Operator theory is the branch of functional analysis that focuses on bounded linear operators, but it includes closed operators and nonlinear operators. Operator theory is also concerned with the study of algebras of operators.

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Find the eigenvalues and eigenvectors of T in V

Let $\mathbf{V}$ be the linear span of the functions 1, cos x, sin x. Let the operator T on V be given by the rule $T y(x)= y(x+\pi/4)$. Find the eigenvalues and eigenvectors of T in V. I'm not sure ...
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If a linear operator has an adjoint operator, it is bounded

This is a question I'm struggling with for a while: Let $H$ be a Hilber space. Let $T,S: H\rightarrow H$ be linear operators (not neccessarily bounded) such that for every $x,y\in H$: $\langle ...
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When is $\|\phi(|T|)\|=\|\phi(T)\|$ for $T\in B(H)$?

If $T\in B(H)$, $H$ a Hilbert space, then it has a polar decomposition $T=V|T|$, where $|T|=(T^*T)^{1/2}$ and and $V$ is a partial isometry. Let $\phi:B(H)\to B(H)$ be ucp (unital completely ...
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What conditions must an operator meet, to have only real eigenvalues?

Given the problem $Lu = \lambda u$, what properties must $L$ have, for all its eigenvalues to be real? An answer in the context of (partial) differential equations would be appreciated.
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Does any chaotic operator $T$ in infinite-dimensional Hilbert space is an isomorphism?

Suppose that any operator is an "Isomorphism" if it is mapping a hard equation to easier algebraic equations. Can I take this as a necessary criteria to judge that: "Any chaotic operator $T$ in ...
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54 views

$\sigma$-weak topology versus weak operator topology

The reference text for this question is: Pedersen, Analysis Now, GTM 118. The $\sigma$-weak topology on $B(H)$ (the bounded linear operators on a Hilbert space $H$) is the weak$^*$-topology on ...
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1answer
30 views

Polar decomposition

Every $x\in B(H)$ has a representation such as $x= u|x|$ (by polar decomposition) where $u$ is a partial isometry. In a paper, the author claims $$u = strong - \lim_{\epsilon\to 0} ...
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34 views

Ultraweak closed left ideal of a von Neumann algebra

The following is a proposition of Takesaki's Operator Theory: My questions are: 1- He claims for two sided ideal $\cal m$, $e \in M\cap M'$. While I think for $\sigma -$ weakly closed two sided ...
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7 views

find eigenvalue of a integral operator.

I'm having trouble finding all the eigenvalues of the following operator: $Tx(t)=\int_{-1}^1(1-3tz)x(z)dz$ In the examples I've seen, there's no systematic way that I learnt to do this. Can someone ...
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Why are integral and differential operators commutative?

For instance, let's assume a constant 3D surface over time $S$. $$ \frac{d}{dt}\iint_S \mathbf B \cdot \mathbf{ds} \quad=\quad \iint_S\frac{\partial \mathbf B}{\partial t}\cdot \mathbf{ds} $$ Why ...
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14 views

Operator which is invariant in terms of left shift

Let $l:l^{\infty}(\mathbb R)\rightarrow \mathbb R$ be a linear map( where $l^{\infty}$ is the set of bounded sequences) such that the following holds: (i) $l(Tx)=l(x)$, where T is the left shift ...
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34 views

Unbounded operator

Assume you have an operator $T : \operatorname{dom(T)}\rightarrow H$. Now we also know that $ran(T)$ is finite-dimensional. Does this imply that $T$ is bounded?( So is $T$ a bounded map $T \in ...
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Standard examples of operator

In a text I am reading it says that we can consider an operator $A: X \rightarrow X^{*}$ (where $X := W^{1,p}(\Omega)$) which is defined as $$Au = -\text{div}(a(x,u,\nabla u))$$ where $a: \Omega ...
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1answer
49 views

Computing a Projection Valued Measure

I've recently begun learning about Projection Valued Measure and I'm a little confused. I understand that a Projection Valued Measure is a family of orthogonal projections $P(\Lambda)$ indexed by the ...
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27 views

Differential operator and its inverse

suppose we have a differential operator $D$ in terms of a variable $x$ and its inverse is denoted by $D^{-1}$ , then is it possible that $DD^{-1}=\delta (x)$ or $D^{-1}D=\delta (x)$? If so, then what ...
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Find a linear operator such that $\|T\| > \sup_{\|f\| \leq 1} \left|\langle Tf, f \rangle\right|$

Find a linear operator $T: \mathbb C^2 \to \mathbb C^2$ such that $$\|T\| > \sup_{\|f\| \leq 1} \left|\langle Tf, f \rangle\right|,$$ where $\langle \cdot, \cdot \rangle$ is the standard inner ...
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Show that $\pi(M)'' = \pi(M'')$

