1
vote
1answer
45 views

Riesz Functional Calculus vs. Holomorphic Functional Calculus

"Functional calculus" is a word used to describe the practice of taking some functions or formulas defined on complex numbers, and apply them in some way to certain kinds of operators, despite that ...
0
votes
0answers
23 views

Question about the Averson's proof of the bicommutant theorem.

In the Averson's proof of the bicommutant theorem is proved that, if $A$ is a self-adjoint algebra of operators with trivial null space and $T \in A''$, for every $\epsilon>0$, $n=1,2..$ and every ...
0
votes
1answer
16 views

Proof of operator norm with the equality of involution

Given the equality $$\|A^*A\| = \sup_{\| x \| = \| y \| = 1} | (Ax, (A^*)^*y) | $$ How do show that it is equal to $\|A\|^2$ Is it by using Cauchy Schwartz inequality such that $(x, y) \leq ...
1
vote
1answer
34 views

$C^{*}$ algebras positively dominated by finite dimensional algebras

Assume that $A$ is a $C^{*}$ algebra and $B$ and $C$ are two sub $C^{*}$ algebras of $A$ such that: $B$ is finite dimensional algebra. For all positive $c\in C$, there exist a positive $b\in ...
1
vote
1answer
24 views

$R\mbox{ is a right multiplier and }R(a)b=a\overset{?}{\implies} A\mbox{ is unital }$

Let $A$ be a $C^*$-algebra, and $R:A\to A$ its right multilplier. Is it true that $$ \exists b\in A\quad \forall a\in A \quad R(a)b=a\qquad $$ implies $A$ is unital. I know this is true if A is a ...
0
votes
0answers
54 views

Compact operators on $L^2(G)$ as a reduced cross product of $C_0(G)$ and $G$.

If any of the terminology is unclear then please don't hesitate to point it out. My question is: is it true that when $G$ is a locally compact second countable group then: \begin{equation*} C_0(G) ...
3
votes
1answer
66 views

Spectrum of normal elements in C*-algebras

Let $\mathcal{A}$ be a C*-algebra and $x \in \mathcal{A}$ a normal element. Can you show that $\left\{ \phi(x) : \phi \text{ is a state on } \mathcal{A} \right\}$ is the closed convex hull of the ...
2
votes
1answer
16 views

Lifting a unitary to a partial isometry

What is an example of a unital $C^*$-algebra $A$ and an ideal $I$ such that some unitary element in $A/I$ cannot be lifted to a partial isometry in $A$? Or can it be shown using general properties of ...
4
votes
1answer
75 views

Integral with Dirac Delta

I've to compute this expression $$ \hat{H} = \frac{1}{4}g_2\int d^3R\int d^3r\ \bar{\Psi}(\vec{R}+\frac{\vec{r}}{2})\bar{\Psi}(\vec{R}-\frac{\vec{r}}{2})\left[ \delta(\vec{r})\nabla_{\vec{r}}^2 ...
0
votes
0answers
19 views

Weyl Operators: Discontinuity

Let $\mathcal{A}_{CCR}(\mathcal{H})$ be a CCR algebra over a Hilbert space $\mathcal{H}$. Then the Weyl operators are unitary and therefore $\sigma(W(f))\subseteq \mathbb{S}$ so by the spectral ...
-1
votes
1answer
37 views

Bogoliubov Transformation

Let $\mathcal{A}_{CAR}(\mathcal{H})$ be a CAR algebra over a Hilbert space $\mathcal{H}$. Consider a linear $S$ and an antilinear $T$ both bounded operators acting on $\mathcal{H}$ satisfying: ...
1
vote
1answer
25 views

Analytic Vectors (Nelson's Theorem)

Is there a (simple) proof for Nelson's theorem that a symmetric operator is essentialky selfadjoint if it contains a dense subset of analytic vectors?
1
vote
1answer
46 views

A question on tensor product of $C^{*}$ algebras

Let $A$ and $B$ be two $C^{*}$ algebras. Assume that every element of the minimal tensor product $A\otimes_{min} B$ is a finite linear combination of simple tensors $a\otimes b$. Can we say that ...
0
votes
1answer
66 views

Idempotent operators.

