Operator theory is the branch of functional analysis that focuses on bounded linear operators, but it includes closed operators and nonlinear operators. Operator theory is also concerned with the study of algebras of operators.

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Locally compact operators and their spectrum

At the moment, I'm studying the book "Introduction to Spectral Theory" from P.D. Hislop and I.M. Sigal, I arrived at chapter 10 and I'm stuck on two problems there. Problem 10.1: Let $A$ be a closed ...
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What is the modulus of smoothness for Wigner-Ville Distribution?

I heard today a seminar where the speaker talked about General Shannon Sampling operators and its modulus of smoothness. I can only find this article about the modulus of smoothness. I think you can ...
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Examples of extremally disconnected spaces

I am trying to understand the notion of extremally disconnected space (in other words Stonean space), i.e. a space in which any open set has an open closure. Could you help me and give (reasonable) ...
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1answer
197 views

Relationship between different topologies of bounded operators on a Hilbert space

I am self-studying functional analysis. Given that $B(H)$ are the bounded operators on a Hilbert space, $H$. I would like to ask how to formally prove that the weak topology is weaker than the ...
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52 views

relations between two linear operators

Let $\alpha,\beta$ be linear operators on a finite dimensional vector space $V$ over field $F$. Let $\gamma=\alpha\circ\beta$ and $\delta=\beta\circ\alpha$. Prove that: (1). $m_\delta(x)$ divides ...
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Phillips spectral theorem

In Reed-Simon (see References) the following theorem due to Phillips is cited (but not proved): Theorem (Phillips). Let $X$ be a Banach space, $T \in \mathcal L(X)$. Then $\sigma(T) = \sigma(T')$ ...
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1answer
107 views

Prove that if $T$ a normal linear transformation and invertible, then $T^{-1}$ is normal.

The question is: Prove that if $T$ a normal linear transformation and invertible, then $T^{-1}$ is normal. Then I have to find the spectral decomposition of $T^{-1}$. At first I tried to prove it by ...
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1answer
40 views

$T\in B(H)$ normal and left invertible implies $T$ invertible?

My question is what's written in the title, that is, if $T$ is a normal operator on a Hilbert space $H$, and $T$ is left invertible, is it necessarily true that $T$ is invertible? Actually, the more ...
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1answer
179 views

Linear Operator and isomorphism

I wanted to be sure about the following: Let's say we have vector spaces normed spaces $X$ and $Y$ and a linear operator $T:X \rightarrow Y$. My idea was to reduce the properties that I need to show ...
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1answer
104 views

Corollary of Banach Steinhaus theorem

If $\{M_n\}_{n∈\mathbb{N}}$ is a family of continuous operators for $X$ Banach to $Y$ normed, such that $M_n(x)$ converges to $M(x)$ for all $x ∈ X$, then $M$ is a linear bounded operator and ...
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35 views

Commutating operators modulo compact operator

Let $X$ be a Banach space. I want find an example of a closed densely defined operator $A$ and a bounded operator $B$ such that $AB - BA = K$ where $K$ is a compact operator.
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Why is this true: The only orthogonal projection that is also unitary from $\Bbb C^n$ to $\Bbb C^n$ is the identity

Can anyone explain me please how to see this statement: the only orthogonal projection that is also unitary from $\Bbb C^n$ to $\Bbb C^n$ is the Identity. how can I prove formally that? or how can I ...
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find the eigenbasis of unitary transformation

$U$ is $n\times n$ unitary matrix, with orthogonal eigenbasis $v_1, \ldots v_n$ we construct a linear transformation: $T_U(X) = XU$ with the inner product $\langle A, B \rangle = \text{tr}(A^*B)$ I ...
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47 views

Question arising from quantum mechanics concerning groups and symmetries

I'm trying to understand a calculation my professor did in my quantum mechanics script. Here it is: Each rotation $R \in O(3)$ induces a unitary transformation in $L^2(R^3)$, i.e. the space of square ...
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176 views

Is it true that every orthogonal transformation , even over $\mathbb R$, is diagonalizable?

Is it true that every orthogonal transformation , even over $\mathbb R$, is diagonalizable? I didn't succeed to get any information about it. Could anyone explain please?
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1answer
60 views

Question about step in proof of Schauder's theorem

The statement is the following: Let $X,Y$ be Banach spaces and $T:X \rightarrow Y$ be a continuous linear operator. Then is $T'$ compact iff $T$ is compact. I have already understood the implication ...
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Notation question in Majda and Bertozzi's “Vorticity and Incompressible Flow”

On pg 2, the fluid velocity in the Navier-Stokes system of equations is noted as: $v(x,t) \equiv (v^1, v^2, \ldots, v^N)^t$, where I am assuming that the velocity vector field is time-dependent. The ...
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1answer
180 views

