Operator theory is the branch of functional analysis that focuses on bounded linear operators, but it includes closed operators and nonlinear operators. Operator theory is also concerned with the study of algebras of operators.

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Quantum translation operator

Let $T_\epsilon=e^{i \mathbf{\epsilon} P/ \hbar}$ an operator. Show that $T_\epsilon\Psi(\mathbf r)=\Psi(\mathbf r + \mathbf \epsilon)$. Where $P=-i\hbar \nabla$. Here's what I've gotten: ...
3
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1answer
72 views

Operator norm and Hilbert Schmidt norm

I'm looking for a proof of \begin{equation} ||T||\leq ||T||_{HS}, \end{equation} for which it is sufficient to show \begin{equation} ||Tx|| \leq ||x|| \cdot ||T||_{HS} \forall x\in H, x\not=0 ...
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92 views

bounded linear operators is B(X,Y) is complete if Y is complete

QUESTION#1 is why he required that the space Y is complete not only the range of the operators is complete? QUESTION#2 In the proof of this theorem : i take a cauchy sequence {Tn} from B(X,Y) and ...
3
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1answer
162 views

Question about proof of Browder, Minty Theorem

Could someone please assist with the following question: Refer to the following post.
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55 views

How to show an operator is invertible?

How to show an operator is invertible in an abstact setting? I only know that if $\|T\|< 1$ then $I-T$ is invertible. For example: Let $(X_1, \|\cdot\|_1)$ and $(X_2, \|\cdot\|_2)$ be Banach ...
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28 views

Intersection of $\ell_p$

Let $\ell_p$ be defined as usual then what can be said about the intersection of $\ell_p$ spaces for i.e. $$\,\,\cap_{p=1}^{\infty}\ell_p\,\,$$
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41 views

Given $A_n : X\rightarrow Y$ linear and continuous, for each $x\in X$ $A_n(x) \rightharpoonup A(x)$ in $Y$, is $A$ continuous?

Given $A_n : X\rightarrow B$, a linear and continuous operator between two Banach spaces, for each $x\in X$ $A_n(x) \rightharpoonup A(x)$ in $Y$, is $A$ linear and continuous? My attempt: $A$ ...
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128 views

Bounded linear operator commuting with every compact operators

Let $A$ be a bounded linear operator on the Banach space $X$. Assuming that $AK = KA$ for every compact operator $K$, how do I show that $A$ must be a scalar multiple of the identity, i.e., we have $A ...
2
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1answer
120 views

Irreducible representations and commutative C*Algebras.

If $A$ is a commutative C*-Algebra then also its representation $\pi(A)$ is commutative, and it's an operator C*-algebra. A representation is said to be irreducible if $\pi(A)$ does not commute with ...
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44 views

Solution of nonhomogeneous problem using semigroup of linear operators

Let $X$ be a complex Hilbert space; and let $A:D(A)\subset X \to X$ be a $\mathbb C-$linear operator. Assume that $A$ is self-adjoint(so that $D(A)$ is a dense subset of $X$) and that $A\leq 0$ (i.e., ...
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28 views

Perturbation of operators and eigenvalues

Suppose $P\in\mathcal{B}(\mathcal{H})$ is a self-adjoint compact operator. Lets perturb $P$ by multiplying it by a bounded operator $S$ and set $T=PS.$ Then what can be said for the spectrum of $T?$ ...
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106 views

functional analysis: show L^1 integral operator has norm 1

I just started my course in functional analysis and have already stumbled across some things I don't understand, which are quite basic :(. In my lecture notes it says: Let $\mu$ be a measure on a ...
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239 views

Closest fixed point to a convex set

Consider the compact convex sets $Y \subset X \subset \mathbb{R}^n$, and a Lipschitz continuous function $f : X \rightarrow X$. Assume that $f$ has multiple fixed points. (From Brouwer's theorem, $f$ ...
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2answers
55 views

Strong closure of a C*-algebra of operators.

In Arveson's book, the Kaplansky density theorem is proved in order to have this corollary: "Let $A$ be a self-adjoint algebra of operators on a separable Hilbert space $H$. Then for every operator ...
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42 views

Prove that $\frac{1}{\phi(D)}c=c\frac{1}{\phi(0)}$

Could someone prove the following? $$\frac{1}{\phi(D)}c=c\frac{1}{\phi(0)}$$ where $D$ is ${\frac{d}{dx}}$ and $c$ is a constant. for example $$\frac{1}{D^4+2D+3}c=c\frac{1}{0+0+3}=\frac{c}{3}$$
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38 views

Invariant subspaces and their complements

The following is Exercise 6.4.2 of Conway's Functional Analysis: Suppose $T\in B(X)$ where $X$ is a Banach space. Prove that $M$ is invariant under $T$ if and only if $M^{\perp}$ is invariant under ...
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46 views

How find two differential operator $A$ and $B$ such $A\circ \dfrac{d}{dx}=B\circ x$

Question: show that there exists differential operators $A$ and $B$ where $$A=\sum_{k=0}^{n}a_{k}(x)\dfrac{d^k}{dx^k}\neq 0,B=\sum_{k=0}^{n}b_{k}(x)\dfrac{d^k}{dx^k}\neq 0$$ ...
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1answer
55 views

