The subject of operator algebras is primarily C*-algebras and von Neumann algebras, and associated topics. It also includes more general algebras of operators on Hilbert space, and may include algebras of operators on other topological vector spaces. It is related to but distinct from the subjects ...

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69 views

An quasi-nilpotent operator restricted to a subspace is a nilpotent?

I am reading a paper about operator theory, there is a proposition I could not understand. Let $T\in L(X)$ be a quasi-nilpotent operator and $X_{1}$ be a non-zero finite-dimensional subspace of X, ...
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42 views

When does Gelfand Naimark Theorem Hold?

I was going through the proof of the Gelfand Naimark Theorem for the Unital Commutative Banach Algebras. In proving that each character has norm equal to $1$, we used the fact that $||e|| = 1$ where ...
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0answers
46 views

Kernel of an infinite dimensional operator

Can the Kernel of an infinite dimensional operator have $\dim=0$? I am thinking to the annihilation ($\hat E$) and creation ($\hat E^\dagger$) operators. Suppose, in fact, we have an infinite but ...
5
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1answer
135 views

Physical interpretation of $q$-deformation

I am currently reading the paper Quantum Group Particles and Non-Archimedean Geometry by Volovich and Aref'eva. Here they discuss the difference between $q$-deformation and $\hslash$-deformation. In a ...
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66 views

number of generators of MASA

Let $\mathcal{H}$ be an infinite-dimensional Hilbert Space. Do the maximal abelian self-adjoint subalgebras of $\mathcal{B}(\mathcal{H})$ always have infinitely many generators as an algebra ? (The ...
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1answer
39 views

Left support of an operator on a Hilbert space

The left support $l(x)$ of an operator $x$ between Hilbert spaces $\mathbb{H}$ and $\mathbb{K}$ is defined as the smallest projection $e \in \mathfrak{B}(\mathbb{H})$ such that $ex=x$. The question ...
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86 views

Projections in group $C^*$-algebras

Let $G$ be an amenable, discrete and infinite group. Cosinder its group C*-algebra $C^*(G)$ canonically represented on $B(\ell_2(G))$ by the left-regular representation $x\mapsto \delta_x$. Take the ...
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181 views

Combinatorial total space for finitely generated torsion-free groups?

Motivation: I'm an operator algebraist and I'm looking for an answer to the main question in order to build non-trivial spectral triples for a class (as large as possible) of discrete groups. $\to$ ...
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48 views

Masas in quotients

Let $A$ be a von Neumann algebra and let $B$ be a norm-closed ideal of $A$ (but not necessarily WOT-closed). What one has to assume about $A$ and $B$ to ensure that if $M\subset A$ is a maximal ...
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3answers
105 views

universal C* algebras

Is there a standard reference which has a discussion on universal $C^*$-algebras ? (definition, properties, examples, etc) Searching on the internet has led me to tidbits of information but I would ...
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1answer
88 views

The free group $II_{\infty}$ factor isomorphism problem

Let $\Gamma$ be an infinite discrete group, and $H = l^{2}(\Gamma)$ the separable infinite dimensional Hilbert space. Let $\rho$ be the left regular representation of $\Gamma$ on $H$. Definition : ...
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1answer
128 views

How to generate algebraic span of a set of matrices (how many multiplications?)

I've got a question about matrices and matrix algebras that offhand seems difficult, I'm wondering there is any sharp solution? Or perhaps it's known to not have any solution at all? Suppose you have ...
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58 views

Lorentz group and eigenvalues

For generators of the Lorentz group ($\hat {R}_{k}$ corresponds to the generators of 3-rotations, $\hat {L}_{k}$ corresponds to the generators of the boosts) we have the following algebra: $$ [\hat ...
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votes
1answer
132 views

Does an irreducible operator generate an exact $C^{*}$-algebra?

Let $H$ be an infinite dimensional separable Hilbert space and $B(H)$ the algebra of bounded operators. Definition : An operator $T \in B(H)$ is irreducible if $W^{*}(T)=B(H)$. Definition : A ...
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1answer
57 views

C* identity origins

In the context of $C^*$-algebras , why is the $C^*$-identity a "natural" one to choose ? ($||a^* a||=||a||^2$). Some books try to motivate this by noting that bounded operators on a Hilbert space ...
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1answer
105 views

Does an irreducible operator generate a nuclear $C^{*}$-algebra?

Let $H$ be an infinite dimensional separable Hilbert space and $B(H)$ the algebra of bounded operators. Definition : An operator $T \in B(H)$ is irreducible (Halmos 1968) if its commutant $\{ T\}'$ ...
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1answer
198 views

reference for operator algebra

I am taking a course on operator algebra this semester. My instructor has suggested a reference "Kadinson and Ringrose." Are there any other good/standard references for this subject that I can look ...
2
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1answer
57 views

Connection in the KK-Theory

I have some questions about the connection in the KK-Theory. 1)The definition is complicated, why? What is the motivation? 2)Does any relation bewteen the connection at here with the differential ...
2
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1answer
76 views

Is there an irreducible, noncompact commuting, nonnormal operator, with spectrum strictly continuous?

