The subject of operator algebras is primarily C*-algebras and von Neumann algebras, and associated topics. It also includes more general algebras of operators on Hilbert space, and may include algebras of operators on other topological vector spaces. It is related to but distinct from the subjects ...

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Why is $\overline{B(l^2)\odot B(l^2)}^{\| \enspace \|_{op}}\neq B(l^2\otimes l^2)?$

Let $B(l^2)$ be the $C^*$algebra of bounded linear operators on the sequence space $l^2$ and denote with $B(l^2)\odot B(l^2)$ the tensor product of $B(l^2)$ with itself, considered as a $*$algebra ...
2
votes
1answer
44 views

projections in von Neuman algebra

Consider a semifinite von Neumann algebra $\mathcal{M}$ with a semifinite faithful normal trace $\tau$. If $Q, P$ are projections in $\mathcal{M}$ with $\tau(Q)< \tau(P)$, then does $\tau(P\wedge ...
2
votes
1answer
45 views

Let $N$ be a normal operator. When $W^*(N)$ is a MASA?

I am trying to find conditions in which $W^*(N)$ is a MASA, where $N$ is a normal operator acting on some Hilbert space. I know that the multplication algebra $\{M_f| f\in L^{\infty}(X, \mu) \}$ is ...
1
vote
3answers
30 views

Ordering: Supremum

Given a C*-algebra $\mathcal{A}$. (It may or maynot be unital!) Increasing Sequence: $$A_n\leq A_{n+1}\leq\ldots\leq L:\quad\lim_nA_n\in\mathcal{A}$$ Ordered Family: $$A_n\leq A_{n+1}\leq\ldots\leq ...
3
votes
1answer
34 views

non abelian von Neumann algebras

I'm not familiar with von Neumann algebras, but I need the following fact (if it's true) for an other proof. Let $H$ be a Hilbert space, $A\subseteq L(H)$ a non abelian von Neumann algebra. Must $A$ ...
0
votes
1answer
62 views

Minimal projections and Type II von Neumann Algebras.

Let $M \subseteq B(H)$ be a type $II_1$ factor. Can it contain a minimal projection? If it can't, what would go wrong? I assume something about the trace being faithful?
1
vote
1answer
123 views

Unique trace on a type $II_1$ von Neumann Algebra

Let $M \subseteq B(H)$ be a type $II_1$ von Neumann Algebra. Then any two non-zero ultraweakly continuous normalised traces $Tr,tr : \rightarrow \mathbb{C}$ are equal. I'm trying to understand this ...
1
vote
1answer
21 views

Existence of minimal projection in a sub-algebra of compact operators

I am not sure that I explained to myself the missing details in the proof right, so please check my explanations. (The proof is taken from "$C^*$ -Algebras by Example"-Davidson) First, I don't know ...
3
votes
1answer
192 views

Irreducible representations and commutative C*Algebras.

If $A$ is a commutative C*-Algebra then also its representation $\pi(A)$ is commutative, and it's an operator C*-algebra. A representation is said to be irreducible if $\pi(A)$ does not commute with ...
7
votes
2answers
470 views

Abstract Von Neumann Algebras

I have just read this question Is a von Neumann algebra just a C*-algebra which is generated by its projections? and am wondering about Robert Israel's answer when he says that a subalgebra of $C(X)$ ...
2
votes
1answer
39 views

What does a homomorphism $\phi: M_k \to M_n$ look like?

Let $\phi : M_k(\Bbb{C}) \to M_n(\Bbb{C})$ be a homomorphism of $C^*$-algebras. We know that $\phi$ decomposes as a direct sum of irreducible representations, each of them equivalent to the identity ...
2
votes
1answer
21 views

GNS-Construction: Involution

Given a C*-algebra $\mathcal{A}$. (It may or may not contain identity!) Consider a positive linear functional: $$\omega:\mathcal{A}\to\mathbb{C}:\quad A\geq0\implies \omega(A)\geq0$$ Construct its ...
4
votes
1answer
41 views

if $A_n$ weakly converges to $A$, does $|A_n| \rightarrow _{wo} |A|$?

