The subject of operator algebras is primarily C*-algebras and von Neumann algebras, and associated topics. It also includes more general algebras of operators on Hilbert space, and may include algebras of operators on other topological vector spaces. It is related to but distinct from the subjects ...

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The span of the orthorgonal projections is norm dense in $B(H)$

This is a question in my functional analysis book. How to use the spectral theorem to prove that the span of the orthogonal projections is norm dense in $B(H)$?
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281 views

Abelian von Neumann Algebras on non-separable Hilbert spaces

Is there a classification of Abelian von Neumann algebras on non-separable Hilbert spaces? For a classification of Abelian von Neumann algebras on separable Hilbert spaces, see this link.
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234 views

Strong convergence of projections in $B(H)$

Let $\{e_{kj}\}$ be the canonical matrix units in $B(H)$, with $H$ separable. Define projections $q_k$ by $$ q_k=\sum_{n=1}^ke_{nn}. $$ Let $\{p_1,p_2,\ldots\}\subset B(H)$ be a sequence of ...
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1answer
2k views

Taylor expansion for matrices

Is it possible to define a Taylor expansion for matrices ? Can I use functional derivative ? More precisely I have to calculate something like : $\ln(A+B)$ using a Taylor expansion, where $A$ and $B$ ...
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93 views

Dimension of an operator module

Let $H$ be an infinite dimensional Hilbert space. Consider unital $C^*$-sub-algebra of $\mathcal{A}\subset\mathcal{B}(H)$ such that there exist a family of isometries $\{S_n:n\in N\}$ with pairwise ...
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41 views

non abelian von Neumann algebras

I'm not familiar with von Neumann algebras, but I need the following fact (if it's true) for an other proof. Let $H$ be a Hilbert space, $A\subseteq L(H)$ a non abelian von Neumann algebra. Must $A$ ...
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why is $f\otimes g:A\otimes_{\min}C\to B \otimes_{\min} D$ injective?

If $f:A\to B$, $g:C\to D$ are injective $\ast$-homomorphisms between $C^*$-algebras $A, B, C, D$, is the induced map on the spatial tensor product $$f\otimes g:A\otimes_{\min}C\to B \otimes_{\min} D$$...
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57 views

Continuity of functional calculus

Let $\mathcal{A}$ be an unital C*-Algebra. $a,b$ be normal elements in $\mathcal{A}$. $X\subset \Bbb C$ is a compact subset. $f:X\rightarrow \Bbb C$ is continuous. I need to show that for all $\...
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102 views

Is there an example of a non von Neumann algebra with this property?

What is an example of a $C^{*}$ subalgebra $A$ of $B(H)$ such that $A$ contains the identity $I_{H}$ and satisfies the following properties: 1) For every $T\in A$, The orthogonal projection $\...
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1answer
48 views

Holomorphic Functional Calculus for the Square Root

I'm working on a problem set, so I'm not looking for a solution, but just maybe a pointer on where I'm going wrong. I want to use the holomorphic functional calculus to determine the square root of ...
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79 views

Some questions about Cuntz’s proof of the $ K_{1} $-injectivity of purely infinite simple unital $ C^{*} $-algebras

I have some questions about Joachim Cuntz’s proof of the $ K_{1} $-injectivity of purely infinite simple unital $ C^{*} $-algebras, which is found in this paper. For this post, let us adopt the ...
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54 views

Strict positiveness on a C*-algebra given by generators and relations.

Let $A$ be a C*-algebra with generators $a_1,a_2,\ldots,a_n$ and some (non-important) relations (the relations imply that $\|a_i\|\leq 1$, so that $A$ exists). Among the given relations we have that $$...
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1answer
74 views

Is the supremum norm the only $ C^{*} $-norm on $ {C_{c}}(X) $, equipped with the usual pointwise operations?

Let $ X $ be a locally compact Hausdorff space. Then $ {C_{c}}(X) $ is a commutative $ * $-algebra with respect to addition, multiplication, scalar multiplication and conjugation (all pointwise ...
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1answer
75 views

A question about local convexity of the weak operator topology

By definition, I know a locally convex space is a topological vector space whose topology is defined by a family of seminorms $\cal P$ such that $$\bigcap_{p\in{\cal P}}\{x\colon p(x)=0\}=\{0\}.$$ ...
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2answers
43 views

Question about a passage in the Bicommutant Theorem's proof.

In the Averson's book, in the proof of the Von Neumann's Bicommutant theorem there is this passage: ($A $ is a self-adjoint algebra of operators in $L(H)$) "Let $\xi_1$ be an element of the Hilbert ...
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1answer
49 views

Is $vN(M_1,M_2) \cap M_3= vN(M_1,M3) \cap vN(M_2,M3)$?

