The subject of operator algebras is primarily C*-algebras and von Neumann algebras, and associated topics. It also includes more general algebras of operators on Hilbert space, and may include algebras of operators on other topological vector spaces. It is related to but distinct from the subjects ...

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116 views

Positive Operators: Definition?

Let $A$ be a self adjoint element of a C*-algebra $\mathcal{A}$ resp. a self adjoint operator of the operator algebra $\mathcal{B}(\mathcal{H})$ of bounded operators over a Hilbert space ...
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1answer
14 views

A question about essential ideal

Let $I$ be a nonunital C*-algebra and $I\subset B(H)$ be any nondegenerate representation and define $$M(I)=\{T\in B(H): Tx\in I~and ~xT\in I, ~for ~all~ x\in I\}.$$ Then, how to prove $I$ ...
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42 views

a question on quasi-invariant measures (with respect to the irrational rotations) on the unit circle

Fix a $\sigma$-finite atom-less measure $\mu$ on the unit circle, which is quasi-invariant and ergodic under the rotation $T$ of the angle $2\pi\theta$, $\theta$ irrational. By a well-known result of ...
4
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1answer
28 views

The ideal generated by a non-compact operator

I wanted to find a quick proof of the following well-known fact. Since I couldn't easily find a reference, I provide a proof below. Let $H$ be a separable Hilbert space, and $J\subset B(H)$ be a ...
3
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2answers
77 views

ideals in $C^*$ algebra

Let $A$ be a $C^*$ algebra and $I$ be a closed ideal in $A$. Prove that for all $a\in A$, $a\in I$ iff $a^*a\in I$. I want to prove that if $a^*a\in I$, then $a\in I$, and I know the following fact ...
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1answer
14 views

Normal states are dense in $B(H)$

Can someone explain/sketch the proof of the fact stated in the title : The set of normal states (in some $B(H)$) is weakly dense in $B(H)$ ? Or, if possible, some reference. Thank you very much.
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Extending $*$-isomorphisms between $*$-algebras to cross products.

Let $G$ be a discrete countable group and suppose I have two $G$-$C^*$-algebras $A$ and $B$ such that there exists a $G$-equivariant isometric $*$-isomorphism $\varphi \colon A \to B$. One can extend ...
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1answer
122 views

Positive elements of a $C^*$ (MURPHY, ex 2-2).

I'm studying "MURPHY, $C^*$-Algebras and Operator Theory" thoroughly and got stuck in the following exercise: Exercise 2, chapter 2. Let $A$ be a unital $C^*$-algebra. (a) If $a,b$ are positive ...
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1answer
26 views

A question on the minimal tensor norm

Given two C*-algebras $A$ and $B$ and let $A_1$ and $B_1$ be their C*-subalgebras. Can we conclude that $A_1 \otimes_\min B_1$ is a subalgebra of $A \otimes_\min B$? I think that this is not true, ...
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2answers
61 views

Examples of hyperstonean space

From the abelian von Neumann algebra, I see the hyperstonean space as its spectrum(analogy with the C*-algebra). Now I want to see some examples of hyperstonean space. 1) Can you give me a ...
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41 views

Creating Bratteli diagrams for Riesz groups

The Effros-Handelman-Shen-theorem tells you that Riesz groups are the same as dimension groups -- i.e. any ordered, unperforated abelian group with the Riesz interpolation property can be realised as ...
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1answer
30 views

embedding of $\prod_{n\in\mathbb{N}}M_{n}(\mathbb{C})$ in a type $II_{1}$ factor

Suppose $M$ is a type $II_{1}$ factor with trace $\tau$. Let $\lbrace p_{n}\rbrace_{n\in\mathbb{N}}$ be an increasing sequence of projections such that $\tau(p_{n})\rightarrow 1$. Now, let's consider ...
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58 views

Maximal abelian subalgebras of SAW*-algebras

Pedersen distilled the following class of C*-algebras which he termed SAW*-algebras: A C*-algebra $A$ is an SAW*-algebra if for each pair of orthogonal, positive elements $x,y\in A$, there exists a ...
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193 views

Is the left regular representation of an algebra, always faithful?