Apologies first. I am a physicist and my notations and rigour is probably lousy. If $P$ is an idempotent operator, $P^2 = P$, $P\neq \mathbb1$ and we have $\forall |\psi\rangle$ the relation, $P.L ...
0
votes
1answer
61 views

C*-Algebra: Positive Operator

Let $\mathcal{A}$ be a C*-algebra. If $A\in\mathcal{A}$ is a selfadjoint element then $A^*A=A^2$ has positive spectrum since: ...
1
vote
1answer
41 views

Kadison's Inequality

Let $\mathcal{A}$ be a C*-algebra and $\omega$ a positive linear functional. Is there a simple proof for Kadison's inequality: $$\overline{\omega(A)}\omega(A)\leq\omega(A^*A)$$
1
vote
1answer
40 views

The spectral projection of a positive operator

Let $T_{n}\in B(H)$ be a positive operator on Hilbert space $H$ and $T_{n}\rightarrow 1_{H}$ in the strong operator topology. Now fix $\delta>0$ and let $P_{n}$ be the spectral projection of ...
3
votes
0answers
87 views

Positive Operators: Definition?

Let $A$ be a self adjoint element of a C*-algebra $\mathcal{A}$ resp. a self adjoint operator of the operator algebra $\mathcal{B}(\mathcal{H})$ of bounded operators over a Hilbert space ...
1
vote
0answers
29 views

What is the definition of regular operator?

If $T$ is a bounded linear operator on a normed space $X$. What "$T$ is regular operator" means?
0
votes
2answers
24 views

What are non-tagential limits?

I'm reading this article where they use a set of functions, $H^{\infty}$, defined like this "Let $H^{\infty }$ be the closed subalgebra of $L^{\infty }({\mathbb R})$ that consists of all functions ...
1
vote
1answer
25 views

About what happens to eigenspace under functional calculus for Unbounded Operator

Let $T$ be an unbounded self adjoint positive operator on a Hilbert Space $\mathcal{H}$. Let $x \in \mathcal{H}$ be a vector such that $Tx = x$. Is it true that $T^{\frac{1}{2}} x = x$. For what $f$ ...
1
vote
1answer
24 views

(nx(gradxn))^2 operator question?

by $A\times B \times C = (A \cdot C)B-(A \cdot B)C$, i need to expand $n \times \bigtriangledown \times n$, where all of these are vectors. Here is what i have right now $n \times \bigtriangledown ...
0
votes
0answers
17 views

About Antilinear (possibly Unbounded) Operators

Let $T$ be an unbounded anti-linear operator on a Hilbert Space. I would like to know if there is a natural or easy way to see existence of adjoint of $T$, closability of $T$(such as when $T^*$ is ...
3
votes
1answer
139 views

Why study Bergman Spaces?

I'm interested in Operator Algebras and mathematical physics; recently, a friend showed me Duren and Schuster's "Bergman Spaces". I've read about two chapters now and I see there is a nice play ...
0
votes
1answer
53 views

Root of polynomial implies vanishing remainder. Application to spectral theory!

Framework: Consider a unital ring: $e\in R$ and a given polynomial: $p\in R[X]$ (Note that I do not require the ring to be an integral domain.) Problem: If it has a root then it factorizes: ...
2
votes
1answer
36 views

Question about finite rank operators

Let $X$ be a normed space, $\mathcal{F}(X)$ the algebra of all operators on $X$ with finite fank, then $\mathcal{F}(X)$ is the unique minimal ideal of $\mathcal{K}(X)$ the algebra of all compact ...
3
votes
2answers
53 views

an invariant of $C^{*}$ algebras

consider the following property (invariant) for complex $C^{*}$ algebras: "$T(x)=x^{*}$ is the only non zero $\mathbb{R}$-linear map on $A$ which satisfies $T(x)T(y)=T(yx)$." Questions: 1)Some ...
2
votes
1answer
59 views

