow \mathbb{C}$ with the usual norm. Let $T\in B(X)$ be defined by $$(Tf)(t)= f(t+1)$$ I need to find the ...
2
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1answer
36 views

Applications Gelfand-Naimark-Segal Theorem.

I'm reading the book An Introduction to Operator Algebras (By Kehe Zhu). but do not know how to do the following exercise: Let $A$ be the commutative C*-algebra $C(\partial D)$. For any $z\in ...
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0answers
31 views

Group of operators such that $|T(t)x|\geq c |x|$

Let $X$ be a Banach space. Can I have an example of a strongly continuous group of operators $T(t)$ such that $$|T(t)x|\geq c |x|, \ t\in\mathbb{R}$$with $c>1$. For $c=1$, I know examples of ...
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0answers
42 views

norm of a nilpotent matrix

A proof I was reading used the claim that $||{N}||_2$ = 1 for a nilpotent matrix $N$. I tried to prove it, and have a couple of questions on it. First, my "proof": We know that there exists a basis ...
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1answer
33 views

$\sup_t |T(t)|<+\infty$ implies $\sup_t |T(t)^*|<+\infty$?

Let $X$ be a Banach space. $T(t)$ a family of bounded operators for $t\in\mathbb{R}$. $T(t)^*$ is the adjoint operator of $T(t)$. If $\sup_t |T(t)^*|<+\infty$ , then by Hahn-Banach, there's a ...
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2answers
53 views

Normal Operators: Spectrum vs. Numerical Range

Disclaimer: As I realized in the comments that this works for normal operators I decided to modify this question. Besides, I got the proof now - thanks to T.A.E.! Prove that for normal operators the ...
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0answers
26 views

Borel Functional Calculus Question

Let $T$ be a bounded operator and $A=\sigma(T)$ be its spectrum. Let $A^n \subset A$ be sequence of subsets s.t $A^n \rightarrow A$ (in compact open topology so $x\in A$ belongs to all but finetly ...
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0answers
27 views

Kernel of Integral operator

Let $H: L^2(M) \longrightarrow L^2(M)$ be a bounded operator. Here, $M$ can be a Riemanniannian manifold, or some open subset of $\mathbb{R}^n$. Question: What can I say about the Schwartz Kernel $k$ ...
2
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2answers
59 views

Adjoint of sum of two operators

Let $A$ be self-adjoint and $B$ symmetric (which means densely defined for me as well) with $A$-bound less than $1$. Does this imply that $(A+iB)^*=A-iB$ ?
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20 views

Operator differentiability

I was wondering, what techniques can one use to prove that an operator (let's say acting on real analytic functions and taking values in a Banach space) is infinitely differentiable? I know that, for ...
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1answer
55 views

Operator: not closable!

Is there an operator between Banach spaces with the following properties: $$T:\mathcal{D}(T)\subseteq X\to Y:\text{ injective, dense range, continuously invertible, not closable!}$$ (Note that the ...
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1answer
31 views

Functional defined on the space of functions with compact support

Let $X=C_c(\mathbb{R})$, the space of functions with compact support, normed with the max norm. Define $\Gamma: X \rightarrow \mathbb{R}$ as: $$ \Gamma f= \int_{- \infty}^{\infty} f(t)dt ...
2
votes
1answer
42 views

Cayley Transform: well defined?

Why is the Cayley backtransformation well-defined: $$A_U:=\imath(1+U)(1-U)^{-1}$$ In general $1-U$ is not invertible for example for $U=1$.
2
votes
1answer
47 views

Question about compact operator

So here is my question, Let $H$ be a Hilbert-space and $K:H\rightarrow H$ a compact operator. I know that if $K$ is self adjoint, then it has one eigenvalue $\mu$ such that $|\mu|=||K||$. Can some ...
2
votes
2answers
38 views

Fredholm Index: Finite Corank $\Rightarrow$Closed Range [duplicate]

Obviously closed subspaces turn quotient spaces into normed spaces rather than just merely vector spaces. However the dimension involved in Freholm's index are purely algebraic. Why do we thus ...
4
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1answer
83 views

What makes compact operators special?

I would like to understand why compact operators are considered so special to consider them as an extra class of operators. Over Hilbert spaces these (as far as I know) these are the ones with ...
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2answers
52 views

Examples of skew adjoint differential operators

I just need some references which studies examples of skew adjoint differential operators generating unitary strongly continuous groups of operators, and its applications to partial differential ...
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1answer
63 views

Compact Operator <=> Separable Range

Is it true that a bounded operator is compact iff its range is separable: $$T\text{ bounded}:\quad T\text{ compact}\iff \mathcal{R}(T)\text{ separable}$$
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1answer
37 views

Existence of nontrivial bounded linear operator?