Let $\mathcal{A}$ be a unital associative algebra with a countable basis $\mathcal{b}$ over $\mathbb{C}$. Let $H=l^2(b)$ be the Hilbert space generated by $\mathcal{b}$. Let $H_0 = \{v \in H \ \vert \ ...
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1answer
40 views

The cone over separable C*-algebra is also separable?

For a C*-algebra $A$, the cone over $A$ is $CA=C_{0}(0,1]\otimes A$ , My question: If $A$ is separable, $CA$ is also separable?
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40 views

Two questions about orthogonal projections on Hilbert space

Let $l_{k}^{2}$ denote the k-dimensional Hilbert space and $\oplus_{1}^{\infty} l_{k}^{2}$ be the infinite direct sum of $l_{k}^{2}$. Let $P_{M}\in ...
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1answer
179 views

application of c*algebras to PDEs

I am preparing an introductory talk about c* algebras and I'd like to motivate C*algebras or show an application of them and I'd prefer an application in the field of partial differential equations. ...
3
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1answer
103 views

Cap product between K-Theory and K-Homology

In Exercise 9.8.9 of the book "Analytic K-Homology" by Higson and Roe one has to construct a cap product $K_p(A) \otimes K^q(A) \to K^{q-p}(A)$, if A is commutative. Is the commutativity ...
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31 views

Bott projection

This is part of an exercise problem (5.I) in Wegge-Olsen's book "K-theory and $C^*$-algebras". There he defines the Bott projection for $\mathbb{R}^2$ by $B:\mathbb{R}^2\rightarrow\mathbb{M}_2$, ...
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1answer
17 views

Types of von neumann algebras

A von Neumann algebra M is said to be finite, infinite, properly infinite, or purely infinite according to the property of the identity projection 1. I think that this classification of types are ...
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1answer
53 views

Soft questions: $C^\ast$-dynamical systems

I have read some papers about $C^\ast$-dynamical systems. But there are still some questions in my mind which I can not answer. When is the $C^\ast$-dynamical system introduced? Why is the ...
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15 views

Relation between diferent definitions of Quasicontinuous functions

Defining the class of quasicontinuous functions by \begin{equation} QC=(H^{\infty }+C(\dot{{\mathbb R}}))\cap (\overline{H^{\infty }}+C(\dot{{\mathbb R}})). \end{equation} Where $H^{\infty }$ denotes ...
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2answers
40 views

construction of an injective representation of $C_0(X)$

Let X be a locally compact noncompact Hausdorff space and consider the C$^*$-Algebra $C_0(X)$ of continuous functions vanishing at infinity. I want to construct an injective *-represenatation of ...
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1answer
36 views

positive elements in c*algebras and states

I have problems to prove that an element $a $ is a $C^*$-algebra is positive if and only if $f(a) \geq 0$ for all states $f$. The definitions I use: -$f:A\to\mathbb{C}$ linear functional on a ...
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1answer
54 views

Positive Elements in a C*algebra

Let A be a C$^*$-Algebra, $a\in A$. Why is $a\ge 0$ (a is called "positive") iff $\forall \varphi\in S(A): \varphi\ge0$? S(A) is the set of linear positive functional $\eta:A\to\mathbb{C}$ with ...
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1answer
24 views

limit of state is zero

Let A be a C$^*$-algebra, $a\in A$ strictly positive (this means: for every state $\varphi$ of A is $\varphi(a)>0$). Let $u_n=(\frac{1}{n}+a)^{-1}$. Then for all $b\in A$ and all states $\varphi$ ...
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1answer
34 views