Existence of invariant states in a $C^*$-algebra

Let $\mathcal{A}$ be a C*-algebra and $\{\tau_t\}_{t\in\mathbb R}$ a weakly-continuous group of *-automorphisms. I've read the claim (without proof) that for any state $\eta$ (that is $\eta$ is a ...
2
votes
1answer
30 views

Zhou operator theory book, Kaplanskys formula

In Zhou's operator theory book, Kaplanskys formula has stated that if $P$ and $Q$ are projection in a von neumann algebra $A$ acting on $H$, then $P\vee Q-Q\sim P-P\wedge Q$. In the proof, it says ...
0
votes
0answers
24 views

Saturated Monotone and Increasing Mappings

Let $A : \mathbb{R}^n \rightarrow \mathbb{R}^n$ be a monotone mapping, i.e., $$ \left( A(x) - A(y) \right)^\top \left( x-y\right) \geq 0 $$ for all $x,y \in \mathbb{R}^n$. Let $B : \mathbb{R}^n ...
1
vote
1answer
29 views

A question about state on tensor product of $C^\ast$-algebra

On the page78 of the book C*-algebras and Finite-dimensional Approximations there is a corollary as follows. Corollary 3.4.3. Let $\|\cdot\|_\alpha$ be a $C^\ast$-norm on $A\odot B$ and $\xi$ be a ...
0
votes
1answer
24 views

Is the composite of a state and a $\ast$-homomorphism again a state?

If $\cal{A,B}$ are unital $C^\ast$-algebras and $\varphi:\cal{A\to B}$ is an unital $\ast$-homomorphism. Then it is clear that $\rho\circ\varphi$ is a state on $\cal{A}$ for any state $\rho$ on ...
2
votes
1answer
46 views

An exercise about projections on Hilbert space

Let $H$ be a Hilbert space with an orthonormal basis $\{v_{n}\}_{n=1}^{\infty}$. The C$^{*}$-algebra $K$, the set of all compact operators on $H$, is a non-unital C$^{*}$-algebra. Let $p_{n}$ be the ...
1
vote
1answer
21 views

A question about states for nonunital $C^\ast$-algebras

Let $\rho$ be a state on a nonunital $C^\ast$-algebra $\cal{A}$, $a\in\cal{A}$ and $\rho(a^\ast a)\neq0$. Define $\rho_a:b\mapsto\rho(a^\ast ba)/\rho(a^\ast a)$. Then $\rho_a$ is a state on $\cal{A}$. ...
5
votes
1answer
77 views

Question about Hahn-Banach theorem

Let $(X,\|\cdot\|_1)$ and $(Y,\|\cdot\|_2)$ be normed spaces, and $X\subset Y$. If each $f\in (X,\|\cdot\|_1)^\ast$ extends to a bounded linear functional in $(Y,\|\cdot\|_2)^\ast$ with same norm, ...
2
votes
2answers
99 views

Why does exponentiating the derivative yield the shift operator?

If we formally exponentiate the derivative operator $\frac{d}{dx}$ on $\mathbb{R}$, we get $$e^\frac{d}{dx} = I+\frac{d}{dx}+\frac{1}{2!}\frac{d^2}{dx^2}+\frac{1}{3!}\frac{d^3}{dx^3}+ \cdots$$ ...
0
votes
1answer
21 views

Images of unitaries

Let $n\geqslant 0$. Suppose that $U$ is a unitary matrix in $M_n$ and there are two unital ${}^\ast$-homomorhpisms $\pi_1\colon M_n\to A, \pi_2\colon M_n \to B$, where $A,B$ are C*-algebras such that ...
1
vote
1answer
60 views

