Operator theory is the branch of functional analysis that focuses on bounded linear operators, but it includes closed operators and nonlinear operators. Operator theory is also concerned with the study of algebras of operators.

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Is probability function for mutually exclusive events a linear operator?

If the definitive classification criteria for a linear operator are given by: L(f+g) = L(f) + L(g) [for any/every pair of functions, f & g] L(tf) = t*L(f) [for any ...
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1answer
29 views

Showing that the square of a partial isometry is not zero

I'm reading a paper and the paper seems to imply the following is obvious: Let $S$ be a semigroup of partial isometries and suppose that $R$ is a minimal projection in the set $P(S) \cup Q(S)$ where ...
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2answers
969 views

Expectation Operator on a Matrix

Kind of embarrassing, but I'm completely blanking on what applying the expectation operator to a matrix means, and I can't find a simple explanation anywhere, or an example of how to carry out the ...
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1answer
37 views

adjoint map and dual map of complex inner product space

I know (a). but I can't solve (b) and (c). Can you help me please?
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1answer
40 views

Comparison of Symmetric Operators

The Problem: There is a unitary space $(V,<.,.>)$, $D \subseteq V $ a subspace and $ A,B : V \supseteq D\to V $ are two symmetric linear operators. Show that if: $<Ax , x> $$=$ $<Bx ...
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46 views

Find the adjoint operator of $T_p$

Let $V=\mathscr{M}_n(C)$ with an inner product $\langle A,B\rangle=\mathrm{Tr}\,(AB^{*})$, $P$ be a fixed invertible matrix in $V$, and $T_P$ be the linear operator on $V$ defined by ...
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82 views

Functions of unbounded operators: do they commute or not?

Given two unbounded commuting self-adjoint operators $A$ and $B$. Then all bounded Borel functions of $A$ and $B$ commute (in the sense that all the projections in their associated projection-valued ...
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1answer
113 views

Is the product rule true in a Banach algebra?

Let $X$ be a Banach space and $\mathcal{L}(X)$ the Banach algebra of all bounded linear operators $L:X\to X$, where the norm is given by $$\|L\|_\mathcal{L}=\sup\{\|L(x)\|_X;\;\|x\|_X=1\}$$ and the ...
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44 views

Isometry from closed operator

I have a following problem Let $H$ be a Hilbert space. We have a closed densely defined operator $A \colon D \subset H \rightarrow H$, we know that $\|Ax\| = \|x\|$ for all $x \in D$, can we extend ...
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40 views

Rotation semigroup and identity element.

Let $\Gamma =\{z\in\mathbb{C}:|z|=1\}$, and $X=C(\Gamma)$. The rotation semigroup $\{T(t)\}_{t\geq 0}$, is defined as $$T(t)f(z)=f(\mathrm{e}^{it}z),\quad f\in X.$$ $Z\in X$, s.t. for all ...
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1answer
65 views

Question about normal operators

I have a question about definitions and theorems because I am a little bit confused. By definition we say that a (possibly unbounded) operator $T$ on a Hilbert space $H$ is normal if $D(T)$ is dense ...
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265 views

$\exp(A+B)$ and Baker-Campbell-Hausdorff

A few years ago, I did research in quantum mechanics, specifically dealing with generalized displacement operators. In such musings, BCH lights (or gets in, depending on your viewpoint) the way. A ...
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171 views

The proof that every bounded linear operator generates an unique uniformly continuous semigroup.

Let $X$ be a Banach space and $A: X \to X$ a bounded linear operator. So, $A$ is the infinitesimal generator of an uniformly continuous semigroup $\{T(t)\}_{t\geq 0}$ on $X$. The proof, as presented ...
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1answer
94 views

Preannihilator of the image of an adjoint of a bounded operator

Let $E,F$ be normed spaces and $F\colon E\rightarrow F$ be a linear bounded operator. Denote by $$A'\colon F'\rightarrow E'$$ the adjoint of the operator between the topological duals of the normed ...
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1answer
40 views

Range of the sum of two operators

Let $X$ be a Banach space, $A$ is closed densely defined operator on $X$ and $B$ is a bounded operator on $X$. Let $C$ the operator defined by $C=A+B$. I would ask about, $\mathcal{R}(C)$, the ...
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0answers
57 views

properties of integral operator $x^{-1}\int_0^xf(x,y)v(y)dy $

here we have two cases to study $(1)$ let us fix any $f \in C^{1}[ [0,1] \times [0,1]]$ ($k \neq 0$). Set $$[T(v)](x) := x^{-1}\int_0^xf(x,y)v(y)dy $$ for any $x \neq 0$ otherwise $[T(v)](0) := ...
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1answer
50 views