Unital maps taking values in abelian C*-algebras

It is known that a bounded linear functional $f$ on a unital C*-algebra $A$ is positive if and only if $f(I)\geqslant 0$. Is the same true for bounded linear operators $T\colon A\to C(X)$ with $T(I) = ...
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C*-Algebras: Contractive Morphism

Problem Given C*-algebras $\mathcal{A}$ and $\mathcal{B}$ with $\mathbb{1}_\mathcal{A}\in\mathcal{A}$. Consider an algebraic morphism $\pi:\mathcal{D}\subseteq\mathcal{A}\to\mathcal{B}$ with ...
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1answer
90 views

Definite states on C*-algebras

A state $\omega$ on a unital $C^*$ algebra $A$ is called definite at $a\in A$ self-adjoint if $\omega(a^2)=\omega(a)^2$. I proved that if we have such a definite state at $a$, then for all $b\in A$ ...
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0answers
12 views

Wiener's lemma and Hulanicki's lemma

Let $\mathcal{A}(\mathbf{T})$ be the Banach algebra of continuous complex-valued functions on the unit circle with absolutely convergent Fourier series. Then Wiener's lemma states that if $f \in ...
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1answer
40 views

Important and simple example of application for functional calculus?

I reently proved the theorem for unital $C^\ast$-algebras that for $a\in A$ normal there exists a unique unital isometric $\ast$-homomorphism $\varphi : C(\sigma(a))\to A$ with $\varphi(i) = a$ where ...
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1answer
30 views

Weyl Operators: Spectrum

Given a CCR-algebra $\mathcal{A}_{CCR}(\mathcal{H})$ over a Hilbert space $\mathcal{H}$. Then the Weyl operators are unitary: $$W(f)^*=W(-f)=W(f)^{-1}$$ Thus, their spectrum lies on the unit circle: ...
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1answer
25 views

strictly positive element iff A contains a countable approximative unit

I search a proof of: Let A be a c$^*$-algebra and let $(u_n)_{n\in\mathbb{N}}$ an approximative unit in A. Then $a=\sum\limits_{n=1}^{\infty}\frac{u_n}{2^n}$ is strictly positive. Could anybody tell ...
4
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1answer
55 views

$\sigma$-weak topology versus weak operator topology

The reference text for this question is: Pedersen, Analysis Now, GTM 118. The $\sigma$-weak topology on $B(H)$ (the bounded linear operators on a Hilbert space $H$) is the weak$^*$-topology on ...
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1answer
15 views

Spectrum of $C^\ast$ subalgebra

Let $A$ be a unital $C^\ast$ algebra. It is stated in this book that for any $C^\ast$ subalgebra we have $\sigma_B(b)\cup\{0\} = \sigma_A(b)\cup\{0\}$. The reasoning why this should be true is this: ...
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1answer
64 views

Example of a wot convergent net but not $\sigma -$ weak convergent

Let $B(H)$ be the space of bounded linear operators. Define the $\sigma-$ weak topology on it by seminorms $p_{h,k} (x)=|\sum_{n\geq 1}(xh_n,k_n)$ where $h=\{h_n\}\subset H ,~~ k=\{k_n\}\subset H $ ...
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1answer
29 views

Existence of countable approximative unit in $C_0(X) \iff X$ is $\sigma$-compact

Let $X$ be a locally-compact Hausdorff space. The following are equivalent: There is a countable approximate unit $(u_n)_{n\in\mathbb{N}}$ for $C_0(X)$ such that $\|u_n\|\le 1$ for all ...
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1answer
39 views

Isomorphy of $C_0(U)$ and an ideal

Let $X$ be a topological space, $Y\subseteq X$ closed and $U:=X\backslash Y$. Then $I_Y:=\{f \in C_o(X)\mid f_{| Y}=0\} \subseteq C_0(X)$ is a closed Ideal. I want to show that $I_Y \cong C_0(U)$. I'm ...
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vote
1answer
33 views