Let $H$ be an infinite dimensional separable Hilbert space. Definition: The commutant $\mathcal{S}'$ of a subset $\mathcal{S} \subset B(H)$ is $ \{A \in B(H) : AB=BA \ , \ \forall B \in \mathcal{S} ...
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2answers
137 views

Hahn-Banach Theorem in the C*-algebra

What is the Hahn-Banach Theorem in the C*-algebra(or W*-algebra maybe)? If B is an nondense subalgebra of C*-algebra(or W*-algebra maybe), can we get an state f of A which is always zero at the ...
4
votes
2answers
185 views

How generalize the bicommutant theorem?

Let $H$ be an infinite dimensional separable Hilbert space. Bicommutant theorem : Let $\mathcal{S}$ be $*$-subset of $B(H)$, then $\mathcal{S}''$ is the strong closure $\overline{\langle ...
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2answers
79 views

Commutant of bounded linear operators on a Hilbert space

Given a Hilbert space $H$, denote by $\mathcal{A}=\mathcal{B}(H)$ the C*-algebra of bounded linear operators on $H$. Denote further by $$\mathcal{B}(H)' := \{A\in \mathcal{B}(H) : [A,B]=0 \;\forall ...
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0answers
24 views

Factorizing a saddle point operator

I have a coupled pde which, after semi-discretizing in time, results in the solution of a sequence of continuous saddle point problems $Lu^t=b$. Written explicitly, the problem looks like this: ...
5
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1answer
277 views

A theorem about operator theory

Define $$\operatorname{Ref}\mathcal{S}=\{T\in B(\mathcal{H}):Th\in[\mathcal{S}h], \forall h \in \mathcal{H}\},$$where $\mathcal{H}$ is a Hilbert space and $\mathcal{S}$ is a linear manifold of ...
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157 views

Traces on separable simple $C^{\ast}$- algebras

What is an example of a separable, simple $C^{\ast}$-algebra that admits two different tracial states? EDIT: Julien has pointed to a number of avenues to answer this question. If anyone has an ...
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1answer
111 views

How to prove $[x,p]=i$ $\implies$ $[x,p^n]=inp^{n-1}$?

How to prove $[x,p]=i$ $\implies$ $[x,p^n]=inp^{n-1}$? I can do this using $p=i\frac{d}{dx}$, but my book hasn't introduced this yet so is there another proof without using this ? These are just ...
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1answer
79 views

Questions about $B(H)$ and $B(H)/K(H)$ as Banach space

I am trying to investigate the relation between Uniformly Convexity and existence of Schauder Basis for a Banach space. I read in a Handbook article that $B(H)$ (the algebra of all bounded operators ...
4
votes
3answers
193 views

Sufficient condition for a *-homomorphism between C*-algebras being isometric

Let $\mathcal{A},\mathcal{B}$ be two unital C*-algebras and consider a *-homomorphism $\pi: \mathcal{A} \rightarrow \mathcal{B}$. I know that in general $\pi$ is contractive, i.e. $\vert\vert \pi(A) ...
4
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1answer
137 views

Cyclic vectors of an irreducible representation of a C*-algebra

Let $\mathcal{A}$ be a C*-algebra and $(H,\pi)$ an irreducible representation of $\mathcal{A}$. I want to prove the statement: all $\xi \in H$ are cyclic or $\pi(\mathcal{A})=\{0\}$ and ...
2
votes
1answer
67 views

Sufficient condition for self-adjoint subset of bounded linear operators on a Hilbert space being irreducible

Let $H$ be a Hilbert space and denote as $B(H)$ the bounded linear operators on $H$. Let $M$ be a subset of $B(H)$, s.t. for $A \in M$, also $A^* \in M$. How can one show that if the commutant has ...
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110 views

Commutative unital Banach algebra with nilpotent elements

What would be a concrete example of a commutative unital Banach algebra that contains nilpotent elements?
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1answer
50 views

Stable group algebras

Let $G$ be a discrete group and let $C^*_r(G)$ be its reduced group C*-algebra. Is there any group $G$ for which we have $C^*_r(G)\cong M_2(C^*_r(G))$? Or more generally, $C^*_r(G) \cong ...
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2answers
83 views

Property of Banach algebra with involution

Let $\mathcal{B}$ be a Banach algebra with involution *. Is it always true that $\forall A \in \mathcal{B}: \| A \|^2 \geq \| A^* A \| $? (motivation: I read a proof that bounded linear operators on ...
2
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1answer
101 views

Prove the approximate identity from the unitization

Suppose $A$ is a $C^*$-algebra without unit, $A^+$ is a unitization of $A$, treat $A$ in the $A^+$, if $\{x_n\}$ in $A$ converge (or monotonous converge) to $1$ in $A^+$, does $\{x_n\}$ must be the ...
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0answers
49 views