Prove that the Set of Bounded Linear Operators is Banach

Let $B(V,V')$ be the vector space formed by set of linear operators $T:V\rightarrow V'$. where $V,V'$ are normed vector spaces. Equip $B(V,V')$ with the norm $$ \|T\|=\sup\frac{\|T(x)\|}{\|x\|} $$ ...
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Linear Operators: Continuous $\Rightarrow$ Bounded

Let $T:V\rightarrow V'$ be a continuous linear operator between two normed vector spaces $V,V'$. Show that it is bounded. Continuity is defined as $\lim_{n}\|x_n-x\|=0\Rightarrow ...
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Dense Graph $G(T)\subset H\times H$

The following construction appears to yield a dense Graph in $H\times H$ where $H$ is a seperable Hilbert-space. Take $\{x_n\}$ a countable dense subset of $H$. Let $\{e_n\}$ an orthonormal basis of ...
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50 views

Approximate point spectrum and left topological zero divisors

Recall that a left topological zero divisor in a Banach algebra $A$ is an element $a\in A$ such that there exists a sequence of unit vectors $(a_{n})$ in $A$ with $\lim_{n\rightarrow\infty}aa_{n}=0$. ...
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When does a *-algebra have an approximate identity

I know that a *-algebra does not always have an approximate unit. When does a *-algebra have an approximate identity? Can we characterize that *-algebras which are not uniform and weak closed but ...
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3answers
182 views

Sum of the matrix series

Let $A\in\mathbb R^{n\times n}$ be a symmetric matrix which $0\preceq A\preceq I$ ($I$ is identity matrix), and $w_k\in\mathbb R^n$ are arbitrary certain vectors which $\|w_k\|\leq1,\,\,k=0,1,\ldots$ ...
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1answer
30 views

Summation of the Bergman kernel at two distinct points is constant?

Let $\Omega$ be a bounded simply connected domain in $\mathbb{C}.$ Let $K(z,w)$ denotes the Bergman kernel of $\Omega.$ Let $w_1,\,w_2$ be two distinct points in $\Omega.$ I'm looking for a domain ...
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Troublesome proof in Functional Analysis with dual vector space

Greetings to all of you I have tried to prove the following theorem but I am having some troubles with it. Let $X$ be a separable normed space and $(x_n')$ a bounded sequence in $X'$, then there is a ...
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1answer
282 views

Spectrum of shift-operator

Hoi, consider the Hilbertspace $l^2$ and the Left and Right-shift operator \begin{align*} L(x_1,x_2,\cdots) &= (x_2,x_3,\cdots)\\ R(x_1,x_2,\cdots) &= (0,x_1,x_2,\cdots ) \end{align*} I know ...
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20 views

Subordinate operators

Let $A$ be a linear densely defined operator on a Hilbert space $H$ and $L$ is a selfadjoint operator with discrete spectrum such that $\mathcal{D}(L) = \mathcal{D}(L)$ and $$\|Tf\| \leq M ...
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74 views

Conjugate convex functions property

$E$ is normed vector space.Let $f\in E^*$ in a bounded linear functional from $E$ to $C$ and fix $x\in E$. We have $$\forall y\in E;\ \ \ \ f(y-x)\leq \frac{1}{2}\|y\|^2-\frac{1}{2}\|x\|^2$$ And I ...
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Ideals in $B(H)$ are self-adjoint

It is known that every (closed two-sided) ideal in a $C^{*}$-algebra is self-adjoint. The proofs that I've seen involve functional calculus and approximate units. I am wondering whether there is a ...
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1answer
39 views

A question on a sequence in a Banach algebra [duplicate]

If $\{u_{k}\}_{k=1}^{\infty}$ is a sequence in an Banach algebra (and more specifically, in the set of all the bounded linear operators of a Banach space $X$). If ...
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1answer
65 views

Operator's norm

Let $T$ be a linear densely defined operator on a Hilbert space $H$ and $L$ be a selfadjoint operator with discrete spectrum and $T^{-1}$ is bounded such that $$\|Tf\| \leq M \|Lf\|^{a}\|f\|^{1-a}, ...
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1answer
105 views

A question on the spectral projection

I am reading a paper about spectral theory. And I meet with some problems. An operator $K\in L(X)$ is said to be algebraic if there exists a non-trivial complex polynomial $h$ such that $h(K)=0$. By ...
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1answer
236 views

Prove that if transformation matrix is unitary, then the basis is orthonormal

V is a vector space with the complex field, B is an orthonormal basis of V , and C is some arbitrary basis. Prove that if the transformation matrix from basis C to B is unitary, then C is also ...
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66 views

Explicit operator in separable Hilbert space

This is a question about (possible unbounded) operators. We know that $\mathcal{D}(T^*)=\{0\}$ iff $\mathcal{G}(T)$ is dense in $\mathcal{H}\times\mathcal{H}$, where $\mathcal{H}$ is a separable ...
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Normal compact operator commute with bounded self adjoint operator in Hilbert space.