A convergence in norm topology

Let $H$ be a Hilbert space and $P_{n}\in B(H)$ be an increasing net of finite-rank projection which converge to the identity in the strong operator topology. Then, for any $T_{1}, T_{2}\in B(H)$, ...
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votes
1answer
56 views

A question about maximal and minimal tensor product

Let $A, B$ be two C*-algebras and $\pi: A\otimes_{\max} B\rightarrow M_{n}(\mathbb{C})$ be a representations, then this $\pi$ can factor through the minimal tensor product $A\otimes_{\min} B$ ? (That ...
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1answer
49 views

Analytic Vectors (Nelson's Theorem)

Is there a (simple) proof for Nelson's theorem that a symmetric operator is essentially selfadjoint if it contains a dense subset of analytic vectors?
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89 views

a question about contractions on Hilbert spaces

Let $\cal{H}$ be a Hilbert space, $T_1,T_2\in\cal{B(H)}$, $\|T_1(h_1)+T_2(h_2)\|^2\leq\|h_1\|^2+\|h_2\|^2$ for all $h_1,h_2\in\cal{H}$. $T_1T^\ast_1+T_2T^\ast_2\leq I$. Then can we verify that 1 ...
4
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1answer
56 views

A question about local convexity of the weak operator topology

By definition, I know a locally convex space is a topological vector space whose topology is defined by a family of seminorms $\cal P$ such that $$\bigcap_{p\in{\cal P}}\{x\colon p(x)=0\}=\{0\}.$$ ...
4
votes
1answer
26 views

C*-algebra generated by the symmetric on 3 elements

I want compute $C^*(S_3)$ where $S_3$ is the symmetric group on $\{1,2,3\}$ and $C^*(S_3)$ is the (full) C*-algebra generated by $S_3$. My attempt: Since $S_3$ is a finite group, $C^*(S_3)=C_c(S_3)$ ...
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votes
1answer
35 views

WOT convergence to SOT convergence

Let $H$ be a Hilbertspace and $T_n \in B(H)$ a sequence of operators with $T_{n+1} \geq T_{n}$. I want to to show that if there is a self-adjoint $T\in B(H)$ with $T_n \stackrel{WOT}{\rightarrow}T$ ...
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1answer
73 views

Maximal norm of tensor product

Definition 3.3.3. (Maximal Norm) Given $A$ and B (two C*-algebra), we define the maximal C*-norm on $A \odot B$ to be $$||x||_{max}=sup\{||\pi(x)||: \pi: A\odot B\rightarrow B(H) ...
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46 views

A isomorphism between full group C*-algebras of free group

Fix $n\in \mathbb{N}$ and let $\mathbb{F}_{n}$ be the rank-$n$ free group, can we use the universal property to illustrate the following isomorphism: $$C^{*}(\mathbb{F}_{n}\times \mathbb{F}_{n})\cong ...
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2answers
74 views

Positive elements of a $C^*$-algbera form a poset

My knowledge of $C^*$-algebras is very little. We call an element positive if $a=b^*b$ for some $b$ and make a relation on all positive elements by saying $$ b \geqslant a \iff b-a \text{ is ...
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1answer
41 views

I need help with a proof: invertibility of $b-\lambda$ in $B$ iff $b-\lambda $ invertible in $A$

Let $A$ be a unital $C^\ast$ algebra and let $B$ be a $\ast$ subalgebra such that $B \oplus \mathbb C = A$ and such that the unit in $B$, $1_B$, is not equal to the unit in $A$. I am trying to show: ...
3
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1answer
59 views

Show that a space X is homeomorphic to the space of multiplicative linear functionals

Let $\mathcal{A}=C(X,\mathbb{R})$ where $X$ is a compact Hausdorff space. Let $\hat{\mathcal{A}}$ be equal to the set of multiplicative linear functionals from $\mathcal{A}$ to $\mathbb{R}$. ...