Suppose that $A_n,A$ are self-adjoint operators in $B(H)$. If $A_n$ weakly converges to $A$, does $|A_n| \rightarrow _{wo} |A|$? From Proposition. 2.3.2 of Pederson'book, I know the result holds in ...
0
votes
1answer
36 views

Sequences of operators in $B(H)$ which converge in the weak operator topology

Let $H$ be a Hilbert space. Suppose that $\{u_n\} \subseteq B(H)$ is a sequence which converges to some operator $u$ in the weak operator topology, which means that for all $x,y\in H$ one has ...
7
votes
1answer
76 views

A question concerning Mazur's Lemma

I have a problem with application of Mazur's Lemma. Just consider $B(H)$ when $H=\ell_2$. Then, $B(H)$ is a normed vector space. Then, take operators $$X_n:={\rm ...
2
votes
1answer
56 views

Question about special $C^*$-algebra

I have a question about a $C^*$ algebra $A$ namely $M_2(\mathbb{C})$. I want to prove that every state $\alpha$ of $M_2(\mathbb{C})$ (thus a positive linear functional with norm $1$) is of the form ...
1
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1answer
44 views

Two Fredholm operators A and B have the same index iff there is an invertible operator C s.t. A-BC is compact

First, I've shown that a Fredholm operator $T\in B(E)$, where $E$ is an infinite dimensional Banach space, is a compact perturbation of an invertible operator iff its index vanishes. Then, I need to ...
3
votes
2answers
97 views

Lifting a unitary to a partial isometry

What is an example of a unital $C^*$-algebra $A$ and an ideal $I$ such that some unitary element in $A/I$ cannot be lifted to a partial isometry in $A$? Or can it be shown using general properties of ...
1
vote
1answer
30 views

Why is $tr((a_{ij})=\sum\limits_{i=1}^n a_{ii}$ k-positive for all $k$?

Let $A$ be a $C^*$-algebra and $$Tr:M_n(A)\to A,$$ $$(a_{ij})\mapsto \sum\limits_{i=1}^n a_{ii}.$$ The claim is that this map is k-positive for all $k\in\mathbb{N}$. Let $k\in\mathbb{N}$ and consider ...
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votes
1answer
25 views

Quantum mechanics, operators acting on generic state

For a quantum mechanical harmonic oscillator of constant real mass m and frequency ω, define the following operators on the Hilbert space: $ h = a^{+}a $ $e = [\sqrt{-1 + a^{+}a}]a^{+} $ $ f ...
0
votes
0answers
23 views

Metrics from Operator Norms

Let $X$ be a Hilbert space and $(\cdot,\cdot)_X$ be the inner product on $X$. It is well known that $|x|_X = \sqrt{(x,x)_X}$ is a norm on $X$ and $|x-y|_X$ is a metric on $X$. The norm on $X$ induces ...
2
votes
1answer
21 views

a basic question in crossed product for compact group action

I am quite new into crosssed product of Fréchet algebras or C$^*$-algebras. So if the question is too basic please excuse me. Suppose we have two Fréchet algebras or C$^*$-algebras $A$ and $B$ and ...
0
votes
0answers
12 views

Find conditions on operator $A$ , {$Af_n$} is in $L^2$ and $\lim\limits_{n\mapsto \infty} \int_a^b (Af_n - f)^2 dx =0$.

Consider a linear operator $A$ . Please could you state sufficient conditions on $A$ other than the one I gave such that for any $f$ in $L^2$ there is a sequence {$f_n$} such that the sequence ...
2
votes
1answer
36 views

Weak convergence and strong convergence on $B(H)$

Let $\mathcal{A} \subset B(H)$ be a weak closed convex bounded set of self-adjoint operators. If $A_n \rightarrow_{wo} A\in \mathcal{A}$, do we have $A_n \rightarrow A$ strongly?($A_n$ is a sequence ...
3
votes
2answers
469 views

Analytic Vectors (Nelson's Theorem)

Is there a (simple) proof for Nelson's theorem that a symmetric operator is essentially selfadjoint if it contains a dense subset of analytic vectors?
2
votes
1answer
64 views

Are decomposable maps completely bounded?