Compactness of an operator on $c_0$ in terms of its infinite matrix representation

Let $A\in {\cal B}(c_0)$ (${\cal B}(c_0)$ is linear bounded operators on $c_0$) and for $n\geq 1$, define $e_n \in c_0$ by $e_n(m)=\delta_{nm}$. Put $\alpha_{nm}=(Ae_n)(m)$ for $n,m\geq 1$. we have $M ...
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38 views

Composition operator of a non-analytic function

I recently came across a problem that can be reformulated in simple terms involving the composition operator $$ C_g\colon X \to X, \quad f \mapsto f \circ g $$ for functions $$ f,g\colon \mathbb{C} ...
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1answer
59 views

self-adjoint operator without eigenvalues?

I have a self-adjoint operator $d$ which acts on vector fields defined on $\mathbb{R}^n$. I am interested on its eigenvalues. That is, I study the equation $d(X)-\lambda X=0$. I have found that if ...
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55 views

Exercise of direct sum of operators: could someone please check my work

I tried to do this exercise and was wondering of someone could please read my work and tell me if it is correct: Let $u: X \to Y$ and $u': X' \to Y'$ be bounded linear operators between Banach ...
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286 views

Fourier transform as diagonalization of convolution

I've read this in a lot of places but never quite got how this is true or meant. Let's say we have a convolution Operator $$ A_f(g) = \int f(\tau)g(t-\tau)d\tau $$ and apply it to $g(t)=e^{ikt}$. ...
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111 views

Intuitive meaning of the exponential form of an unitary operator

I'm an undergraduate student in Chemistry currently studying quantum mechanics and I have a problem with unitary transformations. Here in my book, it is stated that Every unitary operator ...
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1answer
42 views

If $T$ is topologically transitive and $X$ is separable and complete then there exists a dense set of points with dense backward orbits.

I am trying to solve exercise 1.2.7 from Grosse-Erdmann and Peris' book Linear Chaos. It is stated as follows: Let $T:X\rightarrow X$ be continuous on a separable and complete metric space $X$ ...
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27 views

Is there an expression for $\exp\left(t z^{i}\partial_{z}^{j} \right) f(z) = $?

Does an expression for $$ \exp\left(t z^{i}\partial_{z}^{j} \right) f(z) = ? $$ exist? For j=1 we have the usual expression for translation and scaling $$ \exp\left( t \partial_z\right) f(z) = ...
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85 views

$T\in\mathcal{L}(X,Y)$ maps closed bounded subsets onto closed subsets $\implies$ Range $T$ is closed.

Given two normed spaces $X$ and $Y$ and let $T$ be a bounded linear operator $T:X\to Y$. Assume that $T$ maps bounded and closed subsets of $X$ onto closed subsets of $Y$. Show that the range of $T$ ...
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95 views

Compactness of the Volterra opelator

The Volterra operator is given as \begin{eqnarray} (Vf)(x)=\int_0^xK(x,y)f(y)\,{\rm d}y. \end{eqnarray} By the Arzelà–Ascoli theorem, $V\colon C^0[0,1]\rightarrow C^0[0,1]$ is compact operator. But, ...
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46 views

Minimum eigen value of this operator valued self-adjoint matrix

Let $H=M \oplus M^{\perp}$ be a Hilbert space and an operator $A$ on $H$ be described with respect to the given decomposition as: $A= \left( \begin{array}{ccc} |z|^{2} & -\bar{z}\langle ...
2
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1answer
70 views

Give necessary and sufficient conditions for a multiplication on $L^p$ to be compact

Let $(X, \Omega, \mu)$ be a $\sigma-$ finite measure space and for $\phi \in L^\infty(\mu)$ let $M_\phi:L^p(\mu) \to L^p(\mu)$ defined by $M_\phi f = \phi f $ be the multiplication operator. Give ...
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57 views

If $T$ is self-adjoint, is the set of power series in $T$ closed?

If $T$ is a bounded self-adjoint operator on a Hilbert space, is the set of convergent power series in $T$ closed in the norm topology? I ask because I'm reading some spectral theorems and I was ...
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50 views

Is an Invariant set Connected?

Let an autonomous dynamical system is characterized by the state equation $$ \dot x(t) = f(x(t)),\quad x(0)=x_0 $$ with state $x(t)\in \mathbb R^n$. The definition of invariant set, as I came across, ...
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33 views

Solution set of linear operator equations

Suppose $\mathcal{X}$ and $\mathcal{Y}$ are two Hilbert spaces. Let $A:\mathcal{X} \mapsto \mathcal{Y}$ be a bounded linear operator. Consider a linear operator equation $Ax=b$. My question is what ...
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1answer
34 views

$\sup$ norm of a function

The following is an example of Murphy's C*-algebras and operator theory: I do not know how he concludes $$\int_0^1 |k(s,t) - k(s',t)||f(t)| dt \leq \sup|k(s,t) - k(s',t)|||f||_\infty$$ Please help ...
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56 views