Let $M_1,M_2,M_3$ be von Neumann algebras (i.e. weakly closed subalgebras of $B(H)$ where $H$ is a Hilbert space). Let $vN(M_1,M_2)$ denote the von Neumann algebra generated by $M_1$ and $M_2$ inside ...
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140 views

No trace on $B(H)$ if $H$ is infinite dimensional

Let $H$ be an infinite dimensional Hilbert space and $B(H)$ the bounded linear operators on $H$. Then thre is no ultra weakly continous non-zero positve trace $tr:B(H)\rightarrow \mathbb{C}$. I ...
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50 views

A question on a lemma about the product map

Here is a Lemma in the book “C*-algebras and Finite-Dimensional Approximations”: Lemma 3.8.4. Let $A$ be a C*-algebra, $M\subset B(H)$ be a con Neumann algebra and $\phi: A\rightarrow M$ be a ...
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1answer
91 views

Equivalent definitions for strictly positive elements

We have two usual definitions for strictly positive elements in C*-algebras: Let $A$ be a C*-algebra Definition (a) [MURPHY, C$^*$-algebras and Operator Theory] An element $a\in A_+$ is said to be ...
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60 views

A isomorphism between C*-algebras

Let $A$ be a C*-algebra and $J\triangleleft A$ be an ideal, then $A^{**}\cong J^{**}\oplus(A/J)^{**}$ ? Why?
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109 views

An exercise of positive element in C*-algebra

Let $A$ be a unital C*-algebra and $\{b_{n}\}$ be a positive invertible sequence in $A$. If $||1_{A}-b_{n}||\rightarrow 0$, can we conclude $||1_{A}-b_{n}^{-\frac{1}{2}}||\rightarrow 0$ ?
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87 views

Biprojective $C^*$-algebra

Let $A$ be a Banach algebra. Define $\Delta:A\hat{\otimes}A\to A$ with $\Delta(\sum_{n=1}^\infty a_n\otimes b_n)=\sum_{n=1}^\infty a_nb_n$. Now $A$ is called biprojective if there exists a bounded ...
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301 views

Arveson's Extension Theorem in C*-algebra

I am reading a book C*-algebra and finite-Dimensional Approximations. There are two conclusions (in the book) below. Corollary 1.5.16. Let $E\subset A$ be an operator subsystem and $\phi: E \...
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Question about the type decomposition of von Neumann algebras, Blackadar's notes.

this is a little bit of a dumb question, please be nice, I had some doubts about the type decomposition of von Neumann algebras. I was reading Bruce Blackadar's "Operator algebras. Theory of C*-...
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1answer
140 views

A question on the spectral projection

I am reading a paper about spectral theory. And I meet with some problems. An operator $K\in L(X)$ is said to be algebraic if there exists a non-trivial complex polynomial $h$ such that $h(K)=0$. By ...
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1answer
158 views

K-theory, $K_{0}$ of algebra of compact operators

I don't understand how to define the trace of a matrix with values in operators. This occurred in the following situation: Suppose that $H$ is an Hilbert space and $K$ is the algebra of compact ...
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1answer
82 views

Double centralizers in the Murphy book

I've been into this for days and days and I still can't see why, given the definition of $L^\ast$ as $L^\ast =(L(a^\ast))^\ast$ we get that $(LM)^\ast =L^\ast M^\ast$. Where is my mistake: $$(LM)^\...
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1answer
358 views

Compute spectral/projection-valued measures explicitly?

Spectral/projection-valued measures have very handy applications theoretically, but I got stuck when asked to compute explicitly certain projection-valued measures. Let's focus on the following: ...
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1answer
239 views

Strongly-Continuous linear functionals on $\mathcal{B}(H)$

Suppose $H$ is a complex Hilbert space and $$w: \mathcal{B}(H) \longrightarrow \mathbb{C}$$ is a bounded linear functional on $\mathcal{B}(H)$ such that $w$ is continuous even if $\mathcal{B}(H)$ is ...
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1answer
121 views

Clarification on Dirac notation

I am new to the Dirac notation, so would appreciate some clarification. Suppose $\Psi=\psi_1+\psi_2$ where $\Psi$ is normalized and $H$ is a linear operator such that $H\psi_1=E_1\psi_1$ and $H\psi_2=...
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1answer
27 views

Let $A$ be a Banach algebra. Suppose that the spectrum of $x\in A$ is not connected. Prove that $A$ contains a nontrivial idempotent $z$.

While trying to solve the exercise below, I came up with a wrong conclusion, but I can't see why it's wrong. Also I'm accepting suggestions to get the right solution. This is the problem 17 from ...
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1answer
53 views

About a relation between isometries

If we have $(T_i)_{i=1}^N$, operators on a Hilbert space, that are also isometries and satisfy the following relation: $$\sum_{i=1}^NT_iT_i^*=Id\quad (1)$$ How can you prove that they must also ...
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1answer
81 views

Hilbert Space multiplication Operator, shift operator

I have this problem and am not sure how to even approach it.. Hilbert space $l^2(\mathbb{Z})$ with orthonormal basis$ $$(e_n)$ and Hamiltonian operator $He_n=i(e_{n+1}-e_{n-1})$ a)I need to use ...
3
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2answers
78 views

Is $B(H)$ sot separable

To prove that the unit ball of $B(H)$ is separable in strong operatior topology using the fact that $K(H)$ is separable and also is sot- dense in $B(H)$. I think we can conclude that $B(H)$ is also ...
3
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1answer
55 views

C*-algebraic intrinsic definition for compactness of an operator?

