Operator theory is the branch of functional analysis that focuses on bounded linear operators, but it includes closed operators and nonlinear operators. Operator theory is also concerned with the study of algebras of operators.

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Functional defined on the space of functions with compact support

Let $X=C_c(\mathbb{R})$, the space of functions with compact support, normed with the max norm. Define $\Gamma: X \rightarrow \mathbb{R}$ as: $$ \Gamma f= \int_{- \infty}^{\infty} f(t)dt ...
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88 views

Cayley Transform: well defined?

Why is the Cayley backtransformation well-defined: $$A_U:=\imath(1+U)(1-U)^{-1}$$ In general $1-U$ is not invertible for example for $U=1$.
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1answer
63 views

Question about compact operator

So here is my question, Let $H$ be a Hilbert-space and $K:H\rightarrow H$ a compact operator. I know that if $K$ is self adjoint, then it has one eigenvalue $\mu$ such that $|\mu|=||K||$. Can some ...
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2answers
76 views

Fredholm Index: Finite Corank $\Rightarrow$Closed Range [duplicate]

Obviously closed subspaces turn quotient spaces into normed spaces rather than just merely vector spaces. However the dimension involved in Freholm's index are purely algebraic. Why do we thus ...
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73 views

A question on functional analysis

Let $H_i$, where $i = 1,2$ be Hilbert spaces and $T_i : H_i \rightarrow H_i$ be closed operators, such that $T_i$ have positive spectrum. Let $\phi : H_1 \rightarrow H_2$ is an isometric isomorphism ...
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122 views

What makes compact operators special?

I would like to understand why compact operators are considered so special to consider them as an extra class of operators. Over Hilbert spaces these (as far as I know) these are the ones with ...
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143 views

Examples of skew adjoint differential operators

I just need some references which studies examples of skew adjoint differential operators generating unitary strongly continuous groups of operators, and its applications to partial differential ...
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1answer
131 views

Compact Operators: Separable Range

Given Banach spaces $E$ and $F$. Consider a bounded operator: $$T:E\to F:\quad\|T\|<\infty$$ Certainly one has: $$T\text{ compact}\implies\mathcal{R}T\text{ separable}$$ What about the converse?
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50 views

Existence of nontrivial bounded linear operator?

Are there two normed spaces such that there is no nontrivial bounded linear operator between them: $$\nexists T:X\to Y: T\text{ nontrivial, linear and bounded}$$
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48 views

Why is this image contained in the kernel

Let $X$ be a Banach space, $u: X \to X$ be compact and $\lambda$ a non zero complex number. Let $W=X/(u-\lambda)(X)$. Let $\pi : X \to W$ be the quotient map. If $X^\ast$ denotes the dual I assume ...
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2answers
318 views

Resolvent: Definition

Given a Banach space. Consider linear operators: $$T:\mathcal{D}(T)\to E:\quad T(\kappa x+\lambda y)=\kappa T(x)+\lambda T(y)$$ (No other assumptions on the operator!) Denote for shorthand: ...
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4answers
370 views

Square root of a Hermitian operator exists

There are a lot of questions here about square root operators, but none of them addresses the basic question of existence, and I didn't find a very beefy section in Wikipedia talking about this, so ...
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183 views

Bounded below operators

In Murphy's book it is stated that ''Observe that every invertible linear map is bounded below, as is every isometric linear map.'' It's clear to me that isometries are bounded below but I'm ...
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1answer
146 views

What is the dual space in the strong operator topology?

Let $X$ be a Banach space, the strong operator topology on the space of bounded linear operators $\mathcal{B}(X)$ is defined by the family of continuous semi-norms $A\to\|Ax\|$, $x\in X$. What is the ...
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0answers
25 views

Polynomial generator

If we let $\alpha$ be a multiindex, can we generate any polynomial in $\eta$ with coefficients as multiples of $\kappa$ $$ D_z^{\alpha}\text{exp}(i(\kappa(z)-\kappa(x)-\kappa'(x)(z-x))\eta)|_{z=x} $$ ...
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71 views

Simple Modules over the Weyl Algebra

Let $k$ be a field of characteristic zero and let $A_1=k\langle x,y| \, xy-yx=1 \rangle$ be the Weyl algebra. Is there a (more or less explicit) possibility of writing down all simple modules over ...
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32 views

The adjoint of unbounded operators as a function.