Periodic Laplace operator non closed in $ C^2(0,L)$

How can I show that the Laplacian operator is not closed in the domain $D=\{f \in C^2(0,L) \mid \mbox{ f is vanishing in a neighborhood of 0 and L } \}$ for a fixed $L$? And how can I show that it is ...
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1answer
90 views

Integral operator on $L^p$ is compact

Let $(X,\Omega,\mu)$ be an arbitrary measure space, $1<p<\infty$ , and $\frac{1}{p}+ \frac{1}{q} = 1$. If $k:X. X\to \Bbb C$ is an $\Omega.\Omega-$ measurable function such that $$M = [\int ...
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107 views

Shrinkage operator for matrices

Here http://web.stanford.edu/~boyd/papers/pdf/prox_algs.pdf, on page 188, you can see the derivation of the soft thresholding operator or shrinkage operator for the case of vectors using Moreau ...
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A matrix $G$ with all eigenvalues with nonzero real part. Then $t\mapsto |\exp(tG)x |$ is unbounded

I am trying to see why this is true. A book I am reading has this claim without any verification and I'm trying to see why it is true. Let $G$ be an $n\times n$ matrix all of whose eigenvalues have ...
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31 views

Given a block-form contraction operator $X$, can we write $I-XX^*$ as $PP^*$ with a nice block form of $P$?

Suppose the operator $$X = \begin{pmatrix} A & B \\ C & D \end{pmatrix}$$ is contractive, where $A, B, C$ and $D$ are themselves bounded operators, then we know that $I - XX^* = PP^*$ for ...
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What is the closest self-adjoint (positive) operator to a given operator?

Given an operator $\rho$ on a Hilbert space $H$, is there a notion of nearest self-adjoint (positive) approximation of $\rho$ for a suitable norm? More specifically, does there exist an algebraic ...
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1answer
219 views

Riesz Functional Calculus vs. Holomorphic Functional Calculus

"Functional calculus" is a word used to describe the practice of taking some functions or formulas defined on complex numbers, and apply them in some way to certain kinds of operators, despite that ...
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101 views

Firm non-expansiveness in the context of proximal operators

$\newcommand{\prox}{\operatorname{prox}}$ Probably the most remarkable property of the proximal operator is the fixed point property: The point $x^*$ minimizes $f$ if and only if $x^* = \prox_f(x^*) ...
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39 views

Question about the Averson's proof of the bicommutant theorem.

In the Averson's proof of the bicommutant theorem is proved that, if $A$ is a self-adjoint algebra of operators with trivial null space and $T \in A''$, for every $\epsilon>0$, $n=1,2..$ and every ...
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1answer
71 views

Lipschitz constants of projections

Consider two compact sets $A, B \subset \mathbb{R}^n$. Assume that the projection mappings $P_A: \mathbb{R}^n \rightarrow A$, $P_B : \mathbb{R}^n \rightarrow B$ have Lipschitz constant $1$ and $L$, ...
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278 views

Dual norm of the matrix L1 norm is infinity norm (and vice versa)

Recall that for a given norm $\|\cdot\|$ on $\mathbb{R}^n$, the dual norm is defined as a function $\|\cdot\|_*: \mathbb{R}^n \rightarrow \mathbb{R}$ with: $\|y\|_* = \max \limits_x \{x^Ty: \|x\|\le1 ...
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124 views

When is an operator on $\ell_1$ the dual of an operator on $c_0$?

Suppose $T:\ell_1\to\ell_1$ is a continuous linear operator. When can we say that $T$ is a dual, or adjoint, of an operator on $c_0$? In other words, under what conditions can we find a continuous ...
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39 views

Fixed point of projected operator

Let $X \subset \mathbb{R}^n$ be a compact convex set and let $f: X \rightarrow X$ be Lipschitz continuous and such that $$ \left( f(x) - f(y) \right)^\top \left( x-y\right) \leq 0 $$ for all $x, y ...
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1answer
29 views

Commutant of a set of operators and norm topology.

In the references I have it's remarked that the commutant $S'$ of a set $S$ in $B(H)$, where $H$ is a Hilbert space, is closed in the weak operator topology. And this is true because if ...
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52 views

Linear operator in $\ell^2$

Let $A \colon \ell^2(\mathbb{Z}) \to \ell^2(\mathbb{Z})$ be the linear operator defined by $\left( Ax \right)_k = \sum_{i \in \mathbb{Z}}a_{ki}x_i$, where $a_{ki} = 1/(k-i)^2$ if $k \neq i$ and ...
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1answer
56 views

Proof of operator norm with the equality of involution

Given the equality $$\|A^*A\| = \sup_{\| x \| = \| y \| = 1} | (Ax, (A^*)^*y) | $$ How do show that it is equal to $\|A\|^2$ Is it by using Cauchy-Schwarz inequality such that $(x, y) \leq ...
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1answer
60 views

Continuous extension of differential operator to sobolev spaces

If $T$ is an differential operator of order $k$ from $\mathbb{C}$-vector bundle $E$ to $F$ over a compact differential manifold $X$. Question: how can we extend it to a continuous linear map between ...