By the word decomposable I mean a positive map $\phi:\mathcal{B(H)}\rightarrow \mathcal{B(K)}$; $\mathcal{H,K~}$ are some Hilbert spaces and $\phi=\psi_1+T\circ \psi_2$ where $T$ is the transpose ...
2
votes
0answers
13 views

Nonhomogeneous Toeplitz equation

Let $T$ be the Toeplitz operator on $\ell_p$ with symbol $\alpha(\lambda)=a/2\cdot \lambda-(a+1/2)+\lambda^{-1}$, where $a$ is complex. I want to solve the following $$ Tx=y $$ for $x\in \ell_p$ ...
2
votes
1answer
28 views

Tomita Theory: Involution

Given a Hilbert space $\mathcal{H}$. Consider a von Neumann algebra: $$M\subseteq\mathcal{B}(\mathcal{H}):\quad M=M''$$ Suppose a cyclic vector: ...
3
votes
2answers
28 views

why is $f\otimes g:A\otimes_{\min}C\to B \otimes_{\min} D$ injective?

If $f:A\to B$, $g:C\to D$ are injective $\ast$-homomorphisms between $C^*$-algebras $A, B, C, D$, is the induced map on the spatial tensor product $$f\otimes g:A\otimes_{\min}C\to B \otimes_{\min} ...
3
votes
1answer
21 views

subset of pure states with norm condition already dense

I struggle to proof the following statement: Let $Y\subseteq P\left(B\right)$ a subset of pure states on a $C^*$-Algebra $B$ such that for every $b\in B$ there exists a $\varphi \in P \left(B\right)$ ...
2
votes
0answers
28 views

What is the motivation of studying $P[A]$ in operator K-theory?

I am reading the last chapter of Murphy's $C^*$-algebras and operator theory. He defines $$P[A]=\bigcup_{n=1}^\infty\{p\in M_n(A):\text {$p$ is a projection} \}$$ and construct the Grothendieck group ...
1
vote
1answer
24 views

Strong convergence of Spectral Projection

Let $H$ be a Hilbert space and $B(H)$ be the space of all bounded linear operators on $H$. Assume that $\{A_n\in B(H)\}_n$ strongly converges to $A$. $E^{|A|}(1,\infty)$ is a spectral projection of ...
3
votes
1answer
48 views

Aproximating positive elements in inductive limit of C* algebras

Let $\{A_i,\Phi_{ij} \}_{i\in \mathcal{I}}$ a directed system of C* algebras and $A:=\varinjlim A_i$ its limit. I know that if $x\in A$ is self-adjoint, it can be approximated with another ...
1
vote
0answers
11 views

Crossed product by locally finite group

If a countable discrete group $G$ is the direct limit of finite subgroups $F_i$, and $G$ acts on a compact Hausdorff space $X$, can the crossed product $C^*$-algebra $C(X)\rtimes_r G$ be described in ...
3
votes
0answers
26 views

Existence of Star Cyclic Vector for $M_\phi$- Necessery and sufficient condition

Let $X$ be a $\sigma$-finite measure space. $M_\phi :L_2(\mu)\rightarrow L_2(\mu)$ for $\phi \in L_\infty (\mu)$ is defined by $f \rightarrow \phi. f$. $f_0$ is called a star cyclic vector for ...
3
votes
0answers
15 views

Where can I learn properties about spaces of linearly independent projectors?

I am interested in characterizing the space of all collections of $d^2$ linearly independent projectors on the Hilbert space $\mathbb{C}^d$. The linear independence I desire is in the vector space of ...
4
votes
1answer
30 views

The second isomorphism theorem for C*-Algebras

in my functional analysis class right now we are studying the basics of C* Algebras and I was recently asked this question about the second isomorphism theorem for C* Algebras, but first let me cite ...
5
votes
0answers
55 views

Compactum of Banach algebra

I need an example of Banach algebra $A$ and a left non-trivial closed ideal $I$ with all of following properties: There exists a bounded approximate identity in $I$ for $I$ i.e., a net ...
3
votes
1answer
54 views