Suppose $H$ is a Hilbert space and $A:H\rightarrow H$ is a normal compact operator such that $\ker(A)=0$. show that if $B$ is a bounded self adjoint operator that commutes with $A$ then the spaces in ...
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Clarifying the definition of essential self-adjointness

If a Hilbert space operator $T$ has a unique self-adjoint extension, must the extension be the closure of $T$?
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generalizations of continous operators?

What are generalizations of the notion of continous linear operator $P:X\to X$, where X is a Banach space? I'm looking for some broader class of operators that nevertheless share some properties of ...
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1answer
49 views

A simple question about completely positive linear maps

Let $A$ be the C*-algebra and $M_{n}(A)$ be the C*-algebra of $n\times n$ matrices with entries in $A$. We use $(a_{ij})$ to denote the element of $M_{n}(A)$. My question is: For every $a\in A$, ...
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116 views

Half Laplace operator

I'm curious whether a half Laplacian (or square root of Laplacian) exists. More specifically, I'm looking for an $X:C^2(\Bbb R^n)\to C^2(\Bbb R^n)$ operator such that $$\forall f:XXf=\Delta f$$ I know ...
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1answer
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Doubt about Proposition 2.39 in Dana Williams' crossed product book

You can see the proposition in a google books preview here. First and foremost, my question is: Question: Am I correct to interpret Proposition 2.39 as setting up a bijective correspondence ...
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1answer
45 views

How to prove the demicountinuity of nonlinear operators?

Define a nonlinear operator $\mathbf{J}(\mathbf{x}):~\mathbb{R}^3 \rightarrow \mathbb{R}^3$ as $$ \mathbf{J}(\mathbf{x}):= |\mathbf{x}|^{-\alpha}\mathbf{x},~0<\alpha<1. $$ How to prove that ...
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1answer
150 views

Relationship between adjoint operators, trace-class operators, compact operators and density operators in Quantum-Mechanics

I don't know much about Functional Analysis, but I was wondering about the following: In Banach spaces it is possible to define for every continuous opertor $T:X \rightarrow Y$ an adjoint Operator ...
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Complex Power of a differential operator

Let $(X,\|\cdot\|)$ be a Banach space and consider a sequence $B_n \colon X \to X$ of bounded operators. I remember from my course in operator theory that the partial sum $$ S_N = \sum^N_{n = 1} B_n ...
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Example of Hilbert space operator that is not a product of unitary and positive

If $A$ is a unital $C^{*}$-algebra, and $a\in A$ is invertible, then $a=u|a|$ where $u$ is unitary and $|a|=(a^{*}a)^{1/2}$ is positive. I am looking for an example of a bounded linear operator on ...
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Show, that $T\colon C([a,b])\to C([a,b])$

I have a question concerning an integral equation that is written as an fixed point equation, namely $$ u(x)+\int_a^x F(x,y,u(y))\, dy=f(x,u(x)),~~x\in [a,b] $$ with $$ ...
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1answer
95 views

When an invertible element in a $C^{*}$-algebra is unitary

I am trying to show that if $a$ is an invertible element of a unital $C^{*}$-algebra, and $||a||=||a^{-1}||=1$, then $a$ is unitary. I can do this if I think of $a$ as a Hilbert space operator using ...
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1answer
115 views

Using Nemytskii Theorem for Sobolev Spaces

The Nemytskii mappings in Lebesgue spaces theorem is as follows: If $a: \Omega \times \mathbb{R}^{m_{1}} \times \cdots \times\mathbb{R}^{m_{j}} \rightarrow \mathbb{R}^{m_{0}}$ is a Caratheodory ...
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2answers
108 views

Functional Analysis, operator theory, eigenvalues of a operator

We have $$T_\alpha:C[a,b]\to C[a,b]$$ $$T_\alpha f= \alpha f$$ where $C[a,b]=\{ f:[a,b]\to \mathbb{R} \quad f$ is continuous} and $\alpha\in C[a,b]$ fixed. Show: Spectrum of $T_\alpha\equiv ...
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1answer
115 views

Question about projections on Hilbert space

Let $P_i$ be projections from a Hilbert space $\cal{H}$ to its closed subspace $\cal{H}_i$, $i=1,2,\cdots,n$, such that $\sum^n_{i=1} P_i$ is also a projection. And let $P$ be a projection from ...
2
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1answer
79 views

Find the norm of $A$ where $(Af)(t)=tf(t)$

I have the following problem that I would like to ask you about: I have $X$ as my normed linear vector space and $B(X,X)=B(X)$ as my space of all operators $A: X \to X$, where for all $A \in B(X)$ is ...