# Tagged Questions

The subject of operator algebras is primarily C*-algebras and von Neumann algebras, and associated topics. It also includes more general algebras of operators on Hilbert space, and may include algebras of operators on other topological vector spaces. It is related to but distinct from the subjects ...

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### Are commutative C*-algebras really dual to locally compact Hausdorff spaces?

Several online sources (e.g. Wikipedia, the nLab) assert that the Gelfand representation defines a contravariant equivalence from the category of (non-unital) commutative $C^{\ast}$-algebras to the ...
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### Why study operator spaces?

I'm currently enrolled in an operator spaces course and I'm finding it difficult to understand why we study them in the first place. Functional analysis is motivated well enough for me and even though ...
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### Reference for spectral sequences

What are good expositions of spectral sequences, which include a thorough introduction to the topic as well as the most important examples of applications - maybe with an emphasis an topological and/...
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### Motivation for abstract harmonic analysis

I am reading Folland's A Course in Abstract Harmonic Analysis and find this book extremely exciting. However it seems Folland does not give many examples to illustrate the motivation behind much of ...
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### How does $\sigma(T)$ change with respect to $T$?

Consider $\sigma$ as a mapping which maps $T\in\mathcal{L}(X)$ to $\sigma(T)$, the spectrum of $T$, a compact set in the complex plane. I wonder whether there is some result concerning how $\sigma(T)$...
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### Is this a characterization of commutative $C^{*}$-algebras

Assume that $A$ is a $C^{*}$-algebra such that $\forall a,b \in A, ab=0 \iff ba=0$. Is $A$ necessarily a commutative algebra? In particular does "$\forall a,b \in A, ab=0 \iff ba=0$" ...
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### $C^*$-algebra which is also a Hilbert space?

Does there exist a nontrivial (i.e. other than $\mathbb{C}$) example of a $C^*$-algebra which is also a Hilbert space (in the same norm, of course)? For $\mathbb{C}^n$ with $n > 1$ the answer is ...
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### Is there an algebraic homomorphism between two Banach algebras which is not continuous?

According to wikipedia, you need the Axiom of Choice to find a discontinuous map between two Banach spaces. Does this procedure also apply for Banach algebras yielding a discontinuous multiplicative ...
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### When two projections in a C*-algebra are “almost” Murray-von Neumann equivalent, they are equivalent

Let $A$ be a C*-algebra and $p,q \in A$ be projections. Assume there is an element $a\in A$ such that $\|aa^*-p\|<\frac{1}{4}$ and $\|a^*a-q\|<\frac{1}{4}$. Then there is a partial isometry $v$ ...
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### Renorming $\mathcal{B}(\mathcal{H})$?

Consider the Banach space of all bounded operators $\mathcal{B}(\mathcal{H})$ on a (separable if you wish) Hilbert space $\mathcal{H}$ with the operator norm. Can we renorm this space to a strictly ...
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### Why is every positive linear map between $C^*$-algebras bounded?

We know that every positive linear functional on a $C^*$-algebra is bounded. How can we prove every positive linear map between $C^*$-algebras is bounded?
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### If there is already enough room to add all projections, does passing to matrices change anything?

Throughout, $A$ denotes a $*$-algebra. We always assume $A$ is representable in the sense that $A$ can be embedded into $B(H)$ for some Hilbert space $H$. The particular embedding is not important, ...
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### What is the use of Spectral Theorem?

Obviously the version for compact and self-adjoint linear operators on Hilbert Spaces is very useful since it decomposes the operators into orthogonal projections. However, the following more general ...
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### Applications of Banach Algebras and Operator Algebras

I am trying to learn operator algebra theory (I am tempted to start with Douglas' "Banach Algebra Techniques in Operator Theory"). One aspect that I am curious about is whether there are significant ...
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### Maximal ideal space of $c_{\mathcal{U}}$

Let $\mathcal{U}$ be an filter over $\mathbb{N}$. Define $$c_{\mathcal{U}} = \{{(x_n)\in \ell_\infty\colon \lim_{\mathcal{U}, n}x_n =0\}},$$ which is a C*-algebra. Is there an accessible topological ...
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### Why can we classify the W*algebra?