Let $M$ is a $*-$ subalgebra of $B(H)$. Let $\bar H$ denote the direct sum $\sum H_i$ where $\{H_i\}$ is a family of replicas of $H$. Define $$\pi :x\in B(H) \to \bar x \in B(\bar ...
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1answer
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Computing Hermitian Conjugate for an Operator on a Function

The operator $\hat D$ is defined by $(\hat D f)(x) = \sqrt 2 f(2x)$. Show that $\hat D$ is a linear transformation, compute its hermitian conjugate and show it is unitary. Determine all eigenfunctions ...
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1answer
26 views

Inverse of a particular operator

I need help finding the inverse of the following operator. I am not sure about how to start. Any help would be hugely appreciated. Operator: $( I + \frac{\partial^2}{\partial x^2})$ Edit: I ...
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$(\lim x_n)y = \lim (x_n y)$ when $x_n, y \in B(H)$

Please give me a hint to prove $(\lim x_n)y = \lim (x_n y)$ when $x_n, y \in B(H)$ for every n. Thanks in advance.
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1answer
37 views

If $A$ is a $*-$ Banach algebra then $\bar A^{wot} = \bar A^{weak^*}$?

If $A$ is a $*-$ subalgebra of $B(H)$, then clearly $\bar A^{weak^*}\subset \bar A^{wot}$ (wot means weak operator topology). Also on every bounded subset of $A$, two topologies equal. Now my question ...
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Is this following bilinear form coercive?

First of all I want to mention that this is homework, so don't spoil it and reveal all the answer. just some guidenss :) Let $H$ be a Hilbert space, $T:H\rightarrow H$ a bounded linear operator for ...
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151 views

Spectrum of a nilpotent operator

Let $X$ be a Banach space and $A:X\to X$ be a bounded operator such that $A^n=0$ for some $n\in \mathbb{N}$. Is the spectrum of $A$ finite, countable ?
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A convergence in norm topology

Let $H$ be a Hilbert space and $P_{n}\in B(H)$ be an increasing net of finite-rank projection which converge to the identity in the strong operator topology. Then, for any $T_{1}, T_{2}\in B(H)$, ...
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Trace of the exterior powers of linear operators

Given linear operators $K_1,\ldots,K_m$ on a Hilbert space $\mathcal H$, what can we say about the trace of their exterior product $Tr \,(K_1\wedge \cdots \wedge K_m)$ ? More precisely: 1) If we ...
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1answer
45 views

perturbation by orthogonal projection

Let $G$ be an operator with discrete spectrum on Hilbert space $H$ such that $\ker G$ is different from $\{0\}$. Let $P$ be the orthogonal projection onto $\ker G$, and let $G_{0} = G+P$. My ...
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Are the invertible elements of a Banach algebra closed in the set of left-invertible elements?

Let $A$ be a unital Banach algebra. Denote by $\mathrm{Inv}(A)$ the invertible elements in $A$, and $\mathrm{Inv}_\ell(A)$ the left-invertible elements. That is, $a \in \mathrm{Inv}_\ell(A)$ if and ...
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Understanding dual spaces

My professor asked me to give him an example about dual spaces from our real life so I was thinking if we take the set of all our actions as the space X can the space of all our thoughts be the dual ...
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When is the Sturm-Liouville operator $ Lf=x^2f''+xf'$ positive

On the interval $[a,b]$ what conditions make the operator $L= (x^2)D^2 + xD$ positive? here $D$ is the differentiation operator.
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Two Body Schrodinger Equations

I have a question involving the eigenvalues of a two-body Schrodinger equation. Let $$H=-\frac{1}{2m}\Delta_{x_1}-\frac{1}{2m}\Delta_{x_2}+\frac{e^2}{|{{x_1}-{x_2}}|}$$ over the Hilbert space ...
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Self-adjoint operator restricted on a closed subspace

Let $A$ be a self-adjoint operator on a Hilbert space $\mathcal{H}$ (possibly unbounded, densely defined with domain $\mathcal{D}(H)$) and let $S$ be a closed subspace of $\mathcal{H}$, ...
2
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1answer
41 views

Finding eigenfunctions and eigenvalues to Sturm-Liouville operator

I'm struggling to understand how to find the associated eigenfunctions and eigenvalues of a differential operator in Sturm-Liouville form. For instance, one question that I am trying to solve is the ...
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1answer
33 views

Partial Isometries: Characterizations

Any partial isometry satisfies: $$\Omega\Omega^*\Omega=\Omega$$ From this, one derives projections: $$\Omega^*\Omega,\Omega\Omega^*$$ Conversely, given projections: $$\Omega^*\Omega,\Omega\Omega^*$$ ...
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1answer
63 views