Let $H_1$, $H_2$ be two possibly distinct real or complex Hilbert spaces, with linearity in the first coordinate of the inner product for concreteness. Let's think of passage to the adjoint as a map ...
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27 views

(nx(gradxn))^2 operator question?

by $A\times B \times C = (A \cdot C)B-(A \cdot B)C$, i need to expand $n \times \bigtriangledown \times n$, where all of these are vectors. Here is what i have right now $n \times \bigtriangledown ...
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2answers
75 views

Operators $A$ such that $e^A$ is norm preserving

Let $X$ be a Banach space. $A$ a bounded operator. We can define the exponential of $A$ by $$e^{A}=\sum_{n=0}^{+\infty}\frac{A^n}{n!},$$ which is also a bounded operator. Is there any sufficient ...
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45 views

Exercise on isometry

Let $X$ be a Banach space and $T$ a linear bounded operator defined on $L(X,Y)$ with $Y$ a normed space. If $T$ is an isometry then $TX$ is a closed subspace of $Y$. I considered a sequence $y_n$ ...
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22 views

When can we get discrete spectrum?

Suppose that $T$ is a densely defined closed operator on a separable Hilbert space $H$. Form $N = T^*T$. Assume further that $T$ has a finite dimensional kernel and satisfies the commutation relation ...
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111 views

Operators such that $\langle Ax,x \rangle=-\langle x,Ax \rangle$

Let $X$ be a Banach space. We consider the differential equation: $$x'(t)=Ax(t), \ \ \ t\in\mathbb{R}$$ where $A$ is a bounded operator on $X$. If $X$ is a Hilbert space, and $x(t)$ is a solution of ...
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23 views

Bounded operator on continuous functions

Let $X=C([0,1])$ and $T: X \rightarrow X$ defined as $$(Tf)(t)=f(t)+f(0)$$ Prove $T$ is bounded. I was thinking about using the fundamental theorem of calculus in order to get some bounds on $f(0)$ ...
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79 views

Creation and Annihilation Operators: Norm Estimate

Given the Fock space: $$\mathcal{F}(\mathcal{h}):=\bigoplus_0^\infty\mathcal{h}^{n}\text{ with } \mathcal{h}^{n}:=\bigotimes_1^n \mathcal{h},\mathcal{h}^0:=\mathbb{C}$$ Define the creation and ...
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77 views

Show that $f$ is a homothety

$E$ a $\mathbb{C}$-vector space of dimension $n>2$ Let $f : E \rightarrow E$ an endomorphisme which commutes with all automorphisms of $E$. Show that $f$ is a homothety Let $\lambda$ an ...
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65 views

Positive Operator: Norm Estimate

In class we encountered the statement: $$H\geq C1\quad(C>0)\implies\|\mathrm{e}^{-\beta H}\|<1\quad(\beta>0)$$ How does one prove this? Moreover, what about the weakened version: $$H\geq ...
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66 views

Question about compact operators

I would like to prove the following, Let $X$,$Y$ be infinite dimensional Banach-Spaces and $T$ a compact, linear and bounded operator. Then there exists a sequence $(x_n)_{n\in\mathbb N}$ with ...
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1answer
61 views

Positive operators in Hilbert spaces

Let $H$ be a Hilbert space. I am just asking if there's some reference which studies operators $A$ with this property: $$\left\langle Ax,x\right\rangle \geq0,$$ for all $x\in H$. And $Ax=0$ whenever ...
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1answer
36 views

how can i prove this if it is true?

Let Z be a central projection in a von neumann algebra A and Q is a finite projection in A. is it true that ZQ is also finite? if yes how can i prove that? thanks for your help.
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48 views

How to find the spectrum $\sigma_p(P)$

How to find the spectrum $\sigma_p(P)$: Let $P:H\rightarrow H$ be an orthoprojection, $P\neq 0, P\neq I$. could you please help
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59 views

Prove property of adjoint: $(\mathcal{A}^{-1})^*=(\mathcal{A}^*)^{-1}$.

I'm trying to prove it like any other property of adjoint. So, I need to prove following equality: $(\mathcal{A}^{-1}x, y)=(x, \mathcal({A}^{-1})^*y)$. I know it's very basic, but how to prove this ...
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102 views

How to show that the Volterra operator is not normal

How to show that the Volterra operator: $$V:L_2(0,1)\rightarrow L_2(0,1): x\mapsto \int^t_0 x(s) \, ds$$ is not normal. $t\in (0,1)$ Could you please help with this question.
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How to show: $A_y$ has no eigenvectors if $y$ is not constant on any subinterval of $[0,1]$

Let $y\in C[0,1]$ and $A_y : C[0,1]\rightarrow C[0,1]: x\mapsto xy$ How to show: $A_y$ has no eigenvectors if $y$ is not constant on any subinterval of $[0,1]$. Could you please help.
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Injectivity of the operator $(Ax)(t)=\int_0 ^1 k(s,t) x(s)ds$

Let $X=C([0,1],\mathbb{R})$ (equipped with the supremum norm). Let $A$ be the operator defined for each $x\in X$ by $$(Ax)(t)=\int_0 ^1 k(s,t) x(s)ds,$$ where $k:[0,1]\times [0,1]\to \mathbb{R} $ is ...
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68 views