Question about the essential spectrum of a negative difinite operator

please on an infinite dimensional Hilbert space how to difine the essential spectrum of an operator which is negative definite ??? Please help me Thank you.
0
votes
1answer
50 views

A question about utilizing Hahn-Banach theorem

There is a quotation below: Let $A$ be a Banach space, $\mathbb{B}(A)$ be the space of all bounded linear maps from $A$ to $A$ and $C\subset \mathbb{B}(A)$ be any convex set. If a net ...
2
votes
0answers
24 views

Space of operators on function

Consider the following space of operators on function of $n$-variables $A= Span \{x_ix_j\ , x_i \frac{\partial}{\partial x_j} , \frac{\partial^2}{\partial x_i \partial x_j} , i,j=1,2,\cdots,n\}$. ...
1
vote
2answers
55 views

An approximation question on projections

Suppose $\{p_i\}_{i=1}^{m}$ are projections in the d by d matrix algebra $A$ over the complex numbers and satisfy the following condition: $||Id-\sum_{i=1}^m{p_i}||_2<c$, $||p_ip_j||_2<c, ...
3
votes
2answers
49 views

Why $ \|x^* x \| = \|x\|\|x^*\|$ is equivalent to $\|xx^*\| = \|x\|^2$ in the definition of $C^*$ algebra?

I read the definition of $C^*$ algebra in Wikipedia where it says $\|x^* x \| = \|x\|\|x^*\|$ is equivalent to $\|xx^*\| = \|x\|^2$ but I do not know why. Can you show me how to derive $\|xx^*\| = ...
3
votes
1answer
62 views

An exercise of positive element in C*-algebra

Let $A$ be a unital C*-algebra and $\{b_{n}\}$ be a positive invertible sequence in $A$. If $||1_{A}-b_{n}||\rightarrow 0$, can we conclude $||1_{A}-b_{n}^{-\frac{1}{2}}||\rightarrow 0$ ?
2
votes
1answer
44 views

The spectrum of the operators

Let $X, Y$ be the Banach space, and $T_{1}: X\rightarrow X$ and $T_{2}: Y\rightarrow Y$ be the bounded linear operators. Then what is the relationship between $\sigma(T_{1})$, $\sigma(T_{2})$ and ...
0
votes
1answer
37 views

The norm of operator matrix

Let $H$ be a Hilbert space and $B(H)$ be the bounded linear operator on $H$, for $T\in B(H)$, if $T=\left(\begin{array}{ccc} 0 & B \\ A & 0 \\ \end{array}\right)$ on $H=M\oplus ...
1
vote
1answer
43 views

The operator matrix on Hilbert space

Let $H$ be a Hilbert space and $P$ be the projection operator, then $H= P(H)\oplus (1-P)(H)$. Hence, for each $T\in B(H)$, we have $$T=\left(\begin{array}{ccc} PTP & PT(1-P) \\ (1-P)TP ...
3
votes
1answer
29 views

A easy question on projection operator

Let $H$ be a Hilbert space and $B(H)$ be all the bounded linear operators on $H$, for arbitrary $T\in B(H)$, if $\{P_{i}\}$ is an increasing net of finite-rank projection, can we conclude $P_{i}TP_{i} ...
3
votes
1answer
73 views

Projection operator in Hilbert space

Let $H$ be a Hilbert space, can we find an increasing net of finite rank projections which converge to the identity in the strong operator topology? And I think if $H$ is separable, we can find an ...
1
vote
1answer
37 views

An exercise in operator theory

Let $H$ be a Hilbert space and $P$ be a projection to a finite dimensional subspace $K$ of $H$, for a $T\in B(H)$, if $||PTP||=1$, then, for arbitrary $\epsilon>0$, there exists a vector $\alpha$ ...
1
vote
0answers
13 views

Powers of a closed range operator

suppose that $S$ and $S^2$ are operators with closed range. Does it follow that $S^n$ is an operator with closed range for all natural numbers $n$?