Example of a wot convergent net but not $\sigma -$ weak convergent

Let $B(H)$ be the space of bounded linear operators. Define the $\sigma-$ weak topology on it by seminorms $p_{h,k} (x)=|\sum_{n\geq 1}(xh_n,k_n)$ where $h=\{h_n\}\subset H ,~~ k=\{k_n\}\subset H $ ...
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1answer
40 views

Eigenvalues of an integral operator on $L^2[-1, 1]$

Find the eigenvalues of the integral operator $K: L^2[-1, 1] \to L^2[-1, 1]$ defined by $(Kx)(t) = \int_{-1}^1 (1 - 3t \tau)x(\tau) d\tau$. I began with the fact that eigenvalues must be values ...
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73 views

Show self-adjointness on manifold

I was wondering if anybody here knows how to show that $ - \Delta $ is self-adjoint on $H^2( \mathbb{S}^2)$? I read that it is a rather cumbersome calculation, but I also don't see how one should ...
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1answer
38 views

Spectrum of unitary transform

Let $T: \operatorname{dom}(T) \rightarrow H$ be self-adjoint, then $U(T):=(T+i)(T-i)^{-1}$ is defined and unitary( this is clear to me). Furthermore, we have that $\sigma(U(T)):= \overline{\{ t; ...
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Diagonalisability of Self-Adjoint Operators for Non-Symmetric Metrics

Let $V$ be a finite dimensional vector space and $(\cdot,\cdot)$ a non-degenerate bilinear form. When $(\cdot,\cdot)$ is symmetric, every self-adjoint operator on $V$ is diagonalisable. What happens ...
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1answer
21 views

Convolution Operator and Integration Operator

I have some questions about the following two operators. A convolution operator $T$. If $k \in \mathcal L^1(\mathbb R)$, then $$f(x) \mapsto \int_{-\infty}^\infty k(x-y)f(y) dy: \mathcal L^2(\mathbb ...
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1answer
45 views

Møller Operators: Unitary Equivalence

Reference This is taken out of M. Reed and B. Simon, Scattering Theory. Problem Given a Hilbert space $\mathcal{H}$. Consider a free Hamiltonian $H_0$ and a perturbed one $H$. Introduce the ...
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Møller Operators: Absolutely Continuous Subspaces [closed]

Given a Hilbert space $\mathcal{H}$. Consider a free Hamiltonian $H_0$ and a perturbed one $H$. Introduce the Møller operators: $$\Omega^\pm(H,H_0):=\mathrm{s-lim}_{\tau\to\pm\infty}e^{i\tau ...
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Comparing weak and weak operator topology

We can compare topologies on $B(H)$. For instance, Sot topology is stronger than wot topology or $\sigma-$ weak topology is equivalent to weak* topology. I would like to compare wot topology and weak ...
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A question about local convexity of the weak operator topology

By definition, I know a locally convex space is a topological vector space whose topology is defined by a family of seminorms $\cal P$ such that $$\bigcap_{p\in{\cal P}}\{x\colon p(x)=0\}=\{0\}.$$ ...
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1answer
19 views

Nonnormal Operator: Empty Spectrum

Are there operators on Hilbert space having empty spectrum? (Surely, for Banach spaces they do exists.) Necessarily, they must be closed and can't be normal.
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1answer
33 views

How does one diagonalise an operator that has exponential elements?

I asked this question before on the Physics StackExchange, but as one commenter noted I might have more luck here. So the question is: What is the diagonal form of the (density) operator $\hat\rho$, ...
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2answers
35 views

Show existence and uniqueness of integral equality with neumann-series

I want to show that for $$x(s)-\int_0^12rs\cdot x(r)dr=\sin(\pi s)$$ there exists exactly one solution $x \in C^0([0,1],\mathbb R)$.
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1answer
33 views

Positive operator has a positive spectrum?

Let $T : \operatorname{dom}(T) \rightarrow H $ be a positive self-adjoint operator, is it then true that $\sigma(T) \subset [0,\infty)$? This is something that sounds natural and I guess that it is ...
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39 views

Spectral Measures: Spectrum vs. Numerical Range

Given a Hilbert space $\mathcal{H}$. Consider a normal operator $N:\mathcal{D}(N)\to\mathcal{H}$. The goal here is to prove: $$\langle\sigma(N)\rangle=\mathcal{W}(N)$$ By a previous result one has: ...
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Integro-differential operator

Good morning everybody, recently I came across the following question: is it possible to characterize (i.e. giving differential conditions which are necessary AND sufficient) the solutions of the ...
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Translational invariance and zero eigenvalue

Page 2 (506), line 18 of http://www-personal.umich.edu/~orosz/articles/NonlinScipublished.pdf says that "The presence of translational symmetry in the nonlinear equations gives rise to a relevant ...