Are there two normed spaces such that there is no nontrivial bounded linear operator between them: $$\nexists T:X\to Y: T\text{ nontrivial, linear and bounded}$$
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1answer
41 views

Why is this image contained in the kernel

Let $X$ be a Banach space, $u: X \to X$ be compact and $\lambda$ a non zero complex number. Let $W=X/(u-\lambda)(X)$. Let $\pi : X \to W$ be the quotient map. If $X^\ast$ denotes the dual I assume ...
2
votes
2answers
118 views

Resolvent Set: Definition

Given Banach spaces: $X,Y$ Consider a linear operator: $T:\mathcal{D}(T)\to Y$ (not necessarily bounded nor closed nor closable nor densely defined) Define for the shorthand the shifted operator: ...
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4answers
99 views

Square root of a Hermitian operator exists

There are a lot of questions here about square root operators, but none of them addresses the basic question of existence, and I didn't find a very beefy section in Wikipedia talking about this, so ...
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1answer
37 views

Bounded below operators

In Murphy's book it is stated that ''Observe that every invertible linear map is bounded below, as is every isometric linear map.'' It's clear to me that isometries are bounded below but I'm ...
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1answer
77 views

What is the dual space in the strong operator topology?

Let $X$ be a Banach space, the strong operator topology on the space of bounded linear operators $\mathcal{B}(X)$ is defined by the family of continuous semi-norms $A\to\|Ax\|$, $x\in X$. What is the ...
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0answers
13 views

Polynomial generator

If we let $\alpha$ be a multiindex, can we generate any polynomial in $\eta$ with coefficients as multiples of $\kappa$ $$ D_z^{\alpha}\text{exp}(i(\kappa(z)-\kappa(x)-\kappa'(x)(z-x))\eta)|_{z=x} $$ ...
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0answers
42 views

Simple Modules over the Weyl Algebra

Let $k$ be a field of characteristic zero and let $A_1=k\langle x,y| \, xy-yx=1 \rangle$ be the Weyl algebra. Is there a (more or less explicit) possibility of writing down all simple modules over ...
2
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0answers
25 views

The adjoint of unbounded operators as a function.

Let $H_1$, $H_2$ be two possibly distinct real or complex Hilbert spaces, with linearity in the first coordinate of the inner product for concreteness. Let's think of passage to the adjoint as a map ...
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1answer
24 views

(nx(gradxn))^2 operator question?

by $A\times B \times C = (A \cdot C)B-(A \cdot B)C$, i need to expand $n \times \bigtriangledown \times n$, where all of these are vectors. Here is what i have right now $n \times \bigtriangledown ...
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2answers
70 views

Operators $A$ such that $e^A$ is norm preserving

Let $X$ be a Banach space. $A$ a bounded operator. We can define the exponential of $A$ by $$e^{A}=\sum_{n=0}^{+\infty}\frac{A^n}{n!},$$ which is also a bounded operator. Is there any sufficient ...
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votes
1answer
36 views

Exercise on isometry

Let $X$ be a Banach space and $T$ a linear bounded operator defined on $L(X,Y)$ with $Y$ a normed space. If $T$ is an isometry then $TX$ is a closed subspace of $Y$. I considered a sequence $y_n$ ...
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0answers
18 views

When can we get discrete spectrum?

Suppose that $T$ is a densely defined closed operator on a separable Hilbert space $H$. Form $N = T^*T$. Assume further that $T$ has a finite dimensional kernel and satisfies the commutation relation ...
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103 views

Operators such that $\langle Ax,x \rangle=-\langle x,Ax \rangle$

Let $X$ be a Banach space. We consider the differential equation: $$x'(t)=Ax(t), \ \ \ t\in\mathbb{R}$$ where $A$ is a bounded operator on $X$. If $X$ is a Hilbert space, and $x(t)$ is a solution of ...
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0answers
18 views

About Antilinear (possibly Unbounded) Operators

Let $T$ be an unbounded anti-linear operator on a Hilbert Space. I would like to know if there is a natural or easy way to see existence of adjoint of $T$, closability of $T$(such as when $T^*$ is ...
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1answer
19 views

Bounded operator on continuous functions

Let $X=C([0,1])$ and $T: X \rightarrow X$ defined as $$(Tf)(t)=f(t)+f(0)$$ Prove $T$ is bounded. I was thinking about using the fundamental theorem of calculus in order to get some bounds on $f(0)$ ...
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1answer
57 views

Creation and Annihilation Operators: Norm Estimate

Given the Fock space: $$\mathcal{F}(\mathcal{h}):=\bigoplus_0^\infty\mathcal{h}^{n}\text{ with } \mathcal{h}^{n}:=\bigotimes_1^n \mathcal{h},\mathcal{h}^0:=\mathbb{C}$$ Define the creation and ...
2
votes
1answer
50 views

Show that $f$ is a homothety

$E$ a $\mathbb{C}$-vector space of dimension $n>2$ Let $f : E \rightarrow E$ an endomorphisme which commutes with all automorphisms of $E$. Show that $f$ is a homothety Let $\lambda$ an ...
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1answer
47 views

Positive Operator: Norm Estimate

In class we encountered the statement: $$H\geq C\mathrm{Id},C>0\Rightarrow\|\mathrm{e}^{-\beta H}\|<1,\beta>0$$ How does one prove this? Moreover what about the weakened version: $$H\geq ...
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49 views

Question about compact operators

I would like to prove the following, Let $X$,$Y$ be infinite dimensional Banach-Spaces and $T$ a compact, linear and bounded operator. Then there exists a sequence $(x_n)_{n\in\mathbb N}$ with ...