# Tagged Questions

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### Question about proof of Browder, Minty Theorem

Could someone please assist with the following question: In the following SET OF NOTES, I am interested to know how the author obtains "By Lemma 1.11, the Galerkin equations (2.5 has a solution ...
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### How to show an operator is invertible?

How to show an operator is invertible in an abstact setting? I only know that if $\|T\|< 1$ then $I-T$ is invertible. For example: Let $(X_1, \|\cdot\|_1)$ and $(X_2, \|\cdot\|_2)$ be Banach ...
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### Intersection of $\ell_p$

Let $\ell_p$ be defined as usual then what can be said about the intersection of $\ell_p$ spaces for i.e. $$\,\,\cap_{p=1}^{\infty}\ell_p\,\,$$
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### Given $A_n : X\rightarrow Y$ linear and continuous, for each $x\in X$ $A_n(x) \rightharpoonup A(x)$ in $Y$, is $A$ continuous?

Given $A_n : X\rightarrow B$, a linear and continuous operator between two Banach spaces, for each $x\in X$ $A_n(x) \rightharpoonup A(x)$ in $Y$, is $A$ linear and continuous? My attempt: $A$ ...
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### A matrix $G$ with all eigenvalues with nonzero real part. Then $t\mapsto |\exp(tG)x |$ is unbounded

I am trying to see why this is true. A book I am reading has this claim without any verification and I'm trying to see why it is true. Let $G$ be an $n\times n$ matrix all of whose eigenvalues have ...
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### Lipschitz constants of projections

Consider two compact sets $A, B \subset \mathbb{R}^n$. Assume that the projection mappings $P_A: \mathbb{R}^n \rightarrow A$, $P_B : \mathbb{R}^n \rightarrow B$ have Lipschitz constant $1$ and $L$, ...
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### Is $AA^*$ and $A^*A$ self-adjoint?

if I have a densely defined closed linear operator $A$ and $A^* = -A$(same domain also closed). Is this sufficient that $AA^*$ and $A^*A$ are proper self-adjoint operators, assuming that we can also ...
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### Domain of densely-defined second derivative operator, and its factorization

Let $$-d_x^2: \{f \in L^2[0,1];f \in AC^1[0,1] , f(0)=f(1)\} \rightarrow L^2[0,1]$$ be the second derivative operator. Here $AC^1[0,1]$ is the space of functions whose first derivative is absolutely ...
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### Decomposition of a positive semidefinite self-adjoint operator?

If I have a positive semi-definite self-adjoint operator $H:D(H) \rightarrow L^2$, is it true that there is always a decomposition $H=A^* A$ available? If this is true, what can we say about the ...
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### Spectral theory - continuous spectrum

imagine that I have some differential operator $D$ that is defined on an interval $[a,b]$. Now, assume that we take the boundary conditions in such a way that this operator is self-adjoint. Then, I ...
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### Evaluation of Operator-Valued Function

Hello all; above is my question! :) I've gone through all the way up to the final "and hence deduce that". Up to this point, the question has been fairly straightforward, but I have no idea how to ...
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### Fredholm index for 1-d Schroedinger operator

if I look at a Schroedinger-operator $-\frac{d^2}{dx^2} +V$ on a compact intervall $[a,b] \subset \mathbb{R}$ and I take boundary conditions that this operator is self-adjoint (for example periodic ...
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### Spectral theory

I have absolutely no idea about Spectral theory and want to ask some fundamental questions. 1.) What does it mean that the resolvent of an operator is Hilbert-Schmidt? (Cause I saw a theorem that was ...
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### The trace of an operator

My question is derived from A. Deitmar's book: A First Course in Harmonic Analysis (second edition), p22, Exercise 1.17. Let me rewrite it again: Let $k:\mathbb{R}^2 \rightarrow \mathbb{C}$ be smooth ...
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### Is the composition of monotone operators monotone?

Let $H$ be a real Hilbert space with inner product $\langle\cdot, \cdot \rangle: H \times H \rightarrow \mathbb{R}$, and induced norm $\left\| \cdot \right\|: H \rightarrow \mathbb{R}_{\geq 0}$. Let ...
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### Relationship between adjoint operators, trace-class operators, compact operators and density operators in Quantum-Mechanics

I don't know much about Functional Analysis, but I was wondering about the following: In Banach spaces it is possible to define for every continuous opertor $T:X \rightarrow Y$ an adjoint Operator ...