About the Volterra operator and the approximation property

I need some help with these questions. $\bullet\;$ First of all, if we define the Volterra operator $V:L^{1}[0,2\pi]\rightarrow L^{1}[0,2\pi]$ as $(Vf)(x)=\int_0^xf(t)dt$, Is this operator compact? ...
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Formula for trace of particular operators

Let $\mathcal{H}$ be the Hilbert space $L^2(\mathbb{R})$. View the Fourier transform as a unitary operator $\mathcal{F} \in B(\mathcal{H})$. For each function $f \in C_0(\mathbb{R})$, let $T(f) \in ...
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212 views

Compact operators, injectivity and closed range

Let $X$ be a an infinite dimensional Banach space. $A\in B(X)$ is a compact operator. If its range $Im(A)$ is closed in $X$ then $A$ cannot be injective because $A:X\to Im(A)$ would be a compact ...
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$\det A \neq 0$. Prove that $\det A^* \neq 0$.

$A$ is matrix representing operator $\mathcal{A}$. $*$ is such operator that respects following equality: $(\mathcal{A}x,y)=(x, \mathcal{A}^*y)$; (I don't know what term is used in English). ...
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31 views

Prove that $\mathcal{AB}$ is linear operator if $\mathcal{A}$ and $\mathcal{B}$ are linear operators.

It is fairly easy to determine whether $\mathcal{AB}$ is linear when we know $\mathcal{A}$ and $\mathcal{B}$ (for example, $\mathcal{Ax}=(2x_1, 3x_2-x_1)$ and $\mathcal{B}$ is something similar). But ...
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48 views

Differentiable Path of Operators and their Inverses

Let $\mathcal{H}$ be a separable Hilbert space. Consider a differentiable map $\mathbb{R} \rightarrow \mathcal{B}(\mathcal{H}), t \mapsto A(t)$, where $\mathcal{B}(\mathcal{H})$ is the space of ...
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81 views

Linear and monotone mapping

Let $f:\mathbb{R}^n \rightarrow \mathbb{R}^n$ be continuous and monotone, i.e., $$ \left( f(x) - f(y) \right)^\top \left( x-y\right) \geq 0$$ for all $x,y \in \mathbb{R}^n$. Say for which matrices $A ...
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help me please about adjoint of operators in L1

A : L₁→L₁ 1) A x=( x₁, x₂,.....xn , 0,0,....) 2) A x= (λ₁ x₁ ,λ₂ x₂,.....) |λ n|≤1 and λ n ∈ R I need to find adjoint of operators A in given space. ...
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Prove that operator of mirror plane $x+z=0$ is linear and find its' matrix.

I am not familiar with term mirror plane , hence I don't know how to solve this problem. As for operator itself, maybe if I select basis $(x,0,0), (0,y,0), (0,0,z)$ then I would express $x+z$ this ...
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39 views

help,example about disjoint operators

$T\colon L^2[0,1]→L^2[0,1]$ is given by $$ Tx(t)=∫_0^1 tx(s)\,ds $$ How can we find adjoint operator of $T$ in this space? $\langle Tx,y\rangle= \langle x,T^*y\rangle$ should be okay.But what ...
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Is there any relation between positive definite operator and an operator that satisfies maximum principle?

Suppose $L$ is a self adjoint differential operator which satisfies maximum principle. Maximum principle: Assume that $u(x)$ satisfies $u(0)\geq 0$ and $u(1)\geq 0$. Now $L$ is said to satisfy ...
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1answer
59 views

Am I wrong ? (2)

Let $X=C[0,1]$ be the space of real continous functions on $[0,1]$. $X$ is a Banach space with the two norms $$|f|_\infty=\sup_{s\in[0,1]}|f(s)|$$ and ...
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54 views

$(X,|.|_A)$ is Banach implies $A$ is closed

Let $(X,|.|)$ be a Banach space. We know that if $A:X\to X$ is a closed operator then $(X,|.|_A)$ is a Banach space, where $|.|_A$ is the norm defined by $$|x|_A=|x|+|Ax|$$ Then using the "continuity ...
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56 views

Where am I wrong ??

Let $(X,|.|)$ be a Banach space. $A\in B(X)$ a bounded injective operator. Then we can define another norm on $X$ by $$|x|_A=|Ax|.$$ Since we have $$|x|_A\leq |A||x|$$ Then by the result of continuity ...
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98 views

Application of operator theory in ODE and PDE

I am looking for references of applications of operator theory (especially spectral theory) in ODE, PDE and possibly SDE. I have learnt operator theory in the general set up, but only know little ...
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22 views

Normal bounded operator

Let $T$ be a bounded normal operator on a Hilbert space. Now I have to show that $T$ is self-adjoint if and only if $\sigma(T) \subset \mathbb{R}$. I already know that for an Abelian unital ...