Sums and more on Hilbert spaces

We know that the sum of two bounded Operators is bounded and therefore also closed. But there is a fact which is more deep but i don't see the proof. Th result js the following: The sum of a closed ...
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1answer
78 views

Definition of a Bounded Operator and Some Intuition on the Definition of the Norm

I am confused about the definition of a bounded operator (which is probably a consequence of my unsatisfactory understanding of bounedeness and local boundedness). The definition is ...
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23 views

operator's domain

Let $X$ be a Banach space, $A$ is closed densely defined operator on $X$ and $B$ is a bounded operator on $X$. If we denote by $\mathcal{D}(A)$ the domain of $A$. I ask about the relation (i.e. ...
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1answer
361 views

Spectrum of operator

Like my previous question, I'm considering the same space and operator: Hilbertspace adjoint But this time I am trying to determine the spectrum of $T$. I feel like I'm messing up my definitions a ...
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2answers
86 views

restriction a non compact operator to compact operator

If $T\in\mathcal{B}(X,Y)$ is not compact can the restriction of $T$ to an infinite dimensional subspace of $X$ be compact?
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Domain of operator

Let $X$ be a Banach space, $A$ is closed densely defined operator on $X$ and $B$ is a bounded operator on $X$. If we denote by $\mathcal{D}(A)$ the domain of $A$. I ask about the relation between ...
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0answers
147 views

Partial differential equations and semigroups: explanation of an example.

The semigroup theory (as presented in Pazy's book) give us theorems that ensures existence of solutions for the abstract cauchy problem $$\left\{\begin{align*} ...
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1answer
177 views

Hilbertspace adjoint

Im doing the following excercise: Ok, so let $(e_n)$ be a orthonormal basis of $l^2$, and fix arbitrary complex numbers $(\lambda_n)$ and define $T:l^2\to l^2 $ as $$T(\sum x_ne_n)=\sum ...
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86 views

Locally compact operators and their spectrum

At the moment, I'm studying the book "Introduction to Spectral Theory" from P.D. Hislop and I.M. Sigal, I arrived at chapter 10 and I'm stuck on two problems there. Problem 10.1: Let $A$ be a closed ...
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56 views

Examples of extremally disconnected spaces

I am trying to understand the notion of extremally disconnected space (in other words Stonean space), i.e. a space in which any open set has an open closure. Could you help me and give (reasonable) ...
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1answer
250 views

Relationship between different topologies of bounded operators on a Hilbert space

I am self-studying functional analysis. Given that $B(H)$ are the bounded operators on a Hilbert space, $H$. I would like to ask how to formally prove that the weak topology is weaker than the ...
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1answer
54 views

relations between two linear operators

Let $\alpha,\beta$ be linear operators on a finite dimensional vector space $V$ over field $F$. Let $\gamma=\alpha\circ\beta$ and $\delta=\beta\circ\alpha$. Prove that: (1). $m_\delta(x)$ divides ...
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115 views

Phillips spectral theorem

In Reed-Simon (see References) the following theorem due to Phillips is cited (but not proved): Theorem (Phillips). Let $X$ be a Banach space, $T \in \mathcal L(X)$. Then $\sigma(T) = \sigma(T')$ ...
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1answer
129 views

Prove that if $T$ a normal linear transformation and invertible, then $T^{-1}$ is normal.

The question is: Prove that if $T$ a normal linear transformation and invertible, then $T^{-1}$ is normal. Then I have to find the spectral decomposition of $T^{-1}$. At first I tried to prove it by ...
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1answer
43 views

$T\in B(H)$ normal and left invertible implies $T$ invertible?

My question is what's written in the title, that is, if $T$ is a normal operator on a Hilbert space $H$, and $T$ is left invertible, is it necessarily true that $T$ is invertible? Actually, the more ...
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1answer
221 views

Linear Operator and isomorphism

I wanted to be sure about the following: Let's say we have vector spaces normed spaces $X$ and $Y$ and a linear operator $T:X \rightarrow Y$. My idea was to reduce the properties that I need to show ...
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1answer
125 views

Corollary of Banach Steinhaus theorem

If $\{M_n\}_{nāˆˆ\mathbb{N}}$ is a family of continuous operators for $X$ Banach to $Y$ normed, such that $M_n(x)$ converges to $M(x)$ for all $x āˆˆ X$, then $M$ is a linear bounded operator and ...
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0answers
37 views

Commutating operators modulo compact operator

Let $X$ be a Banach space. I want find an example of a closed densely defined operator $A$ and a bounded operator $B$ such that $AB - BA = K$ where $K$ is a compact operator.
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Why is this true: The only orthogonal projection that is also unitary from $\Bbb C^n$ to $\Bbb C^n$ is the identity

Can anyone explain me please how to see this statement: the only orthogonal projection that is also unitary from $\Bbb C^n$ to $\Bbb C^n$ is the Identity. how can I prove formally that? or how can I ...
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0answers
75 views

find the eigenbasis of unitary transformation

$U$ is $n\times n$ unitary matrix, with orthogonal eigenbasis $v_1, \ldots v_n$ we construct a linear transformation: $T_U(X) = XU$ with the inner product $\langle A, B \rangle = \text{tr}(A^*B)$ I ...
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Is it true that every orthogonal transformation , even over $\mathbb R$, is diagonalizable?