Relationship of two generalizations of the real/complex calculus

On the one hand, one has the various functional calculi from Operator Algebras. The continuous functional calculus for C* algebras, the bounded borel functional calculus for Von Neumann Algebras, the ...
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1answer
70 views

Proof that operator is an isometry

A linear operator $L$ between complex spaces with inner product $U$ and $V$ is an isometry, only if $\left < Lu_i, Lu_j \right > = \left < u_i, u_j \right >$ for all $u_j, u_i$ from a ...
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1answer
44 views

Proof that restriction of hermitian operator to its invariant subspace is also hermitian

Proof that restriction of hermitian operator to its invariant subspace is also hermitian What would be the most elegant way to prove this?
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321 views

Applications of Banach Algebras and Operator Algebras

I am trying to learn operator algebra theory (I am tempted to start with Douglas' "Banach Algebra Techniques in Operator Theory"). One aspect that I am curious about is whether there are significant ...
3
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1answer
123 views

On the use of nets when defining operator topologies

Let's consider the strong operator topology and the weak operator topology on bounded operators of a infinite-dimensional Hilbert space $H$. When they define these operator topologies, some authors ...
3
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1answer
141 views

GNS-triplets for states on the matrix space: generalization to the infinite-dimensional setting

In a previous exercise, I have proven that states $\omega$ on the $C^*$-algebra $M_n(\mathbb C)$ correspond to a unique density matrix $\rho$ by the relation $\omega(A) = \mathrm{Tr}(\rho A)$. I was ...
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1answer
68 views

$‎‎\sigma(x)‎$ ‎‎‎‎is ‎contained ‎in ‎the ‎imaginary ‎axis ‎of ‎the ‎complex ‎plane

$‎A$ ‎is a‎ ‎C*-algebra ‎and ‎‎$‎x‎\in A‎$ ‎satisfies ‎‎$‎x‎^*=-x‎$.‎I want to show that ‎‎$‎‎\sigma(x)‎$ ‎‎‎‎is ‎contained ‎in ‎the ‎imaginary ‎axis ‎of ‎the ‎complex ‎plane.How i prove it?
4
votes
1answer
164 views

Self-adjoint projections of a C*-algebra as complete lattices?

In Blackadar's Operator Algebras, there is the following remark after the proposition II.3.3.1 : The projections in a C*-algebra do not form a lattice in general In the answer of this question, ...
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votes
1answer
61 views

Inner product on a von Neumann algebra

Let $M$ be a $\sigma$-finite von Neumann algebra (one which admits a faithful normal state) acting on a Hilbert space $H$. Denote its faithful normal state by $\omega$. We can define an inner product ...
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2answers
163 views

a trace class operator problem

Could someone help me with this Prove that If $A$ and $B$ are positive trace class operators on a Hilbert space, then so is $A^zB^{(1-z)}$ for a complex number $z$ such that $0 <Re(z)< 1$. An ...
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0answers
57 views

Arveson index of a completely positive map on matrix algebra

Can someone tell me what is Arveson index of a completely positive map. What I want is given a map \begin{eqnarray} \psi:\mathcal{B}(\mathbb{C}^m)&\longrightarrow&\mathcal{B}(\mathbb{C}^n)\\ ...
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0answers
67 views

Cap product between K-Theory and K-Homology

In Exercise 9.8.9 of the book "Analytic K-Homology" by Higson and Roe one has to construct a cap product $K_p(A) \otimes K^q(A) \to K^{q-p}(A)$, if A is commutative. Is the commutativity ...
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0answers
51 views

$\ast$-homomorphism

Let $\phi: C(X,M_{4}(\mathbb{C})) \rightarrow C(Y,M_{8}(\mathbb{C})) $ be a $\ast$-homomorphism where $X$ and $Y$ are compact Hausdorff spaces. Let $M_{2}(\mathbb{C})$ be the C*-subalgebra of ...
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1answer
51 views

Subalgebras of certain C*-algebras

Let $A$ be a C*-subalgebra of $C(X, M_{n}(\mathbb{C}))$ where $X$ is a compact Hausdorff space, does it follow that $A$ is isomorphic to $C(Y, M_{m}(\mathbb{C}))$ for some $Y\subseteqq X$ and ...
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1answer
74 views

A $*$-homomorphism from the CAR algebra to $\mathfrak B(\mathcal H)$

Could a $*$-homomorphism $\pi:\text{CAR}\to\mathfrak B(\mathcal H)$ exist (with $\mathcal H$ separable) such that there is a compact and positive element $h\in\mathcal K$ commuting with the image of ...
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1answer
47 views

Spectrum of T in $B(\ell^2)$

Let $T:\ell^2 \to \ell^2$ be an operator on $\ell^2$ is defined as follows: $$T\{a_1,a_2,\dots\}=\{0,a_1,a_2,\dots\}$$ What is spectrum of T in $B(\ell^2)$?