Operator theory is the branch of functional analysis that focuses on bounded linear operators, but it includes closed operators and nonlinear operators. Operator theory is also concerned with the study of algebras of operators.

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winding number question

This is part of a proof from Banach algebra techniques in Operator theory by Ronald Douglas on page 170. Let $\epsilon>0$. Let $T$ be the unit circle and $\phi\in H^\infty+C(T)$. Choose $\psi\in ...
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Normal operators on separable Hilbert space [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Normal operators in Hilbert spaces Let $H$ be a separable Hilbert space and let $T \colon T \rightarrow T$ be a continuous linear map such that there exists an ...
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557 views

Compactness and spectrum of integral operator

Show that the operator $C: L^2([0,1]) \rightarrow L^2([0,1])$ defined by $$Cf(x) = \int_0^x\int_1^tf(s)dsdt$$ is compact and determine its spectrum. Im not sure how to find the spectrum when we are ...
3
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1answer
197 views

Bounded operators on separable Hilbert spaces

Let $H$ be a separable Hilbert space. Show that every bounded operator from $H$ to itself can be approximated in the strong operator topology by a sequence of finite rank operators. Im not sure what ...
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338 views

Trace class for operators

Let $ \mathcal{H} $ be a Hilbert space and $ T: \mathcal{H} \to \mathcal{H} $ a bounded linear operator. The $ n $-th singular number $ {\mu_{n}}(T) $ of $ T $ is defined as the distance from $ T $ ...
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820 views

Importance of Toeplitz operators?

I am reading Arveson's A Short Course on Spectral Theory, in which the author states that Toeplitz operators are very important without giving references on their applications. After some searching, I ...
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eigenvalue question for a Toeplitz operator

Let $\phi$ be a nonzero function in $L^\infty(T)$ where $T$ is the unit circle. Let $M_\phi$ be the multiplication operator and $T_\phi$ be the Toeplitz operator. Show $T_\phi$ and $M_\phi$ have no ...
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240 views

Compact maps problem in Lax

In Functional Analysis of Peter Lax there are the following exercise Show that if $\bf C$ is compact and $\{{\bf M}_n \}$ tends strongly to $\bf M$, then $\bf CM_n$ tends uniformly to $\bf CM$. ...
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853 views

$T$ surjective iff $T^*$ injective in infinite-dimensional Hilbert space?

Let $T:H_1\rightarrow H_2$ be a bounded linear operator where $H_1$ and $H_2$ are Hilbert spaces. The Hilbert-adjoint is defined to the the operator $T^*:H_2\rightarrow H_1$ such that $\langle ...
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524 views

Norm inequality for sum and difference of positive-definite matrices

If $X_{1}$ and $X_{2}$ are positive definite matrices, how to show that $\left\Vert X_{1}-X_{2}\right\Vert \le\left\Vert X_{1}+X_{2}\right\Vert$ for the spectral norm? and how about for the nuclear ...
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146 views

invariant subspace of a Hardy space

Let $T$ be the unit circle and $H^1=\{f\in L^1(T): \int_0^{2\pi} f(e^{it})\chi_n(e^{it})dt=0 \text{ for } n>0\}$ where $\chi_n(e^{it})=e^{int}$. Let $M$ be a closed subspace of $H^1$. Then ...
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383 views

Fourier transform as a Gelfand transform

One question came to my mind while looking at the proof of Gelfand-Naimark theorem. Is Fourier transform a kind of Gelfand transform? Are there any other well-known transforms which are so?
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Gelfand-Naimark Theorem

The Gelfand–Naimark Theorem states that an arbitrary C*-algebra $ A $ is isometrically *-isomorphic to a C*-algebra of bounded operators on a Hilbert space. There is another version, which states that ...
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81 views

The control of norm in quotient algebra

Let $B_1,B_2$ be two Banach spaces and $L(B_i,B_j),K(B_i,B_j)(i,j=1,2)$ spaces of bounded and compact linear operator between them respectively. If $T \in L(B_1,B_1)$, we have a $S \in K(B_1,B_2)$ and ...
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2answers
858 views

Weak limit and strong limit

Let $X$ be a Banach space and let $x_n \overbrace{\rightarrow}^w x$ and $x_n \overbrace{\rightarrow}^s z$ can we then say that $x = z$? My try: $$\| x- z\| = \sup_{\ell \leq 1} |\ell(x-z)| = ...
6
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1answer
104 views

local convexity of $L_p$ spaces

wiki says The spaces $L_p([0, 1])$ for $0 < p < 1$ are equipped with the F-norm they are not locally convex, since the only convex neighborhood of zero is the whole space Why is this so? ...
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1answer
110 views

Normal Operator surjective

I have difficulty proving: If $T$ is a normal operator in a Hilbert space, $T$ is surjective if and only if $T^*$ surjective. Please give me some help. Thank you.
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156 views