Is it true that every orthogonal transformation , even over $\mathbb R$, is diagonalizable? I didn't succeed to get any information about it. Could anyone explain please?
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1answer
63 views

Question about step in proof of Schauder's theorem

The statement is the following: Let $X,Y$ be Banach spaces and $T:X \rightarrow Y$ be a continuous linear operator. Then is $T'$ compact iff $T$ is compact. I have already understood the implication ...
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39 views

Notation question in Majda and Bertozzi's “Vorticity and Incompressible Flow”

On pg 2, the fluid velocity in the Navier-Stokes system of equations is noted as: $v(x,t) \equiv (v^1, v^2, \ldots, v^N)^t$, where I am assuming that the velocity vector field is time-dependent. The ...
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1answer
288 views

Prove that the Set of Bounded Linear Operators is Banach

Let $B(V,V')$ be the vector space formed by set of linear operators $T:V\rightarrow V'$. where $V,V'$ are normed vector spaces. Equip $B(V,V')$ with the norm $$ \|T\|=\sup\frac{\|T(x)\|}{\|x\|} $$ ...
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Linear Operators: Continuous $\Rightarrow$ Bounded

Let $T:V\rightarrow V'$ be a continuous linear operator between two normed vector spaces $V,V'$. Show that it is bounded. Continuity is defined as $\lim_{n}\|x_n-x\|=0\Rightarrow ...
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2answers
127 views

Dense Graph $G(T)\subset H\times H$

The following construction appears to yield a dense Graph in $H\times H$ where $H$ is a seperable Hilbert-space. Take $\{x_n\}$ a countable dense subset of $H$. Let $\{e_n\}$ an orthonormal basis of ...
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1answer
57 views

Approximate point spectrum and left topological zero divisors

Recall that a left topological zero divisor in a Banach algebra $A$ is an element $a\in A$ such that there exists a sequence of unit vectors $(a_{n})$ in $A$ with $\lim_{n\rightarrow\infty}aa_{n}=0$. ...
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When does a *-algebra have an approximate identity

I know that a *-algebra does not always have an approximate unit. When does a *-algebra have an approximate identity? Can we characterize that *-algebras which are not uniform and weak closed but ...
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183 views

Sum of the matrix series

Let $A\in\mathbb R^{n\times n}$ be a symmetric matrix which $0\preceq A\preceq I$ ($I$ is identity matrix), and $w_k\in\mathbb R^n$ are arbitrary certain vectors which $\|w_k\|\leq1,\,\,k=0,1,\ldots$ ...
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1answer
36 views

Summation of the Bergman kernel at two distinct points is constant?

Let $\Omega$ be a bounded simply connected domain in $\mathbb{C}.$ Let $K(z,w)$ denotes the Bergman kernel of $\Omega.$ Let $w_1,\,w_2$ be two distinct points in $\Omega.$ I'm looking for a domain ...
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92 views

Troublesome proof in Functional Analysis with dual vector space

Greetings to all of you I have tried to prove the following theorem but I am having some troubles with it. Let $X$ be a separable normed space and $(x_n')$ a bounded sequence in $X'$, then there is a ...
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1answer
353 views

Spectrum of shift-operator

Hoi, consider the Hilbertspace $l^2$ and the Left and Right-shift operator \begin{align*} L(x_1,x_2,\cdots) &= (x_2,x_3,\cdots)\\ R(x_1,x_2,\cdots) &= (0,x_1,x_2,\cdots ) \end{align*} I know ...
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2answers
81 views

Conjugate convex functions property

$E$ is normed vector space.Let $f\in E^*$ in a bounded linear functional from $E$ to $C$ and fix $x\in E$. We have $$\forall y\in E;\ \ \ \ f(y-x)\leq \frac{1}{2}\|y\|^2-\frac{1}{2}\|x\|^2$$ And I ...
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1answer
133 views

Ideals in $B(H)$ are self-adjoint

It is known that every (closed two-sided) ideal in a $C^{*}$-algebra is self-adjoint. The proofs that I've seen involve functional calculus and approximate units. I am wondering whether there is a ...