Many operator algebra books discuss the classifiation of W*algebra(von Neumann algebra),but not the C*algebra,why? I think a direct reason is that we have the projection comparison theorem in the W*...
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### Ideals in $B(H)$ are self-adjoint

It is known that every (closed two-sided) ideal in a $C^{*}$-algebra is self-adjoint. The proofs that I've seen involve functional calculus and approximate units. I am wondering whether there is a ...
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### reference for operator algebra

I am taking a course on operator algebra this semester. My instructor has suggested a reference "Kadinson and Ringrose." Are there any other good/standard references for this subject that I can look ...
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### There are 3 points in the spectrum of some self-adjoint element of a non-unital C*-algebra.

Let $A$ be a non-unital C*-algebra. I would like to know a simple way to show that $A$ contains a self-adjoint element whose spectrum has at least $3$ elements. Note that the spectrum of an ...
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### Gelfand Naimark Theorem

The commutative Gelfand-Naimark theorem tells us that every unital commutative C* algebra is isometrically isomorphic to the space of continuous functions on its maximal ideal space. The non- ...
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### Some examples in C* algebras and Banach * algebras

I would like an example of the following things. A Banach * algebra that is not a C* algebra for which there exists a positive linear functional (it takes $x^*x$ to numbers $\geq 0$) that is not ...
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### What, and how can, topological invariants can be computed from a space's algebra of functions?

The Gelfrand duality says that the category of locally compact Hausdorff spaces (with proper continuous functions) is equivalent to the category of commutative $C^*$ algebras (with proper $*$-...
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### Traces on separable simple $C^{\ast}$- algebras

What is an example of a separable, simple $C^{\ast}$-algebra that admits two different tracial states? EDIT: Julien has pointed to a number of avenues to answer this question. If anyone has an ...
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### Weak-* continuity of the adjoint map on a $W^*$-algebra

Let $\mathcal{M}$ be a $W^*$-algebra, i.e. a $C^*$-algebra with a Banach space predual $\mathcal{M}_*$. I'm trying to show that the adjoint map $x \mapsto x^*$ on $\mathcal{M}$ is weak-* (aka $\sigma$...
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### Abstract Von Neumann Algebras

I have just read this question Is a von Neumann algebra just a C*-algebra which is generated by its projections? and am wondering about Robert Israel's answer when he says that a subalgebra of $C(X)$ ...
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### When is a $*$-homomorphism between multiplier algebras strictly continuous?

The strict topology on the multiplier algebra $M(A)$ of a C*-algebra $A$ is that generated by the seminorms $$x\mapsto \| ax \|\qquad x\mapsto\| xa \| \qquad (x\in M(A), a\in A)$$ Whereas a $*$-...
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### Combinatorial total space for finitely generated torsion-free groups?

Motivation: I'm an operator algebraist and I'm looking for an answer to the main question in order to build non-trivial spectral triples for a class (as large as possible) of discrete groups. $\to$ It'...
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### Can $AB-BA=I$ hold if both $A$ and $B$ are operators on an infinitely-dimensional vector space over $\mathbb C$?

Of course, it can't hold if operators are over finite-dimensional spaces, as is evident from trace considerations. Can it be true for infinite-dimensional spaces? I think not, but I don't see how we ...
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### Applications of Operator Algebras to modern physics

I think that recently I've started to lean in my interest more towards operator algebras and away from differential geometry, the latter having many applications to physics. But while taking physics ...
### Non-$C^{*}$ Banach algebras?
It suddenly occurred to me almost every Banach algebra I know is actually a $C^{*}$ algebra. Several kinds of function algebras are definitely $C^{*}$ algebras. So is the matrix algebra. Although one ...