Multiplication operator and trace class

Suppose we work in $H=l^2(\Bbb{N})$ and suppose the multiplication operator $T_f$ such that $T_f\psi=f\psi$ and $f:\Bbb{N}\rightarrow \Bbb{C}$. We denote by $B_1(H)$ the trace class of operators. ...
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1answer
66 views

Uniqueness of for integration functional

Let $f\in C([0,1])$ and assume that there exists a positive constant C such that $\left| \int_0^1p'(t)f(t) dt \right| \leq C\|p\|_2 $ for all polynomials $p$, where $\|p\|^2_2 = \int_0^1 |p(t)|^2 dt$. ...
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1answer
128 views

Continuous maps in from Banach space to $\ell ^\infty$

Let $X$ be a Banach space. Prove that a linear map $M\colon X\mapsto \ell^p, \; p\geqslant 1$ is continuous iff for every sequence $(x_k)$ that converges in $X$ to $x \in X$, we have that the $n$-th ...
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181 views

Do we have Maximal Abelian Algebras (MAAs)?

Let $\mathcal{H}$ be a Hilbert space and $B(\mathcal{H})$ the algebra of bounded linear operators on $\mathcal{H}$. A MASA $\mathcal{M}$ is a subalgebra of $B(\mathcal{H})$ that is abelian and ...
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111 views

Inverse of a certain differential operator (resolvent)

I am doing a research on a certain type of operator, and in the course of it I need to determine the following: Given the operator $D$ below, and identity operator $I$, $$ D=\begin{pmatrix} ...
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102 views

Uniform limit of finite-rank operators with the same rank.

Let $\{T_n\in\mathcal{B}(X)\,|\,\text{rank}(T_n)=R\,\}^{\infty}_{n=1}$ is a sequence of linear bounded finite-rank operators on a Banach space with the same rank $R$. Let it converge uniformly to an ...
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92 views

Compactness of operator $M: C([0,1]) \rightarrow C([0,1])$

Let $M: C([0,1]) \rightarrow C([0,1])$ be defined by $$ Mf(x) = f(x/2), \;\; x\in[0,1]$$ Is this operator compact? I have trouble using limit in operator norm of compact operator, or cauchy ...
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1answer
80 views

Range of operator $ Mf(x) = f(x/2), \;\; x\in[0,1]$

Let $M: C([0,1]) \rightarrow C([0,1])$ be defined by $$ Mf(x) = f(x/2), \;\; x\in[0,1]$$ Prove that the range of $I-M$ does not contain nonzero constant functions, but it contains all functions ...
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1answer
111 views

bounded operator between continuous functions

Let $M: C([0,1]) \rightarrow C([0,1])$ be defined by $$ Mf(x) = f(x/2), \;\; x\in[0,1]$$ Show that $M$ is bounded and that its spectrum is containd in the closed unit disc $\{ \lambda \in \mathbb{C} ...
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1answer
62 views

Subspace in $I-T$ for bounded linear maps

Let $X$ be a Banach space and let $T:X \rightarrow X$ be a bounded linear map.Show that the range of $I - T$ contains the subspace $$Y_T = \{x \in X: \limsup_{n\rightarrow \infty} n^2\|T^nx\| < ...
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1answer
280 views

Bounded linear maps in Banach spaces

Let $X$ be a Banach space and let $M: X \rightarrow X$ be a linear map. Prov that M is bounded iff there exists a set $S \subset X'$, dense in X', such that for each $\ell \in S$ the functional $m_l$ ...
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96 views

Closed extensions in the weak* topology

Let $\ell^\infty$ be the Banach space of bounded sequences with the usual norm. and let $\ell_0(x) = \lim_{n \rightarrow \infty} x_n$, for convergent sequences. Show that the sett L consisting of all ...
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572 views

Show that a finite-dimensional Banach space has a bijective compact operator

It is clear that if $ T: X \rightarrow X $ is a bijective compact operator, where $ X $ is a Banach space, then $ \dim(\text{Range}(T)) = \dim(X) $, which implies that $ \dim(X) $ must be $ < ...
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1answer
210 views

Spectrum in an separable Hilbert space

Let $H$ be a separable Hilbert space with orthonormal basis $\{e_i\}$. Let $(c_n)$ be a bounded sequence of complex numbers and consider the bounded linear operator $T$ on $H$ defined by $$Tx = ...
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387 views

Compute the spectrum for a operator

Find the spectrum of the operator $$ \begin{split} A & \colon C[0,1] \rightarrow C[0,1] \\ & f \mapsto (Af)(x) := f(x) + \int_0^x f(t)dt \end{split} $$ P.S.: I know the spectrum ...
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Banach limit and its commutative counterpart, what do they tell us?