Continuity of functional calculus

Let $\mathcal{A}$ be an unital C*-Algebra. $a,b$ be normal elements in $\mathcal{A}$. $X\subset \Bbb C$ is a compact subset. $f:X\rightarrow \Bbb C$ is continuous. I need to show that for all ...
8
votes
2answers
1k views

Is a von Neumann algebra just a C*-algebra which is generated by its projections?

von Neumann algebras have the nice property that they are generated by their projections (the elements satisfying $e = e^{\ast} = e^2$) in the sense that they are the norm closure of the subspace ...
0
votes
1answer
36 views

Two normal operators are similar if and only if they are unitarily similar

I need to prove that in a $C^*$-Algebra two normal operators are similar if and only if they are unitarily similar. Can anybody help, please? One side is obvious, so our concern is the other side. I ...
4
votes
1answer
36 views

Weak convergence of bounded operators

so let $X$ be a Banach space then we say that $A_n \in L(X)$ converges weakly to $A \in L(X)$ if for all $y \in L(X)^*: y(A_n) \rightarrow y(A).$ On the other hand, I just read that weak convergence ...
3
votes
1answer
76 views

Show that a space X is homeomorphic to the space of multiplicative linear functionals

Let $\mathcal{A}=C(X,\mathbb{R})$ where $X$ is a compact Hausdorff space. Let $\hat{\mathcal{A}}$ be equal to the set of multiplicative linear functionals from $\mathcal{A}$ to $\mathbb{R}$. ...
2
votes
1answer
25 views

Let $A$ be a Banach algebra. Suppose that the spectrum of $x\in A$ is not connected. Prove that $A$ contains a nontrivial idempotent $z$.

While trying to solve the exercise below, I came up with a wrong conclusion, but I can't see why it's wrong. Also I'm accepting suggestions to get the right solution. This is the problem 17 from ...
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vote
0answers
36 views

Lebesgue measurable integration, density

Let $\mathbb{T}$ be the unit circle and $\lambda$ be the Lebesgue measure on $\mathbb{T}$. Let $A_n := e^{2\pi i[1/2^{2n},1/2^{2n+1}]}$, $n\ge 1$. Define a function $f$ on the set of all the Lebesgue ...
2
votes
1answer
13 views

Is $p\in B(\mathbb{C}^4)$ a s.o.t-limit of a sequence $(a_n\otimes b_n)_{n\in\mathbb{N}}\subseteq B(\mathbb{C}^2)\otimes B(\mathbb{C}^2)$?

Let $L(H)$ the bounded linear operators on a hilbert space $H$. I proved that the inclusion $$i:B(\mathbb{C}^2)\otimes B(\mathbb{C}^2)\hookrightarrow B(\mathbb{C}^4)$$ is not surjective: take ...
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vote
0answers
19 views

The necessity of defining the stable equivalence in the construction of the Grothendieck group $K_0$

I am confused about the process of the construction of the Grothendieck group $K_0$ in Murphy's $C^*$-algebras and operator theory section 7.1. Let $A$ be a $*$-algebra and ...
1
vote
1answer
15 views

positive operator, projection on Hilbert,$Q|T|Q \ge |QTQ|?$

Let $T$ be an operator on a Hilbert space $H$. And $Q$ be a projection. Whether $$Q|T|Q \ge |QTQ|?$$ Obviously, if $T$ is positive, then $Q|T|Q = |QTQ|$. Also, there are some $T$ such that $QTQ=0$ ...
1
vote
0answers
18 views

semifinite von Neumann algebra, spectral projection, trace

Let $\mathcal{M}$ be a semifinite von Neumann algebra and $\tau$ be a semifinite faithful normal trace on it. Let $T,P_1,P_2\in \mathcal{M}$, where $P_1,P_2$ are projections with $P_1\perp P_2$. Then, ...
1
vote
2answers
34 views

positive operator, projection, Hilbert space

Let $T$ be a positive operator on a Hilbert space $H$. Let $P$ be a projection on $H$. Then, it is well-known that $PTP$ is also positive. My question is: whether $T\ge PTP$?