Some properties of operators (normal, self adjoint, hermitian) have intrinsic definitions for any element of a $C^*$-algebra. Is there such definition for compact operators? Equivalently: Let $\...
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32 views

Weakly compact operator with different domains

Let $A$ be a Banach algebra. Suppose that $e\in A$ such that $e^2=e$ and $eAe$ is division algebra(i.e., $eAe$ is unital and every element of $eAe$ has inverse in $eAe$). Define $T_e:A\to A$ with $T_e(...
3
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1answer
62 views

Projections on a Hilbert space

Suppose $P$ and $Q$ are self-adjoint projections on a Hilbert space such that $P+Q+\lambda I$ is a self-adjoint projection for some $\lambda \in \mathbb{R}$. Does it follow that $P$ and $Q$ commute?
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1answer
68 views

Arveson spectrum for a unitary representation of a group on a Hilbert space

Let $G = \mathbb{R}$. By Stone's theorem, $U(t)\in\mathcal{B}(\mathcal{H})$ is generated by a self-adjoint operator $H$ (for which there is a resolution of the identity P(p), by the spectral theorem) ...
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2answers
76 views

Existence of central cover for a representation of a C*-algebra

I've been trying to learn the basics about the representation theory of C*-algebras and came across the following in Pedersen's C*-algebras and their Automorphism Groups: With each (non-degenerate)...
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1answer
82 views

Order zero maps in matrix algebra

Let $a$ and $b$ are two elements in a $C^*$algebra $A$. We say $a\perp b$ if $ab=ba=a^*b=ab^*=0$. We say a completely positive map $\phi: A \rightarrow B$ is of order zero if for any positive elements ...
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71 views

Question about $C_0(X)$-algebras and $C_b(X)$.

Let $X$ be a locally compact Hausdorff space. Denote by $C_0(X)$ its C*-algebra of continuous functions that vanish on infinity and by $C_b(X)$ its C*-algebra of bounded functions. Now, let $A$ be a C*...
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1answer
90 views

An exercise in C*-algebra

Let $A$ be a C*-algebra, $\phi$ be a pure state and $L=\{a\in A:\phi(a^{\ast}a)=0\}$, how to prove that $L+L^*\subseteq ker\phi$. ($L^*=\{a^{\ast}: a\in L\}$) I think it is an easy exercise, but.........
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42 views

A question on a sequence in a Banach algebra [duplicate]

If $\{u_{k}\}_{k=1}^{\infty}$ is a sequence in an Banach algebra (and more specifically, in the set of all the bounded linear operators of a Banach space $X$). If $$\sum_{k=1}^{\infty}\lambda^{k}u_{k}=...
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1answer
137 views

Question about projections on Hilbert space

Let $P_i$ be projections from a Hilbert space $\cal{H}$ to its closed subspace $\cal{H}_i$, $i=1,2,\cdots,n$, such that $\sum^n_{i=1} P_i$ is also a projection. And let $P$ be a projection from $\cal{...
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1answer
76 views

A confusion in C*-algebra

I am reading a book about C*-algebra. But I meet with some problems. In the book, the author says: If $I$ is an ideal in a C*-algebra $A$, then $B=I\cap I^{\ast}$ is a C*-subalgebra. However, I ...
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1answer
68 views

A bounded everywhere defined operator that is affiliated to a von Neumann algebra is in the algebra

A possibly unbounded operator $T$ on a Hilbert space $\mathcal H$ is (in my source) defined as affiliated to a von Neumann algebra $M$ if for each unitary element $u$ of $M^\prime$, $u^*Tu=T$ (or ...
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253 views

Extreme points in the set of positive linear functionals of norm $\leq 1$

Let $A$ be a C* algebra, and $S$ the set of positive linear functionals on $A$ in the unit ball of $A^*$ (Which has the weak-* topology.) I am having difficulty seeing that all nonzero extreme points ...
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1answer
238 views

One particular application of the Cauchy Schwarz Inequality

A document I am reading on Von-Neumann algebras (VNA) asserts that it follows from Cauchy-Schwarz that if $M$ is a VNA, and $w$ is a positive linear functional on M that is merely norm continuous, ...
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1answer
338 views

Reduced Crossed Products

Given a discrete group $ G $ and a $ G $-$ C^{*} $-algebra $ A $, we can form the reduced crossed product $ A \rtimes_{\operatorname{r}} G $. I want to define it as the closure of the embedded image ...
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42 views

All nonzero singular values of $A$ are equal to $1$ iff $A^*=A^*AA^*$ and $A=AA^*A$

I want to show that all the non-zero s-numbers, i.e. singular values $s_j(A):=(\lambda_j(A^*A))^{1/2}$, of A (a bounded linear operator of finite rank acting on a separable Hilbert space $H$) are ...