A Banach limit is a continuous linear functional $\Lambda$ on $\ell^{\infty}(\mathbb{N})$ satisfying: $\|\Lambda\|=\Lambda(1,1,1,\cdots)=1$; and ...
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1answer
42 views

Skew-symmetric unitary on $\mathcal{B(H)}$

We know that there exists skew-symmetric unitary on $\mathcal{B(H)}$ when $\mathcal{H}$ is of even dimensions. In particular for $\mathcal{H}=\mathbb{C}^2$, any such matrix is scalar multiple of Pauli ...
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1answer
267 views

boundedness of an operator

Define $T: L^2(\mathbb{R})\to L^2(\mathbb{R})$ by $(Tf)(x)=\int_{\mathbb{R}}\frac{f(y)}{1+|x|+|y|}dy$. Is this operator bounded? If it is, then is it also compact? I got stuck in simply applying ...
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1answer
97 views

Differential Operator on $L_{2}$ problem

I am working on a problem from a textbook and have run into difficulties on this specific question. Any assistance will be appreciated, Consider the partial differential equation, $\frac{\partial ...
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1answer
88 views

Toeplitz Operator question

Let $\chi_1$ be the map on the unit circle defined by $\chi_1(e^{it})=e^{it}$. Let $T_{\chi_1}$ be the corresponding Toeplitz operator. Consider the map $T_{\chi_1}^* T_{\chi_1}- T_{\chi_1} ...
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Application of a result on some bounded functionals on a subspace of $C([0,1])$

The following result was proved in a previous post: Bounded functionals on Banach spaces. Let $(X, \|.\|)$ be a Banach space such that $X \subset C([0,1]) $ For every $r\in \mathbb{Q}\cap[0,1], ...
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Hilbert transform and Hilbert matrix

The Hilbert matrix is \begin{bmatrix} 1 & \frac{1}{2} & \frac{1}{3} & \frac{1}{4} & \dots \\[4pt] \frac{1}{2} & \frac{1}{3} & \frac{1}{4} & & \ddots \\[4pt] ...
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Extension of differentiation operator to $L_2[0,1]$.

I'm studying for my functional analysis exam. We are required to know the proof of the following, but I cannot figure it out. Consider $L_2[0,1]$ with orthonormal basis $(e_n)_{n=-\infty}^\infty$ ...
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Using “adjunction” to refer to the act of taking adjoints of operators

I have an especially flabby terminology question. How acceptable is it, in your opinion, to use the word "adjunction" to refer to the process of taking adjoints of operators on a Hilbert space? ...
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251 views

Operators bounded below

Can one give me an easy example of an operator $T$ on a Banach space which is injective and has closed range and such that $\|T^2\|\neq \|T\|^2$?
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56 views

Operator defined via a sequence of weights

Let the linear operator $T:l^2\rightarrow l^2$ be defined by $y=Tx$ where $x=\{\xi_j\}$, $y=\{\eta_j\}$, and $\eta_j = \alpha_j \xi_j$, where $\{\alpha_j\}$ is a dense sequence in $[0,1]$. Does ...
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436 views

Every Hilbert-Schmidt is an integral operator?

Let $(X,\mu)$ be a $\sigma$-finite measure space. If $K\in\mathcal{L}^2(X\times X,\mu\times\mu)$ then the map $A_K:\mathcal{L}^2(X,\mu)\to\mathcal{L}^2(X,\mu)$ defined by\begin{equation} ...
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Limit of sequence of growing matrices

Let $$ H=\left(\begin{array}{cccc} 0 & 1/2 & 0 & 1/2 \\ 1/2 & 0 & 1/2 & 0 \\ 1/2 & 0 & 0 & 1/2\\ 0 & 1/2 & 1/2 & 0 \end{array}\right), $$ ...
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1answer
331 views

cyclic vector exists for symmetric operator iff there no repeated eigenvalues

Considering a symmetric operator $A$ acting on a finite dimensional Hilbert space $H$, we say $x\in H$ is a cyclic vector for $A$ if the set of finite linear combinations of $\{A^n x:n=0,1,2,...\}$ is ...
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Compact integral and multiplication operator in Banach spaces

Let $ A\colon C[0,1] \to C[0,1] $ $$ A(x)(t) = f(t)x(t) + \int_0^t x(s)ds,\quad f \in C[0,1]: f(1) \neq 0, \forall t \in [0,1] $$ Is $A$ a compact operator or not?
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240 views

Operators with eigenvalue $\{0,1\}$ that is not projection

Show that there are linear operators T on the Hilbert space H what are not orthogonal projections, but their spectrum consists of the eigenvalues $\{0,1\}.$ I can not come up with an counterexample, ...
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82 views

Power series of bounded linear maps

Given a Banach space $X$ and a bounded linear map $T:X\rightarrow X$ we define $$e^T = I + \sum_{n\geq1}\frac{T^n}{n!}$$ Show that if $e^T$ is compact then dim $X<\infty$. I have showed before ...
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Spectral raius for linear compact maps

Prove or disprove the following assertions for a linear map $C$ from a Banach space $X$ into itself: a) If C is compact then its spectral radius equals the maximum of the absolute value of $C$ Im ...